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How to Write a Winning Scholarship Essay, Part I: Introduction & Family


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Writing essay for scholarship

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Biotechnology An Introduction to essay for scholarship Biotechnology | Essay. In simple terms, biotechnology refers to the use of living organisms or their products to modify human health and montaigne essays, human environment. It is an amalgamation of molecular and cellular biology and plant, animal and human genetics. Essay For Scholarship! Renowned fiction-writer Ken Follett has written about the eleven #8216;twins#8217; in his best seller #8216;The Third Twin#8217;. All these eleven young men are born to different sets of parents in different parts of the country, and yet have the same face, physical features, blood group, and even the same fingerprints. Of course, Follett was just using his imagination when he plotted a team of scientists who created these eleven clones through genetic manipulations. But true- life scientists who created #8216;Dolly#8217;, the sheep, and #8216;Flavr-Savr#8217;, the perfect tomato, have achieved these feats for real. And now, we can talk of producing roses without thorns and wheat with extra doses of proteins without being laughed at. All this is thanks to essays the advent of biotechnology.

The seeds for biotechnology were sown in 1953, when James Watson and Francis Crick revealed how four bases could pair to form the self- copying code of a DNA molecule. These two Nobel laureates could have never imagined how their discovery of DNA would change the very concept of life. But before we discuss the various advances that have been made in biotechnology, and the impact that these have had on our lives, let#8217;s take a look at how this technique functions. In simple terms, biotechnology refers to the use of living organisms or their products to modify human health and for scholarship, human environment. It is an amalgamation of molecular and gcse media, cellular biology, and plant, animal and human genetics. In simple terms, biotechnology refers to the use of living organisms or their products to modify human health and writing for scholarship, human environment. It is an amalgamation of molecular and northwestern essay questions 2013, cellular biology and plant, animal and human genetics. All living things are made up of cells, which are programmed by the same basic genetic material called DNA (Deoxy Ribonucleic Acid). Each unit of DNA is made up of four nucleotides.

These are Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Thymine (T), and Cytosine (C) The other two ingredients being sugar and writing for scholarship, a phosphate. These nucleotides pair up in strands that twist together in a spiral structure, called a double helix. Thus, all DNA whether from a microorganism, a plant, an animal or a human is composed of the same material. While every cell is an individual organism, each cell has the same number of DNA units. The different segments of DNA (genes) tell individual cells how to differentiate: i.e., to develop either into homework, an eye, a blood cell, a muscle, a skin cell, and so on. DNA also instructs different cells -to produce specific proteins, enzymes and writing essay for scholarship, other substances that the host organism uses to fight disease or fend off predators and other threats. Over the years, researchers have discovered the methods of essay the rocking by d, transferring a specific piece of DNA from for scholarship, one organism to another the first step in transferring DNA is to cut or remove a gene segment from a chain of DNA, using enzymes as #8216;scissors#8217; (restriction enzymes). These scissors are then used to cut an opening into the plasmid the ring of DNA often found in bacteria outside the core DNA. The next step is to english essays paste or place the gene segment into the plasmid. The cut ends of both the plasmid and for scholarship, the gene segment are chemically sticky, and they promptly attach to each other, thus forming a plasmid containing new gene. Finally, another enzyme (ligase) is used to paste or secure the new gene in place.

These transferable genes can be used to transmit the desired genetic traits from one organism to another which is the fundamental approach of biotechnology. The Rocking! Various advances made in the twentieth century have put biology on essay for scholarship a molecular footing. For instance, biochemists have purified proteins and studied them in vitro in a test tube, crystallographers have solved their structures, and geneticists have used mutations to focus on the role of individual genes. And now, the sequencing of the human genome has added a whole new dimension to these processes. Using such techniques, we have made substantial advancement in our understanding of the genetic blueprint, and how it controls the growth and research, development of living organisms. This has been made possible by the development of artificial genes coding for specific traits. Gene transfer has given birth to development of transgenic and we now have transgene in plants, animals and writing essay for scholarship, microorganisms. In fact, now we can even look forward to essay about college life passing on man-made genes to the next generation through these transgenic. The progress in writing the field of biotechnology certainly sounds impressive. But its truth worth lies in its implications.

Modern biotechnological tools have helped us scale even the laws of nature, and turn various biological disadvantages to our convenience. The simplest example of such manipulation is with the plant life. The application of biotechnological techniques can make the essay horse winner by d h lawrence flora more resistant to pests, bacteria, fungi and viruses, which claim over thirty five per cent of the global vegetation. These losses amount to a whopping US$200 billion every year. For Scholarship! Biotechnological tools can help ward off these threats to vegetation, but one would not forget that the use of descriptive essay college, this technology is subject to writing for scholarship social, economic and montaigne essays, ecological pressures.

Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) produces Bt Toxin, which holds strong against insect larvae. But Bt toxins are insecticidal, and unless Bt plants are carefully designed, the insects and pests may develop a resistance to them. Nonetheless, thirty years of success have crowned Bt as one of the fastest acting bio-pesticides available. The successful expression of the Bt fusion gene in a hybrid crop provides a good resource for writing essay manage­ment of rice pests in tropical Asian countries. Now we can even look forward to growing transgenic trees. Scientists are engineering various species like sweet gum and cottonwood with the aim of creating a #8216;Super Tree#8217;. This super tree will grow faster than the normal species, and essays, will also retain their hardness. Isolation of specific promoter elements has also helped in for scholarship designing the crops expressing proteins in specific tissues. We can even think of blue roses and gcse english, pink dahlias! Such engineered products will be extremely useful in creating ornamentals for export purposes. Already the first genetically modified tomato called Flavr-Savr has been produced.#8217;

Another area where modem biological techniques and bioengineering principles hold great potential is that of food production the largest industry in the world. The recombinant DNA has been used to improve the writing essay flavour and texture of fruits and vegetables. Genetic transformation also helps prevent frost damage in research food products. Writing! The gene from flounder has been used to protect plants against freezing damage. But perhaps the greatest achievement of this technology lies in the field of nutrition. #8220;Child is the essays text father of the man#8221;, as said by William Wordsworth holds true. So, we need to preserve our future by producing nutritionally rich food for our future generation. At present nearly 800 million people or about eighteen per cent of the world#8217;s total population, do not have sufficient food to meet their nutritional needs. The situation is essay quite alarming in essay questions 2013 the developing world, where nearly twelve million children below the age of writing for scholarship, five die of malnutrition every year. This problem can be successfully tackled by the application of biotechnology, which enables the growth of healthier and essay 2013, more nutritional food, even under unfavorable conditions. These techniques prompt a sustainable increase in the yield per hectare for staple crops like com, rice, wheat and potatoes, and also increase the writing for scholarship nutritional content of descriptive essay about college life, food crops.

For instance, the #8216;Golden Rice#8217; is an writing essay engineered variety of rice that is rich in homework research Vitamin A, precursor P-carotene and iron. This inexpensive solution will counter the wide incidence of for scholarship, childhood blindness and maternal anaemia among millions of people whose staple food is rice. Biotechnology has also proved its worth in fighting natural adversities like drought. Culture Of Scotland! Modern science has helped us develop drought-tolerant plants. Recent work from Michael Thomashow#8217;s group and Kazuo Shinozaki have explored the intricacies involved in stress resistance mechanisms, which involve master switch type of genes. Writing Essay For Scholarship! These reports show that a battery of proteins can regulate freezing and drought tolerance. This concept has been referred as Region Engineering. In the nineteenth century, medicine mainly consisted of morphine- based drugs and crude remedies.

The subsequent evolution of antibiotics and essay life, vaccines enabled the eradication of writing, entire classes of diseases. The next medical revolution will come through genetic engineering, which will help conquer cancer, grow new blood vessels in of scotland tumors, create new organs from stem cells, and even reset the primeval genetic coding that causes ageing of cells. In fact, biotechnology has already yielded dozens of therapeutics like human insulin, growth factors for bone-marrow transplants, products for treating heart attacks, and diagnostic kits for infective agents like AIDS and hepatitis. The first life-saving drug, Humulin was also produced by recombinant DNA technology. For Scholarship! These bio-pharmaceuticals are not only produced in a form identical to montaigne essays that normally present in the human body, but also have improved activity, stability and bio-availability. Writing Essay! Such products are also free from contamination. Research on these lines will give way to developing internal organs for human transplantation.

The breakthrough in developing stem cells hold solutions to control cancer, regenerate the spinal cord and brain tissues, and curb many other diseases associated with ageing. Biotechnology has also become an indispensable tool in testing of biological materials, which are used as evidences in legal and criminal proceedings associated with cases like paternity dispute, sexual harassment and northwestern essay, murder. Another remarkable success has been in the area of writing essay for scholarship, nuclear transfer technology, which has already proved its mettle in the cloning of Dolly the sheep and Polly the lamb. Biotechnology can also come in handy for enhancing the performance of homework, vaccines. #8216;Gene Therapy#8217;, the latest feat of bio-technology, has opened up a whole new treatment paradigm. The #8216;Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)#8217;, which uses the #8216;Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), has further made it possible to writing essay use the horse h lawrence umbilical cord stems cells of a yet unborn (only foetus) to cure genetic disorders. The merging of medical and agricultural biotechnology has opened up new vistas to writing essay for scholarship develop plant varieties with health-inducing characteristics. Modern techniques have unraveled how natural plant substances (phytochemicals) confer protection against cancer and other diseases. This knowledge is now being used to enhance the level of such substances in the food supply.

Ongoing research will soon perfect the delivery of medicines and vaccines through common foods. These #8216;Neutracutical#8217; foods could be used to immunize individuals against a wide variety of enteric and other infectious diseases. Biotechnology has made significant contributions to the field of essay about college life, marine aquaculture. The tremendous potential of marine resources still lies untapped, and essay, can be actively harnessed for the benefit of the mankind. As over-exploitation of natural resources takes its toll on these natural reserves, the development of transgenic fish will play a key role in the aquaculture industry in the near future. Increasing Avenues in Biotechnology: Ever since the discovery of the DNA, the field of essay horse winner h lawrence, biology has experienced a series of revolutionary changes.

The recent development of high capacity methods to analyse the structure and function of genes has given birth to what we now know as Genomics. Essay For Scholarship! Instead of analysing a single or few genes- at gcse, a time, it is now possible to determine the for scholarship complete nucleotide sequence of all the genes in an organism. Research! Scientists are already looking forward to the day when they will decipher the whole human genome, all the genes (approximately to writing essay for scholarship be around 35-40 thousand) encoded by the three billion bases (chemical pairs) in our DNA. Deciphering of the human genome has opened new vistas in understanding the functional machinery of montaigne, these genes in a human body. Just like the writing human genome, the plant genome too has wide implications in helping us understand the function of plant genes in their cellular, organismal and homework research, evolutionary context, and to writing essay for scholarship create an information structure of plant biology. In plant-life, the Arabidopsis genome has already been mapped. This achievement could open the floodgates to a new green revolution of the so-called #8216;Super-crops#8217;.

A total of 25,498 genes expressing 11,000 proteins have been reported. This gene mapping would provide insights into all the essay the rocking horse winner h lawrence livestock- supporting plants like soya bean, wheat, com and fruit. Such genomic discoveries have indeed paved the way for learning the functions of all plant genes, and unraveling the processes that are fundamental to the mechanisms of plant life. And as the human genome project approaches conclusion, the translation of information from DNA to protein is fast catching up. This may end up virtually revolutionising human medicine and health care. But one of the key challenges lies in writing essay for scholarship understanding Proteomics the science of cellular protein universe. As in the case of genomics, proteomics helps catalogue and characterize the proteins in a group, and in an automated large-scale manner. Proteomics include transcriptional profiling to text determine which genes encode proteins in essay a particular cell type, developmental stage or disease state, high-throughput expression, protein folding and media, protein- protein interaction studies. It also helps understand transduction and other complex cell processes, large scale protein folding and essay, three- dimensional structures. This process can even reveal an overall picture of the rocking winner h lawrence, how the genes in all organisms (total genome) function, including the expression profiles at the mRNA (Transcriptome) and protein (Proteome) levels.

Based on these studies, maps can be made, which could eventually help identify both the defects as well as the positive aspects of the concerned gene or protein. Biotechnology also plays a great role in essay for scholarship preserving our environment. The scope of Environmental Biotechnology ranges from the search for microbes that will reduce acid rain by removing sulphur from power plants, to the biological production of biodegradable plastics. As the world battles the essays dilemma of essay for scholarship, protecting the environment while simultaneously promoting economic development, environmental biotechnology will play a key role in striking a healthy balance between competing interests. The other area of about, reckoning is the conservation and sustainable use of Biodiversity. Advances in biotechnology offer powerful tools for conservation, evaluation and the use of genetic structures of various species. Writing For Scholarship! Applications of modern biotechnology for bio-remediation of contaminated land and water have already helped transform hazardous wastes into non-hazardous wastes. Moreover, biotechnology has played a major role in homework recovery of degraded ecosystems.

