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Protein synthesis

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New Technology in My Field Research Essay. The study of computer forensics has quickly emerged and technology used in theis type of forensics is being developed quite rapidly. As swiftly as the field and its importance are growing, many practitioners still remain unaware of computer forensics and its role in the technological world. A paper provides an overview of the relatively new field of computer forensics. Synthesis? The paper also illustrates why, in the wake of 9-11 and other terrorist acts, the services research and development of protein, computer forensics is of international importance. (A) I received a phone call from her mother and the county sheriff’s office asking me to check into what he had on top essay services his computer. ( I have been dealing with computers for over 18 years) I pulled his hard drive from his desktop and also was able to have access to his flash drive. I performed a deep format file recovery on his desktop hdd and spent a few hours trying to get into his flash drive. Protein Synthesis? After the. Religious Field Research: Catholicism.

. RELIGIOUS FIELD RESEARCH: CATHOLICISM Being from a non-religious background myself in that I'm Agnostic, Catholicism is a moment, most intriguing to me because of all the stigmas and misconceptions surrounding this religion. I mean let's face it as soon as someone brings up Catholicism the first thing that pops into protein synthesis, your head is Priests molesting little boys! Other misconceptions I found fascinating are: They pray to The Virgin Mary and to social dissertation help, The Saints if they are a monotheistic religion why pray to Saints? I've always believed that Confession is a sure fire way to be absolved, and a ticket straight to heaven. Protein? I also did not understand that they believe in salvation of young children (babies) through baptism. I set out to see for myself about these misconceptions surrounding the Catholic Church, and top essay services, I was quite surprised to what I found. Protein Synthesis? Why do Catholics pray to The Virgin Mary and whale, Saints? I was always under the impression that Catholicism is a monotheistic religion meaning they believe in one God. So to say the least I was confused as to why they would pray to Mary and protein, the Saints thus meaning it would have to on poverty us to, fall into the polytheistic (many Gods or Idols) category.

I was told its more of an interception of prayer. When we are in need of prayer we ask those closest to synthesis, God. Hence praying to Mary or the Saints, because they are close to God. (Woodruff, 2012). Essay? To put it in protein synthesis, another way of thinking, think about a child who has done wrong by his/her parents. If this child favors. Words: 1038 - Pages: 5. New Information Technology Critical Essay. . Social Work Help? networks start from people who got strong connection in real world. Protein Synthesis? Sometimes, weak ties work marvels of dissertation, spiral growth by intervening. It can be expressed like ‘weak connection >strong connection>weak solidarity>strong solidarity’. However, usually closed aggregate is formed among themselves.

From time to time, severance is protein synthesis, strengthened between those who are not having same ideas each other. For instance, is there someone who talking to me in my page even though do not know who it is at all? Like the preceding, I never talk to someone who I do not know through facebook page. Judging from this, facebook is displaying a tendency that expanding the culture based on professional and preferring bonds. Korean intellectual culture is already characterized by unsociable. In the past, people were connected each other strongly, but now the old generation people are recovering weak ties through social media. Furthermore, we can expect to reinforce exclusive group consciousness in the process of making collective sympathy and sharing. Of course, it is essay, too early to speculate the overcome. However, it is thinking of old generation, new generation is thinking in a completely different way. There is high probability of novelty of social media like facebook and tweeter will come from something that is not existed before.

There is a criticism toward Gladwell’s article, which is a critical essay “What Gladwell Gets Wrong: The Real Problem is Scale Mismatch (Plus, Weak and Strong Ties are. Words: 1592 - Pages: 7. . SUMMARY Going forward into the future world of information technology networking. Cisco to synthesis, introduce CCNP Certification revision focuses on the competencies, verifies and top essay services, troubleshoots the networks of today and is designed to Be more predictive of job readiness. - Extensive hands-on labs, e-learning lessons and self-paced demos reinforce Maintenance and protein, troubleshooting this certificate will make it easier for employers in their employment selection Process that the basic knowledge needs are met in IT Network engineer. Cisco has a certificate platform that will Lead you to a moment, the CCNP CERT. CCNA operation CERT. for protein synthesis the entry- level / student, in the field. Essay Us To Achieve? A good trouble Shooting networking techn, with these certifications. Will be in very high demand, an opening / evolving market for Networking is medical field.

Intergrading the synthesis latest technology incorporating voice, video and persuasive essay rubrics for high school, data entry wired or Wireless etc. doctors can brain storm countries apart in seconds or minutes. Synthesis? Just one example. Rider? At the rate of protein, growth 7.5 percent 2010 and yearly per cisco data. One in research paper outline template mla, the field can have a sense of job security. Synthesis? Following the cisco Cert. program. Expansion of certification program meets growing global demand for skilled network professional Steven carter itt-tech Strategies for the technical professional gs1145t Mr Turnbough Abstract Cisco has updated its CCNP certification with a significant amount of new content through a. Words: 1603 - Pages: 7. . A Manager that L-E-A-Ds A diversity of people with different roles will always be needed in order to build a successful and prosperous organization, and a manager plays a critical role in every organization, as they are responsible for his team’s performance. A manager deal with all activities that take place in the organization, they direct the whole organization towards desired goals. Managers are responsible for employing and merging all the company/organization’s resources to meet their purpose achievements. In some cases, a manager has to be able to act as a leader.

Leadership and management are very different and they must go hand in hand. They are complementary and connected. Any effort to part the two means bringing about more troubles than it could solves. The red line between a manager and a leader is a manager does the a moment of epiphany essay things correctly while a leader does the protein correct things. Some also argue that a leader has a longer vision while a manager has a shorter vision for his organization. In fact, a good manager is shaped from a moment essay a combination between managerial and leadership skills. A good manager is a leader who carries an organization into forward-thinking stages.

He needs to come up with the brightest ideas, initiate new strategies and tactics. Another important aspects of being a manager is that he also should be skillful and knowledgeable about the latest trends and studies. Managers, not only they are assigned to synthesis, do tasks, they must organize the other workers, and. Words: 1142 - Pages: 5. New Technology Research for Network Systems Administration. . My field of study is Network Systems Administrations. I am most interested in networking technology. I currently understand very little about networking, which is to say I understand the functionality but not how it works. Research Paper Outline Template? The topic I chose was Home-linking Technology. The article I read was “Dual Band Router leverages 802.11ac wireless standard.” from the Product News Network.

The article started by describing the speed of the new 802.11ac router. Equipped with the Broadcom 5 GHz WI-Fi chip, the Cloud Router 5700 can deliver speeds up to 1750 Mbps. Synthesis? Its predecessor, the 802.11n has vendor promised speeds of up to 600 Mbps. The Cloud Router also supports wireless HD streaming and multi-person online gaming. It allows users to monitor and control your network remotely. A Moment Of Epiphany? In addition the protein 5700 provides support of the IPv6 standard and is backwards compatible so the previous generation 802.11n will not become obsolete. I also learned new terminology; IEEE- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. It is listed as “the world’s largest professional association dedicated to advancing technological innovation and excellence for the benefit of humanity.” 802.11- Set of standards for implementing wireless local area network (WLAN) computer communication in the 2.4, 3.6 and social work dissertation help, 5GHz frequency bands. SPI Firewall- (Stateful Packet Inspection) is a firewall that keeps track of the state of the network connections traveling across it.

WPA2- (Wi-Fi Protected Access II). Words: 325 - Pages: 2. New Technology in My Field Research Essay. . Protein Synthesis? Abstract The study of computer forensics has quickly emerged and technology used in theis type of forensics is social work dissertation, being developed quite rapidly. As swiftly as the field and its importance are growing, many practitioners still remain unaware of protein synthesis, computer forensics and its role in the technological world. A paper provides an overview of the relatively new field of computer forensics. The paper also illustrates why, in the wake of 9-11 and more, other terrorist acts, the research and synthesis, development of top essay services, computer forensics is of international importance. (A) I chose to write my article on computer forensics mainly because I have been involved with computer forensics numerous times in my life.

The most recent experience I’ve had with computer forensics was last year. Protein Synthesis? I was informed by my wife that her best friend had received a visit from DHS after their daughters had mentioned that their dad had been touching them and asking them to do things that they were uncomfortable with. DHS determined that they needed to investigate the situation and began to gather the persuasive for high necessary information. During the protein investigation my wife’s friend had noticed that her husband was starting to work help, be very secretive and was locking up his computer anytime she walked into the room and had been using a 128 bit encrypted flash drive that he never let leave his person. He started being verbally abusive and physically abusive to both her and their 2 young daughters and she locked him out of the house.

I. Words: 716 - Pages: 3. Unit 2 Assignment 2: New Technology in My Field. . Google Glass is protein synthesis, a computer that is built on the eyeglass frame with a small screen above one eye. Whale Gender? Its purpose to be hands free and controlled by voice command. It has a capability to take pictures, videos, it can navigate to a specific destination.

Also Google Glass has the ability to protein synthesis, search on Google web pages for images, etc. In order to perform any tasks such as make phone calls, send text massages, and of epiphany essay, navigate on web, it has to be connected to a cellular phone via Google Glass app. Protein Synthesis? “But can it become a business?” (Simonite, 2013) Many people are afraid of technological progress and are very negative towards the future technology. In the of epiphany article “Who’s Afraid Of Google Glass?” (Businessweek, 2013) it talks about invading people’s privacy. “One concern is protein synthesis, that recording other people will probably get easier.” (Businessweek, 2013) Due to privacy issue a lot of essay, places are banning such devices to be used in their facilities. Such facilities include: bars, casinos, strip clubs and court houses. All data that is being searched, pictures and videos are being generated will be stores on Google’s cloud servers. “Surely hackers will be interested in that too. So will marketers.” (Businessweek, 2013) Google is looking into security not only convenience for protein people so therefore there will be curtain security and privacy regulations. Google Glass is becoming next step to work dissertation, a new way of living. Imagine what can a computer that is 100 percent hands free can help an individual who’s. Words: 308 - Pages: 2.

New Technology in the Field of Networking Systems Administration. . New Technology in the Field of Networking Systems Administration The field of Networking Systems Administration has many new things happening every year. With the protein synthesis way the development of new technology is, it is very difficult for a lot of none technologically inclined people too keep up most of the time. One of these companies that are always coming up with new technology is called AMD. They are a company that develops processors for many of the leading brands of computers today. Their most recent development is a new processor chip that is supposed to be faster than their leading competitor’s (Sakr, 2014). From what this article says this new Processor chip is called the Kaveri and top essay services, combines 4 CPU cores and synthesis, 8 GPU cores “and gives them unheard-of levels of essay for high school, computing independence, such that AMD feels justified in protein synthesis, describing them collectively as a dozen ‘compute cores. ’” From the way this article has described this new technology, it is going to make the computer gaming world’s games run faster and better in many different ways. Now many technologically knowledgeable people would be inclined to believe that this is all just marketing nonsense, but according to social work, Sharif Sakr, the Senior European Editor of Engadget.com, says that AMD seems to be being very open with their companies thinking with this new processor (Sakr, 2014). This new technology is still waiting on home reviews from the customers who have bought this new processor, but if it lives up to what it is.

Words: 500 - Pages: 2. . The playground I observed was located inside an apartment complex that had a decent sized open field within it. The playground was in fairly good condition with the equipment looking undamaged, and the restroom facilities were looked as though they were cleaned regularly. When I arrived, four children were running around on protein synthesis the field playing with each other. Top Essay Services? The children had visible age differences; the younger two looked between 5 and 6, while the older two looked between 8 and 9. The children were accompanied by two adults who sat on protein a bench half watching, half talking. The children seemed to persuasive, be playing some type of game, in which the two older children clearly had authority over protein synthesis the younger ones. This shows how age differences impacts the children play process; the older ones being more domineering in development sought out to create this fun environment, and the younger ones not as creative just following along. It also shows how the a moment of epiphany community structure influences the children’s play; they were being resourceful by using the open field to their advantage by synthesis creating a fun environment. The two younger children, however, eventually got tired of the older two authorities, and separated themselves by going to swing on the swings. Gender Essay? The two older children saw how much fun the synthesis younger two were having, and joined them on the swings. This suggests the two older children no longer saw the a moment essay game as fun since they no longer had the synthesis younger ones to boss around. At this point, the work dissertation help one.

Words: 382 - Pages: 2. . Home Linking Technology The article is a brief informative piece about home linking technology, which is the practice of synthesis, linking house hold appliances to one another and the outside world. This would all great possibilities like the one given by Maytag CEO Lloyd D. Whale Gender Essay? Ward, “Consumers could conceivably watch a cooking program on an interactive TV set and send the recipe to synthesis, the refrigerator, which in turn sends a list of ingredients to your handy online grocer.” The article mentioned that several big name companies like Microsoft, Maytag and GE are working on joint ventures to develop this technology while others like Sunbeam have created new subsidiaries based on this technology. The information in persuasive essay rubrics for high, this article was very limited. I do not think that in depth research was conducted on home linking technology before it was written. Protein? It gives a very vague idea around the technology but does not go into much detail about what’s available now or what’s realistically coming in persuasive rubrics for high, the future. Synthesis? The article did cite some high ranking officials for some big name companies, they provided a grand vision for the future but no real plans or expectations. Whale Rider Gender? I feel that this article is a good quick look at what is possible, for someone that is uninformed. The article is too short for protein you to lose interest in it and get bored. The information provided is whale gender essay, very fascinating and really captivates you into thinking about what could be possible.

Works Cited Smith, E. (2000). Appliances get smart. Words: 265 - Pages: 2. . Part 1 1. Synthesis? A CPU socket - the top essay actual CPU is directly soldered onto synthesis, this socket. Since high speeds CPUs generate a lot of heat, there are heat sinks and mounting points for fans right next to the CPU socket. 2. A power connector to distribute power to the CPU and other components. 3. Slots for the system's main memory, typically in for high school, the form of DRAM chips. 4. Protein Synthesis? A chip forms an interface between the CPU, the main memory and other components. On many types of of epiphany, motherboards this is referred to protein, as the Northbridge.

This chip also contains a large heat sink. 5. A second chip controls the essay motivates us to more input and output (I/O) functions. It is not connected directly to the CPU but to the Northbridge. Synthesis? This I/O controller is referred to on poverty, as the Southbridge. Synthesis? The Northbridge and Southbridge combined are referred to as the chipset. 6. Several connectors, which provide the physical interface between input and output devices and the motherboard.

The Southbridge handles these connections. 7. Slots for essay for high one or more hard drives to synthesis, store files. The most common types of connections are Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) and Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA). 8. A Read-only memory (ROM) chip, which contains the firmware, or startup instructions for the computer system. This is also called the BIOS. 9. Gender? A slot for a video or graphics card. There are a number of different types of slots, including Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) and Peripheral Component Interconnect. Words: 422 - Pages: 2. Unit 2 Assignment 2: New Technology in My Field.

. Protein? Unit 2 Assignment 2 09/30/2014 Cold plasma therapy is the process of using room temperature ionized gas to treat cancer. Normally generated at motivates us to achieve, high temperatures recent advancements have led to progress of atmospheric plasma. Protein? This advancement has been said to social help, have the ability to completely remove cancer and tumors. Also a great advantage of cold plasma therapy is that it eradicates all cancer cells while not damaging normal cells. This treatment opens many doors and possibilities enabling better overall treatment. The method of cold atmospheric plasma has been researched to kill many pathogenic bacteria. This helps to treat wounds in patients who aren’t able to fight off bacteria themselves. This new medical treatment has been seen as a safe and efficient way to treat patients with chronic wounds.

The treatment is protein synthesis, both safe and painless while decreasing bacteria. The help of clearing all bad bacteria using cold plasma therapy helps the body successfully heal itself. The cold plasma therapy is dissertation help, used using two methods in-vitro and in-vivo. The method of in-vitro is the one that allows all bad cells to eradicated. The method of in-vivo is used to effectively reduce the size of protein, tumors.

This treatment has shown promising signs and a moment, potential to shift the way cancer is approached and thought to be treated. Using other methods of protein synthesis, matter to treat cancer may be the research way the protein synthesis future of medicine is going. APA (American Psychological Assoc.) References Keidar, M., Walk, R. Words: 286 - Pages: 2. . Rubrics For High School? 3.9. Notice of Conflicts or Errors in protein, Bid Documents 11 3.10. Dissertation? Clarifications of Bids 11 3.11. Bidder Signature 12 4. SPECIFICATIONS AND DRAWINGS 12 5. Synthesis? SPECIAL CONDITIONS 13 6. GENERAL CONDITIONS AND CONTRACT AGREEMENTS 13 Appendix A 14 Appendix B 16 Supplier/Bidder List 16 1. INSTRUCTIONS TO BIDDERS Jones Sports Incorporated will start the services process of accepting bids from contractors starting November 23, 2014 to build a new baseball field located at protein, 5424 Rolling Meadows Drive, Fort Worth, Texas 76124.Jones Sports will accept proposals for the construction of a practice baseball field, a small parking lot and a clubhouse. 1.1. General Description of Work Jones Sports has purchased 20 acres of top essay services, land for protein their semi pro baseball team to conduct practice. On this land Jones Sports has plans to build a practice field, a 50 space parking lot and a small clubhouse. These facilities will be designed for the use of the team and coaches only and does not require seating for motivates us to achieve spectators.

The outcome of the project would have the construction of a practice field with artificial turf, a 4,000 square foot clubhouse that will consist of a locker room with restrooms and showers, a meeting room with a projector screen and projector, a lounge, a small room for synthesis storage and a 50 car parking lot where each space will hold a mid-size vehicle. The project will also consist of more, lighting for the baseball field and parking lot as well.as utilities. There will be no seating for. Words: 3898 - Pages: 16. . Arcacia Godfrey 1/15/15 Unit 2 Assignment 2 New Technology in my field Electrical Engineers at Oregon state university have developed new technology to monitor medical vital signs, with sophisticated sensors so small and cheap they could fit onto a bandage, be manufactured in high volumes and cost less than a quarter. A patent is protein synthesis, being processed for the monitoring system and it’s now ready for clinical trials, researchers say when commercialized, it could be used as a disposable electronic sensor with many potential applications due to its powerful performance, small size, and essay achieve more, low cost. Heart monitoring is one obvious candidate, since the system could gather data on some components of an EKG, such as pulse rate and atrial fibrillation its ability.

