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40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays. The secret to term paper Procter and Gamble, a successful essay doesn’t just lie in the clever things you talk about and the way you structure your points. Creative! To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to utilise the term Procter right language. You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the language skills to thesis proposal paper, build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to equip you with the words and phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to utilise them. It’s by paper Procter and Gamble, no means an army officer assignments exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to and Gamble, help you make an instant improvement to your essay-writing skills whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into writing essays in English. Let’s start by tv show, looking at language for general explanations of complex points. Usage : “In order to” can be used to introduce an explanation for Procter and Gamble the purpose of an argument. Example : “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.” Usage : Use “in other words” when you want to express something in officer a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to emphasise or expand on paper Procter and Gamble, a point. Example : “Frogs are amphibians.
In other words, they live on the land and in thesis research the water.” Usage : This phrase is another way of term Procter and Gamble, saying “in other words”, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an creative schools in texas alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of and Gamble, its significance. Example : “Plants rely on photosynthesis. Creative Writing Schools! To put it another way, they will die without the sun.” Usage : “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise. Paper And Gamble! Example : “Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.” Usage : Use “to that end” or “to this end” in a similar way to “in order to” or “so”.
Example : “Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at creative schools in texas, elephant sounds and their possible meanings.” Adding additional information to support a point. Students often make the term Procter mistake of using synonyms of “and” each time they want to add further information in schools in texas support of a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of Procter and Gamble, doing this. Thesis Research! Usage : Employ “moreover” at the start of term Procter, a sentence to add extra information in support of a point you’re making. Example : “Moreover, the thesis format results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in term Procter support of…” Usage :This is also generally used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information. Research Paper! Example : “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…”
Usage : This is used in the same way as “moreover” and “furthermore”. Example : “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.” Usage : Use “likewise” when you want to paper Procter, talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned. Creative! Example : “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in favour of this point of term paper Procter and Gamble, view.” Usage : Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”. Example : “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Format Paper! Similarly, we have a tendency to react with surprise to the unfamiliar.” Usage : Use the and Gamble phrase “another key point to remember” or “another key fact to remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”. Example : “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and army officer assignments nature. Another key point to remember is term paper Procter, that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” Usage : Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”. Example : “Scholar A argued that this was due to henry, X, as well as Y.” Usage : This wording is used to term Procter and Gamble, add an extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of information. Example : “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.” Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at a time. Example : “Coupled with the literary evidence, the statistics paint a compelling view of…” Usage : This can be used to structure an argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other.
Example : “There are many points in support of this view. Firstly, X. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z. 16. Not to mention/to say nothing of. Usage : “Not to mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to add extra information with a bit of proposal paper, emphasis. Example : “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on term Procter, the country’s economy.” Words and writing schools in texas phrases for demonstrating contrast. When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in term paper these examples, to make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting.
Usage : Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said. Example : “Scholar A thinks this. Thesis Proposal! However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.” Usage : Usage of term paper Procter and Gamble, this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the same piece of schools, evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. On the paper Procter other hand, the proposal format archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of Procter and Gamble, what happened that day.” Usage : Used in by thesis a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”. Example : “The historians are unanimous in paper Procter and Gamble telling us X, an army general assignments agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account. Term Paper Procter And Gamble! Having said that, the archaeology tells a different story.” Usage : Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and by thesis contrasting pieces of term Procter and Gamble, evidence.
Example : “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is army general officer, based on term paper Procter and Gamble, insufficient evidence. By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.” Usage : Use this to army officer, cast doubt on paper and Gamble, an assertion. Example : “Writer A asserts that this was the by thesis reason for paper what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to by thesis, say this.” Usage : This is used in term and Gamble the same way as “then again”. Example : “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to tv show friends, this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is unreliable at term Procter, best.” Usage : Use this when you want to henry essay 1913, introduce a contrasting idea. Term Paper Procter! Example : “Much of scholarship has focused on officer, this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.” Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations. Sometimes, you may need to term Procter and Gamble, acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso.
Here are some ways of doing so. Usage : Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to format research paper, outline a point that stands regardless of term Procter and Gamble, a shortfalling in the evidence. Example : “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.” Usage : Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of army assignments, something else. Example : “We’ve seen that the methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in paper and Gamble scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in by thesis mind, let’s look at term Procter and Gamble, a more recent study to see how the results compare.” Usage : This means “on condition that”. You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to officer, mean the term and Gamble same thing. Proposal Research! Example : “We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.” Usage : These phrases are used when something has shed light on something else. Example : “In light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…” Usage : This is similar to “despite this”. Example : “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for term Procter its day.” Usage : This is the thesis format same as “nonetheless”. Term Paper And Gamble! Example : “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.” Usage : This is henry essay, another way of saying “nonetheless”.
Example : “Notwithstanding the limitations of the term paper and Gamble methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the is scope paper human mind.” Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time. Here are a couple of other ways of saying the same thing. Example : “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for paper Procter instance, leave the UK in early winter and henry ford essay fly south…” Example : “To give an illustration of what I mean, let’s look at the case of…” When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of highlighting it as such. Usage : Used to introduce a point that is loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent. Example : “Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in term paper Procter Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.” Usage : This can be used to essays tv show friends, mean “significantly” (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the first of these ways of using it). Example : “Actual figures are notably absent from Scholar A’s analysis.” Usage : Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”. Example : “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.” You’ve almost made it to paper Procter, the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over yet. You need to end by paper, wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the arguments on both sides and reached the term paper and Gamble most likely conclusion.
Here are some words and phrases to help you. By Thesis! Usage : Typically used to introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in a broad overview. Term! Example : “In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.” Usage : Used to signify what you believe to be the most significant point, and the main takeaway from the essay. Essays Tv Show! Example : “Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…” Usage : This is a useful word to use when summarising which argument you find most convincing. Example : “Scholar A’s point that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain seems to me to be the term paper most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.” Usage : Use in the same way as “persuasive” above. Example : “The most compelling argument is henry ford essay 1913, presented by term paper Procter and Gamble, Scholar A.” Usage : This means “taking everything into account”. Example : “All things considered, it seems reasonable to of research, assume that…” How many of these words and phrases will you get into term, your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from proposal format research, our list?
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October 15, 2015 at 3:41 pm, Ayushi said: Thanks!! Really a very useful list! October 18, 2015 at 3:29 pm, Missy said: Really helpful ……………. Thank you guys. October 19, 2015 at 10:49 am, steven O'Donnell said: I would have also included #8220;in fact#8221; October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm, Tom Howell said: *Gasp* As someone who has studied and paper and Gamble takes a modicum of format paper, interest in the English language, and paper having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of army general officer assignments, cliches will not aid you in term Procter and Gamble your academic pursuits. This is schools, a categorical list of English don#8217;ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and a comment something along the term paper lines of #8220;Please, no more#8221; paraphrased of course. Some of these are inescapable and are useful tools, but please use in henry essay moderation. If you truly wish to Procter and Gamble, improve your writing, consider the use of language in literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours be it english or technical based.
What makes a writing style worthy of note, and what makes it tedious and monotonous? The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and even metaphors can be true keys to assignments, essay success. December 07, 2015 at 8:24 am, Jeff B. said: Tom, I must agree. In my English class such cliches as listed here would be highlighted and Procter returned to the student with an general officer admonition to #8220;please use your own words,#8221; or something to that effect. As I like to joke, #8220;Cliches should be avoided like the term Procter plague.#8221; October 20, 2015 at 8:22 pm, yoursif said: October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm, nur amira said: thanks it was indeed helpful. November 02, 2015 at 1:11 pm, sania said: really..its very helpful. im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an advantageous impact..in my result. November 12, 2015 at 10:59 am, Alex said: This is so great#8230; thanks for the A grade. November 16, 2015 at 1:22 pm, Chala said: Thanks a lot for this helpful article. One question though: The example given for by thesis phrase 12 #8220;Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” has a comma included after #8220;X#8221;, but isn#8217;t a serial comma incorrect in a series of term paper Procter and Gamble, two items? November 21, 2015 at 9:05 pm, Yo said: November 26, 2015 at by thesis, 5:29 pm, courage said: thanks very much.very useful we look forward for term paper other posts.
November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am, Joey said: I don#8217;t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to introduce new points#8230; does anyone else feel the same? December 07, 2015 at 7:58 am, Jeff B. said: While some of the suggestions in this article are valuable, I am going to have to agree with Tom Howell about the use of cliches. Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. #8220;To put it another way#8221; and #8220;Another key thing to schools, remember#8221;) are cliches, and should be avoided in original writing. Procter And Gamble! Another note: this article recommends the use of #8220;In conclusion#8221; to introduce the henry conclusion. My suggestion is to term paper Procter and Gamble, avoid it, and I am not the only one who feels this way. To quote the Writing Center at Harvard University: summary,#8217; and #8216;to sum up.#8217; These phrases can be. usefuleven welcomein oral presentations.
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Procter and Gamble CSR Strategy … | Research Paper
Margaret Cavendish and the Royal Society. It is often claimed that Margaret Cavendish was an anti-experimentalist who was deeply hostile to paper the activities of the early Royal Society—particularly in by thesis relation to Robert Hooke's experiments with microscopes. Some scholars have argued that her views were odd or even childish, while others have claimed that they were shaped by her gender-based status as a scientific ‘outsider’. Term Procter And Gamble. In this paper I examine Cavendish's views in schools contemporary context, arguing that her relationship with the Royal Society was more nuanced than previous accounts have suggested. This contextualized approach reveals two points: first, that Cavendish's views were not isolated or odd when compared with those of her contemporaries, and second, that the early Royal Society was less intellectually homogeneous than is sometimes thought.
I also show that, although hostile to term paper Procter and Gamble some aspects of experimentalism, Cavendish nevertheless shared many of the Royal Society's ambitions for natural philosophy, especially in relation to its usefulness and army general officer the importance of plain language as a means to disseminate new ideas. When Margaret Cavendish became the first woman to visit the Procter and Gamble Royal Society in May 1667, the occasion caused something of a stir. Cavendish was notorious among her contemporaries as the female author of plays, poetry, orations, essays and even works of natural philosophy. 1 In one of these ‘scientific’ texts Cavendish had attacked the experimentalists of the Royal Society in general and Robert Hooke in particular. 2 It was no wonder, then, that a large crowd had gathered to catch a glimpse of this controversial female virtuoso as she stepped over the Royal Society's threshold. Among the throng was Samuel Pepys, who later offered an assessment of Cavendish's visit. Did Pepys discuss Cavendish's dispute with Hooke over the merits of microscopy?
Did he examine her criticisms of experimental philosophy? Did he even mention her contribution to contemporary scientific debates? He did not. Instead, he confided to his diary that Cavendish was possessed of a ‘dress so antic’ and a ‘deportment so unordinary, that I do not like her at all’, although he conceded, with some relish, that she was nevertheless a ‘good comely woman’. Essay 1913. 3. Perhaps this tells us more about Pepys than we might otherwise care to know. But it does reveal an important point about paper and Gamble, critical reactions to Cavendish: from the mid-seventeenth century onwards, commentators have often either ignored or trivialized her contribution to contemporary natural philosophy.
Thus, for John Evelyn, Cavendish was a ‘mighty pretender to learning … and philosophie’, while his wife, Mary, could barely conceal her contempt for Cavendish's ‘nonsense’. 4 Writing in henry ford essay the nineteenth century, C. Procter And Gamble. H. Firth was scathing in his assessment of Cavendish's contribution to intellectual life. He confidently asserted that ‘the ponderous tomes on science and philosophy which … [she] published are entirely valueless.’ 5 Samuel Mintz, who offered the first detailed account of Cavendish's visit to the Royal Society, was sweeping in his criticisms. Cavendish was a ‘figure of by thesis, fun’ mainly on account of her apparent ‘disregard for the methods and utilitarian aims of science’. Term. 6 A broad consensus began to emerge that Cavendish was an ‘anti-experimentalist’ who failed to understand the true significance of the methods employed by Robert Boyle, Hooke and other Royal Society luminaries.
Mintz argued that Cavendish's scientific works were ‘a plea … for ford 1913, less experimentalism in science’; another critic declared: ‘The experimental method she eschewed, spinning her theories from her own fantastic brain.’ 7 A prime example of and Gamble, Cavendish's apparent folly was her view that Hooke's microscopes were ‘deluding Glasses’ rather than ‘true Informers’ about the nature of henry ford, objects under scrutiny. 8 These attacks were seen as wrong-headed, misconceived—even ‘child-like’. 9. More recently, Cavendish's reputation has been rehabilitated by term Procter feminist historians and scholars of women's history, who argue that her views have real worth and should be taken seriously. Thesis Proposal Format Research. Evelyn Fox Keller has argued that Cavendish's criticisms of the Royal Society were based not on ignorance but on her keen understanding of the principles involved. 10 And Lisa Sarasohn, who has produced the Procter and Gamble most recent book-length treatment of army general assignments, Cavendish's natural philosophy, argues that her views were ‘neither silly nor mad.’ 11 However, it is striking that these recent accounts share the same established view that Cavendish was an anti-experimentalist who was fundamentally opposed to the practices of the Royal Society. Both Keller and Sarasohn argue that the relationship between Cavendish and the Royal Society was a hostile one, and both are convinced that it was shaped by gender.
Excluded from the term meetings of the Greshamites on account of her sex, Cavendish is said to officer have spoken with a bold, female voice of term and Gamble, opposition to the ‘fathers of science’. Is Scope. 12 Keller argues that Cavendish's attacks on experimentalism were part of a gendered project to undermine and ‘ridicule’ the ‘masculinist science’ of the term Procter and Gamble Royal Society. Her position was apparently one of opposition to ‘the Baconian enterprise as a whole’. 13 Sarasohn's account in particular emphasizes Cavendish's supposed disregard for the Royal Society—an institution she is tv show said to term paper Procter and Gamble have viewed as ‘dangerous, useless, and deluded’. 14 Cavendish's physical isolation from the meetings of the Royal Society apparently mirrored her intellectual isolation from contemporary debates.
Thus, Sarasohn argues that Cavendish's critique of thesis proposal, experimentalism ‘represents the paper Procter and Gamble perspective of the stranger … who is outside a community’. 15 Similarly, Keller claims that Cavendish's hostile assessment of the Greshamites was ‘a stranger's account’ spoken from the ‘intellectual margins’. 16. In this paper I wish to tv show friends challenge this story of hostility and difference, suggesting instead a more nuanced relationship between Cavendish and and Gamble the Royal Society. Although some aspects of Cavendish's work are undoubtedly anti-experimentalist—especially in relation to ford sensory experiments conducted with microscopes—I wish to ask whether it is safe to make a connection between her hostility and her gender. And Gamble. In short, if Cavendish spoke up against the ‘fathers of science’, how significant was it that her voice was female? One way to answer this question is to schools in texas examine Cavendish's views in contemporary context. Did any other thinkers share her views? And if so, was their opposition to term paper Procter experimentalism shaped by proposal format gender—or were other factors at play? I also wish to explore whether Cavendish's hostility to experimentalism was as unequivocal as some previous accounts have suggested. By examining her contributions to a series of contemporary debates in natural philosophy, I shall show the ways in which Cavendish shared, rather than deplored, some important parts of the Royal Society's ethos and programme.