Some of the methods based on plant biotechnology include reforestation through micro propagation and the use of mycorrhiza. Maintaining a wide genetic base, which is an important element of biodiversity, is also essential to for scholarship the future of biotechnology and the sustainable use of biological resources. Biotechnology also holds tremendous implication in increasing our bio-energy resources by increasing the acceptability of biomass, biogas and fuel alcohol as commercially feasible energy options for the future. Computers have added a new dimension to biological research and in essays turn, biological material in the form of bio-chips will have a tremendous impact on computerization. Writing! These bio-chips would soon replace conventional silicon chips used in computers today.

The proposed range of bio-molecular computers promises to be ten to thousand times smaller than the best super computers available at present, with much faster switching times and extremely low power dissipation. Of Scotland! So, with all this excitement in the field, and new avenues being added every minute, you have surely made a wise decision if you think biotechnology is the field for you. Essay For Scholarship! Read on to find out what might be in store, and how you can achieve it. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages:

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Martin Luther Essay Essays and Research Papers. Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 - February 18, 1546) was a Christian theologian and Augustinian monk whose teachings inspired . the Protestant Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines of writing essay, Protestant and other Christian traditions. Martin Luther was born to Hans and essay questions 2013 Margaretha Luther on 10 November 1483 in Eisleben, Germany and was baptised the next day on the feast of St. Martin of Tours, after whom he was named. Luther's call to the Church to return to the teachings of the Bible resulted in. Bible , Catholic Church , Christianity 1570 Words | 5 Pages. Influence of Martin Luther A German priest, professor of theology and writing philosophy, but most importantly an iconic figure of . the Protestant Reformation of the college life, 16th century. This man alone challenged the most powerful religion, empire, and figure of the time.

What he did would soon influence the for scholarship, lives of millions of people all around the world. The Rocking By D H Lawrence. He is known as the father of writing, Protestantism. Essay Questions 2013. The man changed the course of history and reshaped Europe. This man’s name is Martin Luther . Martin Luther was born. Catholic Church , Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Indulgence 1947 Words | 5 Pages. The Great Reformer Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 - February 18, 1546) was a Christian theologian and Augustinian monk . whose teachings inspired the Protestant Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines of Protestant and essay for scholarship other Christian traditions.

Martin Luther was one of the most influential people of the Protestant Reformation. Luther was also responsible for the break-up of the Catholic Church. Montaigne Essays Text. Martin Luther was a representative during the 16th century of a desire widespread of. Catholic Church , Christianity , Indulgence 1901 Words | 6 Pages. Summer Damra 11/1/12 Western Theological Traditions Research Paper Martin Luther’s fight for the poor “Christians are to writing be . taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better deed than he who buy indulgences- Martin Luther (25)” The great German theologian Martin Luther is remembered throughout the essay life, world and Christian history as the man that challenged the papacy and dedicated his life to the clarification of Christianity for all people. For Scholarship. He exclusively sought. Catholic Church , Christian terms , Christianity 769 Words | 3 Pages. Can violence as a form of protest ever be justified? In this essay , one will be able to determine why a non-violent means of protest can be . the most effective way of gaining freedom from repression.

In contrast to gcse this, the essay will also discuss whether violence as a form of protest can ever be justified. The term “non violence” in definition means the use of writing essay, peaceful means, not force, to bring about about college, political or social change. The essay will illustrate if it is more successful to become victorious. Civil disobedience , Democracy , Demonstration 1145 Words | 4 Pages. ?Diet of Worms Background: Due to a quirk in time, you have been transported back to for scholarship the year 1520 and the city of Worms. About College Life. Here, you find yourself . Writing. involved in the rocking winner by d h lawrence the trial of the for scholarship, German Monk, Martin Luther , who has given himself up to the authority of the Catholic Church to address the essay questions 2013, charges that he is, in two words, a heretical revolutionary.

The specific charges are as follows: Count 1. Development and preaching of writing essay, heretical doctrines Count 2. Inciting members of the Catholic Church to rebel. Catholic Church , Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Desiderius Erasmus 784 Words | 3 Pages. NATALIE ELLIOTT Martin Luther King is a well known, inspiring man, to all cultures of the world. King was and still is one of the rocking horse winner by d, . the most influential heroes. King's views and beliefs, which were similar to the non-violent ideas of Gandhi, helped African Americans through the 50's and 60's obtain the rights and liberties that was their birth right. For Scholarship. King faced many obstacles on his quest, like jail and even assassination attempts. Despite these obstacles, he became a successful leader during the Civil. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Civil disobedience 1133 Words | 3 Pages.

Smith, Jessica October 16, 2012 Moral Decisions In life there are always either negative or positive consequences when an action is made. In . Gcse English. Martin Luther King Jr.’s essay “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” he evaluates how one can advocate breaking some laws and obeying others. The reason it is possible to do such a thing is because there are two different types of laws, just and unjust. Depending on one’s morals, it can be morally right to advocate breaking some laws and obeying others. Ethics , Human , Law 977 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther King Jr. For Scholarship. Jean Carlos Perez Latrish Clark Final Essay . . Martin Luther King Jr. was a great man, with great accomplishments. If we could understand all of the things that he did in his life time we would endure so much information about the life that he led, and the way the northwestern questions, world was back then.

My goal is to do just that. I will start at the beginning of Martin Luther King Jr’s life and how it was to grow. African American , Alberta Williams King , Black people 1148 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther and for scholarship the Protestant Reformation. ? Martin Luther : Leader of the Protestant Reformation HIST 101 American Military University Kristin Sawicki . The Protestant Reformation began in essay about college Wittenberg Germany in October of 1517 with Martin Luther who was a German Augustinian Monk. Essay. Martin Luther criticized the Roman Catholic Church feeling the church had lost its way and research openly accused them of writing essay, corruption and gcse english media false teachings by posting a document he authored called the “95. Bishop , Catholic Church , Indulgence 1259 Words | 6 Pages. Martin Luther’s 95 Theses The Ninty-Five Theses was written by Martin Luther in 1517 and is broadly regarded as . the major catalyst for the Protestant Reformation.

Martin Luther was an writing essay ambiguous German monk and of scotland radiant theologian. Writing Essay. Martin Luther started a rebellion against homework, the church’s authority which caused the collapse of writing, religious unity of Christendom. The Roman Catholic Church, centered in Rome, extended its influence into every aspect of European society and essay about college culture. Due to the increasing power. Catholic Church , Christianity , Indulgence 903 Words | 3 Pages. Protestant Reformation and Martin Luther. ?Reformation Webquest: Section 1: Life of Martin Luther 1. Fill out the writing essay, graphic organizer using . http://www.luther.de/en/moench.html Life of Martin Luther After visiting his parents, he was caught in of scotland a terrible thunderstorm. During the storm lightning struck near him, and he was thrown to essay the ground. At this moment he called to Saint Anne, and culture declared: “I will become a monk.” Why did he decide to become a Monk? When did he decide to become a Monk? During a terrible storm.

When. Catholic Church , Indulgence , Jan Hus 997 Words | 6 Pages. Commonly referred to as, “The Father of Protestantism” (Funk and Wagnalls 337), “ Martin Luther was born into a world dominated by . the Catholic Church” (www.pbs.org). “ Luther had no intention of opposing the authority of writing for scholarship, Rome” (Funk and Wagnalls 336) but God had other plans. Martin Luther , who “was named after St Martin ” (www.pbs.org) was born on November 10th, 1483 (Thulin 11). Of Scotland. Mansfeld was his hometown, although he was born in Eisleben (Thulin 11). Essay For Scholarship. His parents moved to Mansfeld, to improve. All Saints' Church, Wittenberg , Eisleben , Indulgence 1983 Words | 6 Pages. Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation. the Christian Church. The reformation is said to have begun in 1517 when Martin Luther challenged the authority of the pope . (Perry 324).

He did this by creating the ninety-five these, which was a series of arguments against descriptive about life, papal authority and writing for scholarship their corruptness. Various people had tried to reform the english, church previously, but the real protestant movement did not begin until the time of Martin Luther . Following the ideas of Luther , the Christian church split for good which had a great effect on essay, all of. Bishop , Catholic Church , Christianity 968 Words | 5 Pages. Unlike his predecessors, Martin Luther was able to spread his ideas rapidly due to the social, economic and political state of . Europe at that time. Through technological advances, growing unrest with current leaders, the threat of a foreign invasion and questions a high rate of poverty, Luther’s ideas influenced many people within Germany that change was necessary. By picking up where those before him had left off, Luther was able to writing for scholarship bring in a new era of ideas that forever changed the views people had. Clergy , Holy Roman Empire , Jan Hus 1588 Words | 4 Pages.

Martin Luther and the Refromation. Martin Luther and montaigne essays text the Refromation Joel Erhardt The book, Sixteenth Century Europe, by L.W. Writing Essay For Scholarship. Cowie speaks about the . precursors of the Protestant reformation and how they impacted on Catholicism, and essay it also looks at the precursors to the reformation. These precursors are what we know as the for scholarship, Renaissance humanists. Many of these ‘new thinkers’ provided new doctrines and biblical knowledge that would greatly impact the reformation. Without the Christiana humanists, the protestant reformation.

Catholic Church , Christian terms , Christianity 1060 Words | 3 Pages. Why Martin Luther Was Disillusioned with the Church of Rome. In this essay the essay questions 2013, intent is to point out the reason to why Martin Luther was disappointed with the writing essay for scholarship, methods and montaigne essays text . intention of the Roman Church, his entrance into monastery work. How his Catholic upbringing contributed, his 95 theses on the issue of for scholarship, indulgences, his exile and the work the reformation did to improve the situation, the way the Diet of Worms treated Martin Luther , the way he priests of Rome disregarded Luther’s work, the monastic life he lived before making his breakthrough in his own. Catholic Church , Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Indulgence 1004 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther Martin Luther was a German theologian and religious reformer, who started the . Protestant Reformation, and whose vast influence during his time period made him one of the crucial figures in modern European history. Descriptive Essay About College. Luther was born in Eisleben on November 10, 1483 and writing for scholarship was descended from the peasantry, a fact that he often stressed. Hans Luther , his father, was a copper miner. Luther received a sound primary and questions 2013 secondary education at writing for scholarship, Mansfeld, Magdeburg, and Eisenach. Culture Dissertation. In 1501.

Christianity , German language , Martin Luther 1214 Words | 4 Pages. Martin Luther King - Analysis Essay. Pena 1 Rhetoric Analysis Essay Martin Luther King Jr. is known across the nation as a great hero and a great . leader during the civil rights movements from for scholarship, 1950 to 1963. King is the leader of some of the major civil rights movements, one being the Birmingham “nonviolent direct-action” protest that took place in 1963. King is also known for being the president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference based out of Atlanta, Georgia.

Because of montaigne essays text, his popularity among Blacks, his life, family. African American , Birmingham, Alabama , Black people 1614 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther/ John Calvin Biography. Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483 in writing Eisleben Germany. Essay. His father was Hans Luther , a miner married to . Margarete Luther , Martin's mother. Hans was determined for Martin to essay for scholarship study law and eventually become a lawyer. Martin attended grammar school and once he graduated fulfilled his fathers wishes by attending law school.

He then proceeded to dissertation drop out of law school, the story goes he was in a bad storm and was afraid he was not going to for scholarship survive, he dropped to his knees and said “Help! Saint. Catholic Church , Diet of the rocking, Worms , Indulgence 1308 Words | 4 Pages. ? One of the greatest speakers ever known was Martin Luther King Jr. Writing Essay. MLK was a huge driving force and northwestern questions 2013 leader for equal rights for . African Americans, and all races.

Three excellent and moving speeches by for scholarship, Dr. King were; the “Speech at the Great March on Detroit” delivered on June 23 1963, “I Have a Dream” speech delivered August 28 1963, and his “I Have Been to the Mountaintop” speech delivered on April 3 1968. In all of these speeches King does a phenomenal job of homework, motivating and essay leading his movement. Civil disobedience , I Have a Dream , Malcolm X 1160 Words | 3 Pages. A Comparison of the Writings of Luther and Montaigne. A Comparison of the Writings of Luther and descriptive essay about life Montaigne Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483. He was a German . monk, priest, professor, theologian and church reformer. His teaching helped to inspire the Reformation, and influenced the doctrines of the Lutheran and Protestant traditions, as well as the course of western civilization. Writing. Luther's works and writing helped bring the Middle Ages to gcse essays a close, and brought about the Modern Era of essay for scholarship, western civilization. His translation of the Bible furthered. Catholic Church , Johann Eck , Martin Luther 1394 Words | 4 Pages.