Its ability to measure EEG brain signals could find use in nursing care for protein synthesis patients with dementia. Essay? ‘’current technology allows you to measure these pulse rate and skin responses. Also the university of Utah engineers have developed a polarizing filter that allows in more light, leading the way for synthesis mobile device displays that last much longer on a single battery charge and cameras that can shoot in a moment of epiphany essay, dim light. Polarizers are indispensable in protein synthesis, digital photography and LCD displays, but they block enormous amounts of light wasting energy and making it more difficult to social help, photography in low light. Thirdly Microsoft is releasing a $199 fitness band that also checks your email and even pays for coffee as the company software company seeks. Words: 292 - Pages: 2. . Taylor Hutson Dr. Dennis Winston English-104 13 October 2015 Writing in My Field Radio expands far beyond the bounds of hip-hop, rhythm and blues, and pop music streamed from countless stations across the nation. It is much more than mundane news, traffic and weather updates and is not limited to sports broadcasts.

Much like a painted canvas radio paints a mental masterpiece, filled with life stories, musical applications and paired with contextual reporting and analysis. Protein? For me, radio grasps my mind from the familiar confines of the world around me and persuasive rubrics for high school, places me in a world far beyond anything that I have actually experienced. Accounts of how a French scuba diver nearly drowned to death in protein, a pursuit to save the life of essay, another diver followed by synthesis the scary reality of death among the lives of senior citizens in hospice care are only some of the many intriguing stories that inspire me write for radio broadcasting. “How A Woman’s Plan to Kill Herself Helped Her Family Grieve” written by Alex Spiegel is another story that specifically captures the listener within the confines of its broadcast. Sandy Bem had Alzheimer’s disease—a disease that corrupts the mind’s capacity to remember important family members, read, and write. This disease left Sandy feeling helpless and depressed, later causing her to “commit” suicide—assisted suicide.

As Sandy’s health began to deteriorate her feelings of top essay services, helplessness grew to the point of despair. After wallowing in protein, sadness for countless.

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Al Qaeda: Profile of Al Qaeda Essay. Al Qaeda is a global militant Islamist organization founded by the late Osama bin Laden and Abdullah Azzam among other Islamic. Protein? It dates back to a moment of epiphany around August 1988-1989 in Peshwar in Pakistan. Protein? Its origins were traced to the Soviet War in Afghanistan. It operated as a network that comprised of both multinational, stateless army and a radical Sunni Muslim revolution. This movement called for global jihad and implemented a strict interpretation of the Sharia laws. It was branded a terrorist organization by major organizations and countries in the world such as the United Nation Security Council, the European Union, NATO, the school, United States, and the United Kingdom among many other countries. On Tuesday September 11, 2001 a co-ordinated series of 4 attacks were launched on the US in the metropolitan area of Washington DC and in New York by the Al-Qaeda, a terrorist group of synthesis, Islamic religion. 19 Al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four passenger airliners. The purpose of persuasive rubrics school, hijacking the planes was so that they could be used for suicide attacks.

Two of the planes, the United Airline flight 175 and also the American Airliners flight II were crashed into the south and north towers of the world trade centre complex in protein, New York city respectively. In two hours the two towers collapsed. The debris from the buildings and the fires partly of social work dissertation, completely caused the collapse of the buildings in the world trade centre complex and also caused damage to another ten large surrounding structures. The third plane, American airlines flight. On Tuesday September 11, 2001 a co-ordinated series of 4 attacks were launched on the US in the metropolitan area of Washington DC and in New York by the Al-Qaeda, a terrorist group of Islamic religion. 19 Al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four passenger airliners.

The purpose of hijacking the planes was so that they could be used for suicide attacks. Two of the planes, the United Airline flight 175 and also the American Airliners flight II were crashed into the south and north towers of the world trade centre complex in New York city respectively. In two hours the two towers collapsed. The debris from the buildings and the fires partly of completely caused the collapse of the buildings in the world trade centre complex and protein also caused damage to another ten large surrounding structures. The third plane, American airlines flight.

On Tuesday September 11, 2001 a co-ordinated series of 4 attacks were launched on the US in the metropolitan area of Washington DC and in New York by the Al-Qaeda, a terrorist group of Islamic religion. 19 Al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four passenger airliners. The purpose of hijacking the planes was so that they could be used for suicide attacks. Two of the planes, the United Airline flight 175 and also the American Airliners flight II were crashed into the south and north towers of the world trade centre complex in New York ciOn Tuesday September 11, 2001 a co-ordinated series of 4 attacks were launched on research mla, the US in the metropolitan area of Washington DC and in New York by the Al-Qaeda, a terrorist group of Islamic religion. 19 Al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four passenger airliners.

The purpose of hijacking the planes was so that they could be used for suicide attacks. Two of the planes, the United Airline flight 175 and also the American Airliners flight II were crashed into the south and north towers of the world trade centre complex in New York city respectively. In two hours the two towers collapsed. The debris from the buildings and the fires partly of completely caused the collapse of the buildings in the world trade centre complex and also caused damage to protein synthesis another ten large surrounding structures. The third plane, American airlines flightty respectively. In two hours the two towers collapsed. The debris from the buildings and the fires partly of completely caused the collapse of the buildings in the world trade centre complex and also caused damage to another ten large surrounding structures.

The third plane, American airlines flight. Al Qaeda functioned both on its own and through some minor terrorist organizations. The organizations that operated under the al Qaeda included Ayman al-Wawahiri’s Egyptian Islamic Jihad which was also known as el Gamaa Islamia. There were also other Jihad groups in countries such as Egypt, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Eritrea, Somalia, Djibouti, Afghanistan, Bosnia, Pakistan, Croatia, Tunisia Lebanon, Albania, Philippines, Azerbaijan, Tajistan and the Hashmiri Region in India and Chechnyan in Russia. AL Qaeda kept cells and personnel in services, numerous countries to facilitate its operations including Kenya, Tanzania, the protein synthesis, United States, Germany, United Kingdome, Malaysia and Canada. Services? “Al Qaeda has no home base, but maintains cells in different countries in protein synthesis, Europe, the Middle East and Southeast Asia” (Zalman) One of the work help, ultimate goals of Al Qaeda was to fight off the United States armed forces out of synthesis, Saudi Arabian peninsula and Somalia. On Poverty Motivates Us To Achieve More? They issued rulings on Islamic laws indicating that such action was proper and essential. Bin Laden led the AL Qaeda to oppose the United States for various reasons. First, they perceived the United States to have no faith because its governance was not as per their interpretation of the Islamic laws. The second reason was that they regarded the synthesis, United States as a provider of vital support to on poverty us to achieve more “other infidel” nations and synthesis institutions. They particularly branded the Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Israel and finally the United Nations, as enemies of the Islamists organization.

Third, Osama Bin Laden greatly contended the participation of the United States armed force in the Gulf war and operation Restore Hope in Somalia in 1991, 1992 and 1993 respectively. Above all, the presence of the American forces in research, the Saudi Arabian peninsula was with no doubt resented by synthesis the al Qaeda. Last but not least, the persuasive school, United States Government’s incredible resentment was owed to the arrest and conviction of the synthesis, al Qaeda personnel or any member of their affiliate terrorists organizations. For these reasons, Osama Bin Laden led the al Qaeda to declare jihad, holy war, against persuasive essay for high, the United States. Synthesis? He pursued this goal through all means possible.

The al Qaeda made attacks on research template mla, any nations or organizations allied to the United States. Since 1988, when Al Qaeda was formed, “the organization has been credited with scores of terror attacks around the globe, which have resulted in the deaths of thousands of people” (National Geographic). Attacks in East Africa. On 7th August 1998, well planned attacks were made on two American embassies in the East African countries of Kenya and Tanzania. Protein Synthesis? In Tanzania, it is perceived by the authorities that a bomb was planted in a refrigeration truck which was later parked outside the United States embassy. It was unfortunate that these two embassies did not meet the recent strict measures that have been implemented. The attack on the Tanzanian embassy saw 11 people die and 86 more get injured. On the other hand the Kenyan bombing resulted in for high, the deaths of 12 Americans, 213 Kenyan Citizens and had over 5000 casualties.

One of AL Qaeda’s leaders, Al Libi, “was wanted for his alleged role in the deadly 1998 bombings of the two embassies in synthesis, Africa” (CNN). The aftermath of this attack was devastating and work dissertation help the United States in conjunction with the Tanzanian government sought to set up a new embassy. The United States impeached Osama Bin Laden as the core perpetrator of the protein, bombing of social work help, these embassies. The united stated went ahead to synthesis offer a reward for five million dollars for his arrest and conviction. The United States government as devastated as it was plotted attacks on Sudan and Afghanistan.

On 20th August 1998, the United States attacked Sudan and Afghanistan. It was alleged that the US targeted a chemical weapons producing plant, located in Sudan, with 13 cruise missiles. This only resulted to the deaths of the night guards. There has not been any substantial evidence that supports the attack and therefore it has come under extreme criticism. Research Paper Mla? The attack on Afghanistan consisted of about 75 cruise missiles which targeted three separate terrorists’ camps and protein synthesis strongholds.

This attack brought the deaths of 24 people but unfortunately failed in getting Osama Bin Laden. “The strikes were a response to an imminent threat to a moment the U.S. posed by a terrorist network backed by Osama bin Laden” (CNN). Attacks in Yemen. Protein Synthesis? This is AL Qaeda’s first ever attack in its course. It is known as the persuasive essay rubrics for high school, Yemen Hotel Bombing of 1992. On the protein, evening of the 29th of December 1992, a bomb went off at essay for high school the Gold Mahur Hotel. This happened to be where the United States’ armed forces had been staying on their route to Somalia. Fortunately the troops had already evacuated the hotel at the time of the protein, attack.

Undeterred by any circumstances, the AL Qaeda went ahead to plot another attack. They targeted another hotel. They perceived that the American troops were staying in the Aden Movenpick. However, the bomb detonated in the hotel car park, ahead of time for their attack. The explosion led to the death of two Australian tourists.

Osama Bin Laden and dissertation Mohamed Khan claimed responsibility for these attacks. Attacks in Jordan. In December 1999-2000, there was a plotted attack by the AL Qaeda to attack United States and Israelis tourists who had visited Jordan to celebrate the protein, millennium. Conversely, authorities in Jordan disillusioned the plotted attacks and apprehended and convicted 28 suspects. This plot involved the bombing of the LAX but this was a complete failure for the AL Qaeda since the bomber, known as Ahmed Ressam was apprehended at persuasive rubrics for high school the US- Canadian border with explosives in his car. Protein Synthesis? The AL Qaeda did not stop at that. They planned an attack on the USS Sullivans on January the third in 2000. This failed because they put too much weight on a small boat that was to bomb the ship. Attack on MV Limburg. Persuasive Rubrics School? The Limburg was loaded with 397,000 barrels, equated to 63,100 m3, of crude oil from synthesis, Iran en route to Malaysia. It was attacked in the Gulf of Aden off Yemen where it was to collect another load of crude oil.

The Limburg was registered under a French-flag. PETRONAS, a Malaysian petrol firm, had chartered the whale rider, Limburg. At some distance offshore, a small boat loaded with explosives rammed the tanker on protein synthesis, the starboard and detonated. Top Essay Services? The craft caught fire and estimated 90,000 barrels, equated to 140,000 m3 of crude oil spilled into the ocean. Yemeni authorities apparently claimed that the synthesis, explosion was caused by an accident. However investigations showed traces of TNT on the wrecked vessel. In the incident one crew member was killed and 12 others were injured. Rider Essay? According to BBC, Ahmed al-Darbi confessed to being responsible for synthesis this incident. The Battle of top essay, WanatOn July 13, 2008, AL Qaeda and Taliban guerilla fighters raged war on NATO troops.

This occurred near Wanat, a village in Waygal district, in Afghanistan’ province of Nuristan. This battle has been branded “Black Hawk Down”. Protein? It was one of the achieve more, bloodiest attacks in the war and one of the numerous attacks on remote outposts. In comparison to the preceding ambushes that were executed in a haphazard manner, this was well coordinated and executed. “American casualties included nine killed and protein synthesis 27 wounded, while four Afghan National Army (ANA) soldiers were wounded” (Terrorists groups). Attacks on the United States. Help? On Tuesday September 11, 2001 a coordinated series of 4 attacks were launched on the US in the metropolitan area of Washington DC and in New York by the Al-Qaeda, a terrorist group of Islamic religion. 19 Al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four passenger airliners.

The purpose of protein, hijacking the planes was so that they could be used for suicide attacks. Two of the planes, the essay, United Airline flight 175 and synthesis also the American Airliners flight II were crashed into the south and north towers of the world trade center complex in New York City respectively. In two hours the a moment, two towers collapsed. The debris from the buildings and the fires partly of completely caused the collapse of the synthesis, buildings in the world trade center complex and also caused damage to another ten large surrounding structures. The affliction of AL Qaeda on global is whale rider gender essay, seemingly a long standing affair. Its beginning goes back decades to the modern-day establishment and conversion of a non-state armed group that has made it its purpose to create exceptional regional and international changes based on unnecessary use of brutal force for protein synthesis political motives. Essay Rubrics? Apart from prompting domestic and protein synthesis foreign crises, the AL Qaeda focused specifically in adapting and prospering open-endedly as it sought new approaches. All along, it is in this perspective that the essay on poverty us to more, growth of AL Qaeda was planned for. This was a preordained way for the group to ensure it growth regardless of any setbacks from the protein synthesis, very beginning. This isolated it from preceding and successive Islamists groups.

On the other hand, traditional Islamist factions started to institute themselves through religious preaching, political sermons and social work dissertation particularly through networks of domestic social amenities. The first incarnation of AL Qaeda was to act as a welfare provider originating in the reinter state, Arabian Gulf. On the other hand its purpose was to apparently fight the synthesis, Soviet Union in the 1980s, Jihad. The superiority of this underlying principle did not translate to top essay a sudden halt of an unsatisfied local aim but somewhat the domestic contention to spill out to the external parties. From the perspective of a failed Arab and Islamic nation building, this faction sprang forth as a project with the combination of religion and politics. I was built upon: Relocation of authority; Outwitting the state; And the synthesis, belligerent empowerment of a non-state actor. If in the beginning the swift propagation of the five regional depictions of the Al Qaeda were questionable, an added suggestion of the organization’s inspiring global reach and essay its ability to function in multiple nations long after War on Terror had been declared against it, it progressively occurred that the regional affiliates were significantly at synthesis variance and their link to of epiphany the mother Al Qaeda was in some way unsubstantiated. Although in its first fifteen years it had been able to develop globally against vital odds; for each tactical loss, the Al Qaeda earned a strategic gain. This was demonstrated by: Retreating in Afghanistan but advancing in Iraq; Restricted leadership but had proliferating contacts; Abridged physical mobility but had global impact;

Additional enemies but expanding recruits. Protein Synthesis? In the period between 2006 and 2011, AL Qaeda’s leadership had changed into a self-commandment, in due course offering only research paper mla, political, religious and military commentary, and not operational orders. Taking everything into account, what can be interpreted as a regionalization strategy of the protein, Al Qaeda mixed up the global representation of the organization. The required elasticity the group embraced, partially voluntarily, partially as a way to adjust to the impending international anti-terrorism campaign, brought about an ever-growing distance with the already liberated divisions. Osama Bin Laden’s vanishing from Al Qaeda and also the War on Terror scene, for that reason, signified the end of the reign of the original faction established in Afghanistan.

This opened a new chapter in which the regional authorizations will further sanction their existing independence. In so doing they will bestow the conflict with a new arrangement by diminishing terrorism among nations. Previous efforts to put an end to school this menace were somehow unsuccessful until May 2, 2011. O this day, a team of U.S Navy Seals with the help of the United States intelligence located the AL Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden. He was found in Abbottabad in Pakistan, 31 Miles from Islamabad where he met his demise. Synthesis? On June 16 the same year, Ayman al-Zawahiri succeeded Osama Bin Laden but the fight against terror continues. The war against terror is a global war.

There have been numerous efforts to curb the AL Qaeda menace. The United States has shown great dedication in trying to bring justice to the crimes committed by this faction, the Al Qaeda. These efforts have included several military actions by the United States armed forces and paper outline mla other allied nations and synthesis institutions like the paper mla, UK and the United Nations. Presently, there are ongoing various military operations against this terrorist faction. Protein Synthesis? This operation either targets the faction directly or the affiliates of this faction such as the whale, Al Shabaab in Somalia. Many countries have joined the war against terrorism. For example, according to synthesis Fox News, the dissertation, Iraqi Government has announced that it is offensive on AL Qaeda.

Yemen is also said to protein be targeting top AL Qaeda leaders, as Stated by CNN reporters, Jamjoom and Smith, write. The United States government has greatly contributed the gradual fall that AL Qaeda is help, undergoing. Military action is seemingly the way to go since these terrorists seem not to synthesis the get the hang of diplomacy. Presently, “prompted in part by a recent video that showed Al Qaeda leaders in Yemen openly taunting the United States, the CIA launched lethal drone strikes”(Dilanian). According to ABC News, even after two years when the United States withdrew its troops from Iraq, the US is still aid the Iraqi government to fight off the AL Qaeda faction. Al Qaeda. Answers, n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2014. AL Qaeda Attacks: A Chronology.

National Geographic, n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2014. Battle of Wanat 2008. Research Template? Terrorist Groups, 8 Apr. 2008. Web. 26 Apr. 2014. Fast facts: The embassy bombings in protein, Kenya and Tanzania. CNN, 6 Oct. 2013. Web. 26 Apr. 2014. Guantanamo prisoner al-Darbi admits MV Limburg Attack. BBC, 20 Feb. 2014. Web. A Moment Of Epiphany? 26 Apr. 2014. Protein? Jamjoom, Mohammed and Smith, Matt. Outline? Yemen Strikes May Target Top AL Qaeda Leaders.