Cavendish's reputation for term paper Procter and Gamble, hostility towards the Royal Society rests largely on essay her critical assessment of term paper Procter and Gamble, microscopy, published in her 1666 text Observations upon Experimental Philosophy. To which is added, The Description of what of research, a New Blazing World . Paper Procter. This volume was (at least in part) a response to the work of two pioneers in essays English microscopy, Henry Power and Robert Hooke, who had published their works in 1664 and 1665, respectively. Term Procter. 17 The first point to make is that Cavendish's early critics were wrong to of research claim that her assessment of microscopes was based on ignorance or childish folly. Not only was she particularly well read on the subject (in fact, she was one of the earliest readers in England of Power's work) but she also had practical experience with the new scientific equipment. Her marriage to the Marquis of Newcastle 18 —a man of immense wealth and a keen virtuoso—meant that Cavendish enjoyed greater opportunities than most when it came to term paper Procter experimenting with the latest instruments. During their exile in Paris during the 1640s, the is scope couple acquired an paper Procter, impressive collection of microscopes and telescopes, two of which were made by henry ford essay 1913 Torricelli, the famous Italian experimentalist, and and Gamble four by what is scope of research Eustachio Divino, of which the largest, the ‘Great Glass’, was 29 feet long.
19 Cavendish owned her own microscope—‘my Lady's multiplying glass’—which was 18 inches long, focused with a screw of 10 threads. Procter And Gamble. 20. Cavendish's familiarity with microscopes really did breed contempt. Her first objection to microscopy was a simple one—early instruments often did not work very well. Anyone who had actually used a seventeenth-century microscope knew that difficulties with the cutting and by thesis grinding of lenses often led to faulty and unreliable results.
Cavendish pointed out that ‘a Glass that is flaw'd, crack'd, or broke, or cut into the figure of and Gamble, Lozanges, Triangles, Squares, or the henry 1913 like, will present numerous pictures of paper, one object.’ 21 The lighting of specimens presented further difficulties. Thesis Proposal. Objects could appear quite different under differing lighting conditions. Indeed, Hooke himself confronted the paper Procter and Gamble problem in relation to the eyes of a fly. Thus: in one kind of light [they] appear almost like a Lattice, drill'd through with [an] abundance of small holes …. By Thesis. In Sunshine they look like a Surface cover'd with golden Nails; in another posture, like a Surface cover'd with Pyramids; in another with Cones; and in other postures of quite other shapes … . 22. With these problems in mind, Cavendish demanded to know how the investigator could ‘tell or judg[e] which is the truest light, position, or medium, that doth present the object naturally as it is?’ 23 She argued that it would be sheer folly to claim accurate results from such uncertain foundations. The problems of lenses and lighting were, if you like, the known unknowns about the term paper Procter reliability of microscopes.
But Cavendish warned that there could also be unknown unknowns to worry about—potential flaws in microscopes that had not yet become evident: ‘for who knows but hereafter there may be many faults discovered of our modern Microscopes which we are not able to perceive at the present.’ 24 Weather glasses, which were once considered infallible, were now doubted by contemporaries, Cavendish argued. Consequently, it would be unsafe to base claims of experimental truth on such ‘brittle, inconstant and uncertain ground’ as the what of research paper untested microscope. 25. Cavendish had further objections. Term Paper. She was convinced that information derived from optical glasses related only to the (previously unseen) external parts of objects under scrutiny. Such information might be mildly diverting or amusing, but it revealed nothing about the really significant internal composition of organisms. Thesis. For example, she argued: ‘of this I am confident, that this same Art, [microscopy] with all its Instruments, is paper and Gamble not able to discover the interior natural motions of any part or creature of Nature’. 26 This failure on the part of creative schools in texas, microscopes was partly due to the complexity of the ‘interior motions’ within organisms; ‘for there are numerous corporeal figures or figurative motions of Procter and Gamble, one particular Creature, which lie one within another, and most commonly the essays friends interior are quite different from the exterior; as for example, the Procter and Gamble outward parts of a mans body are not like his inward parts’. 27.
It was ‘improbable’ that man's exterior senses (such as his eyes or ears) could perceive any of these complex ‘interior corporeal figurative motions of the parts of an animal body’, she argued. 28 Unless or until investigators could use microscopes to reveal this internal information, they were simply wasting their time: ‘For unless they could discover their interior, corporeal, figurative motions, and the obscure actions of officer, Nature, or the causes which make such or such Creatures, I see no great benefit or advantage they yield to man’. 29 It was this failure of term paper, microscopes on utilitarian grounds that Cavendish so deplored. Thus: the inspection of the exterior parts of Vegetables, doth not give us any knowledge how to general assignments Sow, Set, Plant, and Graft; so that a Gardener or Husbandman will gain no advantage at term paper all by this Art: The inspection of a Bee, through a Microscope, will bring him [i.e. the army officer experimenter] no more Honey, nor the inspection of paper and Gamble, a grain more Corn … . 30. Those who see gender at the heart of Cavendish's relationship with the Royal Society are keen to emphasize her apparently ‘unique role’ as a critic of their experimental activities.
31 Sarasohn in particular claims that ‘it was perhaps a woman who was best able to challenge the pretensions and power of the writing schools in texas new science.’ 32 But how unique were Cavendish's objections to microscopes? In fact, what is striking about Cavendish's criticisms is how similar they are to the views of two important contemporary thinkers, Thomas Sydenham and John Locke, who collaborated on an essay on microscopic anatomy just two years after Cavendish's Observations appeared in Procter and Gamble print. In this essay, Sydenham and Locke echoed Cavendish's view that microscopes failed to creative writing schools reveal the internal workings of organisms. Thus, Locke argued: Now it is term paper Procter certaine and beyond controversie that nature performs all her operations on the body by parts so minute and insensible that I thinke noe body will ever hope or pretend, even by the assistance of glasses … to come to a sight of them … and though we cut into these inside, we see but the outside of things and make but a new superficies for ourselves to stare at. What Is Scope. 33. Sydenham was of the same mind, arguing that knowledge derived from microscopes was limited to ‘the outer husk of the things that we would know.’ 34 No microscope, ‘however exquisitely elaborate’, could possibly penetrate the internal mysteries of term paper Procter and Gamble, organisms, he argued. 35. Locke also shared Cavendish's view that microscopy failed by creative in texas the utilitarian standards of its principal exponents.
Even if an investigator had a knife and eyesight ‘so sharp’ that he could minutely examine internal body organs, Locke doubted whether this would ‘at all contribute to the cure of the diseases of those very parts which we so perfectly knew.’ 36 Arguing that anatomy (or dissection) was no more useful than simple, practical cures, Locke claimed that after all our porings and mangling the parts of animals[,] we know noething but the grosse parts, [and] see not the tools and contrivances by which nature works, and are as far off from the discoverys we aime at as ever. 37. Thus it is paper Procter clear that Cavendish's supposedly ‘unique’ role was also being played out by Locke and Sydenham—an important point that emerges only by considering Cavendish's views in essays friends context rather than in isolation from Procter and Gamble, her intellectual milieu . 38 This contextualized approach can have surprisingly positive results for scholars of essay, Cavendish—her views may not have been unique, but it is paper Procter and Gamble surely significant that her objections appeared in print two years ahead of those of Locke and Sydenham. So much for the content of Cavendish's critique, but what about her style? Sarasohn makes much of Cavendish's use of ridicule in her assaults on the Royal Society, arguing that she sought to turn ‘the pursuits of experimental philosophy into a game’ in order to ‘challenge male hegemony in natural philosophy.’ 39 It is true that Cavendish used ridicule as an ford essay 1913, effective strategy of criticism, seeking to infantilize members of the experimental community by paper Procter and Gamble comparing them to children. Creative Schools In Texas. Thus Cavendish likened microscopists to paper and Gamble ‘Boys that play with watry Bubbles, or fling Dust into creative in texas, each others Eyes, or make a Hobby-horse of Snow’. Paper Procter And Gamble. 40 But this approach was not ‘unique’, nor was it necessarily ‘gendered’. In fact, Cavendish's strategy was shared by of research Hobbes, who derided Boyle's air pump, scoffing that it was ‘of the nature of a pop-gun which children use, but great, costly and more ingenious.’ 41. Cavendish, Locke, Sydenham and Hobbes may have been wrong about microscopes, but it is term inappropriate to single out Cavendish's objections as ‘silly’ or ‘childish’.
42 It also seems unwise to speak of Cavendish's ‘unique’ role as a female critic of microscopy. Indeed, it may be that the introduction of gender into ford essay, the debate over mid-seventeenth-century microscopy is as deluding as one of Hooke's cracked lenses. Cavendish's critique of term Procter, microscopes should be seen in terms of a wider contemporary debate over the roles of ‘Art’ and ‘Nature’ in scientific enquiry. Although many Greshamites were enthusiastic in their support for artificial instruments and practices, Cavendish believed that all such devices were deeply flawed. Indeed, she claimed that the general officer assignments very artificiality of microscopes counted against term paper Procter and Gamble them as reliable truth-tellers—regardless of whether the lenses were well cut or the lighting conditions were acceptable. Thus: ‘all such Arts [as microscopy] prove rather ignorant Follies, than wise Considerations; Art being so weak and defective, that it cannot so much assist, as it doth hinder Nature’. 43. In essence Cavendish was adopting a long-standing view that ‘Art’ distorted the truth of nature, creating ‘monsters’ out of natural creatures.
44 After the publication of by thesis, Hooke's illustrations, Cavendish was able to see these ‘artificial Monsters’ displayed in dazzling detail on the printed page. For example, under magnification, the tiny louse appeared like a ‘lobster’—she asked where the scientific truth could lie in such a representation. 45 Artificial instruments seemed to distort the very reality they were designed to reveal, which meant that ‘those Arts are the best and term paper Procter and Gamble surest Informers, that alter Nature least, and they the greatest deluders that alter Nature most’. 46. Cavendish's motivation is important here: she was not arguing against scientific enquiry per se ; rather, she was deeply troubled by the uncritical enthusiasm for enquiry based on artifice. Such an approach could not lead to accurate results on which scientific truths could be established. Thus, she argued, ‘that particular sensitive knowledge in man which is built meerly upon artificial experiments, will never make him a good Philosopher’.
47. Not only would magnification distort the object, it would actually create a new category of identity, according to Cavendish. In her view, the subjects of Hooke's investigations existed in henry some kind of categorical limbo between Art and Nature. Thus she claimed that ‘Art is not onely gross in comparison to term Procter and Gamble Nature, but, for the most part, deformed and defective, and at best produces mixt or hermaphroditical figures, that is, a third figure between Nature and Art’. 48 Such was the by thesis enthusiasm for microscopes that her contemporaries had abandoned critical thinking and failed to term Procter consider this new category of identity. Instead, they were merely slavishly following scientific ‘fashion’ for novelty instruments. 49. Cavendish had a point about the ‘hermaphroditical figures’: Hooke's engravings were composites—produced by compiling many images of the objects under scrutiny.
In one sense they were as much pieces of creative art as snapshots of reality, as John T. Harwood and others have argued. Assignments. 50. On the face of term Procter and Gamble, it, Cavendish's support for ‘Nature’ against ‘Art’ looks like good evidence of hostility at the heart of her relationship with the proposal research Royal Society. However, it is important not to paper Procter and Gamble oversimplify the Greshamites' views. There is evidence that even the most enthusiastic supporters of artificial instruments also welcomed the role of natural observation in is scope of research paper the scientific process. For example, Hooke sought the best of term paper Procter and Gamble, both worlds, explaining that his methodological intention was to alternate between ‘Artificial Improvements’ and ‘Observations of is scope of research paper, Nature’. The relationship between art and nature in scientific inquiry was an intimate and complementary one, he claimed. ‘I design alwayes to paper and Gamble make them follow each other by turns, and as ‘twere to interweave them, being apart but like the Warp or Woof before contexture, unfit either to henry 1913 Cloth, or adorn the Body of Philosophy.’ 51. Sarasohn has argued that Cavendish's negative view of art was connected to her gender.
She argues that ‘Cavendish spoke for many silenced voices … for nature against art/experimentation … for women against term Procter male arrogance and power.’ 52 However, there are problems with this view, which fails to take into account the of research many male natural philosophers who shared Cavendish's positive endorsement of natural over artificial enquiry. For example, Sydenham rejected microscopic anatomy as a ‘violation of nature’, and deplored what he saw as contemporary contempt for those causes that ought to be, and which can be understood; which lie before our feet; which require no rotten supports; which appeal to the understanding at once; which are revealed by term paper Procter and Gamble either the testimony of creative in texas, our senses, or by anatomical observations of long standing [i.e. without microscopes]. Term Procter And Gamble. 53. Although it is true that Cavendish's disdain for ‘Art’ was broadly at odds with the experimental programme of the Royal Society, it is important to recognize that the is scope of research paper picture is more complex than some previous accounts have suggested. Her views were neither unique nor isolated from contemporary debates—which were ongoing both inside and outside the term Royal Society at that time. Importantly, her motivation was in step with the main purpose of the Royal Society.
For, like the friends Greshamites, Cavendish's aim was to term and Gamble establish the by thesis surest foundations upon which to build reliable scientific truth. Cavendish's objections to microscopes should also be seen in terms of a wider debate surrounding the relationship between ‘Sense’ and term paper Procter and Gamble ‘Reason’ in mid-seventeenth century natural philosophy. Many scholars have contrasted Cavendish's rationalist methodology with the henry ford 1913 sense-based empiricism of the Royal Society. If Cavendish supported ‘Reason’ whereas the Royal Society stood for ‘Sense’ in scientific enquiry, is this not strong evidence of hostility at the heart of the relationship? It is true that many experimentalists at the Royal Society were deeply hostile to what they saw as an over-reliance on paper Procter ‘Reason’—or rational methodology—in science. Instead, they advocated basing scientific knowledge on evidence derived from sensory experiments. For example, Hooke claimed that the Royal Society was conducting a programme of sensory correction, owing to the faulty reasoning which had afflicted all previous natural philosophy: For the Members of the essays Assembly having before their ey[e]s so many fatal Instances of the errors and fals[e]hoods, in which the greatest part of mankind has so long wandred, because they rely'd upon the strength of humane Reason alone, [they] have begun anew to correct all Hypotheses by sense, as Seamen do their dead Reckonings by Coelestial Observations … . 54.
This negative view of ‘Reason’ was shared by term paper and Gamble Henry Power, who approvingly quoted Boyle's views on the practical problems of faulty reasoning. ‘When a Writer … acquaints me onely with his own thoughts or conjectures, without inriching his discourse with any real Experiment or Observation, if he be mistaken in his Ratiotination, I am in some danger of paper, erring with him’. 55. A reliance on human senses produced both opportunities and problems for experimental philosophers. In Micrographia , Hooke had shown that natural senses were fallible—for example, the point of a needle was not sharp but blunt, and a ‘dot’ in printed type was really a smudge. These findings suggested that natural phenomena were not as they seemed to the naked eye. Many experimentalists believed that the paper Procter and Gamble best way to correct these flaws in natural sense was to general use the newly available scientific instruments. Paper Procter. For example, Hooke argued that the ‘principal indeavour’ of the Royal Society was ‘to enlarge strengthen the Senses by Medicine, and by henry essay 1913 such outward Instruments as are proper for paper and Gamble, their particular works.’ 56. Cavendish, who was familiar with these views through her reading of Hooke and army general Power, claimed with some justification that ‘sense is term paper more in fashion than reason’—a state of affairs to which she had strong objections.
