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On knowing and not knowing about obeah. Thoughtful. This essay introduces Obeah: knowledge, power, and writing in the early Atlantic World , a special issue responding to recent scholarly interest in obeah and related creole and essay writing in marathi African-derived medical and thoughtful religious practices common among enslaved Africans in gcse english the pre-emancipation Caribbean. It describes obeah and the epistemological conundrum it posed for essay, colonists in the global Atlantic world, outlining possibilities for how scholars might study the essay writing, texts that represent these practices. We position this special issue at the confluence of several recent interdisciplinary scholarly conversations: the essay, reconfiguration of relations between religion and science, reconsiderations of colonial archives and their representation of subordinated peoples, and new scholarship about obeah, a medical and religious complex employed by enslaved Africans, primarily in the West Indies. In recent years, scholars of the early Atlantic world have demonstrated the essay, inseparability of religion and science for the inhabitants of that world.
Historians of science have reconceived the essay, disciplines as fields that were not stable and separate by the end of the Enlightenment but as stabilizing entities that defined themselves by drawing upon techniques from other fields. Great. 1 1. Thoughtful Essay. On the disciplines, see the essays in Siskin and Warner, This is Enlightenment and Lenoir, “Discipline of Nature.” View all notes Indeed, recent studies of key religious and symbolism great scientific figures, from Jonathan Edwards and Cotton Mather to Benjamin Franklin and Francis Daniel Pastorius, have shown that these men integrated multiple fields to produce their intellectual work. 2 2. See, for a few examples, Rivett, Science of the thoughtful essay, Soul ; Delbourgo, Most Amazing Scene ; Watson, Angelical Conjunction ; Erben, Harmony of the Spirits . View all notes And, as James H. Sweet’s study of African healer Domingos Alvares shows, lesser known healers likewise combined what we could now call medicine and religion. These fields were mutually constitutive and interconnected, shaping and partitioning the Atlantic World in its denominational and dissertation proposal epistemological contours. 3 3. See Sweet, Domingos Alvares . For a compelling introduction to current scholarly work on these intersections, see “Religion and thoughtful essay Medicine in American Literature,” a recent special issue of Literature and Medicine coedited by Kelly Bezio and Ashley Reed. View all notes.
Meanwhile, other scholars have begun to explore new methods for reading colonial archives and new strategies for recovering and studying the by d, knowledge and beliefs of unfree and minority peoples. Scholars such as Ann Laura Stoler, Joseph Epstein, and Betty Joseph – the latter two focusing in particular on Caribbean archives – position archiving as an ongoing process that produces documents with histories and itineraries of their own rather than stable, complete entities with secure meanings. Thus, these scholars, as Stoler puts it, read “along the thoughtful essay, grain,” in order to uncover how “[c]olonial archives were sites of command – but of countermand as well.” 4 4. See Stoler, Along the Archival Grain , especially 50, as well as Epstein, Scandal of Colonial Rule and Joseph, Reading the East India Company . Friends. View all notes While maintaining a skeptical awareness of the ways that imperial archives sought to define and discipline its subjects and sources, these scholars also show that archives represent moments in which attempts at discipline failed, when people were caught off guard, anxious, and uncertain. One culmination of these insights about disciplinarity and colonial archives is found in studies of obeah, which have instigated a vibrant, interdisciplinary conversation about forms of power and knowledge in the Caribbean. Scholars from anthropology, history, literary studies, and religious studies have recognized the thoughtful essay, key role that obeah played in dissertation defense shaping the world that colonists and Africans inhabited and the texts that represented that world. Revising earlier scholarship that, utilizing a transparent reading of colonial texts, dismissed obeah as African superstition and black magic, scholars from Jerome Handler and essay Kenneth Bilby to Tim Watson and Diana Paton have shown how obeah and its representations allowed colonists and essay Africans alike to claim rhetorical, legal, and epistemological power. 5 5. For early studies of thoughtful obeah, see Williams, Psychic Phenomena ; Bastide, African Civilizations ; and Patterson, Sociology of dissertation Slavery. These scholars, to varying degrees, read colonial texts as capable of revealing accurate information about African belief and knowledge that could be fruitfully juxtaposed against thoughtful, European epistemological categories, from “religion,” to tv show “witchcraft,” to “Africa.” They also emphasized the essential Africanity of obeah; for example, after interviewing practicing obeah men, Williams concluded that obeah was African witchcraft that had been imported into the West Indies. Handler’s and Bilby’s co-written work usefully complicated such positivist approaches by essay, showing that the english media essays, term “obeah” and its definitions as witchcraft were colonial constructions, with some material correspondents in Africans’ practices. See Handler and Bilby, “On the Early Use” and “Obeah.” Their studies established the thoughtful, foundation for scholarship of the past decade or so, which has developed Handler’s and Bilby’s methodological skepticism of colonial texts to examine the ways in which colonial accounts of obeah served larger social, aesthetic, and legal aims.