CNN, 21 Apr. Protein Synthesis? 2014. Web. 26 Apr. Top Essay Services? 2014. US Assisting Iraq in Fight Against Al Qaeda 2 Years After Troops Withdraw. ABC NEWS, 23 Jan. 2014. Web. 26 Apr. 2014. Protein Synthesis? Zalman, Amy. Research Outline Mla? Al Qaeda: Profile of Al Qaeda. About, n.d. Web. 26 Apr. Protein? 2014. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter.

Date: 7 August 2015. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Al Qaeda: Profile of Al Qaeda. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. 3422 Old Capitol Trail, Suite 267, Wilminton, DE 19808, USA.

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Essay: ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles’ and the Victorian Era. Chapter 1. The Victorian Era 3 Chapter 2. Tess, the tragedy of an unfair existence 14 Chapter 3. Rape or seduction? 27 Chapter 4. Synthesis? Anna Karenina and paper outline template, Tess of the synthesis D’Urbervilles, a tragic destiny 41. Chapter 5. Conclusions. The MA dissertation ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles, an unfair existence’ deals with the social work dissertation problematic of Victorian women, analyzed in Thomas Hardy’s novel, ‘Tess of protein synthesis, D’Urbervilles. The project is an attempt to find some answers about the women’s roles in a patriarchal society ruled and dominated by men.

The analysis also focused on the Christian prejudices and the injustice of social law. The theoretical part is structured into three chapters. The first one is an introduction into the Victorian Epoch and analyses this period of great changes that brought England to its highest point of development and also the dramatic inequities between men and women. The next chapter concentrates on Tess’s life and tries to determine why Hardy’s heroine”’ The third chapter tries to investigate if Tess of D’Urbervilles was raped or seduced, if she is an angel or, by work help, contrary, a fallen woman. Protein Synthesis? In the research mla practical part I made a comparison between Tess’ destiny and Anna Karenina’s fall highlighting the fact that the illusion of true love and the social rejection determined the two heroines’ destiny.

The last chapter reports the conclusions that resulted from the analysis made on Hardy’s novel, ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles’. The Victorian era. What was the Victorian Era? What changes brought the protein Victorian Age in England society and top essay, literature? How was Thomas Hardy influenced by the Victorian Era?

The Victorian era of British history was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. It was a very long period with significant changes in almost every aspect of politics, law, economics and society. The Victorian age it was first and synthesis, foremost a period of evolution. The archaic and agricultural society was transformed into essay, a modern society with the reign of protein synthesis, democracy and industrialism. In 1837, when Queen Victoria acceded to the throne, the majority of England’s people had houses in the countryside; few of social dissertation help, them could read and write, children of five year old worked long days underground in mines or ran deadly machinery in factories. Synthesis? The political and rider, legal power was in the hands of a few people- men who held land. ‘By the time Queen Victoria died in 1901, the modern world had taken shape. Most of England’s people were town or city dwellers. London, the protein capital of an empire that covered one-fourth of the globe, had subway trains and research paper mla, electric streetlights; telegraph messages speed around the world in minutes; luxurious steamships plied a busy transatlantic trade. Education was compulsory; public hanging of criminals had been abolished; a man’s religion or (lack of it) no longer barred him from protein synthesis attending a university or serving in a moment of epiphany essay Parliament.’ The Victorian England was dominated by the effects of the synthesis Industrial Revolution: the population grew quickly, more and more cities appeared, a broad system of railway was built.

England became the glory of the template nineteenth century. But the Industrial Revolution had also lots of negative aspects: insalubrious shelters for the workers, the protein employ of young children in the workforce, unsatisfying work conditions, small wages and lots of hours of hard work. There were few laws to on poverty us to more improve hours, earnings, safety, job security or working conditions. People worked six day a week. ‘In the early years of the industrial revolution, the birth rate was high and many people died before middle age. More than half the population was children and protein synthesis, many were without parents.’ The new technologies of the nineteenth century radically changed people’s lives and social dissertation, perceptions. It was a century of technical innovations, industrial success and economic prosperity. All this opportunities changed the way people thought about the world. It wasn’t any more a dark world; it was a bright one, which could be improved through initiative and hard work.

In what concerns the political aspects of the Victorian age it can be said that England was dealing with significant changes: the Parliament became preoccupied with the regularization of the economic conditions, public health, education, and other aspects of social life. Synthesis? ‘By the of epiphany end of the century, there were public hospitals for synthesis, the chronically ill; asylums for the mentally handicapped; schools for blind, deaf, and disabled children; homes for the elderly; and other appropriate public institutions for whale gender essay, people incapable of self-support.’ The society was divided into three categories: working class- men and women who performed physical labor being paid daily or weekly- middle class, men performed mental work, being paid monthly or annually and protein, the upper class who didn’t work but had an income came from the inherited property and investments. Persuasive Essay School? This class hierarchy was accepted and understood by the entire population. Class had distinctive signs in manners, speech, clothing, education and values. The classes lived in specific areas and thought of themselves as distinct categories with well defined standards and synthesis, people were expected to conform to the rules for their class. It wasn’t appropriate to have the same behavior like someone for a class above- or below- your own. What is dissertation important to mention is the fact that the protein synthesis middle class grew in size and importance during the Victorian period. This class was formed of successful industrialists and extremely rich bankers or poor clerks. ‘Within the essay on poverty us to middle class, those with the protein highest social standing were the professionals (sometimes referred to as the of epiphany old middle class or upper middle class). They included Church of England clergymen, military and naval officers, men in synthesis the higher-status branches of law and medicine, those at the upper levels of governmental service, university professors, and the headmasters of prestigious schools.” Victorian England was a very religious country, the Victorian people being regular churchgoers. The Bible was frequently and widely read by the people of every class and its dogmas were adapted to the everyday life: the individual should live a life filled with energy, tumult and struggles against doubt. Yet, towards the end of Queen Victoria’s reign, the essay motivates Bible wasn’t accepted any more as literally true and free from errors. New ways of thinking developed and the people confronted with a crisis of faith.

In the Victorian age, women were seen through men’s eyes. Protein Synthesis? They were the social work dissertation help most important characters in synthesis the domestic sphere, the on poverty motivates us to achieve more family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of business and politics, a place similar with the haven, in which men found love from their wives and children. Synthesis? The Victorian women were seen as being pure and for high school, perfect. They were ‘angels in the house’, wives and mothers dedicated to protein their families and children. They had to obey their husbands because men were the main characters in the society. Persuasive For High School? The marriage was a light form of protein, slavery: after the wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to paper template mla the husband. ‘Every man had the protein right to force his wife into a moment, sex and childbirth. Synthesis? He could take her children without reason and send them to paper outline template be raised elsewhere. He could spend his wife’s inheritance on a mistress or on prostitutes.[..] If a woman was unhappy with her situation there was, without exception, nothing she could do about synthesis it.’ Women lived in an unfair society which tolerated and encouraged men’s dominance, a society in which women had no chances for emancipation.

This situation was supported by church, law, tradition, history, and seemed to top essay services have no solution for retrieval. Signals of dissent were controlled by husbands, fathers and even brothers. The nineteenth century woman had to enter into a marriage because this step was necessary for her survival. She was somehow forced to depend on man, to beg for existence and for love. ‘Barred by law and custom from entering trades and professions by which they could support themselves, and restricted in the possession of property, woman had only one means of protein synthesis, livelihood, that of top essay, marriage.’ In order to synthesis be accepted as wife, a woman had to be virgin, pure, and free from any desire of persuasive rubrics for high school, love and protein synthesis, sexual thought before the wedding. An indecent behavior was accepted in essay us to achieve more men’s case: they could have sexual relationships before and after the marriage without any moral or legal consequences. Marriage was seen as a duty of women, the complete fulfillment of their personalities, the protein synthesis most important step in their lives, an whale rider essay occasion for entering the synthesis society, a way of answering the community’s requests. Giving birth to children was the biggest realization in a moment a couple’s life, the ‘crowning achievement of a woman’s life’ . Synthesis? Unfortunately, this crucial event didn’t raise a woman’s social and familial status, she remained a household manager, a body for whale gender, his husband, and a protective human being for the child. Wives were supposed to see the sexual act as a necessity for giving birth to the descendants and not as a source of pleasure. Synthesis? Sex for another reason than for procreation was seen as dirty and outrageous and changed the husband’s image over his wife: she was seen like a perverted person without any religious values ‘a mother who lacked religious faith could not instill sexual propriety in research paper outline template her daughter, and thus was unfit to be a mother at all.’ Women weren’t allowed to have any personal opinions: they had to protein synthesis strive with the same goals as their husbands, to stay far away from the social life and to be preoccupied with the house and social work dissertation, the children’s raise. The Victorian woman sacrifices herself every day for the husband and children. ‘The pure woman’s life was supposed to be entirely centered on the home.

She preserved the higher moral values, guarded her husband’s conscience, guided her children’s training, and helped regenerate society through her daily display of Christianity in action.’ The Victorian woman had no power over her life or her children’s: when she was accused of adultery, she was viewed as ‘fallen’ or ‘ruined’ and her husband could kidnap and incarcerate her having the backing of the law. The children remained in the man’s custody. ‘A husband could divorce his wife if she committed adultery, but the woman who wanted a divorce had to prove her husband guilty not only of adultery, but also of incest, bigamy, bestiality, cruelty or desertion. If a man did not commit adultery, he could treat his wife as badly as he liked: cruelty alone was not sufficient for divorce.’ For many, the synthesis word ‘Victorian’ is whale rider gender associated with pictures of over-dresses woman and arrogant men gathered in salons and reading-rooms. Protein Synthesis? In this epoch, the rules of personal conduct were inflexible and not respected. Victorians won a bed reputation o saying one thing and doing another.

This feebleness will be a major writing theme for the next generations who will criticize it. In the Victorian era the society was transforming fast and lots of people could not understand the society’s mechanism. Persuasive? The nobility, in protein the past at the top of the social pyramid, lost his position and became preoccupied with the agriculture. The middle class was now in dissertation the top of England society and used the poor to protein synthesis achieve his goals. Children were working in the mines lots of hours and dissertation, were a viable force for the society’s- capitalistic middle class- prosperity. In what concerns the protein Victorian literature it can be noticed significant changes.

It’s the beginning of a moment of epiphany essay, a new way of writing prose, the lyric prose, a writing that expresses not only synthesis ideas but ideas wrote in a beautiful form. The Victorians need in this period of great disquiet guides to better understand the economical, social and religious changes. Writers as Thomas Carlyle, John Henry Newman, Matthew Arnold helped England people to better understand the society they lived in. ‘Up the still, glistening beaches, Up the creeks we will hie, Over banks of bright seaweed. The ebb-tide leaves dry. We will gaze, from the persuasive rubrics for high sand-hills, At the synthesis white, sleeping town;

At the church on the hill-side’ And then come back down. Singing: “There dwells a loved one, But cruel is she! She left lonely for ever. The kings of the sea. ‘ Thomas Carlyle was the dominant figure of the Victorian Age. Achieve More? He succeeded to influence every category of Victorian life. He could not accept any spiritual weakness or social destruction.

Carlyle hated the social inequalities, conventions and mendacity. He was skeptic about the role of democracy benefactions and believed that the population can be governed by a ‘hero’ who can lead the masses to glory. Synthesis? The spiritual freedom was a value important for Carlyle and he succeeded through his writings to highlight human cost and of epiphany essay, diseases of protein, manufacturing. Carlyle thought that his role, the role of a writer and a thinker is to denounce the abuse that is prepared by the society. It was the writer’s duty to speak out against the abuses and inequality of us to achieve, this new and scary world. He saw industrialization and the Industrial Revolution as responsible for extermination and also the root for synthesis, the lost of top essay services, human characteristics. Writers could not escape any more into fantasy or imagine great worlds with a perfect life knowing that the society they live in is ill and is a threat for the humanity. Elizabeth Barrett-Browning’s poem ‘The Cry of the Children’ is a criticism against the jobs in mines offered to the young children. He describes the conditions in protein synthesis the England mines and wrote about the hard life children had to rider gender essay endure in the depth of the mines.

In Victorian Age poetry was considered superior than prose and also than novel theatre. Synthesis? The predominant figure of a moment, this period was Alfred, Lord Tennyson. He wrote about social changes and he raised questions about the veracity of religion. His poetry is romantic in subject but has lots of personal reflections. Robert Browning and his wife Elizabeth Barret Browning were also popular in the Victorian period. Robert Browning is famous for his dramatic monologues but both succeeded to capture the beauty of life and the wind of changes. Francis Thompson, Alice Meynell, Christina Rossetti, Rudyard Kipling and protein, Lionel Johnson are also famous poetry writers in the Victorian epoch. In the middle of 19th Century, the Pre-Raphaelites guided by the poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti tried to bring to dissertation light the values and the principles of the culture and life. Protein? William Morris- designer, inventor, poetry writer, philosopher was the a moment group leader helped by protein, Christina Rossetti and Coventry Patmore. During the motivates us to achieve more 1890s the decadents are the most important figures in the English literature. Synthesis? The group’s leaders are Arthur Symons, Ernest Dowson the most talented and controversial figure being Oscar Wilde.

The decadents rejected what they considered banal progress. They argued that art should be judged on persuasive essay school the basis of form rather than values and protein, this idea is perfectly sustained by the motto ‘art for art’s sake’. They also rejected the idea that literature and art have to play important ethical roles and literature can offer the reader models of excellence and honor. The Victorian epoch is a great moment for the English novel- pastoral, realistic with a complicated action, with complex characters and long. Social Dissertation Help? It was the preferred form of synthesis, writing to describe and analyze the contemporary life and to captivate the work middle class. Charles Dickens writings are full of melodrama, amusement, complex heroes and complicated life situations.

Dickens is regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period and one of the creators of the most well-known fictional characters. His oeuvre was extremely popular and by the twentieth century has been considered a literary genius by synthesis, his critics. William Makepeace Thackeray is famous for his novel ‘Vanity Fair’ (1848) a satire upon hypocrisy and avarice. The novels of George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans) described ethical conflicts and social concerns. Jane Eyre (1847) and Villette (1853), Charlotte Bront’??s novels respect the conventions but dare in their own way. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson writes under the pseudonym Lewis Caroll and top essay services, is the protein author of Alice’s adventures in Wonderland (1865) a complex and sophisticated children’s book. At some point in the Victorian Age the novel has replaced the poetry as the most efficient and realistic transmission of art and literature. This change was a valid change accepted by the people and even preferred nowadays. Serial publication in magazines and journals became more and more favored and in a short period of time these writings were published and sold in their complete form.

Thomas Hardy was born on June 2, 1840, in a Dorset’s village of social dissertation help, Higher Bockhampton. Hardy was a very sick child and his parents Thomas and Jemima Hardy thought that he won’t survive. He was kept mostly at home being a sick young. Synthesis? After his completely recovery he started to explore the countryside he lived in observing rural families with their traditions, unwritten laws, believes. He adored the whale rider church rituals and he was member of Stinsford church musicians, playing the protein synthesis violin and essay rubrics for high school, performing traditional dances, described later in ‘Under the Greenwood Tree.’ In the ‘Life’, Hardy describes faithfully the complex routine that shaped his knowledge at this period: ‘To these externals may be added the peculiarities of protein, his inner life, which might almost have been called academic ‘ a triple existence unusual for a young man ‘ what he used to call, in looking back, a life twisted of three strands ‘ the professional life, the scholar’s life, and the rustic life, combined in the twenty-four hours of one day, as it was with him through these years. He would be reading the Iliad, the Aeneid, or the Greek Testament from six to eight in whale gender essay the morning, would work at protein synthesis, Gothic architecture all day, and essay on poverty motivates us to achieve, then in the evening rush off with his fiddle under his arm ‘ sometimes in the company of his father as first violin and uncle as ‘celloist ‘ to play country-dances, reels, and hornpipes at an agriculturalist’s wedding, christening, or Christmas party in a remote dwelling among the fallow fields, not returning sometimes until nearly dawn.’ At the age of eight Thomas Hardy joined the Anglican school recently opened in his village and later was sent to the school of Dorchester. After the age of teen he become more healthy and strong and he could participate to the Greek and Latin classes helped by protein, his mother with money who believed in Thomas ‘dream to attend Cambridge in order to become a bishop. When Hardy was 22 he moved to London and worked as apprentice architect for Arthur Blomfield, visiting in essay the same time theatres, museums and galleries, enjoying every journey and observing attentively all the attractions London could offer. ‘In spite of the opportunities for dissipation in the capital, Hardy’s life seems to protein synthesis have remained disciplined and devoted to essay motivates self-improvement. He visited the International Exhibition at South Kensington (later the Victoria and Albert Museum) for its architectural artefacts and protein, paintings, studied the great masters at the National Gallery during his lunch period, and a moment of epiphany, enrolled for French classes at King’s College. Protein? Finding that architecture did not challenge him intellectually, he began reading the work of John Ruskin, who wrote about the cultural significance of art, and who championed Turner as pre-eminent among European painters.’ In 1863 he starts writing a notebook about ‘Schools of paintings’ because he imagines himself as an art critic. He thought also at a journalistic career as a way of earning money in order to allow him to essay us to achieve attend the University and enter the church. Synthesis? ‘However, this aim receded as under Moule’s mentorship Hardy was introduced to the writings of a wide range of contemporary thinkers, including the work of John Henry Newman, the leader of the Oxford Movement, who left the Anglican Church for Roman Catholicism, and whose Apologia pro whale essay Vita Sua was published in protein 1864, on social which Hardy made quite extensive notes.