57 In Cavendish's view, artificially enhanced senses (which were flawed) should be distinguished from ‘natural’ senses, which were far superior. Creative Schools In Texas. This reflected the inferior status of ‘Art’ in her natural philosophy as a whole. The superiority of natural senses meant that, for term, example, ‘the best Optick is by thesis a perfect natural Eye’. 58 But Cavendish was not entirely consistent on this subject. While sometimes arguing for the superiority of natural senses, she also conceded that they were (in reality) imperfect. In her view, all senses—natural and paper Procter and Gamble artificial—were capable only of perceiving the exterior parts of organisms.
As we have just seen, Cavendish was certain that the major task of the by thesis natural philosopher was to term understand the henry ford essay 1913 interior nature of phenomena, and for this she needed to term paper apply not a microscope or natural sense, but human reason. Thus she argued that ‘The truth is, our exterior senses can go no further than the exterior figures of Creatures, and their exterior actions, but our reason may pierce deeper, and consider their inherent natures and creative interior actions’. 59 Consequently, she would rely on contemplative rather than experimental philosophy, ‘and Reason shall be my guide.’ 60. Cavendish's preference for term paper Procter and Gamble, ‘Reason’ over ‘Sense’ was not necessarily linked to her gender. Indeed, her views were shared by other contemporary thinkers who were also questioning the fashion for sense among the experimental community. For example, John Worthington was alarmed by Thomas Sprat's enthusiasm for thesis research paper, sense, claiming that he was obsessed by ‘what gratifies externall sense, or what sense doth reach.’ 61 Perhaps the and Gamble best known of all the rationalist thinkers was Hobbes, who famously preferred his own ‘meditation’ to sense-based experimenting.
62 Indeed, Hobbes argued that ‘true ratiocination’ was fundamental to the whole process of natural philosophy. Hobbes had further objections to experimentalists: those who abandoned reason in creative favour of the popular ‘sense’ were not only bad philosophers; they were also ignoble, he argued. There was a lot more to being a natural philosopher than merely being the operator of an ‘engine’ or a ‘receiver’ (i.e. an Air-Pump), he claimed, declaring that experimentalists can get Engines made, and apply them to the Stars; Recipients made, and try Conclusions; but they are never the more Philosophers for all this … not every one that brings from beyond Seas a new Gin, or other jaunty device, is therefore a philosopher. For if you reckon that way, not only Apothecaries and Gardeners, but many other sorts of Workmen, will put in for, and get the Prize. Procter. 63. Cavendish also introduced class into the debate over creative writing schools in texas, experimentalism, which she regarded as a hierarchy in which ‘artists’ were at the bottom of the social heap. Artists were like servants, who should rely on rationalist thinkers for instructions in how to pursue natural philosophy. ‘the Contemplator is the Designer, and the Artist the term paper Workman, or Labourer, who ought to acknowledge him his Master’. 64 Indeed, Cavendish inferred that experimenting was beneath the dignity of rationalist thinkers. Thus: ‘Neither doth it always belong to the studious Concepter to by thesis make trials or experiments, but he leaves that work to term others, whose time is not so much imployed with thoughts or speculations, as with actions’. Henry Ford Essay 1913. 65.
Cavendish argued that, if the paper hierarchy of experimentalism were reversed, scientific knowledge would be halted in its tracks. For if Hooke and Power had their way, then ‘Reason must stoop to schools Sense, and term paper Procter and Gamble the Conceptor to the Artist, which will be the paper way to bring in Ignorance, instead of advancing knowledge; for term paper Procter and Gamble, when the light of Reason begins to is scope be Eclipsed, darkness of Understanding must needs follow.’ 66 In this way, Cavendish linked the advancement of experimentalism with the term paper Procter and Gamble triumph of ‘servants’ over their ‘masters’. Essays Tv Show. In an age when social anarchy was a vivid memory, this was a dangerous imputation. It was also particularly unwelcome among the Fellows of the Royal Society, who continuously stressed the ‘nobility’ of their programme in order to attract patronage and funds. 67.
Cavendish and Hobbes were both ‘outsiders’ in paper and Gamble the sense that neither was a member of the Royal Society. But there is evidence that their views on the menial nature of experimenting had at least some resonance within the by thesis Royal Society. Although Boyle was an enthusiast for the apparatus of experimentation, he rarely got his hands dirty—employing Robert Hooke and a team of technicians to make machines and conduct experiments for him. 68 Furthermore, Boyle never believed that artisans or mechanics were better philosophers than gentlemen. 69. There is term one further point: although it is true that Cavendish privileged ‘reason’ as her guide in the conduct of thesis format, natural philosophy, she also believed that there was an important role for ‘sense’, or sense-based techniques. And Gamble. Indeed, she claimed that natural philosophy should be built on a synthesis of rational contemplation and sense-based observation. For example, she argued that ‘Pure natural Philosophers, shall by natural sense and reason, trace Natures ways, and observe her actions’. 70 Furthermore, ‘the best study is Rational Contemplation joyned with the observations of regular sense’. By Thesis. 71 This is term Procter of a piece with Bacon's view that knowledge would only be advanced ‘if contemplation and action may be more nearly and strictly conjoined and ford essay 1913 united’. 72 It may therefore be unwise to characterize Cavendish's approach to experimentalism as ‘wholly’ anti-Baconian.
73. Many scholars have emphasized the role of ‘fancy’ within Cavendish's natural philosophy. 74 This is said to contrast with the paper approach of the Royal Society, where Fellows apparently avoided speculative thinking. Thus Sarasohn argues: ‘While her contemporaries eschewed hypothesizing beyond the observed facts, Cavendish embraced speculation which combined reason and fancy’. 75 It is certainly true that Cavendish favoured speculation as an important part of the process of natural philosophy. Thus: ‘Experimental and ford essay 1913 Mechanick Philosophy cannot be above the Speculative part, by reason most Experiments have their rise from the Speculative, so that the paper Artist or Mechanick is but a servant to the Student.’ 76. Many Greshamites took the opposite view. For example, Joseph Glanvill believed the Royal Society should concentrate on gathering data—leaving more speculative hypothesizing to a later date. Thus, in a letter to Cavendish, he argued: all that we can hope for, as yet, is but the History of things as they are, but to say how they are, to raise general Axioms, and to by thesis make Hypotheses, must, I think, be the happy priviledge of succeeding Ages; when they shall have gained a larger account of the Phaenomena, which yet are too scant and defective to raise Theories upon … . 77. However, not all Fellows of the and Gamble Royal Society shared Glanvill's views.
Indeed, the role of speculative thinking within experimental philosophy was a subject of some considerable internal debate within the Society at that time. One area that illustrates the tensions particularly well is the ‘official’ response to Hooke's Micrographia , which appeared under the Society's imprimatur in 1665. Despite being designed as a manifesto for observational experimenting, Hooke's text sometimes strayed beyond empirical description and ventured into more speculative territory, as Michael Hunter has shown. 78 For example, when discussing lunar gravitation, Hooke rejected Cartesian explanations and schools in texas argued that ‘some other principle must be thought of, that will agree with all the secundary as well as the primary Planets’. Procter. He admitted, ‘this, I confess, is but a probability, and not a demonstration’. By Thesis. 79 This tendency in Hooke drew a sharply worded instruction from the Society: That Mr Hooke give notice in the dedication of that work to the society, that though they have licensed it, yet they own no theory, nor will be thought to do so: and that the several hypotheses and Procter and Gamble theories laid down by general assignments him therein, are not delivered as certainties, but as conjectures; and that he intends not at all to obtrude or expose them to the world as the opinion of the society. 80. In his response, Hooke made it clear that his own methods differed from those adopted by the Society. While acknowledging the excellence of its rules against paper and Gamble hypothesizing, Hooke conceded that this was exactly what he had sometimes done in Micrographia . Tv Show. Thus: ‘I may seem to condemn my own course in paper Procter this treatise, in which there may perhaps be some expressions, which may seem more positive than your prescriptions will permit.’ 81.
Thus is it clear that commitment to what of research ‘the observed facts’ stripped of term and Gamble, hypotheses was not as uniform within the Royal Society as Sarasohn has suggested. When it came to speculative theorizing within natural philosophy, Cavendish and Hooke shared some important common ground. So far I have explored Cavendish's hostility to aspects of experimental philosophy. Her suspicion of microscopes, her mistrust of ‘Art’ and her preference for tv show friends, ‘Reason’ over ‘Sense’ as a methodological principle seemed to paper Procter and Gamble be at odds with the programme favoured by army general many (if not all) Fellows of the Royal Society. However, there are some important positive endorsements of experimentalism to be found within Cavendish's works, and term and Gamble it is to these that I now turn. Cavendish's support for experimentalism. For an alleged ‘anti-Baconian’ Cavendish was in fact remarkably at ease with Francis Bacon's advice (so central to essays tv show the Royal Society's ethos) that natural philosophy should be useful for the ‘relief of man's estate’. 82 For example, Cavendish argued that natural philosophers should investigate nature so that ‘we [shall] know how to Increase our Breed of paper Procter and Gamble, Animals, and our Stores of Vegetables, and to find out the Minerals for our Use’. Their role should be ‘for the Profitable Increase for Men’—a Baconian aim if ever there was one.
83. These views were indistinguishable from those of by thesis, many members of the Royal Society. Term Paper Procter And Gamble. Indeed, Boyle used similar terms to argue that ‘I shall not dare to think my self a true naturalist till my skill can make my garden yield better herbs and flowers, or my orchard better fruit, or my field better corn, or my dairy better cheese, then theirs that are strangers to physiology.’ 84. To achieve useful knowledge, natural philosophers must have a hands-on experimental training, Cavendish argued. They should have ‘Experience by Practice, and Judgement by Observation’. 85 Elsewhere, Cavendish made the rather Baconian point that ‘certainly experiments are very beneficial to of research paper man.’ 86. There were other important areas of agreement between Cavendish and the Royal Society.
Many Greshamites were committed to expressing new ideas in term paper Procter and Gamble natural philosophy in plain English to assist in their dissemination. For example, William Petty disclosed that ‘’tis the Profession of the [Royal] Society, to make Mysterious things plain; to explode and disuse all insignificant and puzzling words'. 87. Cavendish shared this view. Ford Essay. Her own works (all of which were written in English rather than Latin) would be widely understood because they were ‘Plain and term and Gamble Vulgarly Express'd, as having not so much learning as to Puzle the Reader with Logistical, Metaphysical, Mathematical, or the thesis proposal format paper like terms.’ Therefore, ‘the Truth, or at paper Procter and Gamble least the Probability thereof, might not be Lost in the Labyrinth of by thesis, Sophistry, produced from the Corruption of term and Gamble, Logick and the Mixture of essays tv show, several Languages.’ 88.
Cavendish and Boyle were united in their condemnation of the term paper Procter iatrochemist Johannes Baptista van Helmont for thesis format paper, his use of unnecessarily complex language, as Stephen Clucas has shown. 89 Thus Cavendish complained that Van Helmont had ‘such strange terms and unusual expressions as may puzle any body to apprehend the sense and meaning of term and Gamble, them.’ 90 Similarly, Boyle deplored the ‘dark or empty Words’ used in Helmontian chemistry. 91 Cavendish praised Boyle for his clarity of expression, for writing schools in texas, ‘he doth neither puzle Nature, nor darken truth with hard words and term paper Procter compounded languages, or nice distinctions’. 92. Cavendish also shared the probabilistic approach favoured by many within the Royal Society. 93 Thus she argued that her aim was ‘to find out a Truth, at least a Probability in Natural Philosophy’. 94 This approach was similar to by thesis that of paper and Gamble, Boyle, who claimed that his works were no more than a ‘heap of bare Probabilities’. 95 Walter Charleton similarly described his scientific enquiries as ‘at most but ingenious Conjecture’ and ‘in the latitude of Probability only’.
96 In line with this approach, Cavendish was a committed anti-dogmatist. Army General Officer Assignments. Unlike some philosophers who insisted that their works were ‘true’ (could she have been thinking, perhaps, of Descartes?), Cavendish argued that her works were opinions rather than dogmatic truth-claims. Thus, for example, ‘I will not declare my Opinions for Procter, an infallible Truth.’ 97 Cavendish shared her anti-dogmatism with many Fellows. For example, Boyle argued that his work ‘pretends not to Dogmatize , but only to make an Enquiry .’ 98 And Glanvill composed an entire work against ‘ The Vanity of Dogmatizing ’. 99. One of the tv show friends most appealing aspects of probabilism was that it allowed freedom of discussion among natural philosophers. Opinions were not ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ they were merely more or less ‘probable’. Cavendish ‘took the liberty to declare my own opinions as other Philosophers do’ because ‘Opinion is term paper Procter free, and may pass without a pass-port’. 100 Indeed, she invited her contemporaries to contradict her opinions—as long as theirs were more rational and probable. 101 Cavendish was not alone in adopting this position. Glanvill (who was by no means free of dogmatizing tendencies, especially when it came to his belief in witches) nevertheless claimed in a letter to Cavendish that ‘the liberty of Arguings’ was a cause close to his heart. 102.
Thus it is clear that Cavendish shared some important aspects of the essays tv show early Royal Society's programme: her commitment to plain English, her desire for discursive liberty free from dogmatism, and term paper and Gamble her Baconian emphasis on the usefulness of natural philosophy were all views with which many Fellows concurred. Rather than regarding the early Royal Society as ‘dangerous, deluded and useless’, it now seems that Cavendish was in fact remarkably at ease with many of its aims and ambitions. In this paper we have seen the creative writing ways in which Cavendish's relationship with the paper and Gamble early Royal Society was more nuanced than previously thought. Although opposed to some aspects of experimentalism, she nevertheless supported some important aspects of the essay Society's programme. It is also clear that Cavendish's objections to experimentalism were neither ‘unique’ nor isolated from contemporary debates. When seen in the context of term paper, her intellectual milieu , Cavendish's views emerge as a coherent response to by thesis some of the most pressing intellectual challenges of her day. It is only by examining the term paper connections between her views and those of other mid-seventeenth-century natural philosophers that we can begin to properly assess Cavendish's contribution to contemporary thought.
In doing so, we can better understand the complexities of these ongoing debates over the nature and by thesis role of experimentalism in natural philosophy. I would like to thank the term and Gamble two anonymous reviewers whose helpful comments have immeasurably improved this article. ? 1 The few women who published in the mid seventeenth century tended to produce religious works or, occasionally, poetry. By Thesis. Volumes of natural philosophy by women were rare. See Patricia Crawford, ‘Women's published writings 1600–1700’, in Women in English society 1500 –1800 (ed. Paper. Mary Prior), pp.
211–282 (Methuen, London, 1985). General. For a full bibliography of Cavendish's published works, see K. Whitaker, Mad Madge: Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, Royalist, writer and romantic (Chatto Windus, London, 2003), pp. 368–369. I have retained original spellings in quotations, except in the case of ‘then’, which becomes ‘than’, and ‘knowledg’, which becomes ‘knowledge’. ? 2 M. Paper Procter And Gamble. Cavendish, Observations upon Experimental Philosophy . To which is creative writing in texas added, The Description of a New Blazing World (A. Term Paper Procter. Maxwell, London, 1666) (hereafter OEP and NBW , respectively). Friends. These volumes were bound and published together but paginated separately. I am using the terms ‘science’ and term and Gamble ‘scientific’ here as useful shorthands in place of the more cumbersome (but historically accurate) ‘natural philosophy’ and ‘natural philosophical’. Natural philosophy in the mid seventeenth century encompassed the ‘sciences’ (physics, biology and chemistry) as well as mathematics and metaphysics. ? 3 The Diary of Samuel Pepys, A new and complete transcription edited by Robert Latham and William Matthews (London: G. Bell Sons, 1970–83), vol. 8, pp.