Jonathan Wu Professor Davis English 1A Martin Luther King Jr., reverend and civil rights leader, was jailed after . leading a major protest against unfair hiring practices in Birmingham, Alabama. King was serving as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and was requested by culture of scotland dissertation, a fellow affiliate, The Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, to participate and engage in [what they called] a nonviolent direct-action program(164). As King and his affiliates joined together. African American , Civil disobedience , Letter from Birmingham Jail 1194 Words | 4 Pages. Martin Luther King Jr.: Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther In 1517, German monk Martin Luther cited his grievances as he nailed the 95 Theses to . the wall of the for scholarship, church in Wittenberg. Luther’s complaints centered around his disapproval of the research, selling of indulgences, as the clergy asked for gifts and money in exchange for the remission of one’s sins and to for scholarship lessen one’s suffering in the rocking horse winner purgatory or even the chance of for scholarship, eternal life.

The citing of these grievances is believed to homework research have begun the Protestant Reformation, with the writing for scholarship, intention of recreating. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Christian terms , Christianity 2349 Words | 6 Pages. Both Martin Luther King and Trevor figured this out. They never waited for change to come their way, they changed things . Of Scotland Dissertation. themselves. A lot of people who take drugs fail to recognize how much their actions affect the writing essay for scholarship, people around them. No matter how small you think your actions seem, you made a huge difference in that other person’s life. Essay By D H Lawrence. Doctor Martin Luther King Junior became well known for being a civil rights activist. He led many protests including the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Martin Luther.

African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Martin Luther 807 Words | 3 Pages. Rhetorical Technique Essay (Martin Luther King Jr.) King wrote “The Letter from Birmingham Jail” in contrast to the Clergymen’s “A Call for Unity,” and used all three rhetorical techniques: logos, ethos, and . pathos. Although all techniques provided the essential building blocks for a well-rounded essay , yet the use of logos was most effective for it added reason, and exemplified a purpose that appealed to the Clergymen in a way that showed authority, knowledge, and respect. For Scholarship. In 1963 the eight white Clergymen from Birmingham addressed the courts. Birmingham, Alabama , Civil disobedience , Letter from Birmingham Jail 907 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther: a Brief History/Impact on Western Civiliation. Martin Luther : A Brief History/Impact on Western Civiliation Martin Luther was a man with a purpose. . Media Essays. Born in 1483 in Eisleben, Martin Luther was a German Monk who started one of the greatest religious revolutions in the history of the Western world.

Before discussing the impact of his revolution on the modern world, we must first establish some background information about the man and the Roman Catholic Church. Martin Luther lived a tough childhood where he did not enjoy the essay, customary joys that. Catholic Church , Indulgence , Martin Luther 783 Words | 3 Pages. The Reformation: Martin Luther and the End of Christian Religious Unity. The Reformation: Martin Luther and english essays the End of Christian Religious Unity By the writing for scholarship, early 1500s, many people in gcse Western Europe were . growing increasingly discontented and displeased with the Christian Church. Many found the Pope too involved with secular (worldly) matters, rather than with his flocks spiritual well-being. Writing. Lower church officials were poorly educated and broke vows by living richly and keeping mistresses. Some officials practiced simony, or passing down their title as priest or bishop. Catholic Church , Christianity , Jan Hus 1328 Words | 4 Pages. African-American citizens. This resulted in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 authorizing the federal government to essay the rocking horse winner by d enforce desegregation of public . Writing Essay For Scholarship. accommodations and outlawing discrimination in publicly owned facilities.

This also led to northwestern Martin Luther King receiving the writing, Nobel Peace Prize for 1964. King's struggle continued throughout the northwestern essay 2013, 1960s. Writing Essay. Often, it seemed as though the pattern of essay college life, progress was two steps forward and one step back. On March 7, 1965, a civil rights march, planned from Selma. African American , Jim Crow laws , Lyndon B. Johnson 898 Words | 3 Pages. Though Socrates and Martin Luther King, Jr. taught in separate eras of writing essay for scholarship, history, the culture, difficulty in properly approaching political . dissent was one of essay, great importance to both. Indeed, as will be explored throughout this essay , both men held such a notion to be a necessary qualification for of scotland dissertation any healthy society. As we will encounter, the settings within each account, as outlined in Socrates' Crito, and Martin Luther King's Letter from a Birmingham Jail, are strikingly similar in writing for scholarship comparison. While this.

Civil disobedience , Justice , Law 1458 Words | 4 Pages. ?MLK Final Essay During the Civil Rights movements, non-violence protest is a method used by African Americans to advocate for desegregation. . Of Scotland Dissertation. However, these protests were initially not accepted by essay, many whites. Homework Research. In 1963, while Martin Luther King was arrested in the Birmingham jail because he supported a protest in Birmingham, eight Alabama clergymen published a statement accusing the essay for scholarship, non-violence protest for disturbing order, showing untimely impatience and inciting violence. Since the clergymen believed. African American , Black people , Civil disobedience 921 Words | 4 Pages. Ap Euro Martin Luther Conservative or Revolutionary. Paul Nassif 10/1/12 Mr. Walters FRQ #2 “ Luther was both a revolutionary and a conservative.” Evaluate this statement with . Montaigne Text. respect to Luther’s responses to the political and writing for scholarship social questions of his day.

Martin Luther was one of the homework, greatest monks, priests, and theological teachers of writing essay, Germany, along with being the symbol of the Protestant Reformation. He did not start off so religious however. One day he was caught in a frightening and culture of scotland dissertation dangerous storm. Writing Essay. He prayed to God begging. Catholic Church , Christianity , Indulgence 1706 Words | 5 Pages. Major Differences Between the Thought of Martin Luther and the Ideas of the Medieval Latin- Rite Tradition. Introduction In this essay I will first briefly discuss the background that led to the revolt of Martin Luther . against the Christian Church.

Next I will discuss the major differences between his thoughts and the ideas of the Medieval Latin-Rite tradition in a systematic way and finally conclude this essay by gcse essays, evaluating the thoughts of Martin Luther . Writing Essay. Background It is believed that the western Church needed to questions be reformed at writing, the beginning of the sixteen-century[1] for various reasons. One of the. Catholic Church , Christianity , Eucharist 2136 Words | 6 Pages. To what extent was martin Luther responsible for the protestant reformation in Germany? To what extent was Martin Luther responsible for the 'revolutionary' Protestant reformation in Germany? In this . essay , I will attempt to assess the extent of Martin Luther's role in culture of scotland dissertation the Protestant reformation that took place at the beginning of the sixteenth century in Germany.

Luther's name is synonymous with the religious Reformation of the sixteenth century, or the 'evangelical movement' as it is sometimes called, but the actual details of the Reformation itself are somewhat lesser known. Luther's. Catholic Church , Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Lutheranism 1976 Words | 7 Pages. Martin Luther Dbq-Ap European History. Justine Chapel November 19, 2012 AP Euro P3 Martin Luther DBQ By the 1500’s many issues shows signs of disorder within the . Church. The idea of selling indulgences (forgiveness for essay sin) for english media essays clergy benefit began to negatively spread throughout the people, along with opposition to pluralism (holding more than one office).

This sparked many attempts to reform the writing essay, church through individual groups, one of questions 2013, which being the Brotherhood of Common Life. One of their accomplishments was starting schools for. Catholic Church , Indulgence , Martin Luther 1053 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther King Research Paper. Martin Luther King Jr. Writing Essay For Scholarship. Non-Fiction Essay Dreams are what keep people motivated. They drive people to essay college work hard and . continue pushing. Dreams are what lead to put into action. Dreams are necessary in the world and always will be because nothing ever will be perfect, something is always going to writing essay for scholarship be unfair to some group. However, a lot of the time dreams are shot down and that is just part of the process.

That is why change is essay questions 2013, not easy to accomplish. That is why it takes someone or something of great. African American , Black people , Civil disobedience 1188 Words | 3 Pages. Exit Project Martin Luther King Jr. Writing For Scholarship. “There comes a time that . Montaigne Essays. people get tired. We are here this evening to say to those who have mistreated us so long that we are tired-tired of being segregated and humiliated; tired of being kicked about by the brutal feet of writing for scholarship, oppression.” - Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15th 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 1151 Words | 4 Pages. The Contributions of Cardinal Richelieu and Martin Luther to Modernization in Europe. centralization in government. Cardinal Richelieu and Martin Luther are among the many historical figures who played important . roles in the modernization process. Their thought processes and philosophies contributed specifically to the aspects of centralized government and urbanization in terms of revolutionary thought processes.

Richelieu and descriptive life Luther were both pioneers of writing essay, two important concepts today, Richelieu pioneering absolutism, and Luther pioneering the reformation and development of Protestantism. Catholic Church , Christianity , Indulgence 1832 Words | 5 Pages. Martin Luther King’s Impact on essay, the African American Culture Isaiah Gentry Mr. Williams English III 28 February 2013 . Martin Luther King Jr. has made a significant impact on essay, the African American Culture, throughout his 39 years of life. His main goal was to secure progress on english media essays, civil rights in the United States, and writing for scholarship with that he has become a human rights icon. Martin Luther King Jr. was a fascinating man who had become a priest with many goals and essay questions accomplishments while trying to essay pursue his. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Lyndon B. Johnson 1457 Words | 4 Pages. letter is directed to the white clergymen who had criticized these demonstrations and also called him an outsider and troublemaker. Chronological and . Topical Scope: Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested and imprisoned for montaigne essays text participating in for scholarship these nonviolent demonstrations. Thesis and homework Main Points: In the letter Martin Luther King Jr.’s says, “I am in Birmingham because injustice is writing essay, here.” His thesis is that there is injustice and injustice has seized the civil rights movement.

Because of english media essays, these. African American , Civil disobedience , Ida B. Wells 755 Words | 3 Pages. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.: An American Leader During his brief lifetime, Dr. Martin Luther King, . Jr. led an exemplary life of writing essay, leadership. Research. Prior to his assassination on April 4, 1968 (“About Dr.

King”), Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was an important figure in the Civil Rights Movement. His work to end racial discrimination, however, was not the only thing King did to establish his legacy in American history as an important leader. His political activism, diplomatic virtue and efforts to improve. African American , Civil Rights Act of 1964 , Law 864 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther King Jr.: A Civil Rights Activist Dr. Writing Essay. . Martin Luther King Jr. was a very influential person to essay the civil rights movement who made some of the greatest contributions to writing essay for scholarship end legal segregation, thus changing society for the better.

He was one of the most respected African Americans during the civil rights movement. He did not want anyone to northwestern essay questions 2013 be discriminated against essay, because of montaigne text, their race or their skin color. He set. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Coretta Scott King 1053 Words | 3 Pages. The Idea of Justification by Faith through Grace: Martin Luther King Jr. Ch. 18 Question 2: What did Luther mean by justification by faith? How did he come to this idea?

Martin Luther , a . Writing For Scholarship. Protestant reformer and possibly one of the most influential theologians ever, developed the idea of justification by faith through grace. Martin Luther had been searching for salvation, but had no luck. Text. He had become a monk in trying to guarantee his salvation. He seemed dedicated living his life as a monk, but the holy life of a monk did not bring him the assurance of salvation he. Christian terms , John Calvin , Justification 1735 Words | 5 Pages. Martin Luther King Jr.'s Contribution to the Church and the Reformation. into a new arena of thought in relation to how the Church, his name was Martin Luther .[1] The following writing will be a short . biographical work of Martin Luther showing some of the events of his life and how through them, he changed the Church as well as contributed to the progress of the Reformation concluding with a look at his life in a way to writing show more of who Luther was as opposed to what he did. Martin Luther was born in Eisleben Germany on media essays, November 10, 1493 before moving to Mansfield. All Saints' Church, Wittenberg , Bible , Indulgence 2550 Words | 7 Pages. in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of essay for scholarship, their skin, but by the content of their character” (“ Martin Luther King . Jr.”).

These wise and upholding words of confidence and determination changed the face of montaigne essays, America during a time of hate and writing for scholarship discrimination. College Life. King’s inspirational leadership and speeches helped make a local bus protest into essay for scholarship a historical event (“King, Martin Luther Jr.”) He gathered thousands of people, both black and white, to many encouraging protests and meetings to bring. African American , Black people , Civil disobedience 1975 Words | 6 Pages. ? Simmons 1 Gabrielle Simmons Mrs. Fitzgerald Social Studies 8A 4/27/10 Martin Luther King Jr. Martin . Luther King Jr. is homework research, a well known and an inspiring man to writing essay all cultures of the world. King was and still is montaigne essays text, one of the most influential heroes.

King's views and believes helped African Americans through the 50's and 60's to the rights and liberties that was their right. King faced many obstacles on his journey, things like jail and even assassination attempts. Despite these obstacles, he. African American , Black people , Lyndon B. Johnson 1207 Words | 7 Pages. Martin Luther King, Jr. Student Name Institution Famous Deeds of Martin Luther King, Jr.Change . is the single permanent thing in this world. Writing Essay. Time passes, events happen and soon they are forgotten, but some people leave permanent marks on history and the life of others. People who leave marks are said to be famous. These people have the courage to dream, change the lives of dissertation, others, and essay have the capacity to life accept the new and escape the for scholarship, old. Homework. One such person is Martin Luther King, Jr. born Michael.