See, for example, Aravamudan, “Introduction”; and Richardson, “Romantic Voodoo”; Watson, Caribbean Culture; Paton, “Witchcraft, Law, Poison”; the essays, essays in Paton and essay Forde, Obeah and Other Powers ; and Browne, “‘Bad Business’ of Obeah.” View all notes. Co-edited by two literary scholars whose scholarly work focuses on medicine and on language religion, respectively, this special issue joins and expands these conversations, by analyzing previously unconsidered archives about obeah, by thoughtful essay, accounting for the disciplinary work that colonial accounts of obeah performed by managing African women’s bodies, and by tracing how the power of religion and science manifests itself in the Atlantic World. Essays Tv Show Friends. As all of the essay, articles in this special issue demonstrate, the archive on obeah contains accounts, reports, and documents that register and circulate epistemological anxieties that sometimes remained outside colonists’ textual and political control. The texts recording such anxieties occupy a space that is part of this archive yet that also extends beyond it. It is this space – one that is experiential, bureaucratic, material, and textual – that the articles in writing language this special issue investigate and that, we argue, manifests colonial attempts to transform obeah into thoughtful essay, a set of knowable practices, on light symbolism great essay the one hand, and the range of essay practices, beliefs, and knowledge that Africans employed as a form of light symbolism great essay power in the Atlantic World, on the other. In this introduction, we describe obeah and thoughtful essay the epistemological conundrum it posed for colonists in light great gatsby the global Atlantic World before discussing some of the essay, ways in which obeah and textual forms are entangled.
As we think this special issue demonstrates, this entanglement offers a particularly productive site at which to language analyze obeah’s powers and the representation of those powers. How to write the history of obeah. “Obeah” refers to a set of practices employed by Africans for ends that enslaved peoples perceived as socially useful, from healing and revenge, to protection and rebellion. These practices were constituted by what we would now designate as separate medical and religious components: the knowledge and application of thoughtful essay herbal remedies; singing or chanting prayers or powerful words; a diagnosis of physical ailments; and mediation with non-human powers. Essay Horse Winner. For Africans, however (and for many European colonists as well), these practices did not belong in separate categories but were mutually constitutive. This was the case because natural and supernatural, human and nonhuman realms were not perceived as separate but as realms that mutually influenced one another. Neither were the practices associated with obeah simply “good” or “bad”; obeah practitioners accessed neutral supernatural forces and attempted to essay employ those forces to accomplish various goals. As Dianne Stewart points out, obeah is a “protean institutional structure encompassing ethnic and Pan-African religious cultures, which co-author an light great, African-derived understanding of mystical power as the capacity to use energy dynamically.” 6 6. Stewart, Three Eyes , 42. Essay. View all notes Indeed, Stewart finds that obeah took a variety of green light gatsby forms, even being “reasserted under the mask of Christianity” during the 1831 Baptist Rebellion in Jamaica. 7 7. Stewart, Three Eyes , 103–104. View all notes.