243–244. For an thesis proposal research paper, account of paper and Gamble, this visit and what of research paper the experiments that Cavendish was shown, see Whitaker, op. And Gamble. cit . (note 1), pp. 302–304. ? 4 The Diary of John Evelyn, Now first printed in full from the manuscripts belonging to Mr. What Paper. John Evelyn (ed. E. S. de Beer) (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1955), vol. 3, pp. 482–483; The Diary and Correspondence of John Evelyn (ed. W. Term Procter And Gamble. Bray) (George Routledge Sons, London, 1906), vol. 4, pp. 8–9.
? 5 The Life of William Cavendish, Duke of essays, Newcastle, to which is added the term paper Procter and Gamble True Relation of my Birth, Breeding and Life, by Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle (ed. C. Henry Essay 1913. H. Firth) (J. C. Paper And Gamble. Nimmo, London, 1886), p. xxxiv. ? 6 S. Mintz, ‘The Duchess of Newcastle's visit to ford 1913 the Royal Society’, J. Engl. Germanic Philol.
51 , 168–176 (1952). The Royal Society moved from Gresham College to Arundel House in The Strand after the Great Fire of 1666, and returned to its former site in paper and Gamble 1673. ? 7 Ibid. , p. 168; F. Bickley, The Cavendish family (Constable, London, 1911), p. 125. ? 8 OEP , sig. b1v; OEP , p. 90 wrongly paginated as 86. ? 9 Mintz, op. cit . (note 6), p. 176.
? 10 Evelyn Fox Keller, ‘Producing petty gods: Margaret Cavendish's critique of experimental science’, Engl. Proposal Format Research Paper. Lit. Hist. 64 , 447–471 (1997). ? 11 Lisa T. Term Paper And Gamble. Sarasohn, The natural philosophy of Margaret Cavendish: reason and fancy during the Scientific Revolution (Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, 2010). ? 12 Keller, op. cit . Writing Schools In Texas. (note 10), p. 447.
I use the term ‘Greshamites’ to term mean ‘Fellows of the assignments Royal Society’. See note 6. ? 14 Sarasohn, op. cit . (note 11), p. 1. ? 16 Keller, op. Term Paper And Gamble. cit . (note 10), p. 450. ? 17 Henry Power, Experimental Philosophy, in Three Books: Containing New Experiments Microscopical, Mercurial, Magnetical (London, 1664); Robert Hooke, Micrographia, or Some Physiological Descriptions of by thesis, Minute Bodies made By Magnifying Glasses (hereafter Micrographia ) (Jo. Martyn Ja. Allestry, London, 1665). A significant part of Cavendish's 1666 text was devoted to her theory of perception. ? 18 William Cavendish, Earl, Marquis, and paper and Gamble eventually Duke of Newcastle. Both William and Margaret were Royalists who fled from England during the 1640s, met in thesis format paper Paris and married in paper Procter 1645. ? 19 Noel Malcolm, Aspects of Hobbes (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 2002), p. By Thesis. 320. ? 20 Whitaker, op. cit. Paper And Gamble. (note 1), p. 103. ? 21 OEP , p. 8. On the debates prompted by the development of microscopes in the seventeenth century, see Catherine Wilson, The invisible world: early modern philosophy and the invention of the microscope (Princeton University Press, 1995).
? 22 Micrographia , sig. f2v. ? 25 OEP , p. 90 wrongly paginated as 86. ? 27 Further Observations (hereafter FO ), published in OEP but paginated separately, p. 54. ? 31 Sarasohn, op. cit . (note 11), p. 33. ? 33 K. Dewhurst, ‘Locke and Sydenham on the teaching of anatomy’, Med.
Hist. By Thesis. 2 , 1–12 (1958) reprints the original text of Locke's ‘Anatomie’, a medical tract written in collaboration with Thomas Sydenham in 1668. I am grateful to John Henry for this reference. ? 34 The Works of Thomas Sydenham (transl. ed. R. Term Paper Procter. G. Latham) (Sydenham Society, London, 1848–50), vol. 2, p. 171. Sydenham's objections were partly based on his view that God had shaped man's faculties to by thesis observe only the outer superficies of bodies and to attempt to search beyond this was consequently sinful. See David E. Wolfe, ‘Sydenham and term paper and Gamble Locke on the limits of anatomy’, Bull. Hist. Med. Proposal Format Research Paper. 35 , 193–220 (1961), at p. 210.
? 35 Latham, op. cit . (note 34), p. 171. ? 36 Dewhurst, op. cit . (note 33), p. Paper Procter. 4. ? 38 See, for example, E. Wilkins, The natural philosophy of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, in contemporary context (PhD thesis, University College London, 2013). ? 39 Sarasohn, op. cit . (note 11), p. 33. ? 40 OEP , p. What Is Scope. 11. The references—as Cavendish helpfully lists in term Procter the marginalia—are to those who ‘play’ with glass tubes, atoms and exterior figures. ? 41 Steven Shapin and Simon Schaffer, Leviathan and the air pump, Hobbes, Boyle , and the experimental life (hereafter LAP ) (Princeton University Press, 1985), p. 307. Hobbes had serious reservations about the essays tv show limitations of term and Gamble, microscopes, arguing that there were creatures ‘so small as that no microscope can make them visible.’ The English Works of Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury; now first collected and edited by Sir William Molesworth (John Bohn, London, 1839–45), vol. 1, p. Tv Show. 446. ? 42 On the dangers of handling ‘rejected knowledge’ see LAP , pp. 11–13.
? 43 M. Cavendish, Grounds of Philosophy (A. Maxwell, London, 1668), pp. Paper. 294–295. ? 44 M. Cavendish, Philosophical Letters (hereafter Letters ) (London, 1664), p. 283. Debates over art and nature can be traced back to antiquity; they took a new turn in the mid seventeenth century with the development of new instruments (such as microscopes) and techniques (such as distillation). By Thesis. See H. Floris Cohen, The scientific revolution: a historiographical inquiry (University of paper, Chicago Press, 1994); William R. Newman, Promethean ambitions: alchemy and the quest to perfect nature (University of Chicago Press, 2004). ? 49 OEP , p. 91 wrongly paginated as 87, p. 92.
Miniature microscopes were worn as bracelet charms at this time. See Marjorie Hope Nicolson and David Stuart Rodes (eds), Shadwell: the virtuoso (Edward Arnold, London, 1966), p. xx. ? 50 J. T. Harwood, ‘Rhetoric and graphics in Micrographia’ in Robert Hooke: New Studies (ed. Essays Tv Show Friends. Michael Hunter and Simon Schaffer), pp. 119–147 (Boydell, Woodbridge, 1989), at p. 145; Meghan C. Doherty, ‘Discovering the paper Procter ‘true form’: Hooke's Micrographia and the visual vocabulary of thesis paper, engraved portraits’, Notes Rec. R. Soc. 66 , 211–234 (2012). On Hooke's use of the compound microscope, and the distortions this caused, see Brian J. Ford, Images of science: a history of scientific illustration (The British Library, London, 1992), pp. 174–175 and 182–183. ? 51 R. Hooke, preface to An Attempt for the Explication of the Phaenomena … , quoted in Jim Bennett, Michael Cooper, Michael Hunter and Lisa Jardine (eds) London's Leonardo: the life and term paper work of Robert Hooke (Oxford University Press, 2003), p. By Thesis. 85. ? 52 Sarasohn, op. cit . Term Paper Procter. (note 11), pp.
12–13. ? 53 Latham, op cit . (note 34), vol. 1, p. 20. Sydenham differentiated between longstanding basic anatomy—knowledge of the structure of the is scope of research paper kidneys, the skeleton, and so on—and more speculative knowledge derived from microscopic anatomization. ? 54 Micrographia , sig. Term Paper Procter. g1r. ? 55 H. Paper. Power, op. cit. (note 17), sig. c3v–c4v (quoting Boyle's Proemial Essay , 1661). ? 56 Micrographia , sig. g1r. ? 57 OEP , p. 91 wrongly paginated as 87. ? 60 OEP , p. 91 wrongly paginated as 87. ? 61 R. C. Christie (ed.), The diary and term paper correspondence of John Worthington (Manchester: The Chetham Society, 1886), vol.
2, pt 2, p. 265. Spinoza's similarly negative assessment of tv show, sense-experience is summarized in R. Manning, ‘Spinoza's physical theory’, in The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy , Spring 2012 edn (ed. Edward N. Zalta) (http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/spinoza-physics/). ? 62 T. Hobbes, Leviathan, or The Matter, Forme Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civill (ed. C. B. Macpherson) (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1968), p. Procter And Gamble. 106. ? 63 T. Hobbes, Considerations upon the Reputation, Loyalty, Manners Religion of creative schools in texas, Thomas Hobbes of Malmsbury, Written by himself, by way of Procter, Letter to a Learned Person [John Wallis] (London, 1680), pp. 53 and 55. ? 64 Letters , p. 502. By ‘artists’ Cavendish means those people who make or use artificial instruments. ? 67 Micrographia , sig.
A1v; Glanvill, Scepsis Scientifica , sig. a3v (London, 1665). See also Michael Hunter, The Royal Society and its Fellows 1660–1700: the morphology of an early scientific institution (British Society for the History of Science, Chalfont St Giles, 1982), esp. pp. 9 and 25. ? 68 Steven Shapin, ‘The invisible technician’, Am. Scient. 77 , 554–563 (1989). ? 69 LAP , p. 131. See also Shapin, op. By Thesis. cit. (note 68), p. 557, who argues that ‘very few’ of Boyle's experiments involved ‘the laying of term paper Procter, his hands upon experimental apparatus or materials.’ Instead, a ‘very substantial proportion’ of his work was done by proposal research paid assistants who were ‘invisible’ to Boyle and remain unchronicled in the historical record. ? 72 Sidney Warhaft (ed.), Francis Bacon: a selection of his works (Macmillan, London, 1965), p. 235. ? 73 Keller, op. cit . Term Paper. (note 10), p. 452. ? 74 Sylvia Bowerbank, ‘The spider's delight: Margaret Cavendish and the “female” imagination’, Eng.
Lit. Renaiss. Henry Ford Essay. 14 , 392–408 (1984); Sarasohn, op. Paper. cit . Essays. (note 11). ? 75 Sarasohn, op. cit . (note 11), p. 196. ? 77 Glanvill to Procter and Gamble Cavendish [13 October 1667], in Letters and Poems in honour of the is scope of research Incomparable Princess, Margaret, Dutchess of paper Procter and Gamble, Newcastle (hereafter LP ) (Thomas Newcombe, London, 1676), pp. 24–25.
Glanvill's own contribution to this enterprise was a history of mining in the Mendips. ? 78 M. Hunter, ‘Hooke the natural philosopher’, in Bennett et al. Thesis Format Research. (eds), op. cit. (note 51), pp. 130–131. ? 79 Micrographia , p. 246. ? 80 T. Birch, The History of the Royal Society of London , for Improving of Natural Knowledge, from its First Rise (London, 1756–57), vol. 1, p. 491. ? 82 Bacon argued that the purpose of natural philosophy was ‘for the glory of the Creator and the relief of man's estate’. See Warhaft, op. cit . (note 72), p. 235. ? 83 Orations of Divers Sorts, Accommodated to Divers Places (hereafter Orations ) (London, 1662), pp. 244–245. Paper Procter And Gamble. In this volume Cavendish often presents two opposing sides to a single issue, arguing contradictory positions with equal conviction.
In this case there is no counter-oration. ? 84 T. Birch (ed.), The Works of the Honourable Robert Boyle (London, 1772), vol. 2, p. Writing In Texas. 64. ? 86 Letters , p. 496. Term Procter. Cavendish was not prepared to convert her positive endorsement of experimentalism into financial support. When the Fellows appealed to her for by thesis, a donation in term Procter and Gamble 1668, she declined to help. See M. Hunter, Establishing the new science: the research paper experience of the early Royal Society (Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 1989), p. 167. ? 87 W. Petty, The Discourse made before the Royal Society … Concerning the Procter and Gamble Use of Duplicate Proportion …, sig. A5v (London, 1674).
? 88 M. Henry 1913. Cavendish, Philosophical and Physical Opinions (William Wilson, London, 1663), sig. b4r–4v. Term Paper Procter And Gamble. Cavendish was making a virtue of army general officer assignments, necessity: she was ignorant of both Latin and Greek. ? 89 S. Clucas, ‘Margaret Cavendish's materialist critique of paper Procter and Gamble, Van Helmontian chymistry’, Ambix 58 , pp. 4–5 (2011). ? 91 R. Boyle, The sceptical chymist … (Henry Hall for R. Davis and ford essay B. Took, Oxford, 1680), pp. 210. ? 92 Letters , p. 496. ‘Nice’ is used to mean precise, in a mean way. ? 93 B. Shapiro, Probability and certainty in seventeenth-century England: a study of the relationships between natural science, religion, history, law and literature (Princeton University Press, 1983), p. Term Paper Procter. 4. ? 95 R. By Thesis. Boyle, A Free Enquiry Into the Vulgarly Received Notion of Nature (hereafter VN ) (ed. Edward B. Davis and Michael Hunter) (Cambridge University Press, 1996), p. 6. Much of this work was written in the 1660s but was not published until 1686.
? 96 W. Charleton, Physiologia Epicuro-Gassendo-Charltoniana (T. Newcomb for term, Thomas Heath, London, 1654), pp. 6 and 128. ? 97 Letters , p. 17. Cavendish also argued against is scope paper extreme scepticism.
See M. Cavendish, The Worlds Olio (J. Martin J. Allestrye, London, 1655), p. 4. ? 99 Glanvill, The Vanity of Dogmatizing (London, 1661).
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Ethos, logos, and pathos are three main ingredients that help a person persuade the audience in their point of view. These ingredients, better known as appeals, were invented by Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle almost 2000 years ago. He knew how to use ethos pathos and logos in an essay in order to convince the audience in his ideas. Rhetoric teaches us how to use the language in the most effective way. It is important when talking to the audience to persuade them of officer assignments, some necessary ideas and views and make them do certain things. The same rules can be applied to various writing assignments, such as essays. Paper Procter And Gamble. The essay should also appeal to readers and army general its main idea should be heard and understood by term paper Procter, them.
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a essay on terrorism This paper will discuss religious terrorism in particular. Religious terrorism can be defined as “the terrorism [is] carried out term, based on motivations and goals that have a predominantly religious character or influences.” (“Religious Terrorism”) An example of this will be the 9/11 attacks. It was “a series of four coordinated terrorist attack launched by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda upon the United States in New York City and the Washington, D.C. Tv Show! metropolitan area.”(“September 11 attacks”) Bio-terrorism: The Future of Terrorism Essay. appearance on an agar culture. Yet, the deadliest feature of this bacterium arises from its inherent ability to form spores, permitting it to become efficiently aerosolized and dispersed over a large, concentrated population in the context of terrorism. Once an and Gamble, individual is infected with anthrax, the bacteria expresses itself in one of three forms: inhalational, cutaneous, or gastrointestinal anthrax. Transmission stems from direct or indirect contact and ford essay 1913 from anthrax’s spore or bacteria form. it.” (http://www.pbs.org/newshour/terrorism/international/fatwa_1998.html) Three months later, when interviewed in Afghanistan by ABC-TV’s John Miller, Bin Ladin dwelled deeper on his fatwa. He claimed it was more important for Muslims to kill Americans than to kill other infidels. “It is far better for term paper Procter and Gamble, anyone to kill a single American soldier than to squander his efforts on format research other activities,” he said. Asked by the reporter whether he approved of terrorism and of attacks on civilians, he replied: the destruction of homes and other buildings, can be compared to the actions of term “terrorist” groups such as Al Qaeda and ISIS. Another instance in which patriotism and terrorism can be defined in the eye of the beholder is the American Revolution.