African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Coretta Scott King 713 Words | 2 Pages. Martin Luther King, Jr.: His Life and Battle for Freedom In my unit 5 project I will discuss the writing essay, life of Martin . Luther King Jr. I will define how his personal ideologies might have contributed to his assassination. I will discuss the implications of his assassinations from a sociological perspective. All through the discussions, I will explore his life and journey as freedom leader and his will to gain justice via nonviolent and peaceful protest against racial discrimination and oppressions. Research. . Lyndon B. Johnson , Martin Luther King, Jr. , Montgomery Bus Boycott 1439 Words | 3 Pages. ?Patrick Moosissian English M01A Professor Jacques 20 October 2013 Martin Luther King Jr.

Reading through the commentaries . of George E. Carter and Keith D. Miller, another perspective of Martin Luther King Jr. For Scholarship. was exposed to me, that I was unaware of when first reading his famous works such as, “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, and his famous speech, “I Have a Dream”. Both men offered a different side of their views on essay questions, MLK, providing analysis on writing essay, his rhetorical writing styles as well as his influences. American philosophy , Civil disobedience , Henry David Thoreau 1305 Words | 7 Pages. ? Martin Luther King was a well-known civil rights leader and activist who had a great deal of influence on American society in . the 1950s and 1960s. Montaigne Text. His strong belief in non-violent protest helped set the tone of the movement.

Boycotts, protests, and marches were eventually effective, and much legislation was passed against racial discrimination. However, it is arguable that he was not always successful and there were several contributions outside of his control such as: the lure of black power. African American , Civil disobedience , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1402 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther King Ariunsaikhan Batkhuyag Slavery in writing the United States was abolished in the rocking winner h lawrence 1865 with the . ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the states constitution, but little has been done in order to give black people real rights. Adoption of the Black Codes in the southern states, instead of saying the political rights of former slaves, has led to for scholarship the fact that they were away from the political life of the country. Homework. Segregation as a form of racial discrimination. African American , Civil disobedience , Jim Crow laws 810 Words | 3 Pages. English 9/Period 2 18 October 2011 Martin Luther King Jr. One name changed the face of America. One man had an ambitious . dream.

That man was Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. Essay For Scholarship. believed that one person could change everything. MLK Jr. was the most important man in the Civil Rights movement. He experienced racism at a very young age and later was the biggest contributor to the Civil Rights movement until his life came to an abrupt end. Of Scotland Dissertation. Martin Luther King was born January 15, 1929 in. African American , Coretta Scott King , Martin Luther King III 1295 Words | 4 Pages. The Assassination of Martin Luther King. Assassination of Martin Luther King On the 4th of April 1968 Martin Luther King was assassinated by . the convict James Earl Ray. He was shot on his hotel balcony though his neck and spinal cord at writing for scholarship, 6:05 in the evening; he died an gcse hour later in St Joseph’s hospital, Memphis, Tennessee at the age of 39. James Earl Ray was locked in essay a bathroom of a motel less than 200 feet away from where Martin Luther was standing.

It is thought that he killed him to be remembered or because he was extremely racist. Martin Luther. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 975 Words | 3 Pages. The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial is the horse winner by d h lawrence, newest memorial to be built in writing Washington D.C. The memorial was finished with . construction in the summer of 2011. This memorial celebrates the essay horse by d h lawrence, life of writing for scholarship, one of the most influential leaders of the Civil Rights era, Dr.

Martin Luther King Jr. Essays Text. This is a reminder of Dr. Kings’ powerful impact on the country and even the world. Writing Essay. It was only homework research right that a memorial was built in Washington D.C. to honor the life of this powerful man. Dr.

Kings’ memorial is located. Abraham Lincoln , African-American Civil Rights Movement , I Have a Dream 1978 Words | 5 Pages. A Dream in Retrospect: Remembering Martin Luther King Junior History abounds with traces marked by people with a dream, and one . of the most prominent of these dreamers is Martin Luther King Jr. who voiced his dream in one of the most famous speeches “I Have a Dream” presented in history in front of thousands of writing essay for scholarship, people year 1963 and changed the course of history. MLK Jr. is an important figure and leader in African American history. He is montaigne essays, notably renowned for for scholarship his civil rights movement, and his demand. African American , Chicago , Harpo Productions 866 Words | 3 Pages. Dr. Martin Luther King’s Funeral and Assassination Word spread like wildfire when the news of Dr. Culture Dissertation. Martin . Luther King Jr.’s assassination hit the public.

As the writing for scholarship, leading civil rights activist in the 1960s, Martin Luther King Jr. preached words of peace and understanding among races. A well known name throughout the essays text, North and South, King gained extreme popularity within the writing essay for scholarship, African American community. When Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated a wave of sorrow spread across the nation. With rage. African American , I Have a Dream , Martin Luther King, Jr.

1620 Words | 6 Pages. ?‘ Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. Montaigne Text. . Martin Luther King was originally Michael, but it was later changed to Martin . He was born to Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King. King father was named Michael king until he changed it to Martin which King name was changed to Martin . The King family took a trip to essay for scholarship Germany, which made them change their name to Martin Luther to honor the Protestant leader Martin Luther . Montaigne. Martin. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Coretta Scott King 1390 Words | 3 Pages. Modern History Research Assignment 2013 Semester 1 Martin Luther King in the Civil Rights Movement Due Week 4 May 6th . Essay For Scholarship. Hypothesis: Martin Luther King was a key persona in the early Civil Rights Movement and was successful in essays text creating positive change in African American life Black Power!.

Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.20th Century History. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. Writing Essay. 2013. http://history1900s.about.com/cs/martinlutherking/a/mlkassass.htm Anderson, Maureen, Anne Low, and dissertation Ian Keese. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 1635 Words | 4 Pages.

Martin Luther King Jr. and essay Henry David Thoreau. The essays by Martin Luther King Jr., “Letters From Birmingham Jail” and Henry David Thoreau, “Civil Disobedience” . show how one can be a civil person and protest against unfair, unjust laws forced upon questions 2013 them. Both authors are very persuasive in their letter writings. Writing Essay. Henry David Thoreau and Martin Luther King Jr. write about the injustice of government laws, of right and wrong, and one’s moral and upstanding conscience of a human being. Martin Luther King Jr. is a religious, peaceful man who uses.

Civil and political rights , Civil disobedience , Henry David Thoreau 972 Words | 3 Pages. Martin Luther King is the rocking horse h lawrence, a well known, inspiring man, to all cultures of the world. Essay For Scholarship. King was and still is one of the most . influential heroes. Northwestern. King's views and writing for scholarship beliefs, which were similar to of scotland dissertation the non-violent ideas of Gandhi, helped African Americans through the 50's and writing for scholarship 60's obtain the rights and liberties that was their birth right. King faced many obstacles on his quest like jail and even assassination attempts. Despite these obstacles, he became a successful leader during the Civil Rights Movement.

African American , Civil disobedience , Jim Crow laws 1169 Words | 4 Pages.

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alc essay The Research Paper Factory. Army Leadership Practical Exercise. Submission Field : 1. Clearly define the ethical problem. The ethical problem is if I should be honest and report this security breech. For Scholarship. 2. Employ applicable laws and regulations. I would have to check my unit#x27;s internal Standard Operation Procedures to determine what the regulations are regarding proper disposal of classified documents. 3. Reflect on the ethical values and descriptive about college, their ramifications. There are seven core Army values. I don#x27;t believe that all seven apply to this. Words: 514 - Pages: 3. 1ST BATTALION 640TH REGIMENT (RTI) Utah Army National Guard 17800 South Camp Williams Road Riverton, Utah 84065-4999 S: 09 January 2012 NGUT-RTA-Z 06 January 2012 MEMORANDUM FOR ADVANCED LEADER COURSE COMMON CORE (ALC CC) STUDENTS SUBJECT: Student Letter of writing for scholarship Information 1. THIS IS A REMINDER OF A CRITICAL IMPORTANT SUSPENSE. Words: 593 - Pages: 3. Guide Advanced Leadership Course (BNCOC – Common Core) Student Guide [pic] ALC CC DL COURSE Welcome to your Advanced Leadership Course.

Read your AKO emails. Essay Horse Winner. HRC provides us your AKO email address. Most of our course interaction will be by email. Completion of this course is required as part of the writing essay, NCOES system in order for you to become promoted. Essay The Rocking Winner. We expect nothing but the best from Non Commissioned Officers. What you put into this course is what you get out of it. Essay For Scholarship. We expect a. Words: 3028 - Pages: 13. miltrimas235Department of the descriptive about college, Army Pamphlet 738–751 Logistics Management Functional Users Manual for writing, the Army Maintenance Management System— Aviation (TAMMS-A) Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC 15 March 1999 UNCLASSIFIED SUMMARY of CHANGE DA PAM 738–751 Functional Users Manual for the Army Maintenance Management System— Aviation (TAMMS-A) This revision-o o o Adds an Aircraft Transfer Decision Table (chap 1).

Converts the removal/achievement codes back to. Words: 138921 - Pages: 556. The blue Army Service Uniform (ASU) is the new service uniform, and was adopted for optional wear in 2008. Essay 2013. It was issued to new soldiers starting in writing, the fall of questions 2010, and must be worn Army wide after October 2015. Writing Essay For Scholarship. The ASU is replacing two uniforms already in use the Army Green, service uniform and the Army White service uniform. It will be based on the current dress uniform known as the dress blue uniform. It has its roots in the Army Blue uniform, which dates back to the Revolutionary War. Montaigne. Words: 470 - Pages: 2. Amber Sullivan January 29, 2012 Public Relations Bus 300 The Salvation Army was found by William Booth and his co-founder, his wife, Catherine. Booth started his career in ministry in 1852, longing to win the misplaced persons to Christ. He preached the gospel of writing essay Jesus Christ to media the poor, homeless, and hungry walking the streets of London. Booth abandoned the conventional concept of writing church and essays text, began taking his message straight to the people.

In 1865. Words: 1339 - Pages: 6. Army Leadership Practical Exercise. while performing your duty. * Honor-To always do what is writing essay, right no matter what the outcome will be. Research. 5. Identified and accurately applied all other relevant moral principles to the ethical problem- 6. Chose a course of action which reflected sound judgment and a thorough analysis of steps one through five.- Its obvious of writing essay for scholarship what you as a soldier has to descriptive essay college do. Everyone has policies and procedures that they must follow, plus the Army Values. Writing. You as a soldier must report the essay, incident through your. Words: 340 - Pages: 2. For Scholarship. . 1-2 A Historic Challenge. 1-9 The American Profession of Arms. Essay College. 1-10 The Army in the Profession of Arms. 1-14 Leadership . Writing For Scholarship. 1-18 Training. Words: 27577 - Pages: 111.

Advanced Leadership Course (BNCOC – Phase I) Student Guide (Version 2) [pic] Class # 36-12 (31 May – 28 Aug 2012) ALC CC DL COURSE (BNCOC Phase I- Class 36) (31 May – 28 Aug 2012) Welcome to your Advanced Leadership Course. Essay Life. Read your AKO emails. HRC provides us your AKO email address. Most of our course interaction will be by email. We ask you to complete the for scholarship, POC Sheet and return it to us prior to the course start date. This will help prepare you for your In.

Words: 3158 - Pages: 13. “Stop-loss is a policy that permit the military, during times of war, to of scotland “halt voluntary separations and writing essay for scholarship, retirements” and redeploy soldiers for additional tours of active duty once their initial terms of enlistment are through” (army wife, 2008 para 1). When using Ethos or her creditability she places herself in the blog she gives very fine examples of what she has been through. Culture Of Scotland Dissertation. This gives us some feeling on someone who goes through this very situation. Essay For Scholarship. She explains how she was in the same. Words: 1030 - Pages: 5. . Essays Text. * Initiate a counseling DA Form 4856-E for SGT Day ensuring that it outlined the specific area(s) of the regulation where it states that we are to report violations to writing essay for scholarship our SSO/Security manager. Montaigne Essays. The counseling would also reaffirm the regulation and make clear to SGT Day that if indeed SFC Sharp did not do anything wrong, there are appropriate agencies that would make that determination. I would also reinforce the Seven Army Values with SGT Day.

Words: 416 - Pages: 2. || Union garrison|Army of essay Missouri[-12]| Strength|| 1,500|12,000| Casualties and losses|| 184|1,500| [show] · v[-13] d ePrice#x27;s Raid[-14]|| || · [-15]· || [-16][-17] [-18][-19]One side of Fort Davidson as seen today. The crater from the descriptive essay about college, powder magazine blast is visible on the far right. Pilot Knob is the writing essay for scholarship, hill at the back. The Battle of culture Fort Davidson, also known as the Battle of Pilot Knob, was the opening engagement of Price#x27;s Missouri Raid[-20] during the. Words: 2131 - Pages: 9. this type of security breach? How would you find out? The Joint Ethics Regulation (JER) (Appendix B,Handout) provides general guidance concerning values that apply to all DOD employees. There are also specific Army regulations on the safeguarding of classified materials.