But Hardy also read John Stuart Mill [85, 121], a seminal philosopher and economist, who formed the Utilitarian Society, wrote On Liberty (1859), a comprehensive defense of individual freedom, and Utilitarianism (1861) and who, in contrast to Newman, regarded the protein synthesis ideal of Christianity as negative and research, passive.’ Hardy considered Mill as ‘one of the profoundest thinkers of the last century’ and he was influenced by protein synthesis, his writings. By 1865 Hardy had begun to see himself as a future writer. Top Essay? He published the protein synthesis humorous prose ‘How I Built Myself a House’, anonymously in Chambers’ Journal and he won his first earnings from writing but Hardy returned to poetry and rubrics, studied intensively multiple poetry volumes. ‘Determined and methodical, he began keeping a notebook headed ‘Studies, Specimens etc.’, in which he listed quotations, attempted to develop a vocabulary of synthesis, his own, and recorded observations of people and on poverty motivates us to, scenes for possible poems.’ Hardy’s earliest poems were written in 1865 and 1866 and remained unpublished many years. The critics could not tell exactly why Thomas Hardy wasn’t willing to synthesis publish his poetry because any testimony couldn’t be found. In this time the young writer was involved in a relationship with Eliza Bright Nicholls, relationship described by his biographer, Michael Millgate as a weak relation and top essay, Hardy was ‘more or less formally engaged from about 1863 until 1867’. ‘ His relationship with Eliza gave rise to the ‘She, to Him’ series of poems, and in the Wessex Poems volume in protein synthesis which they appear, on the opposite page is printed Hardy’s drawing of two figures climbing the paper outline path that runs up to Clavel Tower overlooking Kimmeridge Bay. The end of the relationship is recorded in the poem, ‘Neutral Tones’.’ Bibliography Chapter One. 1. Harvey, G., ‘The complete critical guide to Thomas Hardy’, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003. 2. Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., ‘Maternal Instincts: Visions of motherhood and sexuality in Britain, 1875-1925’, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. 3. Protein? Jennings, A., ‘Stranger than Fiction. Life and rider gender essay, Literature in the Late Victorian Age’, Black Cat Publishing, 2001.

4. Kent, Susan.’Sex and Suffrage in Britain 1860-1914?. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 5. Matthew, A., ‘The Forsaken Merman’ in Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000. 6. Millgate, M., Thomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelist, London: Macmillan, 1994. 7. Synthesis? Mitchell, S.,’Daily Life in Victorian England’, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 8. Work Dissertation Help? Wojtczak, H., ‘Women of Victorian Sussex’, Hastings Press, 2003. Tess, the tragedy of an unfair existence. Is Tess a victim or a blemished woman? Is Tess’s tragedy inevitable’?Tess of the D’Urbervilles is the product of Hardy’s fascination with women of beauty, energy and synthesis, intelligence who find themselves trapped between these gifts, the aspirations such gifts justify, and their society’s assumption that respectable women must be either submissive or obtrusively and harmlessly aspiring. With few exceptions, Hardy’s most interesting characters are his unconventional women including Tess who, so unconventional both before and of epiphany essay, after, is, predictably both the conventional ruined maid of fiction and a ruined maid like no other that has existed in British fiction.’ Tess of d’Urbervilles appears regularly in the literary magazine ‘The Graphic’ thorough the synthesis 1891.

This was an original method of Hardy. First, the author published his novels, serialized, in a magazine, and research paper outline mla, then, the novel is protein synthesis published in the book form. The book’s subtitle, ‘A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented ‘is the first evidence that Hardy’s novel will shock his readers. Gender? The heroine will definitely reject the Victorian rules and protein synthesis, will act independently and not in a predictable way as a Victorian heroine. The novel’s readers were certainly impressed by the Hardy’s creation: the essay on poverty author reveled in a candid manner the Tess’s suffering and he is full of empathy and sympathy for synthesis, the young girl’s history. It was not easy for Thomas Hardy to find a publisher.

The novel’s plot and also the services heroine were full of sexiness. Episodes full of synthesis, passion were described, Tess was too sexy and in a moment essay spite the rape willingness presented, Thomas Hardy insists that his heroine remains pure. Protein? All these elements made the novel a controversial work difficult to put in print. Social Dissertation? In 1890, Hardy succeeded to find a magazine willing to protein publish his novel but he had to censor the a moment of epiphany essay most debatable episodes. ‘Tess of the Durbervilles’ was first published in a censored edition and after a few years in its original form. The author also revised later editions of his novel and was somehow forced to modify or even erase some problematic scenes due to contemporary reviews. Modern critics admit that the 1891 edition is the closest to the original version of Hardy’s novel. Probably the readers are asking themselves why this novel was so important to synthesis print for gender essay, Thomas Hardy and what changes brought this writing in the Victorian age. After a carefully reading and a harshly analysis the answer can be easily found- Hardy is trying to protein synthesis demonstrate that not all the whale ‘falling woman’ are prostitutes or ended up having sex outside of marriage.

His heroine, Tess, is protein a victim of an archaic society which does not accept the help woman’s mistakes. This society is protein entirely dominated by men and accepts only the men’s actions full on injustice, immorality and essay, decadence. Thomas Hardy is trying to raise some questions about the values of the synthesis society he lives in. He is a modern writer because has the ability to attest the validity of the work Victorian age values. It’s a significant discrepancy between the standards applied to men and the rules the women had to respect in order to avoid the public humiliation and the lack of respect. The rape was a sensitive subject in the epoch and protein, always considered as determined by the woman’s conduct. No presumption of innocence was given to the poor women who were not involved in a sexual relationship with a man, who was not protected by any legal or natural law. Thomas Hardy has structured his book in whale rider gender seven phases (novel division) which present the short and tragic life of his heroine, from her childhood to womanhood. ”Phase’ is an interesting demarcation in itself. Unlike the protein synthesis customary ‘book’ or ‘part’ or ‘section”each a spatial marker, none temporal”phase’ signi’es a stage of change or development as well as unobtrusively linking Tess’s growth to womanhood with the rhythms of the lunar cycle. ‘Seven’ is, in turn, redolent of universal meanings: it is given as the Age of Reason, the Seven Ages of Man (Shakespeare), and the Seven Pillars of Wisdom. Services? And, of course, the seventh day is the Christian Sabbath’the sacred day of fulfillment in protein the Genesis story of Creation; the day of social work help, rest from labor and of thanksgiving.’ The seven phases are also divided cyclically and protein synthesis, thematically.

The novel begins with ‘The Maiden’ which presents the young Tess in a difficult situation, he feels very culpable and also responsible for the death of essay on poverty motivates achieve, Prince. In ‘The Chase’, when she is sexually abused she realizes that she her virginity is lost and protein, she is damned to of epiphany live a sadly life, with no respect or understanding from the community she lives in. Protein? She knows she is now ‘another girl than the one she had been at home’ A new stage of Tess’s life starts with The Second Phase, ‘Maiden No More’. Now she is expectant a baby and decides that she can’t stay any more in Trantridge. Tess has tried to help his parents to resolve the financial problems they had at home and struggled to a moment of epiphany make Alec understand that she is not in love with him but she has lost his innocence trying to defend it. The heroine does not want a life full of synthesis, lies and a marriage without love and he decides to leave Alec and the life he can offer her. ‘Of all things, a lie on this thing would do the most good for me now; but I have honour enough left, little as ’tis, not to tell that lie. If I did love you I may have the best o’causes for letting you know it. But I don’t.’ Tess does not accept the marriage with Alec because she cannot be with someone she is not in love with.

She cannot accept this marriage even though it can be the solution for a misery life, it can be the ‘social salvation’. Analyzing the decision Tess makes it can be concluded that Hardy wants to sacrifice Tess and to rider gender offer to his British readers an example of morality, integrity and honor. Hardy transforms his heroine into protein synthesis, a model of a moment of epiphany essay, perfection knowing that greatness can be achieved but not perfection. Protein? ‘Yet, in breaking the popular stereotype, Hardy was accused by some contemporary critics of misrepresenting womankind. The ideal was preferable to essay for high the real if only to set a good example for the young British person, but Hardy refused to protein synthesis employ his art to such an end. ‘ On the Phase the Third, ‘The Rally’ readers can meet a new Tess who is willing to forget his past and to start a new life. In this phase Tess is enthusiastic and rubrics for high, even though her past is still alive in her soul and her mind she can start over full of confidence and hope for protein, the future. The heroine is top essay services prepared to embrace the new and unknown and involves in a relationship with Angel Clare.

Is for the first time when Tess feels the protein true love, loves and is loved. Sometimes she does not know how to react when Angel shows her that he is in love. When Angel tried for the first time to take Tess in his arms to kiss her, the girl is very scared and does not know how to motivates us to achieve more react. She starts crying. ‘Why do you cry, my darling’? he said. ‘O’I don’t know!’ she murmured regretfully. Angel misunderstands his reaction and strongly thinks that he determined this powerful emotion being ‘too quick and unre’ecting’ . Instinctively Tess puts a barrier between her and synthesis, the man she loves still being traumatized after the experience she had with Alec. She is persuasive rubrics for high school not used to be in the arms of a man she has feelings for, the heroine being forced in the past to reject every unwanted embrace offered by her ‘cousin’. After a few minutes of distance and defense she realizes that in synthesis Angel’s arms she is safe, she does not have to be afraid anymore because Angel will protect her. A Moment Of Epiphany Essay? Definitely she has to confess Angel the sin that changed her and isolated from the community she lives in but the girl knows that isn’t the right moment. Tess does not know how Angel will react, she knows that is a sensitive subject and she can obtain forgiveness only if Angel has true and strong feeling for her. ‘The Consequence’ is the title for synthesis, the Phase the Fourth. Tess is living a beautiful love story with Angel but her happiness is alloyed because the girl knows that she will have to tell Angel the ugly truth about her past. ‘She makes several attempts but either she is sidetracked or she sidetracks herself’again, psychologically plausible self-protective behavior. A Moment Of Epiphany Essay? And when she ‘nally writes him an explanatory note, it accidentally slips under the carpet as she pushes it under his door.

The cycle of intention undermined by accident seems unbreakable. Synthesis? Tess’s resolve is challenged; she feels quite overwhelmed.’ The things are easy neither for Angel nor for Tess. Research Paper Outline Template? Angel has to face his parents’ attitude, disapproval and to convince them that Tess is the best choice for him and not the young lady who he is supposed to marry with. Protein? Even though Angel does not admit directly that he has his own prejudices in what concern the Tess’s situation her soul struggles with his own doubt and his parent’s opposition. ‘Indeed, his idealization of Tess is partly the cause of her failure to confess. The more he elevates her (she is paper mla a goddess, she is synthesis a pure daughter of Nature), the persuasive essay rubrics more she freezes at having to tell him that she’s none of these things. Protein? On the contrary, she is what his Evangelical family at the parsonage might call a fallen woman (and there are even uglier phrases than that).’ Phase the fifth, ‘The woman pays’ presents another chapter in Tess’s life, an episode full of top essay, sorrow and pain. Tess revealed Angel all the truth about her situation, she told the man she loved the synthesis truth about the sexual assault, the child she gave birth to, his short live, the baptize and the burial. The truth freed her but from Angel she did not receive understanding or unconditional love, only misery and top essay services, pain. In Angel’s eyes Tess is another woman, a woman with Tess’s body but with a different story, with different values, a human being that he cannot forgive for his past and synthesis, have a happy marriage with. Phase the sixth, ‘The convert’, represents the story of on poverty motivates us to, Alec who is now a ‘preacher’ and is religious converted. The meeting between Alec and Tess is unwanted by the girl but is seen by synthesis, the man as a cure for his soul.

Alec sees Tess, runs after her and services, tries to persuade her that he is changed, he succeeded to communicate with the divinity and is now aware of the pain he caused her. He makes Tess promise that she will never tempt him again. In Phase the seventh, ‘Fulfillment’ Alec becomes the man that took Tess’s virginity replacing the love for God with a sick love for Tess. The sexually desire is stronger than ever and succeeds to transform the man into a sexual exploiter. Angel can now see the truth about the Tess’s personality, he can now distinguish the essences and appearances but is too late. ‘In accordance with the protein synthesis fulfillment of the seventh day of creation, Tess will now rest. Turning her life around for the very last time, she stands to face her prosecutors with that readiness of will and pure, undaunted spirit from which heroes, not victims, are made. Where Christ’s words were ‘it is on poverty motivates us to more done,’ Tess’s words are ‘I am ready’.’ Was Tess the victim of the inevitable fate? Could the heroine change her destiny or was she damned to protein synthesis self-destruction by the society in which she lived?

Since the beginning of the novel, Thomas Hardy, the author, describes Tess as a beautiful and innocent girl, cheery, energy with a big smile on her face: ‘She was a fine and handsome girl- not handsomer than some others, possibly- but her mobile peony mouth and large innocent eyes added eloquence to color and shape. She wore a red ribbon in her hair, and was the work only one of the white company who could boast of such a pronounced adornment.’ Using the adjectives ‘fine’ and ‘handsome’ the author suggests that Tess is not just a peasant girl who can pass unnoticed, on the contrary, she is a charming girl having all the necessary physique resources for making a man, a rich man maybe, falling in love with her and protein synthesis, saving her poor existence. She also seems to be ‘the one’ because is the only one wearing a red ribbon. Tess is the gender most beautiful heroine Hardy has created. It is the first novel in which the author describes so deeply the synthesis feminine beauty, he is entirely focused on all the femininities the young girl was blessed with and revels all these features step by step. ‘Failures to see Tess rightly are everywhere in the novel, however, for the opportunity to social dissertation look at synthesis, her is offered again and again to one pair of eyes after another, as if it were a test, a measure of value. A Moment? Angel’s two brothers, for example, are both short sighted thought they wear the latest fashion in spectacles (XXV, 134). Blindly, they pass right by Tess, on the day she walked fifteen miles to Emminster Vicarage to ask for help from her father in protein law. To them, she is invisible.’ ‘Tess herself is almost less a personality than a beautiful portion of nature violated by social help, human selfishness and over intellectualizing.

She is the least flawed of Hardy’s protagonists, but also the least human.’ The mixture between red and protein synthesis, white (Tess is wearing a red ribbon and a white dress) used by Thomas Hardy isn’t an accidental choice-it has a deep signification and seems to a moment of epiphany essay be the author’s way of saying that this girl won’t have a common destiny, she will have a different existence, a scintillating life. The contrast between white-purity- and red-sexual experience- shows that Tess is not like the other girls, is the author’s warning signal and protein, his modality of saying that his heroine will break down the Victorian society rules. At the paper template mla May Day festivities Tess first meets Angel. Protein? He stops to dance with the women in the village garden although his brothers want to keep traveling but he doesn’t choose Tess to be his dance partner observing her too late. This initial event isn’t just an artifice of of epiphany essay, writing is also the author’s first sign that Tess and Angel aren’t meant to be together. Angel doesn’t observe Tess even though she’s the prettiest girl from the green garden because he can’t notice the essences, only the appearances. And this is probably the protein synthesis reason for which he cannot forgive Tess after he discovers her big secret and condemn her to self-destruction. Research Paper Outline Template? Tess’s fate is decided by the men in her life.

The first male who has a great word to say about her destiny is Tess’s father. After he discovers that is the descendant of an ancient and protein synthesis, noble family he sends his eldest daughter to claim kin. And this is the beginning of a terrible life for essay for high school, Hardy’s heroine who doesn’t manage in protein synthesis meeting Mrs. D’Urbervilles but chances to meet her debauched son, Alec. ‘Hardy keeps the of epiphany essay ‘man against nature’ conflict as central in his novels, yet, he deals with the Victorian theme of social stratification through ‘man against man’ conflict. Protein Synthesis? With the importance attached to class in the late nineteenth century society, Hardy shows why human altruism cannot be achieved in the Victorian world. In a society in which the concept of class has already been established to form the individual relations of conflict and rider, contract, John Durbeyfield is under the illusion that his ‘aristocratic background’ is significant since this background connects him to protein synthesis the rich d’Urbervilles. It is the illusion, the anticipation that causes him to commit the fatal mistake of sending her daughter to the d’Urbervilles.’ About the first meeting between Alec and research outline template mla, Tess, Hardy says: ‘She had an attribute which amounted to a disadvantage just now; and it was this that caused Alec D’Urbervilles eyes to rivet themselves upon her. It was a luxuriance of aspect, a fullness of growth, which made her appear more of protein synthesis, a woman than she really was. She had inherited the feature from her mother without the quality it denoted.

It had troubled her mind occasionally, till her companions had said that it was a fault which time would cure.’ Later, when Alec runs into Tess again he observes her beautiful mouth and describes it with lot of work dissertation help, passion: ‘Surely there never was such a maddening mouth since Eve’s!’ Hardy describes all this physiques details because he wants to demonstrate that Alec’s fascination with Tess is only physical. Alec is fascinated by synthesis, her ravishing beauty and ‘As the text progresses, Tess is once again described more than once, by her looks. This shows that Tess is being objectified by the author who seems very fascinated by her. He talks about a moment of epiphany her mouth and her lips as though he wants to kiss her.’ Angel is also fascinated by Tess’ physical features: ‘How very lovable her face was to him. Yet there was nothing ethereal about it; all was real vitality, real warmth, real incarnation. Protein Synthesis? And it was in her mouth that this culminated. Eyes almost as deep and speaking he had seen before, and work help, cheeks perhaps as fair; brows as arched, a chin and throat almost as shapely; her mouth he had seen nothing to synthesis equal on the face of the earth. To a young man with the least fire in him that little upward life in the middle of her red top lip was distracting, infatuating, maddening.’ For Angel Clare Tess is top essay services a very beautiful girl, with angelic features, lovable in spite of her beauty and not because of it. Synthesis? The character sees, in general, the metaphysical aspect of the things and values the ideal aspect of every action, event, and person.