While it may be accurate to writing schools in texas say that the term paper and Gamble, revolution itself wasn’t an act of terrorism the actions of many individual revolutionaries and revolutionary groups such as the sons of liberty were incredibly violent and can be seen as acts of terror. The largest. money for their crops, and then use the essays tv show, opium in medication or destroy it (Hitchens). Paper Procter! After ridding the friends, farmers of term and Gamble their opium, provide them with new, hardy crops, and what is scope of research paper a good market in which to sell them. Another key factor to rid Afghanistan of terrorism is to win the hearts of the term paper, people. Nobody knows for sure how many Afghan civilians are killed yearly by U.S. forces, whether ground forces or drone strikes, but it is estimated that about 1,000 are killed yearly (Civilian Casualty Data). Thus, many. various components of Anti-Taliban Northern Alliance are conducting to proposal format act bulk of ground operation on behalf of Washington. The only restraint on Washington might well be its ability to successfully accomplish even while conducting its global war on and Gamble terrorism This, Controversies on the Definition of Terrorism Essay. of creative schools terrorism are provided by paper Procter, state-connected agencies in whose interest it is to maintain the power of the army officer assignments, present authority, so their opinions on terrorism by rule cannot be perceived as unbiased. Thus, it is term paper Procter, noticeable the usage of word terrorism can be instrumental. The key point for by thesis, understanding terrorism is to realize what terrorism is all about, however in order to do that, one has to term Procter and Gamble think a little bit like a terrorist.
Ulrich Beck claims that people are not able to define terrorism due. What Of Research Paper! all forms of term terrorism. By understanding these commonalities we can better our efforts and defeat this growing threat that is New Terrorism. Methodology In order to understand terrorism in an international sense you have to examine events of terrorism in the US but globally. In order to win the Global War on Terrorism, we have to think globally. General! Acts of terrorism were happening long before September 11th and even long before the Oklahoma City bombing. The words modern terrorism or new terrorism. modus operandi have changed, there is no reason to believe that terrorism will completely cease to exist in paper the near future. In fact, because terrorism is a tactic used by a wide variety of organizations1 it can be argued that terrorism cannot be defeated at all. While individual groups that use terrorist means to further their political objectives can be curbed, the vicious cycle has thus far not been broken. INTRODUCTION Terrorism is defined as premeditated political violence against civilians. Format! Cyber Terrorism can come in all sorts of ways through Cyber Space and it is defined in many different ways.
Cyber Terrorism can come in term paper and Gamble the form of misinformation. Hacking is a good example of Cyber Terrorism. An example of hacking would be hacking into by thesis a hospital computer system and changing someone’s medicine prescription to a lethal dosage as an act of revenge. Cyber Terrorism is a more popular form for terrorist because they don’t have to use guns or bombs for destruction. Term And Gamble! Cyber Terrorism could.
Towers were bombed. This bombing sparked a major increase in army officer counter terrorism. Paper Procter And Gamble! Now, terrorist activity has significantly lowered, this is because new acts have been passed to aid in countering terrorism. The Counter terrorism Act 2008 was created, and gives Public Services the right to essays tv show stop terrorism in many ways. The methods used now are a lot more advanced, for example, airports used to be a lot easier to attack with terrorism, but now use a lot of security methods that were not around or used. Impact of Terrorism in Pakistan Essay.
Pakistan has dispatched almost 70-80,000 of troops to the tribal regions. This preparation has to be dispelled that fight against terrorism is a now form of warfare where the attackers are insidious, elusive and yet create sense of term paper create sense of intimidation and terror. On the political side, Pakistan’s international political isolation ceased immediately and it assumed the role of essay 1913 frontline state yet again. Despite the AQ Khan nuclear proliferation crisis, the US gave Pakistan the status. Terrorism and Maritime Security Essay. on maritime security. 3. Possibilities Threats to Maritime Security Conventionally, terrorist only needs great publication to support their political goal and paper draw people attention, not killing people in a great number but the modern strategy of terrorism now is creating an atmosphere of terror by inflicting large numbers of casualties regardless of whatever the media to deliver the attack . Ford 1913! A number of analysts express concerns that the Procter and Gamble, terrorist threat might probably use weapons of mass destruction.
Another strategy that has also proved effective in dealing with the rise in global terrorism is essays tv show, negotiation. And Gamble! Though many governments always show reluctance in engaging terror groups in writing negotiations, it is one of the most economical and least destructive approaches to term preventing and controlling the spread of terrorism. For instance, the Great Britain secretly engaged the essays tv show, Sinn Fein and paper Procter the Irish Republican Army in army officer a negotiation process that resulted in the Good Friday Agreement, bringing to an end. so its members are called to wage a jihad in any parts of the world where Muslims are considered to be oppressed. So how are South East Asian States, mentioned above, working to combat terrorism? There are series of Anti-terrorist movement among such states that would somehow help them in combating terrorism.
In Indonesia, the government sought to introduce tougher anti-terror measures in the wake of the July 2009 bombings in Jakarta. These measures include stronger laws that would lengthen detentions. The English would have viewed these acts as terrorism by today’s standards. Terrorism has also taken place during the Atlanta Olympics and at an abortion clinic when Eric Rudolph planted bombs that killed and injured people. Term! Only an alert security guard at is scope, the Olympics prevented a tragedy. A current threat of terrorism is through the term paper and Gamble, use of gangs by international organizations. Al-Qaeda has been closely working with the essays tv show, gang Mara Salvatrucha or MS-13. MS-13 has many ways of passing security at. The Dangers of Cyber-Terrorism Essay. Paper And Gamble! Gabriel Wiemann, a researcher on thesis research paper cyber crime, suggests that cyber-terrorism is an attractive option for modern-day terrorists because they can be anonymous, it has the term paper, potential to inflict mass harm, and it has a huge psychological impact and media appeal to its intended targets (Wiemann, 2004).
Secondly, another problem of cyber terrorism is its easy accessibility. Many computer hacking software are easy to use and army officer available for free on the internet because many free software hackers make. Early history would appear rife with acts of terror. Religious texts have advocated terrorism and assassination (the Bible Books of term paper Procter and Gamble Joshua and is scope Numbers). Term Procter! The Roman Empire was fraught with regicide- where the killing of kings, their families and by thesis political supporters became an established political path to power and had been since the time of Gaius Julius Caesar (100-44BC). Israeli Zealots, outnumbered by Procter and Gamble, Roman occupation forces, fought with hit and run tactics in public places (100AD). European Christian. Terrorism: an International Crisis Essay. organization. These groups generally attempt to use terrorism to try to A very well known area where these groups operate is within the borders of Israel.
Palestinian groups like the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) can be both considered as ideologically based in both nationalism/separatism and in religion. These Palestinian groups fight for their own independent state. Many times over format research the motives for the discontent and paper Procter and Gamble acts of terrorism proliferated by these groups is based in the fact. world need to be saved from enemies and future attacks. Throughout Bush speech, he tells America that he has to go to war in order to save America and the world. Paper! War on terrorism, as he calls it, is to paper Procter and Gamble disarm Iraq, free its people and to defend the world from writing schools grave danger. Paper Procter! (Bush) America is now at war hoping to end terrorism and attain world peace. Army General Officer! Essay on Defining International Terrorism. The United Nations’ help was also sought to distinguish a freedom struggle or right to self-determination from term paper Procter and Gamble act of terrorism. By Thesis! The similar warfare tactics or guerilla style of attacks used by paper and Gamble, the revolutionaries, freedom fighters and terrorists make the task of distinguishing between them both more difficult. But, terrorist organizations have more than one ambition.
They want to meet not just political ends but also financial and other such gains. Terrorists often are paid mercenaries compelled. Rapoports four waves are distinguished by historical events globally. (Rapoport 2004: 47) The first wave emerged in Russia in army officer assignments the 1880's lasting approximately forty years and is referred to as the anarchist wave. It was at this point in time that terrorism was viewed as a means of unsettling the status quo of the term Procter and Gamble, state and ultimately replacing their ideologies with those of the revolutions. (Laquer 2003: 13) During this wave uprisings occurred due to people becoming impatient with the ruling parties. Suicide Terrorism: A Logical Choice? Essay. Increase in henry essay 1913 Suicide Terrorism Terrorist activities, in general, have been around as long as there have been disagreements between people. Paper! However, in tv show friends latest recorded history, there has been an term paper Procter and Gamble, identifiable increase in the number of attacks orchestrated that involve the use of thesis paper suicide terrorism. Since the attack on and Gamble the U.S. embassy in Beirut in April 1983, there have been at least 188 separate suicide terrorist attacks worldwide, in Lebanon, Israel, Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Yemen, Terrorism Is the Weapon of Powerles Essay. terrorists without knowing it.
They think they are resistant against creative “evil”, as US army in Iraq. We teach them to kill their enemies, and if we lose your life during the attack, you will be rewarded by god (or the community) for this act of Procter faith. Also, terrorism became an easy. The Effects of Terrorism in writing in texas America Essay. society is a Marxist designed system to support the view that the economic oppression of the Middle East caused the present crisis. This argument is itself an attack on the US because they believe America is a money hungry nation (LEWIS, JOHN). Terrorism can also have a huge impact on our economy. For exampl,the cost of the 9/11 attacks was about term paper and Gamble, $28 billion. What Paper! This included the loss of pure physical assets, the initial cleanup, and rescue efforts. That was according to paper Procter a 2002 assessment by tv show friends, the Paris-based. Most of the films concentrate on the idea of term terrorism.
But we must reflect whether it is used to bring unity or anythingelse. Tv Show Friends! Because the Procter and Gamble, film directors use their criminal mind more than what the police require of detective mind. Because, before the police identify the terrorist, the terrorist repents and changes his mind and escapes from the place without attacking the people (Rf. Black or White). Through films, the directors give lot of techniques which even the what of research, terrorist would not have.
Terrorism and Morality by Haig Khatchadourian Essay. In proving that terrorism is always wrong, Khatchadourian first eliminates the idea that ‘freedom fighting’ as a form of terrorism is morally ethical. Khatchadourian states that this form of terrorism, though it is for term paper and Gamble, a suspected good cause, participates in the “maiming, killing or coercing of non-innocents,” as a non-innocent is a person who is directly related to the injustice in which the terrorist seeks to avenge (293). Therefore, if this type of creative schools in texas terrorism is ethical then “considering political. Canada#x27;s Fight Against Terrorism Essay. Because terrorism causes devastating human and economic costs, the CTCB Program allows a stable and secure environment which is one of Canada’s objectives.
Most of the CTBT Program assistance is provided by and Gamble, nineteen different departments (“Counter-Terrorism Capacity Building Assistance”). When looking at terrorism, Canada believes that extremist groups are the creative writing schools, reason for terrorism, especially Sunni Islamist extremism. Since the 1970s, there have been recurring instances of violence that are associated. Essay about The Definition and term Procter and Gamble Meaning of Terrorism. of terrorism are provided by state-connected agencies in whose interest it is to maintain the power of the present authority, so their opinions on terrorism by rule cannot be perceived as unbiased. Thus, it is noticeable the usage of word terrorism can be instrumental. The key point for understanding terrorism is to realize what terrorism is all about, however in order to do that, one has to think a little bit like a terrorist. Ulrich Beck claims that people are not able to define terrorism due.
The Use of Profiling to Combat Terrorism Essay. Creative! did not fit the profile of a terrorist. Also, male terrorists are changing their appearance by shaving and dying their hair to fit a different profile such as a business man or a student traveler. Israel has been on the frontline of combating terrorism since its founding in 1948 and has developed certain strategies that are focused on capturing terrorist in the early planning stages of an attack. To do this, Israel security forces use a method called predictive profiling. Predictive profiling is. The Truth About War on Terrorism Essay. For Bush to “win” his crusade against terrorism, he would have had to end resentment and hatred. As Richard A. Clarke, the Procter and Gamble, National Coordinator for Security and Counter-terrorism, wrote, “…we will never catch them all and this year’s crop of America’s enemies will be replaced by tomorrow’s” (Clark 262).
Bush’s immediate war on general assignments Afghanistan was ineffective in term paper and Gamble destroying the intended terrorist organization. On September 20, 2001, nine days after the 9/11 attacks, President Bush addressed Congress. Effects of Terrorism on Refugee Protection Essay. Henry Essay! According to the Meriam Webster dictionary terrorism may be defined as the use of term paper Procter and Gamble violent acts to frighten people in an area as a way of trying to achieve a political goal. In order to creative writing in texas understand the challenges of refugee protection in term paper the context of terrorism, it is vital to thesis revisit the definition of a refugee. The term refugee as contained in the 1951 United Nations Convention relating to status of refugees and its 1967 protocol relating to paper Procter status of refugees defines refugee as an individual who: State Terrorism Is Often a Neglected Phenomenon in Terrorism Studies. Discuss How Terrorism Has Been Used as a Weapon by States over the Past 50 Years. cases of state terrorism. Defining Terrorism has been an on-going mission for many academics. The topic is deadlocked.
Laqueur states that “More than a hundred definitions have been offered (including a few of my own) for the phenomenon” (Laqueur 1999). It is valid to argue that a definition for state terrorism is also problematic. As the of research, main thrust of this essay is to examine how states have used terrorism as a weapon over the past 50 years, I will further define state terrorism when I examine. Terrorism and Culture of the Middle East Essay. world it is only natural that cultures conflict and contradict each other.
Unfortunately, these cultural clashes are often the underlying bases for international confrontation, more specifically terrorism. This phenomenon of different groups establishing cultural dominance in the world through terrorism has especially been an issue in the Middle East, causing this region in the world to remain in the international spotlight. “A Clash of Civilizations” Terrorism and Religious Extremism in Pakistan and Procter and Gamble Afghanistan. majority of the people living in these tribal lands are Pashtun Afghan refugees who fled to Pakistan during the Afghan-Soviet War in 1979 (Weightman 2011). The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan would play a significant role in essays tv show friends the development of the terrorism and religious extremism we have in term paper and Gamble Pakistan today. In 1979 the Soviet Army invaded Afghanistan at what of research paper, the request of the Afghan government. The Media is a Powerful Actor in Terrorism Essay. they do not withdraw their army from Somalia through the term Procter and Gamble, media. Through the thesis format, advancement of technology terrorist groups now have their own websites, which are cost effective and portable (Weimann, 2004). DEMERITS OF MEDIA COVERAGE ON TERRORISM Self-censorship media personalities sometimes are. Term And Gamble! The Existence of Terrorism Throughout History Essay. The attack was linked back to Osama Bin Laden.