While obeah had a material existence among African communities, it also possessed separate but related meanings in colonial texts. There, the term “obeah” originated in thoughtful the early eighteenth century as a word Europeans in the Caribbean applied to African practices that, they acknowledged, acted powerfully on peoples’ bodies and english essays minds. As Jerome Handler and Kenneth Bilby have pointed out, “‘Obeah’ became a catch-all term for a range of supernatural-related ideas and behaviors that were not of European origin and which [whites] heavily criticized and condemned.” 8 8. Handler and Bilby, “On the Early Use,” 87. View all notes In the early eighteenth century, colonists variously compared obeah to folk medicine, superstition, and healing practices; after Tacky’s Rebellion in 1760 (in which an obeah man allegedly gave rebels a potion to protect them from planters’ bullets), they increasingly connected obeah to thoughtful witchcraft and to poison in essay horse h lawrence the British and French West Indies, respectively. As Diana Paton has shown, different European epistemologies and encounters with African practices are responsible for these varying definitions of obeah. 9 9. See Paton, “Witchcraft, Poison, Law.” View all notes. Essay. Colonists primarily experienced obeah through its effects: ill or frightened slaves, people who refused to work, and outright rebellions inspired by green light great gatsby, seemingly mysterious leaders. As they sought to thoughtful essay explain these phenomena, they recounted Africans’ reports that an obeah practitioner was behind a particular event and, later, speculated that obeah was to blame for unusual happenings. In doing so, colonists also sought to incorporate obeah into European epistemologies, with the essays tv show, goal of identifying the natural causes that, they argued, were the thoughtful, primary powers at work in the world. In the British West Indies, they applied natural philosophical methodologies for describing preternatural phenomena, or those with occult – hidden or unknown – causes in order to account for obeah practitioners, their actions, and great essay the resulting effects. Thoughtful. The analysis of preternatural phenomena had a long history in England, where such events had possessed a reputation for being aligned with magic and divination since the sixteenth century.
Because preternatural phenomena had invisible causes, they fell somewhere between supernatural, or divine, phenomena (which also lacked visible causes) and great natural phenomena (which were also said to be result of actions by created beings, from humans to angels and devils). In the course of the seventeenth century, however, preternatural phenomena were “naturalized”; that is, their angelic and demonic causes were excluded, leaving only thoughtful, natural or human causes as possibly responsible for the preternatural, even when those causes were undiscoverable (and they often were). 10 10. Daston, “Marvelous Facts,” 107. View all notes At the same time, preternatural phenomena came to play a key role in the Baconian project of collecting unusual natural particulars in order to gain insights into the hidden workings of nature. By the eighteenth century, philosophers began to argue that their work did not extend to seeking out supernatural causes; one’s focus was more properly restricted to natural causes, those that could be verified by multiple witnesses and tests. Preternatural phenomena could be part of such projects, for their natural causes could, ideally, be discovered and analyzed.
Notwithstanding this confidence in the possibility of discovering hidden natural causes, philosophers found it no easy or straightforward task to locate and decipher them. As Lorraine Daston points out, natural and supernatural causes were not mutually exclusive, and natural causes were not mechanistic (but indeed could seem quite unnatural, extending to include the imagination and wondrous events). 11 11. See Daston, “Marvelous Facts,” 107. View all notes As a result, philosophers worried less about whether they would mistake divine and demonic causes for one another than whether they would be deceived into in marathi language, categorizing a phenomenon as supernatural when it was not. Thus if colonial writers drew on essay established natural philosophical methods to green gatsby essay guide them in thoughtful analyzing preternatural phenomena and in locating their natural causes, the horse winner by d h lawrence, discovery of the causes for such events was by no means a straightforward process with an assured end. And, unlike their counterparts in Europe, colonists were immersed in worlds with ontologies that did not recognize divisions between natural and thoughtful supernatural worlds but whose explanations for phenomena extended to include non-human as well as human agents.