In addition, most units publish internal SOPs dealing with these issues. Identify Military values. Based on case study, what are some ethical implications I can derive from Army values? A. Essay. Integrity demands that I do not. Descriptive Life. Words: 590 - Pages: 3. work schedules. ENROLLMENT PROCEDURE STUDENT LOG-IN 1. Log into AKO 2. Click on the Self Service tab located to the far right of the Home tab 3. Select the My Training Tab 4. Essay For Scholarship. Look for Army Warrior University Enrollments Box 5. Click on gcse essays the active tab look for the Advanced Leaders Course Common Core and click on the (ALC-CC) link. (make sure your internet pop-up blocker is turned off) 6. When you click on the ALC link it will take you (https. Words: 2846 - Pages: 12. ethical problem is that I will have to for scholarship decide to be honest and report what happen or to be dishonest and not say anything.

2. Employ applicable laws and regulations. I will have to check all applicable laws and essays, regulations on the army regulations, the local laws, and policies, and then choose a course of action to writing apply this to SFC Sharp case. 3. Words: 286 - Pages: 2. 1.You must take the about college, Blackboard Basics for Students Course. Then take the Blackboard 101 quiz and receive a “2” as a score. 2.You must complete the Advanced Leader Course Common Core (ALC CC) DL Student Letter of essay for scholarship Agreement. You must also fill out all required information. English. You must recieve a total score of 6. Writing Essay. 3.You must fill out all required contact information, including your NCO Support Channel and personal information using the spreadsheet that is provided and receive a 1 as a score.

4. Words: 266 - Pages: 2. Gcse Media. 1. Clearly define the ethical problem. The ethical problem is being honest, reporting the lack of security for classified documents, and dishonesty within my section. 2. Employ applicable laws and regulations. Each unit has s Standard Operation Procedure. Writing Essay. I would need to find out how this unit disposes secret classified documents. According to Army Regulation 380-5 chapter IX Disposal and Destruction of secret classified documents.

Records of descriptive about destruction of essay for scholarship Secret and Confidential. Words: 298 - Pages: 2. | | | | | | | | | | | |PART IV - ARMY VALUES/ATTRIBUTES/SKILLS/ACTIONS (Rater) | |a. College Life. ARMY VALUES. Check either “YES” or “NO”. (Comments are mandatory for writing for scholarship, “No” entries; optional for “Yes” entries.) |YES |NO | | | |1. LOYALTY: Bears true faith and. Words: 767 - Pages: 4. competitive, intramural sports programs do for northwestern, your unit’s physical fitness program? ANSWER: They can build esprit de corps, teamwork, and morale. Ref: AR 350-1 (SH-1), p 76, para 4-13a(6) QUESTION 9: What are some of the leadership responsibilities concerning physical fitness? ANSWER: • Leaders must understand and practice new Army doctrine of physical fitness. • Leaders must be visible and active participants in physical training programs. • Leaders must emphasize the value of physical training. Words: 33571 - Pages: 135. Apply the Ethical Decision Making Method at Small Unit Level 158-C-123 Conditions: As a leader faced with a situation which requires you to make an ethical decision.

Standards: Resolved the situation ethically by appropriately applying the Ethical Decision Making Method FM-1 FM 6-22 AR 600-100. Training and Evaluation Guide Performance Steps: 1. Clearly define the ethical problem. Im sure many people would consider not informing their chain of command of this situation. Words: 814 - Pages: 4. respiratory endurance at a minimum of three times a week with activities such as running, swimming, road marching, and hiking up some of for scholarship our local mountains. I would then conduct muscular endurance activities twice week with activities such as push-ups, pull-ups, sit-ups, crunches, and lunges with a focus on high repetitions. The Rocking Winner. I would include stretching and for scholarship, exercises from both the old army PT system and the new PRT system. Research. I also like to incorporate crossfit into our physical training to change things up and keep my Soldiers challenged. Essay For Scholarship. Words: 340 - Pages: 2. , sustainment, command and control, and protection—multiplied by leadership and essay the rocking winner by d, complemented by information.

Commanders use combined arms to increase the effects of combat power through complementary and reinforcing capabilities. Army forces achieve combined arms through force tailoring, task organization, and mutual support. Most, if not all, students have experienced deployments prior to attending their Captain’s Career Course. This material will draw upon for scholarship, not just doctrinal references and. Words: 701 - Pages: 3. IDENTIFY THE WARNING SIGNS OF A POTENTIAL SUICIDE Learning Step 1- Identify Suicidal behavior Learning step 2- Identify the causes of suicidal behavior Learning step 3- Identify the Army suicide prevention model Learning step 4- Identify the homework research, warning signs of depression and suicidal behavior Lesson 1 Identify Suicidal Behavior Leader Business: * Create a trusting environment where soldiers will feel that it is okay to for scholarship ask leaders for help. * “Earlier treatment leads to faster. Words: 593 - Pages: 3. Despot? (Class notes and Bentley Ziegler, pp. Essay The Rocking Horse Winner. 504-506) 1. 1. Great military power like the those in western Europe 2. Led group of Russian observers on a tour of Germany, the Netherlands, and England to learn about western European administrative methods and military technology 3. Essay For Scholarship. Reformed the army by homework research offering better pay and drafting peasants who served for life as professional soldiers 4. Essay For Scholarship. Gave extensive training and equipped them with modern weapons 5. Ordered. Words: 2592 - Pages: 11. ATSS-DCD 24 July 2012 MEMORANDUM FOR All section members SUBJECT: Preparing for the Promotion Board 1. This memorandum will provide you with information that will help you better prepare for the local promotion board. 2. Attendees of the promotion board will be evaluated in homework, these 9 areas: a. Personnel appearance b. Military Bearing c. Self-confidence d. Oral expression e. Writing Essay. Conversational skills f. Knowledge of world affairs g. Words: 266 - Pages: 2. on post quarters, that will give me an the rocking winner h lawrence overview of the agency to essay be contacted. In this particular case, will be the Army Emergency Relief, they help soldiers and their families in emergency situations, such as paying utility bills to essay the rocking horse winner by d prevent disconnections, evictions, buying food to avoid deprivation, etc.

An AER member will contact the for scholarship, landlord and ask him the type of lease or contract that was made between him and the couple. Descriptive Essay About College Life. The AER member will have the right to writing for scholarship be provided with proper. Words: 12414 - Pages: 50. Essay. individual rank. When it comes to sergeant promotions the writing essay for scholarship, Army wants to focus on Soldier skills or a staff sergeant the focus is towards leadership. Now, the first stipulation that is brought to our attention is the procedures of the commanders and culture of scotland, units board. Prior to the change you could attend a promotion board and writing essay, receive up to one hundred and fifty points for of scotland dissertation, both the commander and actual board proceeding. These points are no longer awarded, and the chain of command still has guidelines to. Writing For Scholarship. Words: 1709 - Pages: 7. In my life, there have been very few life-changing personal or professional decisions.

But in each of essay those occasions, one thing was required in each, and that was a decision-making process. One of writing essay my most recent decisions I had to make was whether to leave the Active Duty Army after seven years of service, or not. The first step in process was to identify what the issue or problem was. Homework Research. In this case, the issue was if I was going to stay in the Army, or let my contract expire and get out. Words: 618 - Pages: 3. What Makes an Army Leader Practical Exercise Student Handout Extracted Material from Task 158-C-1230 | |This student handout contains one page of extracted material from the following publication: | | |Task 158-C-1230, Apply the Ethical Decision Making Method at Small Unit Level. Words: 610 - Pages: 3. Villalpando 1 Omar Villalpando Mr. Partain 11-5-12 p.5 Career shadowing On November 5, 2012 I did my career shadowing at the United States Army Station. Sergeant Escobar is the essay for scholarship, person that I got to watch work, and I also got to interview him.

I got the chance to find out so much about descriptive essay college life, him such as, his. Writing. Words: 500 - Pages: 2. THE ARMY CREW Case Study 1. Why does the Varsity team lose to northwestern essay questions 2013 the Junior Varsity team? The Varsity Team looses to the junior varsity team because the team lacks leadership, and some of the members view themselves more valuable personally, then they value the writing, team as a whole. Some of them believe that “it is they that carry the team”. Because of this the team does not work as a cohesive unit. Dissertation. Those who do not believe that they are team leaders, have also started to loose.

Words: 487 - Pages: 2. Operation Downfall). Writing Essay. Four divisions of the U.S. 10th Army (the 7th, 27th, 77th, and gcse english essays, 96th) and two Marine Divisions (the 1st and 6th) fought on the island while the 2nd Marine Division remained as an amphibious reserve and was never brought ashore. The invasion was supported by naval, amphibious, and tactical air forces. The battle has been referred to as the typhoon of steel in English, and tetsu no ame (rain of essay for scholarship steel) or tetsu no bofu (violent wind of steel) in Japanese.[6][7][8] The. Research. Words: 286 - Pages: 2. Army because I refused to go to (WLC) Warrior Leadership Course, many of my NCOs believed it was due to another issue at hand but it was mainly because I had got complacent in the Army and thought I could do without being in the service and planned on for scholarship getting out once again. I did not want to reenlist and figured I shouldn’t take up a spot when one of northwestern essay 2013 my fellow battles who was physically ready and planned on retiring wanted to go.

I was willing to take a step aside and give someone else a chance to. Words: 2014 - Pages: 9. The Salvation Army Week4TeamC Ethics and Social Responsibilities 17 June 2013 Professor Ward Scheitrum The Salvation Army The Salvation Army’s duty to essay for scholarship the community stems back in history. In, 1852, William Booth started his ministerial profession, desiring to montaigne essays text win over the hearts and minds of England and bring them to Christ. He would walk the streets of London as an writing essay advocate for the gospel of Jesus Christ and montaigne, would primarily focus his messages to the needy. He. Words: 1420 - Pages: 6. bodyguard. The second was the writing for scholarship, Totenkopfverbande (Death#x27;s-Head Battalions), which was in charge of the death and gcse media, concentration camps. The third group was the Verfugungstruppen (Disposition Troops), an elite combat unit known for essay for scholarship, its extreme fighting tactics, which was mixed in with Germany#x27;s regular army. Because of the distasteful nature of about their duties, members of the SS were schooled for many years in racial hatred, and were encouraged to harden their hearts to writing essay for scholarship human suffering. D) The SS. Words: 373 - Pages: 2. body patriots to make up membership, leadership, and economic incentive.

Today, the United States Army is the most powerful army in the world, and can largely attribute this status to its investment in people and their willing to descriptive essay college life commit to an oath of office. People from different social, economic, and educational backgrounds comprise the United States Army; and since the end of the Vietnam War, are all volunteers who choose to serve. The dynamics of a microcosm of society within our army. Writing For Scholarship. Words: 999 - Pages: 4. It is extremely important to be at your appointed place of about duty in the United States Army. Article 86 Of The Uniform Code Of Military Justice states that any member of the armed forces who, without authority fails to go to his/her appointed place of duty at the time prescribed, to leave one#x27;s place of duty, or to be absent from one#x27;s unit without authority will be punishable. In the army the importance of writing accountability is very important. Accountability is defined by Webster#x27;s dictionary as the. Words: 340 - Pages: 2. America: The Global Army Strayer University History 105 Professor Pondexter The United States is considered the world’s police; however police is truly the incorrect term.

The United States is an army for the whole world: a global army. The role of global army was earned because America became a world power having the best military in the early twentieth century. American soldiers have been called into international incidents that had. Words: 822 - Pages: 4. Homework. ENG105 Essay #2 My military community While thinking about what communities have specific languages it was easy for me to think of the United States Army. I served in the U.S. Writing Essay For Scholarship. Army for essay college life, 5 years until I was wounded in Afghanistan and had to medically retire. As I look back at essay, my short military career I would call it a community, or organization that had its own language. The army has a main focus on discipline and northwestern questions 2013, structure. The language is spoken through the writing, discipline and structure. Research. Words: 1208 - Pages: 5. The Army In 2004, I joined the United States Army. At the time that I joined that Army, the country was still dealing with the aftermath of 9/11.

All throughout high school, all that my friends and I talked about was joining the writing essay, Army to help protect our country, get revenge and make a difference. I also did not feel as though college was for me or an homework research option finically. The first step in joining the for scholarship, Army is that you need to talk to a recruiter and go through MEPS. Then after that you, you are. Words: 1216 - Pages: 5. Of Scotland. Organizational Behavior and Communication Com 530 January 13, 2012 Organizational Behavior and Communication The United States Army focused on personnel, training, technology, and leadership or this entire combine for the success of the Army in both peace and war.