His name, ‘Angel Clare’ is a significant clue of his personality: His last name ‘Clare’ is the English translation for the French word ‘Clair’ and defines a person with a real capability of understanding the world, a person who lives in mind and is preoccupied with the mystical face of the humanity. The adjective ‘clare’ is opposed to top essay services ‘heat’ and this opposition is shown in narrator’s confession of Angel’s love for the heroine: “Though not cold-natured, he was rather bright than hot ‘ less Byronic than Shelleyan; could love desperately, but his love more especially inclined to the imaginative and ethereal”. Angel loves Tess, whom he idealizes as a ‘fresh and virginal daughter of Nature’ so deeply that he finally marries Tess without caring about his family’s strong opposition. He particularly appreciates her words: ‘I do know that our souls can be made to synthesis go outside our bodies when we are alive’ . When he discusses his marriage with his family, he mentions Tess as ‘ a woman who possessed every qualification to be the helpmate of an of epiphany essay agriculture’ , ‘she was a regular church-goer, of simple faith, honest-hearted, receptive, intelligent, graceful to a degree, chaste as a vestal and in protein personal appearance exceptionally beautiful’ . Hardy indicates: ‘It was for her that he loved Tess, her soul, her heart, her substance-not for a moment, her skill in the dairy, her aptness as his scholar, and certainly not for her simple, formal faith-professions’. Although Angel has liberal visions and is more open minded than his father and his brothers, he is protein categorical and intransigent. When Tess confesses her sin, Angel is inflexible and a moment of epiphany essay, can’t forgive the heroine for her only failing: ‘In the name of our love, forgive me! I have forgiven you for the same! Forgive me as you are forgiven!’ But Angel answered cruelly: ‘Tess, forgiveness does not apply to the case! You were one person; now you are another.’ ‘I will obey you, like your wretched slave, even if it is to lie down and protein, die.’ ‘You are very good. But it strikes me that there is a want of harmony between your present mood of self-preservation.’ At the beginning of the novel Thomas Hardy presents a Tess Durbeyfield who is essay on poverty us to achieve more not aware of her beauty. She is just a country girl, with little education, living in the domestic sphere with her parents and brothers.

Tess lives happily on her native heath and suffers a real shock when is forced to abandon her house. When Tess goes to the D’Urbervilles mansion she meets with young Alec who is fascinated by her beauty. And this is, probably, the moment which makes Tess aware of her charm perceived by protein synthesis, the heroine as a curse and essay motivates us to achieve, not as a gift from God. Men in Tess’ life have the synthesis wrong impression that they own Tess and can change her entirely. Alec reveals his feeling of research paper, superiority since the very beginning when he proclaims: ‘what am I, to be repulsed so by a mere chit like you!’ Alec is the perfect image of the Victorian oppressor dominated by the ordinary custom and the bourgeois view of morals. Protein? He is a sexual predator without an inner life, having a superficial existence and any moral values. The character is narcissistic, individualistic and heartless. Top Essay? Because Thomas Hardy doesn’t mention anything about his childhood, the reader cannot say that Alec’s personality is the protein synthesis result of a sad infancy. The reader is, somehow, forced to on poverty achieve more internalize the idea that society perverts humankind and human beings pervert any society. ‘Alec, the archetypal seducer in Victorian melodrama, after his violation of Tess’s virginity, does not realize his sin; what’s more, he blames Tess for tempting him with her beauty.

He does the synthesis wrong and shifts it onto the victim. The social consensus does not condemn or punish Alec. Instead it disdains and hunts Tess wherever she goes. The innocent pays for social work help, the guilty; the sinned suffers for the sinner.’ Tess’s badluck is protein related to male dominance and the idea of male supriority. The heroine is just an innocent girl who is traped in a male-centered society. She doesn’t now anything about the world she lives in. A Moment? She has the pure belief that human beings are kind and can’t hurt honest people. She knows little about love because she has never been in love. For her love is: ‘patient, love is kind.

It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud.’ Tess has a real respect for her family and respects his father’s will and not her own senses when leaves to claim kin. She accepts any job Alec offers to her because knows very well that her family needs a new horse to protein synthesis survive. It can be said that the heroine is like an angel for her family, a spotless soul which is damned to live among monsters with human faces. Alec is the first master of disguises Tess meets. Since the very beginning Tess dislikes Alec but endures his permanent undesirable attention because the girl has a clear purpose: to earn money. Essay School? Alec calls Tess ‘coz’ (cousin), wanting to worm girl’s confidence but there’s nothing real in this appellative because the libertine young man has dark plans for Hardy’s heroine. Tess is barely answerable for protein, her actions: even though he does not like Alec and rubrics for high school, does not want a relation with him the obsession the man gets for the young girl will destroy her life. Her ‘dumb and vacant fidelity’ to Angel would rather characterize a poor animal than a thoughtful human being. Tess’s sensitivity is obviously the protein synthesis result of emotions and not of judging.

Hardy reveals that the adoration the girl has for Angel is intense maybe extreme, but the author sees in her feelings something pure, emotions that translate generosity, self-sacrifice, forgiveness. The Hardy’s protagonist has a great capacity of loving and understanding the human beings. With Alec she discovers that physical beauty can be a weight and not a blessing gave by God. She is whale gender a beautiful ‘object’ that Alec wants to add to his collection. He is not in love with the poor girl, he is attracted by her appearance and is the protein synthesis object of his powerful sexually desire. ‘The wicked inhabitant of the d’Urbervilles hall, the permanently smoking Alec, offers Tess the red roses and the fresh strawberries. He does this, actually, in a very bizarre way; he puts the strawberries directly into the Tess’s mouth and presses the roses onto her breasts.

The reader recognises that Alec is haunting Tess physically as well as mentally, he acts as her persecutor, who is gifted by paper mla, the supreme power of reducing her not only into tears, but, more importantly, into the unconscious state.’ Alec personifies the unjust moralities on women and protein, is the reflexion of a society which encourages injustice toward marriage and sexuality. Tess is persuasive essay a pure woman but becomes ‘fallen’ because the protein synthesis Victorian age has a certain opinion about persuasive school chastity and virginity. The girl becomes Alec’s obliged mistress and THE murderess who has to die. Even though she was moral oppressed and psysical assaulted, the synthesis heroine is the only culpable and has to pay for her mistakes. She can’t live any more in a patriarchal society which only accepts man’s mistakes and condamns women to have a pure conduct and a martyr life. Tess is essay us to achieve more doomed to tragedy. She is trapped in a strange society where social prejudice meets male-dominance. ‘Tess’s story, to some extent, reflects the rigidity of synthesis, convention, the harshness of gender essay, social law and the prejudice of morality in synthesis maledominated patriarchal society. Tess deserves the whale gender essay reputation of ‘the best tragedy’ the highest tragedy’, which is defined by synthesis, the author. In the worldly view, Tess is a ‘fallen’ woman; however, she is essentially pure and essay on poverty motivates us to achieve, naturally unstained. Tess is protein synthesis a pure woman as Hardy’s subtitle describes. A Moment Of Epiphany Essay? Tess is tragic but pure.’ ‘You ask why Tess should have gone with Clare and protein, ‘live happily ever after.’ Do you not see under any circumstance that they were doomed to unhappiness?

A sensitive man like Angel Clare could never have been happy with her. After the first few months he would inevitably have thrown her failings in essay on poverty us to her face. He did not recoil from her after the murder is synthesis true. He was in love with her failings then I suppose; he had not seen her for essay on poverty motivates achieve more, a long time; with the inconsistency of synthesis, human nature he forgave the greater sin when he could not pardon the lesser.’ Tess had a tragic fate. All she ever wanted was little happiness, to love and to gender essay be loved. Protein? Thomas Hardy describes her as a romantic character, with no social aspirations but with a great desire of help, spiritual fulfillment. She is to a great extent an ignorant human being who will learn that life means injustice, sufferance, male dominance centered on protein the ‘double moral standard’ of social work dissertation help, sexuality applied to man and woman in the Victorian age.

The heroine’s indecisiveness, her frequent failures to mantain her resolve, condemn her to death. For example, when Tess is watching the peasants of Tantridge dance, she is offered a walk home from Alec but refuses, a decision she will review later. Because she is raped by synthesis, Alec, Tess swears she may never marry, confessing the dairymaids she won’t accept Angel’s proposal ‘as I should refuse any man’ , but she marries Angel. When Alec offers to make her his wife she refuse the proposal, before consenting to become his mistress. School? Tess’ final uncertain decision is related to protein Angel Clare: when he comes to take her home with him the girl immediately refuse and advice him to social dissertation help ‘keep away’ because is ‘Too late! Too late!’ but, in synthesis the end, she murders Alec and runs to whale gender embrace her husband. Tess can’t keep her promises and synthesis, every time she does not truly mean what she says. Bibliography Chapter Two.

1. Blathway, Taymond, A Chat with the on poverty achieve Author of protein synthesis, Tess, Black and White, IV. Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. Casagrande, P., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles unorthodox beauty’, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 4. Ertu??rul, Ko. Top Essay Services? ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles, the synthesis tragedy of a Godless human existence’, Journals of Arts and Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya. 5. Freeman, J., Studies in Philology, 1982 University of whale gender essay, North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 6. Hardy, T., Tess of the D’Urbervilles, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 7. Holmberg, Mona, ‘Tess, a victim of her society’, in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, Lulea University of Technology, Department of Language and Culture, 2003. 8. Protein? Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, London, 2007. 9. Rogers, Katharine, The Centennial Review, Vol 19, No.

4, 1975 Michigan State University Press. 10. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles- victim of social work, social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society’, societyhttp://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/cg/lt/rb/600/600PDF/chen.PDF. RAPE OR SEDUCTION? Was Tess raped or lied and seduced? Is Angel an ‘angel”?Hardy’s odyssey with Tess had involved five different namings: Love, Cis, Sue, Rose-Mary, and Tess. The various overwritings and synthesis, textual layerings in outline template mla the manuscript testify to the indecision and lack of single-minded vision in the author. Equally, the overlaid bowdlerizations testify to media or editorial censorship not only of Tess’s sexuality but also of the controversial issues of illegitimacy and synthesis, private baptism.’ Tess is a complex character who has an persuasive essay rubrics evolutional destiny from her growth to womanhood. She develops over time and protein, according to chance, events, fate, intelligence, risk taking and becomes an example of rider essay, adaptation.

Tess is the object of Alec d’Uberville’s shameful purposes. He uses all the methods to seduce the innocent and protein synthesis, naive girl: he compliments her excessively, he helps her family in template mla order to win her appreciation, and the man is annoyed when Tess nonetheless continues to reject him. Synthesis? And because Alec knows very well how to manipulate people around him he succeds to make the poor and ignorant Tess feel unsure about template mla what’s wrong and what’s right. The heroine has deep rooted moral precepts in her poor education. Even though she has little school instruction, she knows that is very important to remain poor and chaste in order to be accepted in a society ruled by protein, males. And the girl succeeds to achieve this objective until one fatal night when, through Alec’s stratagem, they are lost together in a forest and the man rapes Tess changing her life forever. Social? About this episode of a significant meaning for the entire novel Hardy does not go into detail but rather, he reflects: ‘why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and synthesis, practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to essay motivates more receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the protein wrong woman the man, many thousand years of analytical philosophy have failed to explain to our sense of order.’ Tess becomes pregnant by Alec in that fatal night and her life will be different from of epiphany essay now on. ‘Eventually, since Hardy is protein synthesis not one for halfway measures, sorrow turns to violence, and the loss of her virginity leads to Alec’s murder and Tess’s death on the gallows.

Even without knowledge of the dire consequences Alec’s pursuit of essay, Tess had, however, we can judge Alex’s character to be frivolous, insensitive, and selfish. Protein? The question here, however, is whether he is also a rapist.’ We do not know what exactly happened under the tree. Dissertation? It is protein synthesis very probably that Alec, while Tess slept, took the opportunity to abuse her. And the fragile girl was unable to defend herself because a girl can’t measure her force with a man’s force. Gender Essay? But is also possible that, given Tess’ tiredness and protein synthesis, disorientation, he could persuade the poor girl to top essay agree to have sex with him. Alec, possibly, used once more his tricky words he had been using for the past months and succeded to convince Tess that she loved him and the scene under the tree was just the expression of that love. Protein Synthesis? ‘This is a question of fact’ insofar as fictional narratives have facts’to which we cannot know the answer. The issue here, however, is whether it makes any difference. Research Paper? […] If physical force or the threat of protein synthesis, physical force is used to work get a woman to agree to have sex, that is rape. If psychological force is used, can that also be rape”?We define verbal sexual coercion as a woman’s consenting to unwanted sexual activity because of a man’s verbal arguments, not including verbal threats of synthesis, physical force. Men use many types of verbal coercion to obtain sex: threatening to end the relationship or to on poverty us to more find someone else to satisfy their sexual needs; telling a woman that her refusal to have sex was changing the way they felt about her; asserting that ‘everybody does it’ or questioning the woman’s sexuality . . . making the woman feel guilty; . . . calling a woman a name angrily and pushing her away when she would not have sex; and threatening to do bodily self-harm.’ Although the young Tess is dependent economically on Alec and protein synthesis, has another social position- she is a country girl without money and with little education- she has resisted his flirting. The girl was honest with Alec telling him she disliked his way of social dissertation help, watching her, his advances, the gifts offered to her family, the attention she didn’t require.

She has real moral values and cannot be bought with words or with money. She wants to fall in love with a real gentleman who is able to be patient, to conquer her, in synthesis time, with nice gestures and to appreciate and value her. But sometimes she is indecisive in top essay services giving an answer to his proposal to synthesis treat her as a lover. She says: ‘ I don’t know- I wish-how can I say yes or no when-” . Services? Is that a flirt, an unconsciously encouraging? It tranlates fear caused by his economic and social power or young Tess has feeling for Alec but she is not aware of them? The writer gives few clues about this situation causing the reader a great confusion. He doesn’t know what to believe about the poor girl, he can’t find her guily for the situation but has doubt about her moral integrity. Is she an angel or a seductive and indecisive woman? Is she in love with the ‘bastardly’ womanizer, the man with his crude, full lips, his bold eye and his dark moustache?

The weather conditions work against Tess. The fatal night is protein a foggy one. Alec loses his way in such circumstances and the moonlights appear only when he returns to Tess who is sleeping, there, in the wood. Is Tess less rational because she is sleepy and she cannot defend her physical integrity? The reader knows very well Alec’s personality and can drop the sad conclusion that the top essay services man took sexual advantage of her. ‘Hardy takes for granted that Tess becomes the target of the victimization simply because she is protein ‘still alive’ and ‘of the female sex.’ Alec puts himself into the position of the wild hunter, who waits till everybody stops dancing to whale rider essay catch Tess and synthesis, seize his power over a moment her. The following atmosphere resembles the tranquillize state caused by taking some sleeping pills. Protein? Alec with Tess on the same horse passes through the Chase. Tess, feeling tired after the day’s work, quickly disappears in the state of the unconsciousness in social the moment when she falls asleep.’ Rather than describe the sexual scene, Thomas Hardy talks about its inevitability, brutality and irrationality : ‘Why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissues, sensitive as gossamer and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to synthesis receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man, many thousands years of analytical philosophy have failed to social dissertation explain to our sense of protein synthesis, order.’ The meaning of this paragraph is crystal clear: sometimes people cannot control the fate.

Some people are born to suffer, the universe has strange plans for them. Persuasive For High? They can fight against the destiny but that is a short battle, with no victory. Synthesis? Hardy uses a fatalistic expression to paper outline template state the synthesis way destiny functions: ‘ It was to be!’ but he rejects the idea that children are punished for the mistakes of their ancestors ‘ is scorned by average human nature’. When Tess’s mother presents her daughter the idea about getting Alec to marry her, the heroine is social dissertation help offended: ‘She had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to adroit advantages he took of her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by protein synthesis, his ardent manners, had been stirred to confused surrender awhile, had suddenly despised and disliked him, and essay achieve, had run away. Protein? That was all.’ The Victorian society is cruel with the girl who can’t do nothing to change her fate and persuasive essay rubrics school, has to face the synthesis social rejection. She is of epiphany seen now as an immoral woman, a sinner who must be punished. She seems to be culpable for protein, breaking society’s rules and religion’s conventions. But Hardy doesn’t agree and says: ‘ It was they that were out of harmony with the actual world, not she. Walking among the sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the essay skipping rabbits on a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon synthesis, herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence. A Moment Of Epiphany? But all the while, she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Synthesis? Feeling herself in antagonism, she was quite in accord.

She had been made to break an persuasive school accepted social law, but no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an synthesis anomaly.’ Throughout the entire book Hardy speaks about the two types of law: natural versus social/religious. Natural laws are known as ‘a system of of epiphany, right or justice held to be common to all humans and derived from nature rather than from the rules of society, or positive law.’ ‘Walking among the sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the skipping rabbits on a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence. But all the while she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in antagonism she was quite in accord. She had been made to break an accepted social law, but no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly.’ According to protein the natural laws, what happened to Tess is rubrics for high ‘natural’, in synchronism with the nature and shouldn’t be regarded as a mistake which leads to the total social rejection. Hardy associates the protein synthesis social law with convention and focuses on the riguros Victorian sexual convention which he describes as unnatural and oppressive.

According to social help the natural laws, Tess is a pure woman. She remain pure because although her body is blotched, her soul continues to be pure. But, is Hardy’s claim valid? If his argument is valid then Alec cannot be accused of rape because, according to synthesis these natural laws, the man, as an alpha male, made everything possible to essay for high school preserve his species. Protein? In conclusion, Hardy’s argument can’t be valid. Besides the social rejection, Tess’ loss of whale, virginity ‘changed her from simple girl to complex woman. Symbols of reflectiveness passed into her face and a note of protein, tragedy at times into her voice. A Moment Essay? Her eyes grew larger and more eloquent. She became what would have been called a fine creature; her aspect was fair and protein synthesis, arresting; her souls that of a woman whom the turbulent experiences of the last year or two had quite failed to demoralize.

But for the world’s opinion those experiences would have been simply a liberal education.’ The inevitable meeting between Tess and rider essay, Alec is predicted from the earliest chapters of Phase the First. Hardy gives clues about the synthesis imminent encounter using symbols and symbolic events: the colors red and white, the virgins’dance, Alec’s giving Tess strawberries and the death of Prince. This is the author’s way of preparing the reader for the terrible event which will change Tess’ life forver. Hardy describes the moment very carrefully: ‘Tess!’ said d’Urberville. There was no answer.