12 12. See Brown, Reaper’s Garden , and Wisecup, “Knowing Obeah.” View all notes Colonists faced the challenge of incorporating obeah into eighteenth-century empirical epistemologies and concept with to HRM consequently of discovering and representing its natural causes in a context in which those practicing and drawing on obeah did not recognize divisions between natural and supernatural causes. As Katharine Gerbner explains in her contribution to this issue, Afro-Caribbean people likewise faced the challenge of incorporating colonists into their epistemologies: enslaved Africans in Jamaica called Moravian missionary George Caries “obea,” a term that he defined as a “Seer,” a seemingly surprising turn given obeah’s connotations with Afro-Caribbean practices, especially witchcraft. Significantly, as Gerbner shows, Caries’ case shows that obeah was not only thoughtful, a practice but also the essay the rocking winner by d, “frame through which Afro-Caribbeans interpreted European religious and essay medical practice,” a frame that requires us to dissertation defense understand European natural historical and religious practices as encompassed within the category of obeah. Colonists addressed the challenges of representing obeah by arguing that even if enslaved people ascribed obeah’s powers to supernatural forces, a natural cause for its effects existed and could be discovered. They developed several strategies for discovering and describing these causes: they linked obeah’s apparent power to Africans’ allegedly faulty understandings to thoughtful essay suggest that Africans mistook as supernatural what were only hidden natural causes. Colonists also represented themselves as capable of discovering these true, if invisible, natural causes in obeah men’s materials. For example, Edward Long suggested that, while Africans feared obeah men’s ability to wield “magic,” such alleged “supernatural powers” were “only the natural operations of some poisonous juice, or preparation.” 13 13. Long, History of Jamaica , 416.
View all notes Similarly, James Grainger noted that Africans believed in “magic spells,” and essay he called on poetry to: “Transpierce the gloom, which ignorance and fraud/Have render’d awful; tell the laughing world/Of what these wonder-working charms are made.” 14 14. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , IV.384–386. View all notes By exposing the thoughtful, natural causes behind “wonder-working charms,” colonists would prove obeah to be a phenomena that could be brought into the light, studied, and explained with recourse to natural causes. Such knowledge of explain work relation obeah would likewise allow colonists to control its effects – to essay limit the circulation of and the rocking h lawrence knowledge about essay, “some poisonous juice,” for example. However, colonists also discovered that investigating and media essays describing obeah practitioners’ materials rarely led them to natural causes. For example, after confidently charging the muses with revealing the components of obeah practitioners’ “wonder-working charms,” Grainger went on to list those components: Colonial accounts of obeah from the mid-eighteenth to the nineteenth century exhibit this same pattern: an insistence that obeah is thoughtful decipherable in explain with relation to HRM terms of natural causes and an enumeration of thoughtful essay material objects with ostensibly natural properties, in addition to the rocking horse winner by d h lawrence a description of those objects as obtaining power as a combination or mixture. 16 16.
For an important reading of obeah’s combinatory powers, see Dillon, “Obi, Assemblage, Enchantment.” View all notes These powerful mixtures exist both within colonial texts and in the material practices of enslaved Africans. For example, in one of the earliest British printed accounts of obeah, Griffith Hughes described the thoughtful essay, “Magical Apparatus” of an gcse media essays, “Obeah Doctor”: “two Earthen Basons, a Handful of different Kinds of Leaves, and a Piece of Soap.” 17 17. Thoughtful. Hughes, Natural History , 15. View all notes By the end of the dissertation, eighteenth century, lists of thoughtful obeah materials had become a trope in British colonial descriptions of obeah. Bryan Edwards wrote that obeah included the practice of “hanging up feathers, bottles, eggshells, c. Gcse English Essays. c. in essay order to intimidate Negroes of english essays a thievish disposition from plundering huts, hog-styes, or provision-grounds.” 18 18. Edwards, History, Civil and Commercial , 87. View all notes Meanwhile, in a text that spawned numerous accounts of thoughtful essay obeah and that has been central to scholarly analyses, including several in this introduction and in english media this special issue more broadly, physician Benjamin Moseley explained that “OBI, for the purposes of bewitching people, or consuming them by lingering illness, is made of grave dirt, hair, teeth of sharks, and other creatures, blood, feathers, egg-shells, images in wax.” 19 19. Moseley, Treatise on Sugar , 171.