One of the important variables is culture; military culture of writing army personality, values, or way of thinking. Culture within the Army is essay the rocking by d, widely diverse with the varieties of gender, religious background, races, or whether. Essay For Scholarship. Words: 1136 - Pages: 5. religious services. Of Scotland Dissertation. It operates 600 kindergartens, 950 primary and middle schools, 100 secondary schools, fifty trade schools, and twenty-five teacher training schools, a Bible College and for scholarship, one university. The Salvation Army has been historically distinctive because its women hold leadership and preaching positions. In fact, women led expansion of the organization and essays text, continue to give leadership in all facets. General Eva Burrows, elected in 1986 as international leader, held the highest. Words: 2885 - Pages: 12. following schools. I went to Warrior Leader Course (WLC), Advanced Leader Course (ALC), Combat Life Saver (CLS), Modern Army Combatives level 1 amp; 2. After my tour at Fort Rucker I came on writing assignment to South Korea. Upon arriving in Korea I was assigned as the Facility Chief for the Tactical Control Tower where we supported multiple sister services all over the peninsula as well as multi-nation host country and the Korean president.

I was also able to do a mission to Okinawa, Japan for text, 3. Words: 1166 - Pages: 5. The Army values are the foundation for good soldiering in the United States Army. Soldiers and leaders of the writing essay, Army live by seven core values. Culture Dissertation. These values are often referred to by using the acronym LDRSHIP. Writing. The Army values are Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless Service, Honor, Integrity and Personal Courage.

This Essay will cover what the seven Army values means to me. Loyalty to essay the rocking horse by d h lawrence me is an unwavering support and belief towards someone or something. As a solider I am expected to be loyal at all. Words: 613 - Pages: 3. Jenna Jamar Due March 20, 2015 Final Paper 1. Compare Porter’s 3 generic strategies to the 3 value disciplines. Porter’s 3 generic strategies in the book have a few similarities to that of the 3 value disciplines from the paper “Customer Intimacy and Other Value Disciplines”. The generic strategies are overall cost leadership, differentiation, and focus. The value disciplines include operational excellence, customer intimacy, and product leadership.

To begin with, I am going to. Words: 1854 - Pages: 8. For many years, scholars have debated over for scholarship whether the Profession of Arms is in fact a profession by definition. Essay. To truly understand, first it is important to writing for scholarship define the of scotland dissertation, criteria that qualifies a profession, and then analyze if the Army does in fact meet these standards. The criteria for being considered a profession are to operate within an ethical code, to make a lifetime commitment to professional development, and to maintain constant evolution to ensure the trust of clients. The Army of the. Words: 668 - Pages: 3. Army Crew Team Case Study While reading through this case study it becomes evident as to why JV manages to outperform the Varsity team even though the varsity team consists of the best crew members. We can understand why this happened by first evaluating the actions and writing essay for scholarship, behavior of the varsity members. To begin, the varsity team is made up of members who think mostly about themselves rather than being group oriented.

It is homework research, clear that this causes distrust among the team so when the team. Words: 575 - Pages: 3. is world’s largest arms importer and accounts for writing essay, 14% of world’s arms imports. The country has been ranked 8th globally in military spending and its spending is expected to homework research exceed to USD 100 billion over the next few years. Pay Scale or Salary of an Indian Army Officer Its always a matter of Curiosity among people that how much an Indian Military Officer earns for his determined and hard job but for writing essay for scholarship, a true Soldier Money comes after the Spirit. Horse. There was a time when this money was so. Words: 2355 - Pages: 10.

DEVELOPMENTAL COUNSELING FORM For use of this form, see ATP 6-22.1; the proponent agency is TRADOC. DATA REQUIRED BY THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 AUTHORITY: PRINCIPAL PURPOSE: ROUTINE USES: 5 USC 301, Departmental Regulations; 10 USC 3013, Secretary of the Army. To assist leaders in conducting and recording counseling data pertaining to subordinates. The DoD Blanket Routine Uses set forth at for scholarship, the beginning of the Army#x27;s compilation of essays systems or records notices also apply to writing essay for scholarship this system. Words: 388 - Pages: 2. ------------------------------------------------- The Army In the first text by northwestern questions Sarah Palin – “Why they serve”, we heat about Sarah Palin and her son Track, who enlisted in the army. The main reason Track serves is family. He has a little sister, baby brother and a nephew, he wants to be a part of making the best possible world, which is safe and welcoming for them.

The young American women and men who chose to writing for scholarship defend America are not just defending a regular country. America is the only.

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File input (or “upload”) in HTML forms. A form in an HTML document (Web page) can contain an input element with type=file . This may let the user include one or more files into writing essay for scholarship, the form submission. The form is often processed so that such files are stored onto the disk of the Web server; this is the rocking horse winner by d, why file input (or file submission) is writing, often called “file upload.” File input opens interesting possibilities, but browser support is gcse english media, still limited and generally of writing, poor quality even in newest versions. Moreover, users are often puzzled with it, since most people use file input rather rarely. This is a legacy document, with many references to outdated browser versions. It does not cover features such as the essay 2013, File API or the new features in file upload in HTML5. The idea behind file input in HTML forms is to let users include entire files from their system into a form submission. The files could be text files, image files, or other data. For text files, file input would allow more convenient mechanisms than typing (or cutting pasting) large pieces of writing, text. Gcse English Media? For binary data, such as images, file input would be not just more convenient but usually the essay for scholarship, only practical way.

For more information on the design principles of descriptive college life, file input, see RFC 1867, Form-based File Upload in HTML . Writing an HTML form with a file input field is essay, rather simple. The difficult thing is actually to find or write a server-side script which can do something useful when it receives data in montaigne text, such a format. And the really difficult thing is to make such processing robust and writing for scholarship controlled so that all data is research, processed properly and so that someone won’t e.g. fill your server’s disk space with gigabytes of junk, by ignorance or by writing, malevolence. You need to know the general basics of writing HTML forms; if you need links to essays tutorials and references on writing for scholarship, forms, consult How to write HTML forms . Then, what you need to research do in HTML is to write a form so that the action attribute refers to a server-side script which is capable of handling submissions containing forms or, technically speaking, being in multipart/form-data format; as explained below, don’t even dream about using mailto: URLs in action attributes, in this context or otherwise! it has the essay, attribute method=post it has the attribute enctype=multipart/form-data it contains a field. input type=file name= somename size= chars where somename is a name you assign to the field as you like; the essay the rocking horse winner by d, form data set will contain the writing, content of the file “under that name”, and that name has nothing to do with the filename chars is an integer specifying the desired width, as a number of characters, of the filename box to be displayed; the culture dissertation, size attribute is optional, but setting it to writing for scholarship some relatively large value (say 40 ) probably helps the user, since the default width of the box in northwestern essay 2013, current browsers is rather narrow for typical filenames. (See notes on the size attribute.)

Minimally, the form needs to contain a a submit element too. It may also contain any other fields you like, and explanatory texts, images, etc. A common problem with file input in forms is that form data gets sent but only the name of the file is included. The reason is typically that the form element does not contain the attributes mentioned above. Since browser support to file input is still problematic, consider providing alternative methods of submitting data, too. It is hopefully evident that what happens in file input is the submission of a copy of the essay, file content . The Rocking Winner By D H Lawrence? The file on the user’s disk remains intact, and the server-side script cannot change it , only the copy of the essay, data. As mentioned above, the server-side script (form handler) is the culture of scotland, difficult part in creating a possibility for submitting files. There are useful brief notes on writing essay, that in the FAQ entry, but it is essay horse h lawrence, a difficult programming issue, and outside the scope of this document of mine. I just wish to emphasize—in addition to security issues discussed below - that what happens to the data after submission is at the hands of the server-side script . It could “upload” it, i.e. save onto the server’s disk under some name, but it might just as well process the essay for scholarship, data only by extracting some information from it, or send the data by E-mail somewhere, or even send it to a printer.

For example, the descriptive essay about college, WDG HTML Validator provides, as one alternative, a page containing a form for submitting a file to validation. There are different server-side techniques for processing forms, so you need to consult documentation applicable to the technique you use, which is usually dictated by writing for scholarship, the characteristics of the server software. In particular, if you use CGI , it can be useful to check section Programs and Scripts: Perl: File Uploading in descriptive about college, CGI Resource Index . Writing? (See also the links under “Related Categories” for gcse english essays, scripts in other languages.) You might find a script suitable for writing for scholarship, your purposes, or at least ideas for gcse english media essays, writing your own script. In your own coding using Perl with CGI, you’ll probably benefit from using the CGI.pm module; see especially section Creating a file upload field in writing, its documentation, and montaigne essays my Fool’s Guide to CGI.pm . As an another example, if PHP is what you use, see section Handling file uploads in PHP Manual . For ASP, see e.g. Writing Essay For Scholarship? Pure ASP File Upload by Jacob Gilley.

The example below uses my simple sendback script, similar to the one discussed in my document on testing HTML forms but capable of simple handling of a file field. It simply echoes back the data it gets, but presented so that your browser will display it nicely; for a file field, only essay winner h lawrence, 40 first octets (byes) are shown. The HTML markup is: And on your browser, with its current settings, and essay for scholarship as possibly affected by northwestern, my stylesheet, this is essay, what the form looks like. RFC 1867 describes, in section 3 Suggested implementation , how file input was intended to take place in a typical situation: When a[n] INPUT tag of type FILE is encountered, the browser might show a display of (previously selected) file names, and a “Browse” button or selection method. Essay Questions 2013? Selecting the “Browse” button would cause the browser to enter into a file selection mode appropriate for the platform. Window-based browsers might pop up a file selection window, for example.

In such a file selection dialog, the user would have the option of replacing a current selection, adding a new file selection, etc. Browser implementors might choose let the list of file names be manually edited. If an ACCEPT attribute is present, the essay, browser might constrain the file patterns prompted for to match those with the corresponding appropriate file extensions for research, the platform. Upon form submit, the contents of the files would then be included into the data set sent, as defined by the specification of the multipart/form-data data type (data format, data encoding). Although most browsers have supported file input for a long time, the quality of implementations is poor. Therefore users easily get confused with file input. The following notes on browser support are mostly historical and based on fairly old observations of mine (on Win95, Win98, and WinNT). These notes are followed by more interesting notes users’ problems especially caused by the poor quality of support on for scholarship, modern browsers. IE 3.0 displays an essay, input box and lets the user type a filename there—and it sends the name as part of the writing for scholarship, form data!

Generally, any browser without any code which tries to support input type=file can be expected to behave that way. Homework Research? (A browser which does not recognize file as a possible value for essay, the type attribute can be expected to gcse english media ignore that attribute, which means that the default value will be used, as if type=text had been specified.) IE 4 has an input box and a “Browse” capability, and it actually sends the file content, but it still allows one file only to writing for scholarship be selected. The “Browse” function display is unfiltered, i.e. all files which are normally visible are selectable. There does not seem to gcse media essays be any improvement in this respect in IE 5, or IE 6, or IE?7. Netscape 4 support to file input has a “Browse” capability, too, but the browsing has by default a filter which limits selectability to “HTML files”. The user can manually change this, though it is questionable how familiar users are with such things. Only one file can be specified.

There does not seem to be any improvement in this respect in Netscape 4.5. Here is an example of the user interface: The above-mentioned strange feature of Netscape has been fixed in Mozilla, which uses no filter (i.e. displays all files); on the other hand it (at least in several versions) gives no user option to switch to a filtered view! Otherwise, Mozilla browsers follow the for scholarship, IE and Netscape tradition in implementing file input. Opera supports file input rather well. Northwestern Essay Questions 2013? It provides a “Browse” menu, though the button for activating it carries the label “. ”, which might be somewhat confusing. It lets the user specify several files from the for scholarship, menu: Normally when you click on questions, a file, the selection is changed, but. if you keep the Ctrl key pressed down while clicking on a file, Opera adds it to the selection, and if you keep the Shift key pressed down while clicking on a file, Opera discards the writing, current selection and replaces it with a range of files, from the file you clicked on to the file you last clicked before that, inclusively. It isn’t perfect though. The Browse window is montaigne essays, rather small, and it is impossible to pick up several ranges, i.e. Essay For Scholarship? you must click on the files individually unless you want to select just one contiguous range. And the winner by d h lawrence, box for file names is quite small too, and its size is not affected by the size attribute. See also notes on setting the default filename.

When several files are specified (for one file input field), Opera puts them into a multipart message inside a multipart message. The Safari browser is popular in the Mac environment and is now available for Windows as well, as a beta version. I have been told that on Safari, the essay, file input widget has just a browse button, labeled “Choose file…,” with no filename field. On the browsers discussed above, if the essay the rocking winner by d h lawrence, user types a filename directly into the input box, it must be the full pathname and it must be typed exactly. If the input is not a name of an existing file (e.g. due to a typo), then the form will be sent as if an for scholarship, empty file had been specified (though with the name given by the user), and no warning is homework, given. People who encounter file input for the first time might be expected to get very confused, since the for scholarship, filename box appears first and looks like an area where the user should type something. The user probably often wishes to media view the contents of files in the dialog, since it is difficult to select the file on the basis of its name only. Writing? On Windows systems, the dissertation, browsers discussed here seem to writing for scholarship use widgets where normal clicking on a file icon selects it, and to open it (in some program) one needs to use right click and select a suitable action.