The obscurity was now so great that he could see absolutely nothing but a pale nebulousness at his feet, which represented the white muslin figure he had left upon the dead leaves. Everything else was blackness alike. D’Urberville stooped; and heard a gentle regular breathing. He knelt, and bent lower, till her breath warmed his face, and in a moment his cheek was in contact with hers. Whale Gender? She was sleeping soundly, and upon her eyelashes there lingered tears.’ Analysing the description, William A. Davis, Jr. observes that the agression upon protein, Tess begins without any verbal communication between Alec and Tess.

The heroine is work dissertation help asleep and doesn’t give an answer to protein Alec’s accost. ‘The silence ruled everywhere around’ says Hardy. The physical contact is at first kind and caressing ‘her breath warmed his face , and in a moment his cheek was in contact with hers’ and this affirmation is followed with the statement that the heroine ‘was sleeping soundly’ . ‘Subsequent descriptive details- the narrator mentions Tess’ absent ‘guardian angel’ , the ‘coarse pattern’ about to be traced upon Tess, ‘the possibility of a retribution lurking in the present catastrophe’ , and the certainty that Tess’ ‘mailed ancestors rollicking home from research template mla a fray had dealt the same measure even more ruthlessly towards peasant girls of her time’ – all suggest the violent nature of Alec assault. To an synthesis alert Victorian reader, however, these details would have confirmed rather than introduced the idea of rape. The rape of Tess actually begins with the passage that describe Tess’ sleep and her lack of verbal response- the passage, in motivates achieve short, that establishes her lack of protein, consent to Alec’s advances.’ ‘Rape is the offence of having unlawful and carnal knowledge of a woman by force, and against her will.’ Mews’ Digest of English Case Law further explains that: ‘to constitute rape, it is persuasive school not necessary that the connection with the woman should be had against her will; it is sufficient if it is without her consent.’ And also the law specifies that: ‘If the woman is asleep, when the connection takes place, she is incapable of consent, and although no violence is used, the pisoner may be convicted of rape, if he knew that she was asleep.’ Because Alec does not receive any answer to his address, the reader can say that Tess is protein not a conscious woman in that crucial moment under the tree. She doesn’t communicate with Alec because she is asleep and the reader can assume that Alec knows that the gender essay heroine is sleeping because he hears her breathing and receives no answer to his accost. Hardy intentionally introduces that episode full of signification at the beginning of the woods scene: he tries, in a subtle manner, to inoculate to his readers the idea that Tess is raped and protein synthesis, not seduced. The girl isn’t awake, her consciousness is completely or partially lost.

This sleep is crucial for the poor girl because does not allow her to return to her former condition and brings her to a new stage- the girl is obliged to start a new chapter in her poor existence. With the beginning of Phase the Second Hardy gives another signification to the scene under the help tree: he seems to replace the idea of rape with the idea of seduction: Tess isn’t any more a victim of Alec’s desire, she is an accomplice in protein synthesis a romantic relationship of essay on poverty achieve, several months’ duration. ‘In his personal comments on the novel, Hardy tended to emphasize the seduction rather than the sexual assault that prededes it. For example, in a letter written in 1891 to thank Thomas Macquoid for his praise of the serial Tess, Hardy refers to the seduction (but not the rape) of Tess in the forthcoming volume edition: ?? Clare’s character [in the serial] suffers owing to a mock mariage having been substituted for the seduction pure #038; simple of the original MS.- which I did for the sake of the Young Girl. Synthesis? The true reading will be restored in the volumes. Whale Gender Essay? Thus, Hardy saw seduction as a major part of the true reading of Tess.’ Why does Thomas Hardy offer few details about the scene under the tree? The reader cannot tell for sure the reason why , but he can draw the protein conclusion that this is an artifice of a moment of epiphany essay, writing used by the author to synthesis maintain his readers’ curiosity about Tess’ sexuality and purity. Top Essay Services? In his readers’ mind will be a fight between two thoughts: Tess is an innocent young girl raped by a beast; Tess is not a pure girl, she fell in love with Alec, had a sexual relationship with the man and deserves everything that happened to her. ‘As I have suggested, Hardy’s writing (and rewriting) of the first of these events- the assault upon Tess in Phase the First- grew out of synthesis, his knowledge of English rape law. The legal premise that a sleeping woman is incapable of consenting to sexual intercourse was routinely upheld in Victorian courts. A sleeping woman’s purity- purity in the sense that she cannot consent to a sexual relationship and her will cannot be known- is beyond question in the eyes of the law; therefore Hardy turns his attention from rape to seduction and to the more complicated question of Tess’ purity as an apparently consenting woman.’ Alec is a dishonest character, he knows how to manipulate Tess, to play with her mind. When the girl discover that they are lost in the forest she says: ‘ How can you be so treacherous?….just when I’ve been putting such trust in you’ . Before Alec goes to try to on poverty achieve more find a way of leaving the wood, he makes ‘a sort of couch or nest for her’ with dead leaves, checking that they are dry.

He also tells the protein girl that he has bought a new horse for paper outline template, her father and her siblings have now toys to synthesis play with. Alec covers her ‘tenderly’ with his coat and goes to find the way. What can the of epiphany essay reader notice now is the fact that the protein entire forest is wrapped in essay for high school fog. The fog has a deep signification in this episode and translate the synthesis fact that Tess is absorbed into the natural environment. Fog symbolizes confusion, danger, and the unseen. But here, in the phase two, Maiden no more, the reader can find important clues about the persuasive essay seduction and not the rape of Tess. The heroine admits that ‘her eyes were a little dazed’ by Alec and that the tragic event was a moment of vulnerability. And this is the protein first sign that Tess agreed to be involved in a sexual relationship. She accuses Alec for seducing her and not for an sexual assault. Writing about Tess’s drama, Ellen Rooney says that if the reader has no declaration about truth from Tess herself, he cannot precisely say whether or not she is sexual assaulted or seduced. Rider? But even though Tess never tells her story entirely, the reader has her thoughts on what she lived with Alec: ‘She had never wholly cared for him, she did not care for him now.

She had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to synthesis adroit advantages he took of essay on poverty motivates us to, her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by his ardent manners, had been stirred to confused surrender awhile: had suddenly despised and disliked him, and had run away. That was all. Hate him she did not quite; but he was dust and synthesis, ashes to her, and even for her name’s sake she scarcely wished to marry him.’ ‘Temporarily blinded by his ardent manners’ the services heroine’had been stirred to confused surrender awhile.’ From Tess’ declaration the reader can draw the conclusion that for a little period of time the girl was superficially attracted to Alec and sexually stirred by him. She never ‘wholly’ loved the man and this is a strong reason to believe that the heroine could not have consented to protein synthesis have sexual relations with him. When leaving Alec’s house Tess confesses that she now ‘loathe (s) and hate (s) herself for (her) weakness’. But why the girl hates herself and blames her for her weakness if she was raped and not seduced? Why doesn’t she hate Alec for his cruelty? When Tess says that she ‘succumbed to a moment essay adroit advantages Alec took of her helplessness’ , William Davis argues that she refers to protein synthesis the sexual assault of her while she slept. Because a sleeping woman cannot consent to of epiphany essay sexual relation, under the synthesis Victorian Law this was rape. And surely Thomas Hardy knew about this law and work dissertation, wrote this scene under the influence of such law. Synthesis? To conform Hardy’s intentions to social help Victorian law on rape, Davis argues that what the author calls ‘seduction pure #038; simple’ was rape followed by seduction.

Thomas Hardy does not offer much information about the tragic event from that night but he argues that his heroine was very tired that night: ‘She was inexpressibly weary. She had risen at five o’clock every morning of that week, had been on foot the whole of protein, each day, and on this evening had, in addition, walked the three miles to Chaseborough, waited three hours for her neighbours without eating or drinking, her impatience to start them preventing either; she had then walked a mile of the way home, and had undergone the excitement of the persuasive essay quarrel, till, with the slow progress of synthesis, their steed, it was now nearly one o’clock. Only once, however, was she overcome by actual drowsiness. In that moment of oblivion her head sank gently against him.’ Tess of D’Urberville felt offended when Alec tried to take her in us to more his arms. The girl knows that she is not safe, alone, with this man in the woods but she can do nothing to change this situation: ‘D’Urberville stopped the horse, withdrew his feet from the stirrups, turned sideways on the saddle, and enclosed her waist with his arm to support her. This immediately put her on protein synthesis the defensive, and with one of those sudden impulses of reprisal to which she was liable she gave him a little push from her. In his ticklish position he nearly lost his balance and essay on poverty motivates achieve, only just avoided rolling over into protein, the road, the horse, though a powerful one, being fortunately the quietest he rode.’ Alec D’Urbervilles, the master of tricks, embraces Tess although he knows very well that the girl has no feeling for him.

He isn’t dissapointed that Tess doesn’t love him because Alec doesn’t look for love, he wants to take Tess’ virginity. ‘He settled the whale gender essay matter by clasping his arm round her as he desired’ and Tess expressed no further negative. Protein? Thus they sidled slowly onward till it struck her they had been advancing for of epiphany, an unconscionable time’ far longer than was usually occupied by the short journey from Chaseborough, even at this walking pace, and that they were no longer on hard road, but in synthesis a mere trackway.’ After Tess’s fall Hardy asks himself: ‘But, might some say, where was Tess’s guardian angel? where was the Providence of her simple faith? Perhaps, like that other god of whom the of epiphany ironical Tishbite spoke, he was talking, or he was pursuing, or he was in a journey, or he was sleeping and protein synthesis, not to be awaked. Why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and essay rubrics, practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the synthesis coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man […]’ Due to Tess’s first fall, her sexual experience with Alec, the girl is seen as a fallen woman who must be despised and discredited wherever she goes. When she comes back to Marlott she is gossiped and indirect attacked. In the mla church ‘the people who had turned their heads turned them again as the service proceeded; and at last observing her they whispered to each other.’ She knows what the people were talking about and feels so hurt that she takes the decision she won’t go to church anymore. Working in her village, on a field, to earn her living Tess still cannot escape from the protein rumor about her sexual relation with Alec and her child is the real proof of that sin.

She is really unhappy in on poverty motivates us to more her village and thinks ‘she might be happy in some nook which had no memories. Protein? To escape the past and whale rider essay, all that appertained thereto was to synthesis annihilate it; and to do that she would have to get away.’ Under the great social pressure Tess is forced to leave her house and to try to start a new life somewhere else. She resembles with the rabbits, hares, rats, mice and snakes ‘retreating inwards as into a fastness, unaware of the ephemeral nature of their refuge and of the doom that awaited them later.’ ‘She cannot escape the censure and a moment of epiphany, condemnation, which company her like her own shadow. She is hunted everywhere. Hardy’s poem, Tess’s Lament vividly portrays the dilemma Tess is protein synthesis plunged in. I would that folk forgot me quite, Forgot me quite!

I would that I could shrink from sight, And no more see the sun. Would it were time to say farewell, To claim my nook, to need my knell, Time for them all to stand and tell.

When Tess meets Angel Clare the heroine has a certain sexual experience. The love story lived with Angel, the love confessions they make to each other, the certainty in social work dissertation Angel’s confessions, all these good things in her life determine Tess to accept Angel’s proposal without a better prudence and protein synthesis, understanding of the facts. Persuasive Essay? The heroine proved that she is capable of sustaining herself, she is fearless and self-determined. She can live without being married, she can feed herself just with love and he can live respectiong only the natural laws. ‘Culture alone insists on marriage just as society insists on virginity and the church insists on the subordination of the woman in matrimony.’ In the bridal night, when Angel confesses his sins Tess has an innocent belief that she will be forgiven. She also has a dishonorable past but she is willing to forgive the man she loves and to live free in a happily marriage. Her mother does not agree with her decision of confessing Angel his past because she is a woman with experience and knows that in a society dominated by men, in a patriarchal society she will be found guilty. ‘Despite her obsessive fear of Angel’s learning her history, Tess is unrealistically unable to predict his response when he does’improbably na??ve in her jubilation that her transgression is ‘just the same’ as his’. Protein? She will not use sex to gender essay win Angel over during their honeymoon, although the narrator tells us that it might have worked.’ Garson tries to determine if Tess is characterized by lack of protein synthesis, competence or honesty taken to extreme. She decides that Tess could act completely different this action having another end but Hardy does not want a happy end for his heroine, he wants to outline prove that Tess acts having in mind her own moral values and not the society’s. Angel confesses to Tess his sin, his ‘dissipation with a stranger’ and after listening with great attention the girl concludes that her fall is not bigger than Angel’s mistake and he can obtain forgiveness. ‘It can hardly be more serious, dearest,’ says Angel, condescendingly, smilingly. ‘It cannot’O no, it cannot!’ She jumped up joyfully at the hope. ‘No, it cannot be more serious, certainly,’ she cried. ‘I will tell you now.’ She sat down again.

Their hands were still joined. The ashes under the grate were lit by the ‘ re vertically, like a torrid waste. Her imagination beheld a Last Day luridness in this red- coaled glow, which fell on his face and hand, and on hers, peering into the loose hair about protein her brow, and ‘ ring the delicate skin underneath. According to Rosemarie Morgan (Student Companion to Thomas Hardy, p.93) in a later version for the 1912 Wessex Edition Hardy writes out Tess’s words. After the statement ‘No, it cannot be more serious,’ he adds, ‘because ’tis just the whale same!’ Saying these words she tries to convince herself and the man she is in love with that she ‘cannot’, ‘cannot’, ‘cannot’ be condemned by him because their situation is ‘just the same’. The repetitions prove that Tess is making a considerable effort to convince Angel and to convince herself that her mistake is not bigger than his. Tess’ belief that Angel will love her and will forgive her sin is expressed in some words of synthesis, a great innocence: ‘I thought, Angel, that you loved me’me, my very self!

If it is I you do love, O how can it be that you look and speak so? It frightens me! Having begun to love you, I love you forever’in all changes, in all disgraces, because you are yourself. I ask no more. Then how can you, O my own husband, stop loving me’? Angel has annihilated the image of woman he was in love with- ”the woman I have been loving is not you’ . Tess is more scared and terrified; ‘Terror was upon her white face’ and her full and beautiful mouth that once charmed Angel and reminded him of ‘roses filled with snow’ is cursed ‘a round little hole’ ‘Angel, to a far greater extent than Tess, is protein formed and shaped by his past. She, with her rebounding spirits, vibrant sexuality and self-determination, had created herself anew, had risen above her past where Angel is still victim of his. Significantly, the fallen woman is rendered dumb, mute, and essay rubrics for high, prone, not by the seducer but by the lawful husband.’ Thomas Hardy’s heroine is not killed by her past but by the man she is married to. Even though her sin is still alive in her soul, Tess succeeded to forgive herself and to start a new life far away from the protein synthesis man who raped her and away from the family that did not succeed to understand her sorrow and to research outline mla cure her wounds.

In a men’s world, Tess is just a victim who cannot live in a lie and decides to tell all the truth to the man who convinced her to marry him and who will kill her soul slowly and gently. The heroine is punished because she is a woman in a men’s society and is married to a man caught in Victorian conventions. How can she be a real human being if the men’s world decides to reduce her to an object”?Thus humanity is male and man defines woman not in herself but as relative to him; she is not regarded as an autonomous being’.she is simply what man decrees’.she is defined and differentiated with reference to man and not he with reference to her. She is the synthesis incidental, the unessential as opposed to research template mla the essential. He is the Subject, he is the Absolute- she is the Other.’ Bibliography Chapter Three.

1. Conly, Sarah, ‘Seduction, rape and coercition’, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of protein, Chicago Press. 2. Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in of epiphany Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 3. Synthesis? Davis, W., Thomas Hardy and the law, Legal Presences in Hardy’s Life and Fiction, Rosemont publishing and and printing corp, 2003. 4. Garson, M., Hardy’s Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text, Oxford University Press, 1991. 5. Hardy, T., Tess of the D’Urbervilles, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 6. Hardy, T., ‘Letter to research template Thomas Macquoid ‘, 29 Oct 1981, in The collected letters of Thomas Hardy, ed.

Richard Little Purdy and Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246). 7. Morgan, R., Women and Sexuality in the novels of Thomas Hardy, Routledge London and New York, 2006. 8. Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2007. 9. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., ‘Nonviolent sexual coercition’, in Acquaintance rape, the protein synthesis hidden crime’, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991. 10. Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, trans.

H. N. Parshley, New York, 1953, p. Gender Essay? xiv. 11. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society’. Anna Karenina and synthesis, Tess of D’Urberville- a tragic destiny. Anna Karenina is a novel wrote by the russian writer Lev Tolstoy, published in serial installments from 1873 to 1877. Since the social work dissertation novel’s publication, Anna Karenina has been seen as ‘every man’s tragedy’ or considered as a Bovarian banality by any masculinist critical view. Iuri Lotman, said: ‘ The plot of Anna Karenina reflects, on the one hand a certain narrow object- the life of the heroine…..We can regard the life of the heroine as a reflection of the life of any woman belonging to a certain epoch and a certain social milieu, any woman, any person. Otherwise, the tragic vicissitudes of her life would only synthesis be of local interest.’ Lotman’s affirmation translates once again the idea that men’s problems are more important than the women’s problems. It’s not quite important that a woman is not happy in her marriage, that she does not feel love and mla, affection for the men she lives with, because the most important problems in any society are men’s problems: war, government, etc Once again, also in Anna Karenina as in Tess of D’Urbervilles it can be seen the preoccupation for a society which is dominated by men, is a patriarchal epoch concerned exclusively with men’s situations.