In 1995 a horrible America on American attack took place where Timothy McVeigh planted a car bomb left outside a federal building killing 168 and injuring 600. Probably one of the worst acts of terrorism ever committed was on September 11th, 2001. The second attack on the World Trade Center took place. Not only did it affect the World Trade, but also the Pentagon and in texas another crashed in Pennsylvania. Four planes managed to Procter and Gamble kill over 6000, and.
Should Americans Fear Urban Terrorism? Essay. vulnerable to Urban Terrorism. The fact that law enforcement organizations are not able to conduct sweeps and searches, and shouldn’t have the right to, leave a huge area for a terrorist to operate within American boundaries (Bender 19). When the organization or the individual takes advantage of the freedoms provided to them, then the infringement of other American’s freedoms is inevitable. In my opinion, there is not anyway for the United States to thesis format research paper totally secure itself from Urban Terrorism. The only paper Procter and Gamble way. Piracy and Maritime Terrorism in the Horn of Africa Essays. organizations. It is important to discern the difference between acts of maritime terrorism and pirate activity, and why one is increasing and the other stagnant.
Terrorist actions at sea can be similarly defined to that of terrorism in general, or “acts of violence committed by politically motivated groups to inspire their supporters or induce feelings of fear among their enemies . . . “ While acts of maritime terrorism by this definition are rare, the henry ford, potential for growth must be recognized and understood. Difficulties of Defining Terrorism, Assignment 1 Essay. is one differential from domestic terrorism which is defined as happening within the paper, territorial jurisdiction of the U.S. Federal crime of terrorism is the same; however, further defined as a violation of several listed statutes (i.e. Is Scope Paper! including § 930(c) (relating to killing or attempted killing during an attack on a federal facility with a dangerous weapon); and § 1114 (relating to killing or attempted killing of officers and employees of the U.S.). Terrorism as defined by CIA The Central Intelligence. Research Essay: Can Terrorism Ever Be Justified? In 2007, global terrorism increased another 25% (CNN Terror Report).
In Pakistan, over 3000 people died due to terrorist attacks in 2009, up a frightening 48% (Walsh). It’s evident that terrorism is continually on the rise even with countermeasures. Paper Procter And Gamble! An increase in terrorism means an increase in deaths. This proves more and more that terrorists are willing to kill any number of people to achieve their ill-minded goals. This also proves that terrorist groups may also be increasing in numbers, thus. Reasons for Defining and Criminalizing Terrorism in International Law. adoption of sectoral treaties, the term ‘terrorism’ continues to exhibit descriptive and an analytical force in international legal discussion, suggesting that it captures a concept beyond the mere specific physical acts comprising terrorist acts. In particular, the international community has expressed its disapproval of ‘terrorism’ on a number of grounds since the early 1970s. Tv Show Friends! These include that terrorism is a serious human rights violation, that terrorism undermines democratic governance, or at. A Historical View on Terrorism and Terrorist Ideologies Essay. better system (O'Connor, T. 2007).
The next phase in term paper Procter the history of terrorism evolved to what became known as nationalist terrorism. The Macedonian insurgency (1893-1903) against the Turkish Ottoman Empire became the first anti-colonial group in modern history to systematically wage guerilla warfare, avoid conventional battle, occupy towns and villages, engage in propaganda, and use terrorism to gain control. National terrorism states that there is no such thing as an innocent non-combatant. This. Essay U.S. Interest in Yemen and its Influence to Stop Terrorism. The U.S. sees President Ali Abdullah Saleh as not being a strong leader but at this time as a backer to the fight war on terrorism. The question lies in how much political influence the U.S. should put in to country at schools in texas, this time.
Yemen is following the wave of the upheaval in the Middle East in attempting to oust their current leader. The U.S. has involved themselves little in the upheavals except to say let the voice of democracy work. Diplomacy there has been an option in the past for paper and Gamble, the U.S. Essay about Analysis of writing in texas Michael Walzer#x27;s View on Terrorism. I believe Walzers argument is a valid and sound argument given the definition he uses for terrorism, we will take a closer look at another definition later. Terrorism is akin to murder therefore it is wrong. Universally we agree that murder is the unjustifiable killing of a person, likely a terrorist cannot offer a reason justifiable for why they killed a specific person because the act of terrorism is random. The Terrorists do not know enough about their victims to offer a morally sound reason. Cyber Terrorism: A Threat to the United States Essay. What is being done to term Procter and Gamble combat cyber terrorism?
Is the United States prepared for such an attack? - What is the future of cyber terrorism and is a threat imminent or likely? Key Assumption(s) - Al-Qaeda or another terrorist cell is planning another attack against the United States. - Al-Qaeda has become more advanced and will at some point use technology to carry out their attack. - Cyber terrorism is a possible threat to the United States. - Cyber terrorism capabilities will continue to be. Terrorism is a Growing Form of Political Influence Essay. Essays! Hostility to the support of the United States for Israel led to numerous acts of terrorism against American citizens by Palestinian radicals or their sympathizers. In 1983 attacks by Shiite Moslem suicide bombers on the U.S. Term Procter And Gamble! embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, and on the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut killed nearly 300 people, most of whom were Americans. In 1988 a bomb destroyed Pan American Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing all 259 people on board, including 189 United States citizens. Army Assignments! In 1991. The Ethics of Terrorism: Employing Just War Principles Essay.
Bearing this in mind, I will define terrorism as: ‘premeditated, politically motivated violence’ (US State Department, 2005), perpetrated with the aim of evoking a ‘state of fear (or terror) in paper and Gamble a particular victim or audience’ (Crenlinsten, 1987) ‘in order to achieve political aims’ (Ganor, 1998). I will not be looking at state-terrorism because it raises different questions for the Just War tradition. Legitimate Authority and Just Cause: In ‘Summa Theologiae’, Thomas Aquinas argues that only. The War on Terrorism Has Not Compromised Civil Liberties Essay. enforcement officials about what is scope of research paper, what they may know about terrorism in term their country (Ashcroft). September 11 has been used as a catalyst or an excuse for a whole lot of bad legislation (Hannity). Some feel the Patriot Act is the bad legislation denying our civil liberties. This is by thesis, a false statement. The Patriot Act is protecting the paper Procter and Gamble, rights of U.S. citizens and allows law enforcement officials to explore every angle to fight terrorism. Essay! The biggest argument thus far is the Patriot Act denies.
Pakistan Contribution to Global War on term Procter and Gamble Terrorism Essay. change occurred across the western border of Pakistan, where a revolution ousted the Shah of Iran. Is Scope Of Research! The cumulative effect of these historic events at Pakistan’s doorstep was an upsurge of terrorism in its many manifestations in the country. It is generally believed that the main reason for term Procter, the growth of terrorism in Pakistan was the involvement of the US in Afghanistan in the 1980s. The border region between Pakistan and Afghanistan had been turned into a base camp.
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Descriptive Essay On My First Job Essays and Procter Research Papers. was about to make a transition to high school. At the age of by thesis, fifteen, my only concern was trying to term paper Procter and Gamble figure out how I was going to do at henry ford a new . school, however, my mother had other plans for me. Term And Gamble! She decided that it was time for me to get a job . Is Scope Paper! My mother was considered more as a single mom at paper Procter and Gamble the time. Even though our stepdad was existent, he didn’t really do much to help out with having us grow unless it was for personal gain. My mother also functioned in a similar way. She didn’t want me to work solely. Employment , Recruitment , Sonic the Hedgehog 1864 Words | 5 Pages.
?Professor Sre FYS 8 September 2014 My First Job I got my first . job at sixteen because my parents required it. However, I had no intention of getting a job and wanted to essays tv show continue being a teenager where I had little responsibility. As I looked around my hometown for a job , I found that there were not a lot available. I finally was able to find a job close to my house at Procter a local Dairy Queen working for minimum wage. Now that I had a job I had to make decisions in time I spent between friends. Employment , Fast food , Food 1137 Words | 3 Pages. Sweatshirt Red Bandana When I got out of the Army I took a job as a Security Officer at the Exeter Job Corps.
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I remember the first day going to. Calzone , Campania , Italian cuisine 885 Words | 3 Pages. How to Write a Descriptive Essay More than many other types of essays , descriptive . essays strive to create a deeply involved and thesis research paper vivid experience for the reader. Paper Procter And Gamble! Great descriptive essays achieve this affect not through facts and statistics but by using detailed observations and descriptions. Army Officer Assignments! What do you want to describe?
As you get started on paper, your descriptive essay , it's important for general, you to term paper identify exactly what you want to describe. Often, a descriptive essay will focus on portraying one of. Essay , Odor , Sun 988 Words | 3 Pages. My first Car Enc1101 March 11, 2012 Descriptive essay My first car . was my first most prized possession. I’d named her, tested her out on thesis paper, interstates, and term paper Procter took good care of her like she was one of by thesis, my children. Term And Gamble! She had mirror tinted windows and was deep ocean blue that gleamed in schools in texas the summer sun, she was flawless. I will never forget my first out of town drive to Tallahassee- smoothest, fastest ride ever!
Had it not been for the scenery I would’ve felt like I was driving in a race. I remember. Automobile , English-language films , Mother 1134 Words | 3 Pages. ?Racial defacing In Malcolm X’s excerpt My First Conk, He describes the process to get a conk. He talks about Procter and Gamble how his friend . will do it for tv show friends, free instead of paying for it. He then goes on paper and Gamble, to list the paper, items they need to buy to make the “congolene” to make the conk. They need “Red Devil lye, two eggs, and paper Procter two medium- sized white potatoes… and tv show friends a large jar of Vaseline, a large bar of soap.” Then the drugstore clerk comments about the Malcolm X getting a conk and Malcolm proudly says “Right!” He later.
African American , Afro-Latin American , Black people 1849 Words | 5 Pages. 1. Descriptive essay writing An essay is a written composition of moderate length . exploring a particular issue or subject. Descriptive essays , derived from the paper, word describe, is a genre of essay that asks the student to describe something—object, person, place, experience, emotion, situation, etc. Writers use the tv show, descriptive essay to create a vivid picture of a person, place, or thing. Unlike a narrative essay , which reveals meaning through a personal story, the. Emotion , Essay , Meaning of life 794 Words | 3 Pages.
Compare-Contrast Essay Eng121: English Composition I (AXC13480) Regina McKinney Professor: Nancy Segovia January 1, 2014 A . narrative essay is about storytelling for a narrative story to work it must capture and paper Procter and Gamble hold the audience attention you must give a clear understanding of your story. A descriptive essay lets you describe in detail what the essay is all about using words that appeal to your sense of smell, hearing, see, touch, and taste. A descriptive essay lets you use words that. Essay , Maya Angelou , Narrative 1226 Words | 4 Pages. Begench Atayev J.D. Miller Descriptive Paper Draft2 January 31, 2013 On a Monday afternoon, after discussing . my computer science project with my professor, I find myself seated in a visitor’s chair in essays his office on the second floor of the Procter and Gamble, Glatfelter Hall.
The professor is proposal research about to leave the room to grab some books and a cup of coffee, but he allows me to term stay. (Seeing myself as a professor in the future, I enjoy hanging out in 1913 my professor’s office.) I am facing. Black hair , Chair , Coffee preparation 987 Words | 3 Pages. ?How to term paper and Gamble Write a Descriptive Essay Descriptive essays are often subjective tasks. The . first issue at creative schools hand is to make sure you know what type of paper you are writing. Term Paper! The descriptive essay is essays often creative, personal, or simply artistic. Discuss the assignment with your professor or teacher before you begin. Paper Procter! Even though your descriptive essay is more personal than a standard five-paragraph or compare-contrast essay , there is army general officer still quite a bit of homework to be done. Here is a list of paper Procter, important rules.
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They're the describing words. * * 6 Make sure there is enough detail in your essay to create a mental. Emotion , Essay , Feeling 910 Words | 4 Pages. Sililarities and Differences betwen Narrative and Descriptive Essay. Similarities and Differences between Narratives and Descriptive Essays TRACY GARRETT ENG 121 English Composition 1 Amanda . Price April 22, 2014 Similarities and Differences between Narratives and Descriptive Essays Every story is an individual which means you cannot always make a choice on a generalization of descriptive and narrative stories. Narratives give you a straight to the point feeling while the descriptive give you a more vivid detailed visual. The similarities. First-person narrative , Narrative , Narrative mode 893 Words | 5 Pages. Descriptive Essay A Horrid Memory My sweaty palms ran through-out the thin strands of my . hair as I tried to comfort myself for just a single moment. Henry Ford Essay! I felt scared, almost terrified as the screams of my nightmare echoed in my ears and term Procter and Gamble made my head throb. Almost never did I have such vivid dreams, and when I did, I never remembered them the next day.
Nevertheless, I don't think that I'll ever be able to essay 1913 make amends with my darkest memories and reliving situations that scarred my childhood. Laughter 865 Words | 3 Pages. A Descriptive Essay Anticipation grows consistent with every step I take along the gritty concrete labyrinth. Term Paper! Beneath a . blazing sun, the smell of what is scope of research paper, baked asphalt, sugary cola, and pretzel surround me. Paper And Gamble! I follow the unpainted, gray chain fence that leads me forward.
Overhead the deafening whirl of metal and paper screams briefly fill the term paper Procter and Gamble, hot air. The consistent drone of greasy motors and creative schools hissing pneumatics engage my curiosity. My heart rushes like a child on Christmas morning about to receive a favorite. Mind 1016 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay Hearts were racing, twelve to be exact, lungs were being constricted tighter and tighter with every second . that went by, joints were being pushed to term Procter and Gamble their limits as their limbs stretched the general, farthest they could reach, and yet these twelve people were still able to ignore their injuries. Term Paper Procter And Gamble! All they revealed was happiness. There was no pain to be seen. Of Research Paper! No acknowledgement of misery because they all knew they only had those two minutes and thirty seconds to term paper Procter and Gamble give it their all. Any sense. Pain , Split 1157 Words | 3 Pages. ?Name Professor Course Name and henry ford essay Number Date Descriptive Essay One of Procter and Gamble, tha problems with growing older is losing tha wonder and . fascination of tha world that children see.
With tha everyday drudgery of life, it gets harder and is scope harder to term Procter see tha world with tha child like perspective that we all once did. What Is Scope! This is term paper Procter and Gamble tha reason that having children has been so exciting because I can once again regain tha opportunity to see tha world through thair innocent, creative eyes. Thare are few places where tha. Disney Vacation Club , Epcot , Magic Kingdom 1533 Words | 6 Pages. ?THINGS TO BE GIVEN IMPORTANCE IN A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY IDENTIFICATION OF THE THINGS TO BE DESCRIBED Descriptive . essay focuses on a person, place, memory, experience or an object. Writing Schools! First , the exact thing that is to term paper Procter and Gamble be described must be identified. REASON FOR WRITING A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY There will be particular reason for writing this kind of essay . That reason will help the writer focus his description and imbue his language with a particular perspective or emotion. Of Research! FOCUS ON THE FIVE SENSES Focusing. Essay , Essays , Five senses 1217 Words | 3 Pages.
to witnesses. So my bullying started when I was in Year 4 by Sheetal as we’ll call her for the sake of the term paper Procter, story, she was jealous of me and essays friends . this resulted in competition ,and it didn’t stop in term Procter school, this followed me on and lingered all around me. I clearly remember to this day when she tried to drag me down underwater in the swimming pool. This escalated and my parent s found out through the by thesis, community that her mother was gossiping to the other parents about Procter and Gamble me. So my parents decided I should. Abuse , Bullying , Humiliation 897 Words | 3 Pages. First Five Years/ Descriptive Essay. First 5 years of my life I was born on the island of Sao Miguel, Azores which is part of Portugal. Sao . Miguel is also known as “Green Island” due to its lush meadow landscape, rain forests and waterfalls. I was blessed in being born to Eduardo Olga Pereira.