I guess most users won’t find that out without being helped. The following screen capture presents the dialogue on IE 4 (on WinNT) in a situation where the culture of scotland, user has right clicked on an icon and an action menu has popped up and the user is about to writing essay for scholarship select the O pen action (which would, in of scotland dissertation, this case, probably open the .jpg file in a graphics program or in a new browser window. There’s little you can do as the author of a form to help users in writing for scholarship, getting acquainted with such issues. If you think it’s useful to refer to questions 2013 instructions for writing essay, some particular browsing environments, make it clear what situations (browsers, operating systems) the instructions apply to. The technical problems discussed here are one reason why authors should consider providing alternatives to file input. Essay The Rocking Horse By D H Lawrence? There’s a section on accessibility problems below, discussing some additional reasons. The appearance of the Browse button and the filename box. All the browsers mentioned above use essentially similar appearance for the widget used to implement a file input element: a text input box for the filename looks similar to normal text input elements ( input type=text ), and the Browse button resembles submit buttons (thus, is often grey), and it has the text “Browse” or its equivalent in another language.

That text is under the control of the browser, not the author. It has however been reported that on Netscape, the text could be changed using a signed script. This is somewhat problematic, since it does not make the essential difference between submit and browse buttons visually obvious. Cf. to essay similar problems with reset buttons. There is no way to guarantee that Browse buttons “look different” or otherwise force any particular appearance such as font face or size. Montaigne Essays? See the document Affecting the essay for scholarship, presentation of form fields on Web pages for an overview and examples. Research? The Browse button is particularly “immune” to any presentational suggestions; it’s typically a “hard-wired” part of the essay for scholarship, browser’s user interface. In particular, on IE, declaring a background color and a text color for input elements in a style sheet affects submit buttons ( input type=submit ) but not Browse buttons ( input type=file ). If you think that “looking different” is important, you might thus try suggesting presentational features for submit buttons rather than Browse buttons (i.e., for input type=file elements).

However, this would mean that Browse buttons look like (the default appearance of) submit buttons whereas real submit buttons don’t! So it seems that it’s best to let browsers present Browse and submit buttons their way . The input box for the filename, on the other hand, seems to be affected by similar factors as normal text input boxes. You can apply various CSS properties to the input element, though it is far from obvious what they should mean for a file input widget or what they actually cause in each browser. Historical note: Since input elements are inline (text-level) elements, you can put text level markup like font around them in HTML. However, such markup is often ignored when rendering form fields For example, font size=4 face=Courierinput type=file . Gcse English Media Essays? /font might increase the writing, font size and set the font to Courier. Specifically, this happened on Netscape 4 but not on most other browsers. (As a side effect, on Netscape 4, such a font size change affected the dimensions of the Browse button but not the font size of the descriptive essay about life, the text “Browse”. Note that if you included a color attribute there, Netscape ignored it.) You could suggest presentational properties in a style sheet too, e.g. input type=file . style=color:#f00; background:#ccc and these in writing essay, turn would be ignored e.g. by Netscape 4 but applied, to some extent at least, by most other graphic browsers. It is essay questions 2013, difficult to say how CSS rules should affect the for scholarship, widget, since it is an gcse, open question whether e.g. the text of the Browse button (which is not part of the textual content of the HTML document) should be formatted according to the font properties of the input element. (For example, IE 4 and Mozilla seem to apply the font-size property but not the font-family property when rendering the button text. IE 6 applies font-family too.

The following example demonstrates how your browser treats a file input element where we suggest presentational properties both in writing essay, HTML and in CSS: The example has the HTML markup. and the following CSS declarations applied to that input element: color:#630; background:#ffc none; font-size:160%; font-family:Courier,monospace; font-weight:bold. Such suggestions might help in making it clearer to northwestern essay 2013 users that there is a special input box. But try to avoid making it look too special, since there is writing essay for scholarship, then the risk of not getting intuitively recognized as an input box at all. At Quirksmode.org, there is a longish article that discusses fairly complex CSS techniques for changing the appearance of northwestern, file input elements, in a sense: Styling an input type=file . I?would however advice against writing for scholarship, any substantial changes in the appearance.

Any esthetic improvement over browser defaults (in addition to montaigne essays being a matter of writing essay, taste) has a price: it makes even the experienced user uncertain of what the widget is. File input is a challenge to english media essays many users. This section discusses some specific accessibility problems in file input. For an overview of essay, what accessibility is and why it is important, please refer to the Guide to Web Accessibility and Design for All . It has been reported that some special-purpose browsing software, such as some versions of the JAWS screen reader, have serious difficulties in file input. This is understandable, since the of scotland, common implementation in browsers is essay for scholarship, oriented towards visual interaction. Even the gcse english media, “normal” browsers have serious difficulties in file input without using a mouse. (There are different reasons, including physiological and neurological problems, why the user may need to work without a mouse or other pointing devide.) In Internet Explorer 6, you can select the essay, Browse button by tabbing, but if you try to northwestern essay 2013 use the keyboard to activate it, hitting the Enter key, the browser submits the form instead! You would need to know that hitting the space bar (when focused on the Browse button) activates the file selection dialogue. Netscape 7 skips over the browse button entirely when tabbing—it cannot be selected without a mouse.

Not surprisingly, on writing, Opera things work reasonably. The user can select the culture dissertation, Browse button using the tab key and activate it by pressing the enter key, then select a file for upload from the file system; you would use the arrow keys move around in the file selection. On the Lynx text browser, at least on Lynx 2.8.4 on Unix, there is no Browse button, and there is no dialogue for accessing the computer’s file system. Thus, the essay, user needs to know the essay questions, exact path name and essay syntax to research type in the file name for writing essay for scholarship, upload, as is homework research, apparently also the case for IE and Netscape. There is also the usability problem that the browsing may start from a part of the file system in a manner which is not so natural to the user. Writing? The initial selection might be e.g. that of the directory where the Web browser itself resides! So users need some acquaintance with such issues before they can fluently submit files. More generally, since file input is relatively rare, users are often not familiar with it.

They might not recognize the Browse button, and might have difficulties in text, understanding what’s going on when they click on it (or fail to click on it). Thus, authors should normally include some short explanation about the presence of a file input field before the field itself. This can usually me done in essay for scholarship, a natural way, explaining simultaneously what kind and type of file should be submitted. For example, the explanation could say: “Please specify, if possible, an image file containing your photo in JPEG format.” Such a note may not help much when a user encounters such a field for the first time in his life, but it helps him to associate the eventual problems with a concept of file input and to explain his problems when seeking for help. And if he has tried to use file input before, it tells him to stay tuned to essays something special, and essay for scholarship perhaps at this point, before entering the file input field, to access the essay 2013, file system outside the writing essay, browser and find the exact path name of the the rocking horse winner h lawrence, file he wants to for scholarship submit. The file is submitted as such, without code conversions. A plain text file is submitted without information about character encoding, so the recipient needs to guess the encoding or infer it somehow. For example, suppose that you have a UTF-8 encoded form and that it is essay 2013, used to for scholarship submit a plain text file.

If the user wrote the file using Notepad, it will (by default) be in windows-1252 encoding, and its content is sent as such, declared just as text/plain (no charset attribute), even though contents of normal fields are UTF-8 encoded. Northwestern Essay Questions? The server-side form handler has no direct way of knowing what the encoding is, so how can it meaningfully process the data? In general, the browser cannot tell the encoding, so it can neither declare it nor code-convert the writing for scholarship, data. Montaigne Text? The reason is that commonly used file systems lack indication of the character encoding of writing, a plain text file; it just needs to culture of scotland be known. Thus, if your form is meant for writing for scholarship, submitting plain text files, your best option is probably to ask users to save their text files in UTF-8 encoding with BOM (Byte Order Mark). You can then test server-side that the data, when interpreted as UTF-8, starts with BOM. There are several possible ways to let people submit their files even when their browsers do not support file fields in forms (or the support is of so poor quality that they don’t want to use it). You could include a TEXTAREA element into culture, the form.

This would work especially for text files in the sense that a user could open his file in an editor and cut paste the writing essay for scholarship, data into the textarea. Naturally, this becomes awkward for large files, but it might still be a good idea to have a textarea along with a file input field. Your server side script would need some more code to handle both. You could simply include an E-mail address and encourage people to send their files to that address as attachments. You would need to have some processing for such submissions, but it could be automated using some software like Procmail. Culture Of Scotland? On the other hand, you might decide that such submissions will be rare, and process them “by hand.” Make sure the address is visible on the page itself. You could make it a mailto: link too, but don’t risk the functionality by some misguided attempt to include a fixed Subject header!

Just tell people what they should write into that header (and into the message body). Sometimes you might consider setting up an FTP server , or using one, so that it has a free upload area. You would then just specify the writing, server and descriptive essay college the area, and people could use their favorite FTP clients. Note that for the submission of a large number of files, FTP would be more comfortable than using a form with a file input field. Especially for writing, local users, you could just give a physical address to which people can bring or send their files e.g. on diskettes or CD roms.

Make it clear to them in advance which media and formats you can handle that way. The part which describes input type=file in the description of the input element in HTML 4.0 Reference by gcse english media essays, WDG. That document is also available e.g. as a mirror copy in Denmark. Note that the document contains, under More information , references to the definition of the input element in HTML specifications. Answer to writing essay the question How can I allow file uploads to montaigne essays text my web site? in WDG’s Web Authoring FAQ . That document too has a mirror copy in Denmark. Notes on client-side scripting issues. In client-side scripting, there are some special problems when handling file input fields. The JavaScript Form FAQ contains answers to such questions: FAQ 1154 How can I set the value of a fileupload form field? FAQ 561 How can I extract just the file name from a forms file upload field? FAQ 780 Can you simulate a click on an input type=file button? See also notes on for scholarship, filtering above as regards to support to event attributes for file input.

The HTML 4.01 specification discusses, in section Forms , issues related to essays file input fields along with other types of fields. The notes below hopefully help in essay for scholarship, locating and culture of scotland dissertation interpreting the relevant portions. The HTML 4.01 specification defines an enctype attribute for the form element. Writing? Its value is essay college life, generically defined as being a “media type”, referring to RFC 2045. (That RFC is actually just one part of a large set of documents which what media types are. Essay For Scholarship? In particular, the research, general description of the media type concept is in essay, RFC 2046.) A media type , also known as content type , Internet media type , or MIME type , defines a data format such as plain text ( text/plain ), GIF image ( image/gif ) or binary data with unspecified internal structure ( application/octet-stream ). But in the context of form submission, the use of a media type as the value of the enctype attribute is meaningful only essay winner by d, if there is writing essay, a definition of the conversion to be done. This means the exact way of encoding the form data, which is essentially a set of name / value pairs, into a particular data format. The definition must be rigorous, since otherwise it is impossible to process the data in a useful, robust way by computer programs.

The HTML specification defines two possible values for enctype : enctype=application/x-www-form-urlencoded (the default) This implies a simple encoding which presents the fields as name = value strings separated by ampersands ( ) and uses some special “escape” mechanisms for characters, such as %28 for the “(” character. It’s confusing if people try to read it—it was meant to be processed by descriptive essay about college life, programs, not directly read by humans! enctype=multipart/form-data This implies that the form data set is encoded so that each form field (more exactly, each “control”) is presented in a format suitable for that field, and the data set as a whole is a multipart message containing those presentations as its components. This is wasteful for “normal” forms but appropriate, even the only feasible way, for forms containing file fields. The multipart structure means that each file comes in essay, a nice “package” inside a larger package, with a suitable “label” (content type information) on northwestern essay, the inner “package.” This type was originally defined in RFC 1867 but it is also discussed in RFC 2388 (see notes on the RFCs later). Browsers may support other values too, but are not required to, and it is generally unsafe to use them. Writing Essay? Sometimes people use enctype=text/plain , and text/plain is per se a well-defined media type; but there is no specification of the exact method of encoding a form data set into such a format, and browsers are not required to support such an attribute—so anything may happen if you use it. Normally you should not try to montaigne essays text re-invent the for scholarship, wheel by writing code which interprets (decodes) the encoded form data. Instead, call a suitable routine in a subroutine library for the programming language you use. It typically decodes the data into a convenient format for you to process in your own code. It seems that the HTML 4.01 specification contains no explicit requirement that enctype=multipart/form-data be used if the form contains a file input field (although it explicitly recommends that). But e.g.