The question regarding the protein synthesis women’s position in society was initially formulated in the Victorian England and later this preoccupation could be also found among the Russian elite after the translation of Mill’s oeuvre, ‘The subjection of women’ in 1869. The beginning of the nineteenth century did not come with major ideas about women’s condition and life, but it can be seen as a start of reconsidering the role of women in a society governed by men and which needs a change. Russian woman’s emancipation had been initially treated in literature- the novels of Ivan Turgenev, the oeuvres of rubrics for high school, Alexander Druzhinin’s ‘Polinka Saks’ (1847), or the Nikolai Nekrasov’s play, ‘Sasha’. Early Russian writings concerning the idea of oppressed women were influenced by the novels of George Sand, whose feminine characters suffer because cannot be free in choosing the man they want to love and to be happy with. Protein? Anna Karenina is a very beautiful, noble, married woman from St. Petersburg who lives a life full of bitterness because she is married with a man she does not love and she is in love with a young officer. This passion, these strong feelings will be the reason for his exile from the society she belongs to and will bring her death.

Even though Tess of persuasive essay, D’Urbervilles is not a rich woman, on the contrary, is a very poor girl with a family that will sign her death conviction- she is sent to claim kin and she is not advised that out there is protein synthesis a big world and she has to be very careful because men might want to harm her and to take advantages of her- the both heroines are guided by the same noble feeling and paper outline template, have the synthesis genuine belief that a woman can be happy only through love, loving and be loved. The both characters are very beautiful women- Tess is poor but beautiful, she does not have an elitist education but she cannot be seen as a simple peasant girl; Anna Arkadyevna Karenina is top essay services a model of beauty and perfection. He has a selective education, she is very intelligent, a big reader of English novels and she also writes books for children. Anna is very elegant and protein synthesis, is considered a perfect woman who can make any man fall in love with her. Her life with a cold and dissertation help, passionless government official taught her to play the protein synthesis role of cultivated, noble, perfect wife. She is also a good hostess and plays all these roles with style and refinement. The tragedy of beautiful women comes from the fact that they are considered as a trophy every respectable man must obtain.

And if the woman is married then the battle will be more powerful: the competitor will try to conquer someone’s ‘good’ in order to prove to himself that he has the real qualities to win, he is better than the husband and he can really understand the heroine’s needs for love and support. Anna is not a simple aristocratic woman who plays the role of the top essay perfect and happy wife who is still in synthesis love with her husband, is only preoccupied with the raise of her children and obeys entirely her husband because he is always right. Anna has an ardent spirit and is determinate to live her life on top essay services her own terms. ‘All the girls in the world were divided into two classes: one class included all the girls in the world except her, and they had all the usual human feelings and were very ordinary girls; while the other class ‘ herself alone- had no weaknesses and was superior to all humanity.’ Tolstoy writes ‘Anna Karenina’ in order to explain the great changes occurring in the Russian society during the protein synthesis late nineteenth century. The novel presents a battle between the old patriarchal values which characterize the old society, the aristocracy and help, the new, modern values, the West values. Synthesis? The landowning aristocracy believe in traditions like servitude, and autocratic government, while the West brings values like technology, democracy, rationalism. This major theme can be seen in the difficulty Levin has with his workers when he tries to introduce a new way of social work help, farming. His peasants refuse to implement the synthesis new technology having the essay for high school strong belief that the traditional Russian way of farming should not be changed. ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles’ presents the changes brought in the nineteenth century in the Victorian Age, also the importance of social class in protein England and in social work help the same time the complication of defining class in the Victorian England.

A proof for this affirmation is offered by the fact that Durbeyfields are no longer considered in protein the Victorian Age as a dominant symbol as it would have been in the Middle Ages. Alec’s father, Simon Stokes was able to use his money and to buy a very important, aristocratic name, being another proof that in the Victorian period money are more important than the a moment of epiphany essay origin and protein, family history. In the both novels, ‘Anna Karenina’ and ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles the changes brought in the society are presented by the main heroines. Alexei Karenin, the government official with a weak personality is playing the role of an educated and sophisticated man who is capable to forgive his wife for her infidelity and to offer her the chance at a respectful life despite her adventure with the young officer. What Karenin does not understand is the power of love that can make people to choose the complicated way and not the simple and known path. Anna Karenina, like Tess, is not just a simple woman, who can leave in conventionalism, she has another perception of live and she wants to top essay love, to synthesis be appreciated as a special woman and not just as wife and mother.

She craves for research paper, a life of ardent emotion and noble passions. Karenin’s entire life is characterized by formalism, he knows which his duties are and synthesis, he respects the professional obligations of his function. Alexei is a very good government official because this role defines him and in dissertation fact is the ratio of his life- a life without grand passion and protein synthesis, excitement. Anna and work dissertation help, Karenin have a marriage of convenience. There’s a big age gap between the two characters and also different ways of living and seeing the life and life’s values. Synthesis? Anna craves for sentimental devotion and sincerity while Alexei is happy with the monotonous work and family life. Template? ‘All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way’ is the first line of the Tolstoy’s novel and reveals the fact that the novel is synthesis concerned with the happiness, is persuasive rubrics a declaration for synthesis, the need of happiness. Is it Anna Karenina happy? Why did the heroine immediately fall in love with Vronsky and social dissertation, renounced to her comfortable and respectful life? Why is protein synthesis a mother ready to social sacrifice her child for a man? These are the questions Tolstoy tries to answer and his explanation is synthesis that women are capable of great and powerful feelings. They can live in misery but a domestic one, not a sentimental failure; they can have a conventional marriage but will always crave for the real love and for for high school, fervent feelings and when they will meet the love they will be capable of leaving everything for that noble feeling.

Anna Karenina has an unhappy marriage, her husband does not appreciate her as a woman, he can only see the mother Anna and the wife Anna but not the woman Anna who needs love, appreciation, adventure and emotion. Anna is synthesis ready to defend her love for work dissertation, Vronsky, she can accept the social rejection, the fact that she will never be respected and she will be seen as a sinful women. But that’s the essence: a woman, who has the protein courage to love and to openly live with a man that is outline template not her husband, is not captive in a formal arrangement that could have offered her protection and could have been the institutionalization of a lie is what defines a heroine. Tess of D’Urberville is not an unfaithful married woman, she is just an innocent peasant girl who is convinced that two people that are meant to be together will meet and will live a beautiful love story like in the novels she used to read. She is not a sinful woman because is not her choice to be raped but is considered by the Victorian society as a decadent human being and convicted to the social rejection. ‘Anna, Eustacia, [Vye], Tess [Durbeyfield] or Sue [Bridehead] – what was there in their position that was necessarily tragic? Necessarily painful it was, but they were not at war with God, only with Society. Yet they were all cowed by the mere judgement of man upon them and protein, all the rider while by their own souls they were right. And the judgement of protein, men killed them, not the judgement of their own souls or the judgement of work help, Ethernal God. Lev Tolstoy chose to analyze the “woman question” enclosed in protein a comparison: He puts in opposition Anna’s search for sense in life with that of a moment, Levin, the Tolstoy’s other main character. And Tolstoy chose to do something scandalous for his epoch: He converted Anna in an unfaithful woman- a sensitive character. Protein Synthesis? Anna wasn’t miserable because she disobeyed her unbearable, suffocating husband and had to be punished; she was unhappy because she didn’t find, in Tolstoy’s opinion, meaningful love and the life’s signification.

Tolstoy’s belief that true love and happiness could be accomplished only through a love marriage means represents the heroine’s drama. Anna finds for a short period of time happiness outside marriage, in Vronsky’s arms but her lack of autonomy and social rejection brought by a forbidden relationship causes her sorrow. Tolstoy puts in opposition Anna’s story with the story of Levin, an open-minded man who succeeded in his search for paper template mla, meaning in life by choosing a marriage partner he considered his equal rather than his inferior. Tolstoy also presents the protein synthesis hypocrisy that characterizes the nineteenth society, the fact that men could cheat his partners without punishment whereas women could not. He also highlights the idea that lots of woman had relationships outside the marriage including discreet women who blames Anna for essay on poverty achieve, her actions similar to their own.

The Victorian controversy of grand importance in ‘Tess of D’Urberville’ is also ‘the Woman question’ or how woman should be seen and what roles they should play in protein society. Essay More? Many writers thought that woman should stay at home and work in the house, being unable to protein synthesis learn and to work for social dissertation, the society. The Victorian women were meant to be ‘an angel in the house’ and also for their husbands and nothing more. If the woman lost her virginity and honour, before marriage, she was convicted to live a life full of shame and sorrow. If the protein synthesis husband was unfaithful, the society won’t blame him for the sexual behaviour. Essay? R.G. Christian says: ‘It was people not God who threw Anna under the synthesis train’ highlighting the power of the society which can determine the destiny of a human being. Research Paper Outline? Vladimir Nabokov, in his work on Russian literature, characterized Anna as ‘a young, handsome, and protein, fundamentally good woman, and a fundamentally doomed woman.’ Nabokov also protects her role as a foreigner of the society she lives in: ‘[Anna] is a woman with a full, compact, important moral nature: everything about outline template her character is significant and striking, and this applied as well to her love.

She cannot limit herself as another character in protein the book, Princess Betsy, does, to an undercover affair. Her truthful and passionate nature makes disguise and secrecy impossible.’ Tolstoy makes Anna almost completely a human being of passion and then allows that passion to kill her. After the heroine meets Vronsky, all of whale gender essay, her actions are concerned with keeping a loving relationship with him. Anna is also ready to renounce to her existence in order to feel and to enjoy the protein synthesis full love. Her passion for Vronsky causes a separation between herself and Kitty and also between herself and the domestic sphere.

After the social rejection also the essay school position of mother is protein synthesis soon denied her, and later she is not enough concerned in developing a relationship with her daughter and on poverty motivates more, make this relationship essential part of her life. Even her outfits limit the character. Protein? She wears only black clothing expressing the fact that she is in a profound grief and gender essay, she seems convicted to die for the fact that she was capable to renounce to protein synthesis her family for living the love story of her life. More? Tess of D’Urberville is not a rich, aristocratic girl, on the contrary, she is put under immense pressure by her family to synthesis improve their economic position and reputation. She grows in a small village being protected from the influence of an aristocratic society with decadent values. She is a genuine young girl who wants to have a happy marriage, to love and to be loved. She is not interested in having a certain social position because she believes in love as a way of being happy. But the society is whale cruel with the protein synthesis Thomas Hardy’s heroine and signs her conviction to dead. Even though she cannot be found guilty because she did not consciously commit a mistake she is blamed by a superficial society which cannot see under the appearances. Anna Karenina is found guilty because she had the courage to admit that her marriage is a formal one and she is not happy.

She discovers another Anna when she is research template mla with Vronsky and she is protein synthesis very happy. Her guilty is that she refuses to live a love story outside her marriage in a society in which the relationships outside a marriage are accepted and formal alliances are protected. Tess of D’Urberville was found guilty because her family couldn’t protect and on poverty motivates us to achieve, defend herself against a world dominated by men and she had the courage to synthesis tell Angel that she was raped and he had a little baby. She did not want to social work dissertation marry with Alec, to have a formal marriage because the hypocrisy dominated in the Victorian society did not affect her perception about does a marriage mean. Vronsky is a good looking character, rich, and also a charming man who is as willing as Anna is to renounce to his social status and professional position for finding the real love.

His involvement in his hospital-building project shows a carrying person who wants to protein protect the research paper outline weak people. But the protein synthesis Tolstoy’s work also shows a Vronsky with defects and blames. His strange hair, his mistake in calculating the horse race, his ambitions of military fame these entire characteristics make a Vronsky human and not a romantic character. Anna finds Alexei an exceptional man who could make her very happy and could offer her a completely rescue and essay, a burial into a seductive passion. The heroine is very disappointed when she discovers that Vronsky’s passion is limited and he is just another man and not THE man. The Tolstoy’s choice to give Vronsky the same name as his husband’s suggests that Anna is doomed to repeat the failure of her first relationship. ‘Anna had been preparing herself for this meeting, had thought what she would say to him, but she did not succeed in saying anything of it; his passion mastered her. Protein? She tried to calm him, to calm herself, but it was too late. His feeling infected her. Her lips trembled so that for a long while she could say nothing.’ Vronsky’s commitment to Anna seems to decrease in later chapters of Tolstoy’s novel but the rider reader cannot be convinced that this is the true situation because he finds out about this wane of devotion from Anna’s confessions which betrays the fear that the man she loves and for whom she has sacrificed her marriage and her social position, becoming a mistress, is not any more in love with the heroine. The events related to this episode seem to indicate that Vronsky’s love hasn’t faded: he takes Anna to his country home which is synthesis luxurious, elegant, he stays with the heroine and refuses to visit his old friends and whale rider, even mother, he is protein still fascinated by her beauty and personality. He occasionally misses the old fame and military glory especially when he meets his old comrades but he does not blame Anna for this situation.

Vronsky accepts Anna’s paranoia and her whims but for Tolstoy’s main character these proves are not enough, are just signs of duty and not actions indicating true love. The reader cannot decide is right in this situation because Vronsky’s thoughts are not exposed. Angel Clare is Tess’ Vronsky, the man full of passion who can kidnap the heroine’s present and can project a whole new world outside the of epiphany essay mediocrity of an irrational and hypocritical society. When Tess first meets Angel she realizes that she definitely has seen him before, at synthesis, the May-dance and he did not choose Tess to be his dance partner. Persuasive Essay? But because the destiny wants to protein synthesis bring together Tess and Angel and also to whale determine, Tess’ dead conviction, they meet again at the dairy.

The love the both characters feel for each other is genuine, pure, without being jealous or proud. Protein Synthesis? ‘It was then, as has been said, that she impressed him most deeply. She was no longer the milkmaid, but a visionary essence of woman- a whole sex condensed into one physical form. He called her Artemis, Demeter, and research outline, other fanciful names half teasingly, which she did not like because she did not understand them. ‘Call me Tess’, she would say askance; and he did. In this quote from the novel the protein reader can clearly see that Angel is in love with the rider gender image of a perfect woman and not exclusively with Tess herself. She is protein compared with the Greek goddesses and that means that she has to be the ideal of feminine beauty and perfection in order to be loved by Angel. And Tess is not a goddess, she’s a simply peasant young girl who just wants to love and to be loved. In the on poverty critical essay ‘Why women are oppressed’ Anna Jonasdottir says: ‘Man is willing to accept woman as an equal, as a man in skirt, as an angel, a devil, a baby-face, a machine, an instrument, a bosom, a womb, a pair of legs, a servant, an encyclopaedia, an protein ideal or an obscenity; the only thing he won’t accept her as is a human being, a real human being of the real sex.’ Angel seems to be a character that wants to be surrounded by angels and persuasive for high, can’t accept that human beings have a past, made mistakes, he cannot forgive and forget even though he asks for forgiveness. He is an example of a fallen angel who couldn’t remain pure and also failed in being a good Christian by confessing Tess his sin.

His mistake is also Tess’s mistake but the influence of the Victorian society does not allow him to see clearly and to only after the longue journey he realizes that ‘the beauty or ugliness of a character lay not only in its achievements, but in its aims and impulses; its true story lay, not among things done, but among thinks willed.’ Tess of protein, D’Urbervilles and Anna share also another pattern-fog, haziness, mystery. When Tess of D’Urbervilles is research paper mla raped, the scene is surrounded by mist and protein synthesis, the reader does not exactly knows what to mla think about this situation: ‘She was silent, and the horse ambled along for a consider- able distance, till a faint luminous fog, which had hung in protein synthesis the hollows all the evening, became general and social dissertation, enveloped them. It seemed to protein hold the moonlight in suspension, rendering it more pervasive than in clear air. Template Mla? Whether on synthesis this account, or from absent-mindedness, or from sleepiness, she did not perceive that they had long ago passed the point at which the lane to Trantridge branched from the highway, and that her conductor had not taken the Trantridge track.’ Anna herself speaks of a certain haze which in associating it with the purity of first love: “I remember that blue haze, like the haze on the mountains in Switzerland. That haze which envelops everything at that blissful time when childhood is just coming to an end and its huge merry circle narrows to a path which one treads gaily yet with dread into life’s corridor” . . . Kitty smiled … “How did she go through it? How I should like to know the whole romance of her life!” she thought, recalling the unromantic exterior of Anna’s husband.’ The patter appears again when Kitty realizes the services visible sympathy between Anna and Vronsky at the ball and “a mist spread(s) over her soul” Anna and synthesis, Tess are two heroines who have lots o resemblances but also dissimilarities.

Tess of D’Urbervilles is an rider innocent peasant girl who takes care of synthesis, her family being fascinated with the novels she reads. Social Work Dissertation Help? She is not selfish, she does not to marry with an synthesis aristocratic men and to be part of the aristocratic society. Anna is on poverty also intelligent, cultivated, simple, honest, and a devoted mother. But the relationship with Vronsky changes her completely. Synthesis? Tess’s downfall is caused by her lack of education in what concern such a complicated subject for the society she lives in- sexual relationships and top essay, it can be said that her trust in men is determined by reading romantic novels and synthesis, identifying with their heroines in a specifically sensual and innocent way. Anna, on contrary, is unable to dissertation help read her novel on protein her train ride home after flirting with Vronsky. Essay? “She was too eager to protein synthesis live herself.

If she read how the heroine of the novel nursed a sick man, she wanted to be moving about a sickroom with noiseless tread herself”. When she discovers, it is to make an top essay services instinctual moral perception: ‘The hero of the protein novel had nearly attained his Englishman’s idea of happiness … and Anna was wishing she could go to the estate with him, when she suddenly felt that he must be feeling ashamed and that she was ashamed for top essay services, the same reason.’ Anna Karenina and synthesis, Tess D’Urbervilles are honorable women. Top Essay Services? Even though Anna has a sexual relationship outside her marriage she does not accept Karenin’s proposal when he decides that they can stay into a formal marriage and forget Anna’s infidelity. The heroine is not ashamed that she has a relationship with Vronsky because this relationship represents her entire life-love, fantasy, eternity, nobles. Synthesis? ‘Alexey Alexandrovitch! What is it you want of me”?I want you not to meet that man here, and to conduct yourself so that neither the world nor the servants can reproach you…not to see him. That’s not much, I think. Template? And in return you will enjoy all the protein synthesis privileges of a faithful wife without fulfilling her duties. That’s all I have to say to social work you. Synthesis? Now it’s time for me to go. I’m not dining at home.’ He got up and moved towards the rider gender door. Anna got up too.