The story begins with my father; he entered the military “Army” as soon as he was of legal age. My mother was a live-in nanny for a wealthy family who lived in essays friends a white house on the hillside overlooking the city. Procter! She. Family , Father , Grandparent 926 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay My nose is overwhelmed with the smell of officer, hairspray, baby powder, and a fruity perfume.
There . are too many girls in here, all struggling and fighting for a space near the mirror that covers the paper Procter and Gamble, entire back wall. It’s dim in writing schools here, but it’s a good kind of term, dim, almost calming. The only light is by thesis coming from the round vanity bulbs that line the paper and Gamble, top of the mirrors, making it so that the fluorescents don’t impair what natural light reveals. I make my way to the red lockers on the right. Cosmetics , Hair iron , Hairstyle 1441 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive essay Shyla Hassett Everyone has a place where they go to thesis paper escape all the Procter and Gamble, pressures and worries of thesis research, life? . ? . There is term and Gamble always that one spot that can soothe all your problems and troubles in what is scope of research paper times of paper, stress. For some? ,? the woods? ,? the beach? ,? or the park is the place to go? . ? For me? ,? it’s simpler. Friends! I go to my bedroom to cure all my problems? . As I walk in I can feel the soft? ,? smooth carpet beneath my feet. Paper Procter And Gamble! I see freshly painted lavender walls with white trimming?.
2004 albums , Color , Debut albums 323 Words | 2 Pages. Narrative Essay Vs. By Thesis! Descriptive Essay. ? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative Essays Are a . Great Read Narrative essays and paper Procter and Gamble Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is more compelling than the descriptive essay “Homeless” because the narrative essay has a point of henry ford essay 1913, view, uses humor and term paper Procter and Gamble satire, and uses tone and language that can draw the reader in. “Narration is storytelling from the creative writing in texas, perspective of. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. White English 101 16 September 2013 Descriptive Essay The beach is one of the most beautiful places in the world. Before . visiting, I had only been to the four states, which is the paper Procter and Gamble, stringy grassy fields, the creative writing schools, forest of paper Procter and Gamble, trees, the smelly white and black cows and army officer assignments pink curly tailed pigs. See I had never seen any other states but Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. I love the picture in my head but it was nice to finally see something different. Paper Procter And Gamble! When my boyfriend, his little brother, and I.
1996 albums , 2005 singles , Akira Kurosawa 1256 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Examples Four types of essays exist including: narration, description, exposition, and tv show argument. Each type has a unique . purpose: some tell a story, some are descriptive and term Procter and Gamble others prevent viewpoints. One of the henry essay, best ways to term Procter better understand each type of essay is to review examples. Types of henry, Essays Narrative Narration is telling a story from a certain viewpoint, and term paper and Gamble there is usually a reason for the telling. All narrative essays will have characters, setting, climax, and most importantly. Essay , Essays , Exposition 1903 Words | 6 Pages. ?Fred Cotten Descriptive Essay September 27, 2014 English 1010 - 85 A Mini Vacation to Atlanta, Georgia Traveling is is scope of research paper one . of my family’s favorite things to do. The family has visited numerous places throughout the United States, however, none are as memorable as Atlanta, Georgia.
In Atlanta, there are many places to go and sights to paper Procter see such as: Cola-cola factory, Cabbage Patch Kids Factory, Under Ground Mall, the Zoo, Atlanta Braves Stadium, Six Flags Over Georgia, Stone Mountain Park, and. 1996 Summer Olympics , Atlanta , Atlanta metropolitan area 788 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is creative schools one of the many types of writing styles . And Gamble! that provides a detailed description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. Of Research Paper! It focuses on term paper and Gamble, the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and officer taste. 2) Example: Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to term Procter and Gamble for relaxation. They go there when they need to proposal paper be. Hearing , Odor , Olfaction 1017 Words | 4 Pages.
Descriptive paper Mercedez 1 How It Feels To Be in term Procter a Live Poker Tournament About five years ago I used to date this guy, whose mother . Henry! loved to go to paper the casino. By Thesis! When I first heard about term Procter her going, I just couldn’t understand why she would get so excited about army assignments going there. She would come home and say how she had the term Procter and Gamble, best time and how she got so lucky. Henry Ford! She claimed that her son would give her luck and other small things that she would do, to claim she received luck that night. I would just look. Card game , Game , Luck 1678 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay As I walked through the cold, lonely streets of Aberdeen, I decided to take a shortcut home. Making a sharp . right, I was headed down an alleyway, which was dark and sinister.
Mist was slowly rising upward from the ground, which appeared yellowish from the reflection of one sole, dim, flickering light, almost at the point of burning out. And Gamble! The only sounds of the night came from my own feet dragging over many pebbles and stone on the cement. The breeze was very bitter and piercing. Cosmo Kramer , This Old Man 1151 Words | 3 Pages. 099 7248795 Descriptive Essay Grandmother, the inspiration of my life I still remember every picture and . actions of my grandmother, a woman who loves me and sacrifices for me and my father most. My father grew up in the north of Vietnam, and my mom and my family in the south of Vietnam. For the disadvantages of long distance, I could not visit my grandmother and grandfather regularly.
Fortunately, in thesis Tet Holiday in Vietnam when I was 7 years old, my parents took me to visit my grandmother. A Big Family , Family , Grandparent 964 Words | 4 Pages. Esguerra, Aya Micaela Q. English1 Narrative Essay My First on Firsts Never have I ever . been the term Procter, risk-taker type of henry ford 1913, person. I kept on rationalizing and reasoning out that things should be done according to a valid purpose just to avoid being asked to term paper do them. And frankly, I found every purpose or reason other people trying to convince me tell, in general officer any way possible, invalid. I have escaped many adventures in paper life and lost opportunities that were already laid out in front of me. General! I practically. Family , Mother , Prince 1132 Words | 3 Pages. | Descriptive Essay | Rough draft | | Gatewood, Jasmine | 10/12/2012 | Myself: Person Hello kitty . collection thing Homemade spaghetti food Downtown Dallas place Jasmine Gatewood English 0331.2 Ms.
Fischel 10/12/12 Description Essay Downtown Dallas home of the term paper, dart and the drug dealers on is scope of research, every corner, my friends and term I used to proposal format research visit regularly to have a nice chipotle dinner. When you are hear you cannot help but, visit the many food places, and cultural. Dallas , Dallas Area Rapid Transit , Dallas – Fort Worth Metroplex 1433 Words | 4 Pages. ? Descriptive Essay Draft Throughout our lives we meet many people. We impact others by our own actions every day. Sometimes . we impact them without even realizing it. And people will impact our lives and our hearts forever. You may just have a simple conversation with a stranger on a bus, and before you know it, both individuals have a changed perspective on something. Or perhaps you’ve known the person your whole life and they have impacted you just as much or even more. These influential people. 2008 albums , 2008 singles , Conversation 964 Words | 3 Pages.
Compare and paper Contrast Essay: Narrative and Descriptive Essays. Compare and Contrast Essay Name Institutional Affiliation Introduction Academicians argue that, a powerful reader paints a picture . on a reader’s mind. Writing effective different types of essays is increasingly becoming a critical organ of academic success (Feng Checkett, 2014, p. 152). There are two major types of essays , narrative and descriptive . While the two might be appropriate in academic writing, one is arguably effective that the other. Narrative essays tells a story from creative schools in texas personal. Essay , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , Maya Angelou 1036 Words | 6 Pages.
? Descriptive versus Narrative This essay is to compare-contrast a narrative and Procter and Gamble descriptive essay The . essays I chose were, “Are the Rich Happy?” written by thesis format, Stephen Leacock (1916) for the narrative essay and “Homeless” written by Anna Quindlen (n.d.) for the descriptive essay . The title of both essays is what caught my eye and the reason why I read them. Although, I enjoyed reading both essays , I felt the paper Procter, descriptive essay “Homeless” had more value and was the paper, better read. Therefore, in this essay. Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1545 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay - My Private Hideaway. Doing a Prewrite for a full essay . In short: Use the prompt your given to create enough topic sentences that, when proven, answer the . entire prompt. If it’s a difficult prompt, you can create these topic sentences from the evidence (quotes) you first find in the book that you will use to paper Procter and Gamble prove your points. Your thesis is then the summary of the of research paper, topic sentences you came up with. Paper Procter! It should be as specific as possible, while still summarizing the totality of what your topic sentences claim. Essay , Law , Question 378 Words | 3 Pages. Ivory Koehn 9/10/2010 Descriptive Essay Under The Raised Hand Prologue When I was a young girl learning about life and . Format! love, I always thought that some man would sweep me off my feet and paper and Gamble it was my fate to be with him and only him.
My mother was not a big fan of love and fate. She didn’t have a very good history of guys and relationships. She would always tell us love was not a reality and we should find someone with a lot of proposal format, money. My mother is term paper Procter and Gamble a strong feminist woman and I tried as hard. 2008 singles , English-language films , High school 2045 Words | 5 Pages. English 099-22-Intro to College Writing 9:05-10:15 am Professor Braxton-Robinson/Professor Sheffield Assignment: Write a Descriptive . Essay describing a storm you have witnessed. The storm I witnessed was Hurricane Sandy. When I first heard of the hurricane I thought it wouldn't be as bad as some people were prediciting, but as the storm approached I certainly changed my mind. Henry 1913! As we sat in paper Procter and Gamble the house it became very real how bad the storm was going to be.
It was scary to hear the wind howling;. Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor , Denzel Washington , Paterson, New Jersey 971 Words | 3 Pages. Chante Francisco Descriptive Essay - My Grandparent’s House My most favorite . By Thesis! place has always been my grandparent’s house. This is the Procter, place I would have to go to before and after school. I have always loved my grandparent’s house because it made me feel safe and essays friends warm. There was a smell of coffee in the air at all times. Paper Procter! It seemed like all my grandmother did was make coffee. If I smell coffee, I instantly think of my grandparent’s house.
My grandparent’s house . Collard greens , English-language films , Family 522 Words | 3 Pages. College Writing 2 October 2012 Descriptive Essay A compact two-door car might not mean a lot to someone, but to me, working . and improving my car is my favorite thing to thesis proposal research do. When I am not inside my house or hanging out with my friends, you’ll be sure to find me working or cleaning my car. Term Paper Procter! For most people, leaving their car stock is passable for their needs, but to thesis research me it’s not. My car is modified which makes it one of paper, a kind. Henry Ford Essay! My car consists of its exterior, interior, and performance level. Automobile , Color , Headlamp 2139 Words | 5 Pages. Jennifer Schacht ENG-090 2/10/2011 Descriptive Essay Final We have been waiting nine long months, and we have had much . preparation to do before the arrival of our daughter. Of all the things we have prepared for her, I am most proud of term paper Procter and Gamble, her room, my mother and I painted it and sat it up with all the accessories together. I sat on the floor and taped off the stripes to be painted, and my mom painted.
It was a great team effort, and we are so happy how it turned out. Thesis Format! With flowers and butterflies. 2007 singles , Caesarean section , English-language films 2924 Words | 6 Pages. ?Gina Broyles English 152 Lynne Goldsmith Descriptive Essay October 23, 2014 Let Me Tell Ya ‘Bout My Best . Friend Saige Mackenzie Polk, a five foot girl with ten feet of attitude and sass. The girl that everyone knows and watches in awe as she struts down the paper and Gamble, hallways. Thesis Research Paper! She’s the girl that succeeds with flying colors at everything she attempts, and never has a thought of giving up until she feels it is good enough for not only herself, but every other person around. Everything about Saige is spectacular. 2005 singles , 2006 albums , Friendship 976 Words | 4 Pages. English 1301 Week 4 The Narrative Essay My First Flight The seasons are approaching in which families . gather to term paper celebrate Thanksgiving and Christmas. This time of year does not carry the creative writing in texas, same feelings for me as they did when I was young. I am a military spouse and my husband has been away for most of our holidays.
One peculiar Christmas I received the opportunity to term and Gamble spend the holiday with him this was my first flight experience. The morning of officer, my flight, I got up at 2 o’clock, said a prayer. Anxiety , Flight , Plane 1310 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay : Connor Donnelly 090-177 Essay #2 People are always talking about being in those . situations where time slows down to the point where a few seconds feels like a few minutes, well I didn’t exactly think that is what actually happened. Until a dreary, calm, dull spring afternoon in term Briargate (located in tv show Northern Colorado Springs), about a week after my fourteenth birthday, I decided that I was going to go down to this plentifully lush creek next to term paper Procter a well travelled bridge. Writing Schools In Texas! While. Ballpoint pen , Foot , Fuck 1024 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive essay example If you are having problems with writing of a descriptive essay you . should certainly look for a descriptive essay example (or even maybe several examples). Descriptive essays have their distinctive features and compulsory elements. A writer has to term paper Procter and Gamble develop chosen topic in such a way, so that reader have no further questions on what is scope, the issue.
What are these issues? These may be people, events, facts etc. Descriptive essay examples will certainly help aspiring writers compose. Emotion , Essay , Essays 738 Words | 3 Pages. English 100 16 October 2014 My First Job Ever since I have been legally old enough to paper have a job , . it has been in my interest. My best friend worked at henry essay a restaurant, The Clock, so when the time came around, I jumped straight to applying for a job . After a while I went back to check on my application, and the hiring manager informed me that he wanted to have a sit down interview with me the next day. The moment I heard those words my hopes shot straight up.
Out of paper Procter and Gamble, all my excitement, the thoughts I. Learning , Love-hate relationship , Mind 487 Words | 2 Pages. Buscemi Essay #3 Rough Draft An essay is a creative written piece in which the author uses different styles such as . diction, tone, pathos, ethos or logos to communicate a message to the reader using either a personal experience, filled with morals and parables, or a informative text filled with educational terms. Educational terms could mean the tv show friends, usage of complicated and elevated words or simply information you would get in schools. Some authors, such as Cynthia Ozick, claim that an essay has no. Essay , Essays , Rhetoric 1439 Words | 4 Pages.
know anything about paper descriptive essays you should certainly look for of research paper, descriptive essay examples, . which you can find online, as well as at Professays.com. Procter And Gamble! Why should you look for such examples? Those students with little writing experience can be somewhat puzzled by a descriptive essay . Ford 1913! Thus, an essay example will offer much valuable information, regarding both essay form and contents. The first thing you can learn is descriptive essay topics. Then you can pay attention to essay structure and and Gamble outline. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 743 Words | 3 Pages. 9/17/2012 Assignment: Essay #2 - Descriptive Relaxation Destination Everybody has that one place. By Thesis! A place that they . run to in times of joy, stress, and sorrow. Term Procter And Gamble! For some people it's a social setting, but for others, and myself included, it's a place to creative writing schools get away from others. A place where I can unwind, relax and have time to myself, even though at term Procter times some friends or family would tag along.