View all notes. Writing in the 1750s, Hughes suggested that the thoughtful essay, obeah man used his “Magical Apparatus” as a cover for his real strategy of hiding “Pieces of broken Glass, Nails, and Splinters of essays tv show Stones” on thoughtful essay the woman’s body and pretending to of self relation pull them out with the strength of his concoction. 20 20. Essay. Hughes, Natural History , 15. View all notes For Hughes, obeah entailed using various material objects to deceive one’s patients; the of ethics of self work relation to HRM, true source of obeah’s power was the woman’s mind or imagination, which was convinced first that she was ill and thoughtful essay second that the obeah man had successfully cured her. Interestingly, by friends, the 1790s when Edwards and Moseley were writing, accounts of the process with which obeah practitioners deceived patients had all but disappeared from colonial reports, leaving only the list of the materials in the obeah man’s magical apparatus.
Colonists’ focus on essay the objects in explain work obeah practitioners’ apparatuses can be seen as enacting the empiricist principle that nature could be known by a close and careful examination of things themselves. Knowledge was produced not through recourse to texts but by thoughtful, experiencing or interacting with things in the world. 21 21. See Mack, “Horace Walpole.” View all notes The lists in colonial texts attempt to make obeah into something that readers can sense, observe, and thus convert into knowledge, and these lists further suggest that obeah’s causes are available through an observation of its materials. Symbolism Great Gatsby Essay. However, far from demystifying obeah, the texts attest to the ways in which obeah exceeds empiricism: as the examples above show, the lists do not uncover obeah’s hidden natural causes but instead display something of how obeah’s power works, that is, how the objects that constitute obeah have a power that exceeds their individual parts. Considering the “grave dirt, hair, teeth of sharks, and other creatures, blood, feathers, egg-shells, images in wax” was unlikely to lead observers to any conclusions about obeah’s natural causes. 22 22. Moseley, Treatise on Sugar , 171. Thoughtful. View all notes Instead, these textual collections mirrored the process whereby obeah practitioners gathered objects into mixtures whose power exceeded the sum of their parts and that drew on both natural and supernatural worlds for their efficacy. Colonists’ representations of obeah, intended to demystify and discover its causes, remained in light symbolism great gatsby essay thrall to those practices, replicating them and circulating their representations throughout the Atlantic World. Indeed, as J. Alexandra McGhee shows in thoughtful her article, obeah could “infect” colonial minds, texts, and explain of ethics of self work with relation performances, and these representations of obeah highlighted concerns about the essay, effects of essays tropical climates on colonial bodies and minds and about the difficulties of maintaining order on plantations.
Writers attempted to allay these fears by aligning obeah with multiple physical diseases, including yaws and yellow fever, even as doing so further transmitted dangerous representations of thoughtful obeah and indicated obeah’s power over colonists. Colonists’ failure to locate obeah’s natural causes is manifested formally, in hybrid texts whose generic mixtures reflect the assemblages out of which obeah was constituted – its collections of natural objects, chants, “jargon,” and essay writing in marathi language ceremonies. 23 23. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , IV.392. View all notes In The Sugar-Cane , for example, Grainger added scientific footnotes to his poetic text, in which he stated that obeah men carried a staff marked with “frogs, snakes, c. The blacks imagine that its blow, if not mortal, will at least occasion long and thoughtful essay troublesome disorders.” 24 24. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 143–144.
View all notes Grainger attributed the power of the obeah man’s staff to Africans’ “belief in magic,” thus contradicting his poetic description of obeah as composed of natural and supernatural elements to support instead the argument that obeah’s powers could be attributed to Africans’ imaginations. But Grainger also admitted that obeah men could “do good” on plantations as long as they were supervised by plantation owners. 25 25. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 144. View all notes By placing prose footnotes that acknowledged obeah’s usefulness and that attributed it to Africans’ imaginations alongside his poetic list of dissertation proposal defense obeah’s materials and description of their preternatural powers, Grainger formally represented the debate over obeah’s powers and the ways in which obeah escaped Euro-colonial epistemological categories.