Bowing in silence, he let her pass before him.’ Tess of D’Urbervilles also refuses Alec’s proposal to be his mistress because she cannot have a relationship with a man she is not in protein synthesis love with, a man who harmed her. ‘Very well,’ he said, laughing; ‘I am sorry to essay rubrics for high school wound you. I did wrong’I admit it.’ He dropped into some little bitterness as he continued: ‘Only you needn’t be so everlastingly flinging it in my face. I am ready to pay to synthesis the uttermost farthing. You know you need not work in essay on poverty motivates us to achieve the fields or the dairies again. You know you may clothe yourself with the best, instead of in the bald plain way you have lately affected, as if you couldn’t get a ribbon more than you earn.’ ‘I have said I will not take anything more from synthesis you, and I will not’I cannot! I SHOULD be your creature to go on doing that, and I won’t.’

Bibliography Chapter four. 1. Hardy, T., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 2. Jonasdotti, A., ‘Why women are oppressed’, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994. 3. Lotman, Iuri, ‘The structure of the artistic text’, translation by Ronald Vroon, University of Michigan, 1977. 4. Mandelker, A., ‘Framing Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question, and the Victorian novel’, The theory and interpretation of narrative series, Ohio State University Press, 1993. 5. Rider? Nabocov, V. ‘Lectures on Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981.

6. Protein? R.G. Paper Outline Template Mla? Christian, ‘Tolstoy: An Introduction’, Cambridge 1969. 7. Tolstoy, L. ‘Anna Karenina’, translated by Louise Shanks #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. In the Victorian age, women were seen through men’s eyes. They were the most important characters in the domestic sphere, the family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of business and protein synthesis, politics, a place similar with the essay on poverty haven, in which men found love from their wives and children. The Victorian women were seen as being pure and perfect. They were ‘angels in protein the house’, wives and mothers dedicated to their families and children. They had to essay on poverty motivates obey their husbands because men were the main characters in the society. The marriage was a light form of protein, slavery: after the wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to the husband. 1. Blathway, Taymond, ‘A Chat with the rubrics for high Author of synthesis, Tess, Black and persuasive essay rubrics for high school, White, IV’.

Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. Protein? Casagrande, P., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles unorthodox beauty’, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Conly, Sarah, ‘Seduction, rape and coercition’, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of Chicago Press. 4. On Poverty Motivates More? Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 5. Davis, W., ‘Thomas Hardy and protein synthesis, the law’, Legal Presences in Hardy’s Life and Fiction, Rosemont publishing and and printing corp, 2003. 6. Ertu??rul, Ko. ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles, the tragedy of a Godless human existence’, Journals of Arts and mla, Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya.

7. Freeman, J., ‘Studies in Philology’, 1982 University of North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 8. Garson, M., Hardy’s Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text’, Oxford University Press, 1991. 9. Protein Synthesis? Hardy, T., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by services, Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 10. Hardy, T., ‘Letter to Thomas Macquoid ‘, 29 Oct 1981, in The collected letters of Thomas Hardy, ed. Richard Little Purdy and Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246). 11. Harvey, G., ‘The complete critical guide to Thomas Hardy’, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003. 12. Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., ‘Maternal Instincts: Visions of motherhood and sexuality in Britain, 1875-1925’, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997.

13. Holmberg, Mona, ‘Tess, a victim of her society’, in protein synthesis Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, Lulea University of Technology, Department of Language and Culture, 2003. 14. Jennings, A., ‘Stranger than Fiction. Life and Literature in the Late Victorian Age’, Black Cat Publishing, 2001. 15. Jonasdotti, A., ‘Why women are oppressed’, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994.

16. Kent, Susan.’Sex and Suffrage in Britain 1860-1914?. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 17. Lotman, I. Social Dissertation? ‘The structure of the artistic text’, translation by Ronald Vroon, University of synthesis, Michigan, 1977. 18.

Mandelker, A., ‘Framing Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question and the Victorian novel’The theory and whale rider gender, interpretation of narrative series, Ohio, State University Press, 1993. 19. Matthew, A., ‘The Forsaken Merman’ in protein synthesis Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000. 20. Services? Millgate, M., ‘Thomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelist’, London: Macmillan, 1994.

21. Mitchell, S.,’Daily Life in Victorian England’, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 22. Morgan, R., ‘Women and Sexuality in the novels of Thomas Hardy,’ Routledge London and New York, 2006. 23. Morgan, R., ‘Student companion to Thomas Hardy’, Greenwood Press, London, 2007. 24. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., ‘Nonviolent sexual coercition’, in Acquaintance rape, the hidden crime’, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991. 25. Nabokov, V. Protein Synthesis? ‘Lectures on Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981. 26.

R. G. Christian, ‘Tolstoy: An Introduction’, Cambridge, 1969. 27. Rogers, Katharine, ‘The Centennial Review’, Vol 19, No. 4, 1975 Michigan State University Press. 28. Simone de Beauvoir, ‘The Second Sex,’ trans.

H. N. Parshley, New York, 1953. 29. Tolstoy, L. Whale Gender? ‘Anna Karenina’, translation by Louise Shanks Maude #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. 30. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society’, societyhttp://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/cg/lt/rb/600/600PDF/chen.PDf. 31. Wojtczak, H., ‘Women of Victorian Sussex’, Hastings Press, 2003. Search our thousands of essays:

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Chris Paul and protein, the stats/resume disconnect: How great is CP3 really? The statistics place Chris Paul among the absolute greats to ever play his position, but he is yet to experience their level of playoff success. How does he stack up against them given the gap between his stats and his resume? Paul is a four-time All-NBA first teamer and the best pure point guard in the league whose skills are well known to anyone reading this blog. He is a true floor general and orchestrator of his team’s offense. He is a maestro with the ball, one of the best distributors in recent league history and a multi-faceted scorer. He is rider essay also a relatively good defender – though not quite fully deserving of protein synthesis his six All-Defense nominations, as I recently laid out here. 617 games into his career, Paul is putting up averages of 18.6 points, 9.9 assists, 4.4 rebounds and 2.4 steals on essay school, 47.2% shooting.

A true stat sheet filler, he already has 297 double-doubles to his name. Historically, he is amongst elite statistical company. Protein. He is one of just five players to amass 11,000 points and 6,000 assists over essay motivates us to achieve, his first nine seasons, and he currently ranks first all-time in PER among all guards – not a tell-all stat by any means but one that demonstrates his all-round statistical brilliance. Protein Synthesis. Moreover, only five players have ever averaged 21 points and 11 assists on at least 48% shooting for a season. Only two have ever done it more than once: Paul and Magic Johnson. As it stands he is among a group of just four players with career averages of 18+ points and 9+ assists. Research Paper Template Mla. A case can be made that the other three – Magic, Oscar Robertson and Isiah Thomas – are the protein, top three point guards in NBA history, so this is the most elite company imaginable. Yet those three won titles – eight between them.

Will Paul ever win one? Or is his game more conducive to piling up stats than winning playoff series? He is in a weird place historically. Quite simply, his statistical greatness suggests he is already a top-four all-time point guard and a top-25 all-time player, yet in reality there is a severe disconnect between his stats and his resume. He is not an obvious “empty stats” candidate like a Kevin Love or a Carmelo Anthony (both great players in their own right), or a Stephon Marbury of whale rider gender yesteryear. But, fairly or unfairly he may be the poster boy for protein that group by pure definition. Of the eight players to average a PER of at least 25 over at essay us to achieve more least 500 games, Paul is the only one without a title. Statistically, he belongs.

Resume-wise, he is an outlier. He simply does not have the hardware or team success to bolster his obvious statistical claim to all-time greatness. Protein Synthesis. As he enters the 2014/15 season, his tenth in the NBA, he is still yet to taste life beyond the second round of the postseason. Paul is social work 22-31 in the playoffs. Synthesis. This is by no means an work, abomination; he has spent his entire career in the Western Conference and has generally been eliminated by higher-seeded teams. But truly special players find a way to transcend – like Magic did in the 1980 Finals without Kareem and like Isiah did in synthesis the 1988 Finals on one ankle. Paul has been celebrated for a number of years as a top three or four player in the league, and is statistically one of the greatest point guards ever without question. At his level of apparent greatness, it is only fair to hold him to the highest of standards and judge him by his postseason failures. His biggest failure came last season when, despite a 1-0 lead and a massive coaching advantage, his Clippers still could not get past Oklahoma City in the second round. In the crucial Game 5, Paul spearheaded one of the more memorable choke jobs in recent playoff history as L.A. somehow lost after leading by 7 points with 45 seconds remaining.

Re-live his two turnovers in paper template the final 17 seconds: Had he not been so desperate to go into protein, his patented, ridiculously exaggerated “look at research paper me, I’m shooting from 75 feet!” motion in a back-firing bid to draw a three-shot foul on Westbrook in the backcourt, the Clippers would have sealed the synthesis, win. Paul is a high IQ player, but he out-thought himself here. Purists who are fed up of a moment of epiphany essay his flopping, whining ways did not shed a tear for him that night. His incessant desire to protein, get questionable calls out of the refs is a distraction to me as a viewer so it may well possible impediment to his postseason success. One informed observer posited: “Lots of great players complain about refs. But Chris Paul seems to carry it around with him all game, and I think it becomes more of top essay a distraction for him and his team than anything.” In Game 6, with a tied game going into the fourth quarter on protein, his home floor, his team still lost. Taking away his numbers in garbage time with the outcome decided, he put up 11 points and a moment of epiphany, 9 assists on 3-for-11 shooting and synthesis, failed to essay on poverty motivates us to achieve, stamp his impact on protein synthesis, the game.

It was not a superstar performance. He did not find a way to inspire his teammates or will them to a victory. He was outplayed by whale rider gender, the oft-maligned Russell Westbrook, a player who lacks Paul’s pure point guard instincts but was the MVP of the protein synthesis, series. Until Paul redeems himself and reaches the whale essay, later rounds of the protein, playoffs, the OKC series will remain a defining moment for him – but it is by no means the only black mark on his resume. In the work dissertation help, 2009 first round, with a chance to tie the synthesis, series in social help Game 4 at home, his New Orleans Hornets lost by 58 points to Denver as Paul submitted a listless 4-point, 6-turnover performance. Protein. He followed up by shooting 5-for-16 as they were blown out essay us to achieve more again and eliminated in Game 5. In Game 6 of the 2011 first round, again with a chance to synthesis, tie the series at home, he coughed up a 10-point, 5-turnover showing in a blowout elimination loss to the Lakers. In the 2013 first round, he was effectively played to a draw by Mike Conley, whose Grizzlies advanced in six games despite the Clippers’ homecourt advantage . Would the on poverty motivates us to, Clips have fallen in such ignominious fashion the past two seasons with ’87 Magic or ’88 Isiah or even ’94 John Stockton or ‘03 Jason Kidd running the show? I doubt it.

NBA historian and synthesis, friend of the blog, Non-Player Zealot, whose famous “Magic Man” compilation showcases the top essay, gold standard for point guard play, cogently tells us that Paul is not on that level: “Paul is statistically great. But how is his statistical greatness lifting his team? He just does not have that Magic or Isiah aura to me. I don’t see his play and think ‘holy crap…’.

He’s also not the protein, leader and level-headed consistent playmaker that Stockton and Kidd were in the playoffs. I think he can be lured into more of a scoring role in a 7-game series, making him less of a threat to get his teammates involved. He is not bad by any means at mixing his attack during the regular season, but doing it in the postseason is another matter.” The stats back up NPZ’s suspicions. Essay Rubrics For High School. In the playoffs, Paul averages 15.5 field goal attempts (up from 13.8 per game over the regular season) and a whopping 25.5% usage rate. By comparison, Magic averaged 13.4 attempts and protein synthesis, a 21.4% usage rate – despite possessing a height advantage and top essay, a level of effectiveness in the post that are both foreign to Paul (and every other great point guard to play the game). Protein. Knowing when to take a back seat is a delicate art.

As much as we view Paul as a “pass-first” player, to essay us to achieve, put up this volume of shots whilst also determining when, where and how his teammates get fed represents an absolute monopolization of the basketball. Protein. He takes on rider gender, as high a responsibility for his team’s collective offensive fate as any point guard in NBA history. For his career, Paul assists on 46.5% of his team’s made baskets whilst he is on the floor. Protein. Only John Stockton (50.2%) ever assisted on a higher proportion of his teammates’ field goals. Yet Paul, an expert mid-range shooter and finisher at the basket, has a far more aggressive scoring mentality than Stockton had. At times he seems to combine Stock-type floor general-ship with Oscar-level scoring responsibilities. Can he win a title playing this way? In 2013/14 he had on his side one of the services, greatest coaches in the league (Doc Rivers), the third-placed player in MVP voting (Blake Griffin), the protein, league’s leading rebounder (DeAndre Jordan), the services, Sixth Man of the Year (Jamal Crawford) and a hand-picked sharp-shooting two-guard (J.J. Redick) and it still was not enough for him to come close. Contrary to his popular reputation as someone who routinely makes his teammates better, Paul’s ball dominance occasionally makes it more difficult for others to find their grove. Protein Synthesis. Watch here as his over-dribbling and monopolization of the ball brings the offense to a screeching halt in three fourth quarter possessions against the Mavericks:

With Paul out of the lineup in the middle of last season, Griffin was freed to be the fulcrum of a more free-flowing offense, going on on poverty motivates, a 16-game stretch where he averaged 28.8 points and 4.4 assists on 56.4% from the field (all would be career-best marks by some margin). It was the most effective he had been as a scorer since his rookie year – his last season without Paul. Outside of his expert lob passes, does Paul really make Griffin better? No player is perfect, and protein, Paul remains the best traditional point guard in the league regardless of these question marks. But to what extent does it matter that he is the “best” at his position if he cannot consistently come out on top in battles with his elite peers? Neither Westbrook nor Tony Parker master the position in research paper a traditional sense the way Paul does, but they have eleven Conference Finals appearances between them. In a league that is so often determined by synthesis, matchups, Paul is unable to persuasive for high, stay with Westbrook off the dribble or challenge Parker’s pull-ups and floaters out of the pick-and-roll. Paul is right there statistically with the protein, greatest point guards – and greatest players, period – to ever play.

But statistics never tell the full story, especially when a player has the research paper outline template, ball in protein his hands for essay for high school such a large amount of the time and therefore accrues numbers somewhat by default. Sometimes stats are empty. Protein Synthesis. What good are great stats if they are not accompanied with relative impact and team success? LeBron James averaged 28, 8 and services, 6 in the 2014 Finals but only truly determined the flow of one game in the series – he was not as good as his stats said he was. However, stats continue to protein, define players in many fans’ eyes, which leads to the historical over-valuation of Paul in some circles. “The only thing separating CP3 from Magic is rings,” argues one overzealous observer – as if the rings are a minor detail. Magic’s teams were propelled to five titles by top essay services, his unparalleled leadership and intelligence, his uncanny clutch shot-making ability, and the fact that at synthesis 6’9” he created a mismatch every single time he stepped onto gender essay the floor. His ability to draw double teams and carve up a defense from the post was a greater weapon than any in Paul’s arsenal and far better way to find desirable shots for teammates than Paul’s tendency to synthesis, dribble at the top of the key for ten seconds at persuasive a time. Magic had greater teammates, but by virtue of protein his era he also faced greater teams, and was able to impact and motivates us to achieve, dictate the protein, flow of games in ways that Paul cannot . All things considered, Paul is not even the of epiphany essay, greatest point guard of the synthesis, post-Magic era.

Stockton led his teams to the Finals twice with his clutch shooting and masterful pick-and-roll play. He was the Mr. Clutch to social dissertation help, Karl Malone’s Mr. Not-so-Clutch. And if we’re talking statistics, he averaged 16 points, 13 assists and 52% shooting over protein synthesis, his nine-year prime from ’88 to ’96. Social Work Dissertation. Only eight times in his entire 1,500-game career did he take 20 shots in a game; Chris Paul has already done it 60 times. Furthermore, Stock set the standard for protein durability, only missing 24 games in his 19 years. Paul, whose durability is a concern, has missed 105 of a possible 722 career games due to a moment of epiphany essay, injury to date. Kidd was twice the best player on a Finals team, a far superior rebounder to Paul and more of a difference-maker on the defensive end. As much as he piled up assists and triple-doubles, Kidd was a player who could not be defined by his stats but by his innate ability to control the tempo and thus the game, sometimes without even scoring a point.

Meanwhile, Steve Nash never made the Finals and was never a good defender, but has two MVPs to CP3’s zero, made the Conference Finals in 2006 when his best teammates were Shawn Marion and synthesis, Tim Thomas, and would likely have done so again in 2007 if not for the NBA’s ridiculous suspension ruling. Nash, who is the only player to average more assists than Paul since Paul entered the league in 2005, was a better leader in his prime, less likely to be drawn into a moment, scoring mode at the expense of his team. For a player of his elite all-time shooting ability to average just 13 shots a game in the playoffs is testament to his commitment to making those around him better. I would also take Gary Payton over Paul based on Paul’s career to date. A far more impactful defender, more durable player and protein, a demon in the post, Payton led the Sonics to three 60-win seasons and the 1996 Finals. He also unquestionably made life easier for essay Shawn Kemp in ways that Paul has not done consistently for synthesis Blake Griffin. All this having been said, with Paul’s skillset, body of services regular season work and statistical dominance he is already destined for the all-time top ten point guards list. The list by my estimation should read something like this as things stand: Magic Johnson Oscar Robertson Isiah Thomas Walt Frazier Jason Kidd Steve Nash John Stockton Gary Payton Bob Cousy Chris Paul. The other nine players on the list led their respective teams to a combined 55 Conference Finals.

It is time for Paul to protein synthesis, notch up appearance No. Outline. 1 if he is to start pushing himself from the lower tier of that list to the middle tier – even if the stats do say he is already in synthesis the upper tier. That is the disconnect.