IE 4 and Netscape 4 handle form submissions incorrectly if the enctype is defaulted in essay the rocking by d h lawrence, such a case: they send the name of the for scholarship, file instead of its content! The HTML 4.01 specification uses the term file select for the “control” (i.e. Gcse Media? form field) created by for scholarship, an input type=file element. It specifies file select so that this control type allows the user to select files so that their contents may be submitted with a form. Note the plural “files”—the idea is clearly that one such field should allow the inclusion of descriptive college, several files. Note that there is nothing an author needs to do, and nothing he can do, to make a browser allow the selection of several files per input field. It depends on the browser whether that is possible. However, as described above, the current browser support is poor: only writing essay, some versions of Opera support multi-selection, and these do not include the newest versions. Research? And in writing essay, fact, even if a browser allows users to pick up several files for one input type=file field, users might not know how they can do that, or how they can do that!

Thus, an author might, as a workaround , include several input type=file fields if it is desirable that users can include several files into one form submission. Andrew Clover has suggested some interesting techniques for making the descriptive essay about, appearance of the fields dynamic (in JavaScript or in a server-based way) so that “the user isn’t immediately confronted with two dozen empty file upload boxes.” Alternatively, or additionally, an author might encourage users to writing essay use suitable software like WinZip or WiZ to “zip” several files together. Naturally the server-side script must then be somehow prepared to culture of scotland dissertation handle zipped files. The HTML 4.01 specification describes the value attribute for a file input field by saying that browsers (user agents) “may use the value of the value attribute as the initial file name.” This however is usually not supported by browsers . The usual explanation is “security reasons.” And indeed it would be a security risk if files from the user’s disk were submitted without the user’s content. Writing? It might be all too easy to lure some users into submitting some password files! But in about, fact RFC 1867 duly notifies this problem; in section 8 Security Considerations it says: It is important that a user agent not send any file that the user has not explicitly asked to be sent. For Scholarship? Thus, HTML interpreting agents are expected to confirm any default file names that might be suggested with INPUT TYPE=file VALUE=yyyy . It also mentions (in section 3.4) that the use of value “is probably platform dependent” but then goes on: “It might be useful, however, in sequences of more than one transaction, e.g., to avoid having the user prompted for the same file name over and over descriptive college life again.” This isn’t particularly logical, since how would the name be passed from one submission to another? (The mechanism for getting the original file name would be quite unreliable for essay for scholarship, such purposes.) A more useful application could be this: Assume that your form is for reporting a problem with a particular program, say Emacs, and that program uses a configuration file with some specific name, say .emacs , so that you would very much like to get the user’s config file for problem analysis.

Setting the default name, if supported by the browser, might be an extra convenience to the user. Thus, they just failed to implement it , for no good reason. This isn’t a very important flaw, however. The situations where it would make sense to suggest a default file name are rare. Netscape’s old HTML Tag Reference says, in the description of input type=file , that “ VALUE= filename specifies the initial value of the input element,” but no actual support to this in homework research, Netscape browsers has been reported. Similar considerations apply to the corresponding item in Microsoft’s HTML Elements reference. It additionally messes things up by describing the intended meaning wrong: “Sets or retrieves the value of the essay, INPUT type=file .” The description links to a description of the value attribute which says: “The value, a file name, typed by the rocking horse winner h lawrence, the user into the control. Unlike other controls, this value is read-only.” This probably relates to using the essay, value property in client-side scripting. And in fact, one can read the the rocking horse h lawrence, value in JavaScript (and get the writing for scholarship, filename entered by the user) but setting it is unsuccessful (without an essay 2013, error message); the writing, same applies to Netscape (but on Opera, even an attempt to read the value seems to confuse the browser). By D H Lawrence? Note that the for scholarship, examples in the above-mentioned documentation do not contain an input type=file element with a value attribute.

However, support to file input in gcse english, several versions of writing, Opera handles the value attribute in descriptive about, the following way: the value is displayed in essay, the box for the rocking horse, file name input that value can be edited by the user (as an alternative to writing for scholarship using the Browse menu, which changes the content of that box) however if the user submits the descriptive about, form so that the initial value has not been changed by the user, there will be a security alert and writing essay for scholarship the user is requested to confirm the northwestern, submission. there does not seem to be any working way to specify a set of files in the value attribute. Such support, however, is absent in Opera 7.54, for essay, some reason. The following form contains a file input field with value=C:.emacs . Your browser probably just ignores that attribute, but some browsers may use it to set the gcse english media, initial file name: An example of Opera’s security alert in the situation discussed above: There was a short-time bug in Opera 6 that created a security hole, which would have let authors grab users’ files without their knowing, i.e. bypassing the dialogue described above. The original local file name may be supplied as well, either as a ‘filename’ parameter either of the ‘content-disposition: form-data’ header or in the case of multiple files in a ‘content-disposition: file’ header of the subpart. The client application should make best effort to supply the file name; if the writing essay for scholarship, file name of the of scotland dissertation, client’s operating system is not in writing, US-ASCII, the file name might be approximated or encoded using the method of RFC 1522. This is a convenience for culture, those cases where, for example, the uploaded files might contain references to each other, e.g., a TeX file and its .sty auxiliary style description. But note that this appears in for scholarship, subsection 3.3 of section 3. Suggested Implementatation . Thus, it is only a recommendation related to one possible implementation. You shouldn’t count on having a filename included. It seems that Netscape, IE, and Opera actually include the filename parameter.

However, only english media, Opera uses the format which seems to essay for scholarship be the intended one, as deduced from the examples in RFC 1867 (section 6), namely a relative name like foo.txt , not a full pathname like C:mydocsfoo.txt . Internet Explorer?7 beta preview behaves similarly, and this has been explained as a security improvement. Is the Netscape and IE behavior really incorrect? Well, since most computers have some sort of research, path name system for essay for scholarship, file names, one would expect to essay the rocking horse by d h lawrence see path names in examples if the intent had been that path names are sent. This is consistent with the fact that in writing essay, order to actually use the file names for some meaningful purpose (like the one mentioned in RFC 1867: “the uploaded file might contain references to homework research each other, e.g., a TeX file and writing its .sty auxiliary style description,” which clearly calls for relative file names). Culture Dissertation? When path names are sent, things get much more complicated, since their specific syntax (and interpretation) is strongly system-specific, and there is even no provision for essay for scholarship, telling the server what the culture dissertation, browser’s file system is. Writing For Scholarship? Sending relative names only is also consistent with elementary security considerations: avoid sending information about the user’s file system structure. Note that the security section of RFC 1867 does not mention any problems that might arise from that; this more or less proves that browsers were not expected to send path names.

The idea of including a filename attribute makes sense of questions, course, and would apply e.g. to a file submission containing a set of HTML documents referring to writing essay each other with relative URLs. However, it’s clear that the processing script would need to homework strip off the path part of the names (which is in principle risky since C:mydocsfoo.txt could be a relative filename on many systems!). Moreover, since the submission of several files is currently clumsy at best, the idea would be of limited usefulness even when it works. (Collections of files that refer to each other by writing, names would be best handled as packaged into formats such as application/zip , leaving the file name issue to be handled by montaigne essays, zipping and unzipping programs, which can preserve relative names as well as relative directory structures.) Although the user is not expected to for scholarship type the filename(s) into a filename box but use the Browse function, the homework, size of the box matters. When the user selects a file by clicking on it, the writing for scholarship, browser puts the filename into the rocking winner, the filename box, and the name is writing essay, a full pathname which can be quite long. Essay 2013? It may confuse users if they see the name badly truncated.

And most browsers seem to treat the size attribute that way. But the writing for scholarship, HTML 4.01 specification defines the size attribute for by d, an input element as follows: This attribute tells the user agent the essay for scholarship, initial width of the essay the rocking horse winner by d, control. The width is given in pixels except when type attribute has the value text or password . In that case, its value refers to the (integer) number of characters. This logically implies that for input type=file , the size attribute specifies the width in pixels, not characters. This is probably an for scholarship, oversight, and culture the risk of a browser acting literally according it is ignorable. On the other hand, you could use style sheets in writing essay for scholarship, addition to essay the rocking winner by d the size attribute.

Using e.g. the attribute style=width:25em could override the size attribute; this currently seems to happen on IE 4 and essay for scholarship newer only, but it should do no harm on browsers which don’t support it. However note that although it might seem attractive to use style=width:100% , asking the browser use as wide a box as possible, there’s the problem that at least IE 4 puts the Browse button on the same line as the box. Thus you would in effect force horizontal scrolling! Something like style=width:80% would be better, though it is just a guess that the box and the button will then usually fit. Setting restrictions on the file size. Especially if “file upload” means storing the file on the server’s disk, it is necessary to dissertation consider imposing various restrictions.

It would be nasty if some user filled the disk with gigabytes of junk, by writing, ignorance, or by misclicking, or by malevolence. See section Avoiding Denial of Service Attacks in the documentation of CGI.pm; even if it isn’t directly applicable to you since you use other techniques than CGI and Perl, it gives some food for thought in general. The server-side form handler can be coded to do whatever the programmer wants, and imposing some upper limit is clearly a must. (That is, the code should check for the input size, and discard, or otherwise process in a special way, submissions exceeding a reasonable limit.) Any client-side restrictions, i.e. checks done by questions 2013, a browser prior to form submission, are unreliable and should be considered as extra comfort to users only—so that they get a rejection message earlier. RFC 1867 says: If the INPUT tag includes the attribute MAXLENGTH , the user agent should consider its value to represent the maximum Content-Length (in bytes) which the server will accept for transferred files. It appears that no browser has even tried to implement that, and there’s no statement about writing for scholarship such a feature in essay horse by d h lawrence, HTML specifications.

On the essay for scholarship, contrary, the HTML 3.2 specification says something quite different: You can set an upper limit to english media the length of file names using the essay, maxlength attribute. Thus, it is essay about, better not to use the maxlength attribute, because it currently does nothing and, worse still, in the future it might be interpreted in two incompatible ways. Writing Essay? The HTML 4 specification takes no position on this: it describes maxlength as defined for input type=text and input type=password only. Filtering (through a file type filter) Thus you could specify, for example, accept=image/gif,image/jpeg , if you are willing to get image files in GIF or JPEG format only. Browsers might use this information to set up the Browse menu so that only homework, such files are selectable, at least initially.

And the essay, HTML 3.2 specification even claims: “Some user agents support the ability to restrict the kinds of files to descriptive those matching a comma separated list of MIME content types given with the ACCEPT attribute[;] e.g. Writing For Scholarship? accept=image/* restricts files to images.” (Note that image/* is not a MIME content type. Obviously the intent is that some “wildcarding” could be applied, but there doesn’t seem to be any definition about that.) But it seems that browser support is currently nonexistent. No filtering is montaigne essays, applied, except on Netscape 4 which initially sets a filter which restricts selectability to writing essay for scholarship HTML documents, no matter what there is in an accept attribute! And even if there were support, you of course couldn’t rely on such filtering, for many reasons. If it worked, it would be basically for user comfort, not for setting effective restrictions (which must be imposed by the form handler). Using client-side scripting, you might help some users so that they won’t submit data of wrong type. For example, assume that we wish to have a file input field where a JPEG file must be specified. And we might take the simplistic view that this means a file name which ends with jpg , and homework research check, in writing essay for scholarship, a client-side script, that the value of the essay 2013, field matches that.

Note that the value is the filename, not the writing essay for scholarship, file content. However one must be extra careful here. Although the event attributes onfocus , onchange and onblur for essay 2013, input type=file are supported even in earliest JavaScript implementations (from version 1.0), there are limitations and problems. Essay For Scholarship? In particular, onblur seems to be treated strangely, and the obvious idea—associate checking code with onblur —seems to make Netscape run in an eternal loop. Thus, it is essay the rocking horse winner by d, probably best to associate the checks with file submission only . This means using the onsubmit attribute in essay, the form tag. Example: The status of the original description of input type=file , namely RFC 1867, Form-based File Upload in HTML , is vague. The HTML 4.01 specification makes only an informative reference to montaigne essays text it, and mentions a “work in writing for scholarship, progress” in this area: This is however outdated information; the gcse english essays, URL does not work, and the draft has expired.

There does not seem to be anything else even at essay, the level of Internet-Drafts to replace RFC 1867. There is however RFC 2388, Returning Values from research, Forms: multipart/form-data which might be related to the process. However it is not specified to writing obsolete RFC 1867. In the HTML 4.01 Specification , the informative references have been updated so that a reference is essay the rocking horse winner by d, made to RFC 2388, with a note “Refer also to essay RFC 1867.” In June 2000, RFC 2854, The 'text/html' Media Type , was issued.

It’s basic purpose was to montaigne “to remove HTML from writing, IETF Standards Track” officially, i.e. to make it explicit that work on HTML specifications has been moved from essay the rocking winner by d h lawrence, IETF to W3C. It explicitly obsoletes RFC 1867, together with some other HTML related RFCs. But note that there is very little in HTML specifications by the W3C that defines what file input really is; they refer to RFC 1867 instead. RFC 1867 contains much more detailed information about “file upload” than HTML specifications. It explains the original idea and how it might be implemented.

However, its normative status is writing essay, vague, and the implementations are still wanting, so you should generally not expect browsers to support the idea very well.