The place I'm talking about is my cottage back in Canada. Three hours north of my house in Brampton. Dock , Dune buggy , Hiking 840 Words | 3 Pages. ? My name Professor name English 115 date Essay 1 Do You Want to Build a Snowman? Is incredible all that a piece of paper . By Thesis! can reflect about someone life, these pieces of paper illustrated by characters or passages can be meaningful for us, all the memories this brought to people minds, those wonderful papers are called pictures. Procter! When we thought of general, pictures we just take those for term paper, granted. The images shown in pictures tell us more than one thing at tv show once, it depends on everyone perceptions about. 2008 albums , Debut albums , English-language films 935 Words | 3 Pages. life. Job : A paid position of regular employment Occupation: A job or profession, a way of spending time There are six domains . in the content model starting with” worker characteristics” which talks about the abilities, enduring attributes of the individual that influence performance, also the occupational interest, the preference of work environments and also work values and work styles what is more important to you at work and paper how exactly you enjoy and thesis proposal research feel more comfortable doing your job . “Worker.
Academic degree , Education , Learning 1396 Words | 4 Pages. My First Day at Work - Personal Narrative Essay. 12 February 2013 My First Day at paper and Gamble Work When I was a kid, I couldn’t wait until I was old enough to get a job . . Sure, it would be a good way to make friends and learn how to prepare myself for by thesis, the real world, but for me, it was mostly about making my own money. Having to ask my parents for cash every time I needed some annoyed me, mostly because they’d always say no. Every time they did, I would always whine and term paper complain about how different things would be when I had money of my own, how I would never. Engraving 946 Words | 3 Pages. The Narrative Essay *What is by thesis a Narrative Essay ? • Narrative writing tells a story.
In essays , the narrative . writing could also be considered reflection or an exploration of the author's values told as a story. The author may remember his or her past, or a memorable person or event from Procter and Gamble that past, or even observe the present. • The author may write about: -An experience or event from his or her past. Creative Schools In Texas! -A recent or ongoing experience or event. . Essay , Essay mill , Metaphor 1511 Words | 6 Pages.
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Business/ Franchising term paper 18320. “Franchising can be defined as a system based on term paper Procter and Gamble, a close and ongoing collaboration whereby a company, the franchisor, gets into essay 1913 partnership with one or several companies, the franchisee(s). And Gamble! Its prime aim is to develop a franchise concept designed in essays the first place by term Procter and Gamble the franchisor.” (Internet, 1) In order to better understand the concept of franchising I will first explain several commonly used terms in this concept. O Franchise is a legal agreement that allows one organization with a product, idea, name or trademark to transmit some rights and by thesis, information about a business to an independent business owner, which in return pays a fee and royalties to the owner. O Franchisor is a company that owns a product, service, trademark or business format and provides this to a business owner in return for a fee. Franchisor often is the one that makes the conditions under which a business owner operates, however he doesn’t control the business. O Franchisee is a business owner who purchases a franchise from franchisor and operates a business using the name, product, business format and other items provided by the franchisor. O Franchise fee is a one time paid fee by term Procter the franchisee to the franchisor, and is paid for rights to use trademark, management assistance and some other services. O Royalty fee is a fee continuously paid by the franchisee to the franchisor- usually paid as a percent of gross revenue earned.
O Franchise trade rule is a law by the Federal Trade Commission that places several legal requirements on the franchisors. O Trademark is a distinctive name or/and symbol used to distinguish a particular product or service from all the others. In practice we have four types of franchising- Product Franchise, Manufacturing Franchises, Business Opportunity Ventures, and Business Format Franchising. In the thesis proposal research, case of Product Franchise, manufacturers use the paper Procter and Gamble, product franchise to govern how a retailer distributes their product. The manufacturer grants an owner of the store the what of research paper, authority to distribute goods by the manufacturer and he is allowed to and Gamble, use the name and trademark of the manufacturer. In return the storeowner has to pay a fee or purchase some inventory of stock in return for by thesis the rights given. Manufacturing Franchises provide an organization with the right to paper Procter, manufacture a product and to sell it using the what is scope paper, name and the trademark provided by franchisor.
This type of franchising is term and Gamble usually seen in food and by thesis, beverages industry. Business Opportunity Venture usually requires that a business owner purchases and distributes the products for one specific company, which must provide him with the customers. In return business owner has to pay a fee or some other type of compensation. Paper And Gamble! Finally, the Business Format Franchising, the most popular type, is the approach where a company provides a business owner with a proven method for operating a business using the henry ford 1913, name and Procter and Gamble, the trademark. The company has to provide assistance to the owner of the business at the beginning, and the business owner has to pay a fee in essay return. Usually people are asking what makes one company to offer a franchise, so it is important to understand the Procter, franchisor’s perspective. First of all, franchising is an opportunity for army assignments more rapid expansion.
Many companies may experience of lack of capital and skilled employees, so the franchisee can offer all of that. Paper Procter And Gamble! At the beginning the franchisor assists a franchisee with obtaining financing for a new business, however the franchisee is liable for repayment of the funds. Franchisor is selecting its franchisees by their experience and skills, and in that way he/she is minimizing its risks. Another reason for franchising is higher motivation. This is because when the company franchises its operations it acquires a group of new, motivated managers, which are more accountable for actions since as an owners they are completely responsible for business outcomes. Further more capital is another reason for getting involved in franchising. The company, by franchising, is raising the money without selling an interest in by thesis the business, and the franchisor is using the franchisee money for further business expansion. This way the term Procter, company is avoiding the creative schools in texas, risks, which may come out from issuing stock and taking the loans. The company’s image and name are at certain risk when sold to other individual.
So, a franchisor is very particular about the standards that franchisees are obliged to meet, and therefore franchisor indicate specific practices that other party must follow. Because of term and Gamble all that risk the essays, franchisor reserves the paper, right to buy back the franchise operation. On the other hand franchisees can take comfort in the fact that most franchisors want to see them succeed, which is motivation for providing necessary help. Another disadvantage for franchisor is the sacrifice of is scope paper profits, because a company’s owned shop is much more profitable than a franchise. Term And Gamble! Also the franchisee has to have in mind the future ambitions of the franchisor-if the franchisor is expecting to buy back the business after a period of time, when the franchisee has already invested the time and the money in the business. Franchising business also has the liability of training the tv show friends, competitors.
This is because the franchisee may acquire know how and than decide to open the same kind of business on his/her own under the different name. Term Paper Procter And Gamble! The good franchisor will try to establish good relationship with its franchisees in what is scope order to avoid this kind of problems in the future. Furthermore it is term Procter important to look at the situation from the franchisee’s point of view, concerning the benefits and costs. Some of the major benefits of franchising are the following: O Lower Risks-according to the expert opinion and some statistics the creative writing schools in texas, franchising business is more likely to succeed and less risky. O Established product and service- the product offered is already established and sold in the market so comparing to the independent business, that is based on untried idea and operation, is much better. However franchisee should look at term paper and Gamble, the number of franchisees in business, for how long they are operating, and the number of schools franchisees that have failed in term Procter and Gamble conducting the successful business. O Experience of Franchisor- the experience, often-offered trough the training of the employees, that franchisor has increased the possibility for success. O Name Recognition- the franchisee is getting the name that is already well recognized locally or internationally.
O Management Assistance- this is the benefit because the franchisor is providing the franchisee with necessary professional helps. This help may include accounting procedures, personnel management, facility management etc. O Business Plan- very often franchisor is providing franchisee with the help in developing business plan. O Start-up Assistance- since the most difficult aspect of what is scope a new business is a start-up it is very helpful to have professional help. O Marketing Assistance- the franchisor can provide and pay for the development of professional advertising campaigns. O Assistance in Financing- new franchisee is able to paper Procter and Gamble, get financial help from some institutions due to the agreement between the institution and the franchisor, since the institutions might find such the agreement profitable due to the high success rate of franchise business. Another issue that franchisee should keep in mind is the thesis proposal format research, cost. The first cost that will occur in this agreement is the term paper Procter and Gamble, payment of franchise fee, and proposal paper, it can range from few thousands to several hundred of thousands dollars.
Another fee is on going royalty fees. Term And Gamble! This is the fee required by franchisor to army general assignments, be paid continuously as a percentage of the term paper Procter, gross income from the business. This percentage is usually less than 10%. Further more there is the cost of conformity to standard operating procedures and the inability to make changes readily. The franchisor may prohibit franchisee from selling products or services other than the ones approved by him/her.
However it is very difficult to obey these restrictions if there is the need for different products in the market. Another issue is the by thesis, duration of the paper Procter and Gamble, relationship. Typically, there is no way to clear away from the business other than sell it, however there might be some restrictions about that issue. Also the future franchisee should pay attention to the question of franchisor buying back the of research paper, business. According to the FFF (Federation Francaise de la Franchise) there are some commandments for the both, franchisor and the franchisee. The 10 Commandments for the franchisor.
1/ The necessary capital, you shall have. 2/ A market study, you shall make. 3/ A trademark, you shall protect. 4/ Your concept, you shall test. 5/ Your know-how and brand image, you shall develop. 6/ The first clause of the Doubin act, you shall abide by.
7/ The Code of Ethics, you shall put into operation. 8/ The franchisees, you shall carefully choose. 9/ The respect of the brand image, you shall control. 10/ The everlasting existence of the network, you shall secure. The 10 Commandments for the franchisee. 1/ The needs of the commercial world, you shall be aware of. 2/ The necessary capital, you shall have;
3/ The system of franchising, you shall learn. 4/ The spirit of paper franchising, you shall incorporate. 5/ The Code of Ethics, you shall assimilate. 6/ A study of the relevant brands, you shall make. 7/ With full responsability, you shall sign. 8/ The brand image, you shall represent. 9/ The network, you shall respect. 10/ The consumer, you shall satisfy.
However before commandments, in order for writing one to see if he is able and ready for franchising business, one can test himself/herself by answering some basic questions (Internet, 2) like: O Do I prefer to limit my risk as much as possible? O Am I willing to operate the business in exact accordance with the instructions of a franchisor? O Am I willing to Procter, forgo sales on new ideas and products because of thesis proposal format franchisor restrictions? O Am I comfortable with sharing my success, including profits, with franchisor? O Will I enjoy being part of a well-known organization? O Do I feel like needing the management experience and assistance that a franchisor can provide? O Do I need assistance in term paper and Gamble developing a business plan?
O Is my experience in marketing limited, so the schools in texas, franchisor would help in overcoming this weakness? O Am I willing to pay a franchise fee to obtain a proven business operation? O Am I comfortable linking my success with the success of the franchisor? Since the franchising is very old kind of trade during the time it attracted some inexperienced and occasionally fraudulent franchisors, so the federal government implemented the law in order to term paper Procter and Gamble, protect the consumers. According to my Internet source (Internet, 3) there is the basic, simple, process for evaluating and protecting the investment. The following process, consisting five steps, can help in avoiding disastrous mistakes made by others, and can help finding the essays friends, right franchisor. First step in this process is examining the term paper Procter, opportunities. What Is Scope Of Research Paper! This step is very important because there are hundreds of franchises in term paper Procter and Gamble the market, in all types of businesses.
So one should collect and evaluate the information for each of the franchisors, and at the end narrow its choice to four or five, most competitive ones. The finalist should be examined even further with the essays, steps 2-5. Second step in this evaluation is Procter and Gamble examining of franchise and the franchisor. Proposal! In addition the federal government has laws specifying the information that has to be provided to and Gamble, potential franchisee by the franchisor. The list of information should consist info about franchisor and its affiliates’ business experience, info about the business experience of all the franchisors employees connected and responsible for franchise services. Furthermore it should include the lawsuits, if any, in which the franchisor was involved, info about army officer assignments any bankruptcies faced in the past, info about initial financial fee and other obligatory payments. Information about continuing payments, restrictions on the quality of goods and services, and description of any assistance available from the franchisor or its affiliates in financing the purchase of the franchise should be included.
After that another necessary descriptions are the description of restriction on the goods and services that the franchisee is term paper and Gamble permitted to sell, description on creative schools, any restrictions on the customers, description on any territorial protection that will be granted to the franchisee. Moreover there should be: O Description of training programs provided by term paper and Gamble franchisor. O Description of any assistance provided by the franchisor in choosing the site for the franchise. O Statistical information about the number of franchises, franchisees planed for future and terminated in past. O The financial statement. O The list of addresses and names of the already existing franchisees. However the franchisor, before providing the franchisee with this information, might want a prior approval from the franchisee. On the other hand the information must be provided to by thesis, the franchisee before signing the agreement, so he can have a chance to evaluate and study the information. If at this point franchisor shows that he is upset, it might be the first sign that he might not be the right person for doing business with. The third step is the analysis and evaluation of the disclosure statement.
The potential of the franchise is included in the disclosure statement. On the term Procter and Gamble, other hand the franchisor also has to be investigated in order to be sure that all the information are truthful and accurate. The points that should be considered in this step are in a way divided into three parts, points to be considered about the franchisor, personal needs and market viability. Points to be considered about the franchisors are: O Experience of henry ford 1913 management and directors. O Number of franchisees in operations. O Number of franchises no longer in operation. O Years franchisor has been in operation. O Type and amount of training. O Financial stability. O Assistance in financing.
O Site location assistance. O Planing and constructing a building. O Reputation among franchisees. O Projected operating losses. O Potential profits. Points to be considered about personal needs are:
O Equity requirements. O Interest and term and Gamble, enthusiasm. O Business skills. Points to be considered about market viability: O Community fit. O Location availability. O Longevity of product. O Population stability. O Advertising and cooperative advertising. According to my Internet source the fourth step is the investigation of the franchisor, which is very important. First one should investigate the credibility and reliability of the franchisor.
Then one should talk with the franchisees about tv show their experience with the franchisor. After that one should seek advice of professionals about the franchisor and franchise agreement, paying attention to the length and type of the contract, restrictions, criteria, etc. Also the banker should be contacted to give his opinion on the franchise, financial proforma and to point out the financing issues that will be involved during the term Procter, life of the contract. Also it would be useful to thesis research paper, contact accountant and to hear his opinion about financial information provided by franchisor and about financial potential of the business. The last step in selecting a franchise is a decision-making, the last but most difficult step since there are a lot of questions to be answered and a lot of information to be evaluated. According to my Internet source the and Gamble, method that can help in this situation is the “T” method. In this method evaluator can put positive reasons on paper, one side and negative on the other side of the paper, assigning the numbers from 1, for unimportant, to 3 for important. After completing the term, list and adding the numbers, one can be more certain in his/her decision. The greater the numerical difference between the positive and negative side is the more confidant one is in the decision-making.
“A Definition of Franchising” available at http//:perso.club-internet.fr/fff/def_.html. “The Ten Commandements” available at http//:perso.club-internet.fr/fff/tencom_.html. “Franchising-an Interactive Self-Test” available at www.betheboss.com/PF2/gstarted/f101/selftest.html. “The Five Steps of henry essay Selecting a Franchise” available at www.betheboss.com/PF2/gstarted/f101/fivestep.html. “Step 1- Examine your Opportunities” available at www.betheboss.com/PF2/gstarted/f101/step1.html. “Step 2-Examine the Franchise and the Franchisor” available at www.betheboss.com/PF2/gstarted/f101/step2.html. “Step 3- Analyze and Evaluate the Disclosure Statement” available at www.betheboss.com/PF2/gstarted/f101/step3.html. “Step 4-Investigate the Franchisor” available at www.betheboss.com/PF2/gstarted/f101/step4.html.
“Step 5- Make a Decision” available at www.betheboss.com/PF2/gstarted/f101/step5.html. Word Count: 2598. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of Procter ghostwriting experience doing both academic and by thesis, professional projects. Every paper is term paper written from scratch based on your instructions and there is no plagiarism of any kind.
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