The poetic and scientific forms in The Sugar-Cane register colonists’ attempts to discover obeah’s natural causes and to categorize obeah as irrational knowledge that preyed on unsuspecting or naive Africans even as these forms also represent colonists’ recognition that obeah was a powerful, valuable phenomena constituted out of thoughtful essay mixtures of natural and preternatural powers. Similarly, in his 1800 novel Obi: or the History of Three-Fingered Jack, William Earle mixed the form of the epistolary novel with footnotes, in order to represent multiple explanations of obeah’s powers. The novel depicts the capture and execution of an obeah man, and Earle inserted 11 pages of footnotes below the essay the rocking winner h lawrence, obeah man’s story. 26 26. See Earle, Obi , 72. The Broadview edition omits some of Earle's original footnotes; scholars interested in these should consult the 1800 London edition (published by thoughtful, Earle and Hemet) or the 1804 Worcester edition (published by Isaiah Thomas). View all notes These footnotes include a long description of obeah’s qualities copied from the accounts of historians Bryan Edwards and Edward Long. While the footnotes allow the narrative of Euro-colonial triumph over obeah to proceed undeterred, they also represent moments when colonists failed to categorize obeah or to green great explain it in terms of natural causes, thus introducing preternatural powers into the novel.
In Earle’s novel, the obeah man is successfully captured and thoughtful essay executed, and obeah is english a practice that can be eradicated by thoughtful, killing its practitioners. However, in the footnotes, which recount instances in proposal which colonists failed to control or explain obeah, it remains a power that exceeds and escapes colonial epistemologies, one that cannot be controlled by attending to essay natural causes. As Janelle Rodriques argues in her contribution to this issue, obeah appears in colonial narratives as a strongly disruptive force, one that unravels the essay winner h lawrence, categories and forms of social authority it often is invoked to support. Thoughtful. Finally, we might see the novels in which obeah plays a key role, such as Maria Edgeworth’s gothic novel Belinda (1801) and romances such as Victor Hugo’s Bug-Jargal (1826) and Cynric Williams’s Hamel, the Obeah Man (1827) as evidence of colonists’ failure to media essays account for obeah in natural or civil histories or legal reports. As Tim Watson has pointed out, the “attempt to narrate the Caribbean from the point of view of plausibility, verifiability, and reason – realism, in thoughtful other words – turns into the very forms it seeks to avoid: romantic narrative and its cognates, the gothic, the sentimental, and the melodrama.” 27 27. Work. Watson, Caribbean Culture , 6. Thoughtful Essay. View all notes As obeah moved from medical treatises and natural histories into gothic novels and romances, its formal trajectory attested to colonists’ failure to locate natural causes for the forms of power they encountered in the Caribbean.
The formal mixtures that define the literatures of obeah replicate textually the ontological mixture that constituted obeah for both colonists and enslaved peoples. For colonists, combining poetic verses or the novel with footnotes allowed them to represent the confusing set of practices they confronted in essay by d h lawrence obeah: the presence of objects with properties that could be identified in terms of natural causes alongside practices and powers that they categorized as preternatural. Africans’ bodies were central to these contests over power: as Jeffrey Cottrell’s contribution shows, colonial writers responded to the material practices and essay powers of African women’s bodies by imagining obeah as an increasingly powerful force and by developing ever more complex strategies for maintaining control over enslaved women’s bodies. As each text imagines the removal of obeah from the dissertation defense, Caribbean, it both acknowledges obeah’s immense power and attempts to subordinate it by exercising control over African bodies. So, too, did writing about obeah offer colonial authors the chance to meditate on the vulnerability of white bodies; as Justine Murison demonstrates in this issue, representing obeah forced these writers to thoughtful essay confront the conflicted relation between the disenchanted minds they imagined themselves to possess and the unsettling openness that marked the bodies of those inhabiting the pre-emancipation Caribbean world. The literatures of dissertation proposal defense obeah represent and recirculate, for their readers in Europe and for colonists in the Caribbean, some of those powers even as they seek to identify and categorize (and thus reduce) them. The power of obeah in the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Atlantic World thus resided both in thoughtful essay the natural and supernatural worlds that Africans accessed with material and spiritual practices and in the formal mixtures of colonial texts. Indeed, for colonists and for European readers, obeah’s power was located precisely in the assemblage of obeah practices and colonial representations of obeah – at a point that Stephan Palmie describes as “a singularly dense mesh of social praxis with its representation.” 28 28. Palmie, “Other Powers,” 317. View all notes.
What, then, does it mean to try to account for obeah’s power in the eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century Atlantic World, located as it is at the intersection of social practice and literary and cultural representation? Like other subaltern formations, obeah’s early history was largely chronicled in concept of ethics work with relation print by colonial writers, 29 29. Discussions of obeah could be found in colonial histories, medical treatises, governmental documents, and missionary writings, many of which circulated in excerpted forms in newspapers, novels, and chapbooks and thoughtful essay served as the basis for essay language, fictional and theatrical works about essay, obeah in the colonies. Essay Horse By D. Many of these discussions figured within larger accounts of the escaped slave turned bandit Jack Mansong; for a detailed survey of the many iterations of thoughtful Jack’s story, see Paton, “The Afterlives of Three-Fingered Jack.” Srinivas Aravamudan’s introduction to essay horse William Earle’s Obi (Broadview Press, 2008) also offers an thoughtful, extensive overview of literary accounts of obeah. Diana Paton’s online archive Obeah Histories (www.obeahhistories.org) also offers an essential introduction to obeah’s textual record, past and present. View all notes many of whom had complex, limited, or frankly hostile relations to the practices they described. The Rocking Horse By D. 30 30.
While obeah’s colonial chroniclers often used discussions of obeah to advance stridently negative ideas about enslaved Africans, we would also note that some natural historians also treated enslaved Africans’ knowledge of herbal and medicinal preparations – which were often classed with obeah – with respect and essay even deference. Colonial dismissals of obeah took multiple and varied forms in writing the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, from thoughtful knowing dismissal of enslaved Africans’ supposed credulity, to panicked fear of a well-camouflaged poison, to open respect for what Susan Scott Parrish describes as “the slave fully initiated into green great gatsby, the secrets of nature,” persons who could skillfully negotiate the West Indies’ natural and sometimes supernatural worlds. See Parrish, American Curiosity , 262. Thoughtful. View all notes Any attempt to access the social practices that colonial observers called “obeah,” then, has to contend with the limits of these source materials, the ways in which their “dense mesh” of practice and representation entangles historical fact in colonial fantasy. As Palmie puts it, “much of what our evidence actually tells us is explain concept of ethics work relation to HRM that their masters or social superordinates (including anthropologists) strongly believed that slaves, peasants, and workers might believe in such things.” 31 31. Palmie, “Other Powers,” 326. View all notes Seeking evidence of thoughtful essay obeah in the historical record, in other words, scholars find instead a prototype of the green light gatsby, colonial mind and the fears that animated it.
This enmeshment of practice and representation enjoins those who would seek to trace obeah’s powers to adopt a radical modesty; since those who believed in and practiced obeah did so “in ways that largely escape the documentary record,” 32 32. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 326. View all notes Palmie argues, one of the most important things we can learn about obeah is “what we, in fact, do not (and possibly cannot) know about it.” 33 33. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 333. View all notes. We find ourselves in full and enthusiastic agreement with Palmie, and with others like him, in his insistence that we not take the source materials that record obeah’s presence in the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Atlantic as transparent accounts of obeah practices or the beliefs that motivated them. Yet we are also motivated by recent scholarly work that insists, as Simon Gikandi does, that “the figure of the slave could come to complicate what an archive meant.” 34 34. Quoted in thoughtful Aljoe, Dillon, Doyle, and Hopwood, “Obeah and the Early Caribbean Digital Archive,” in this special issue.
View all notes As the founders of the gcse english essays, Early Caribbean Digital Archive observe in their contribution to this issue, we must attend both to the knowledges these sources seek to create and the ones they seek to make inaccessible. We think that it might be possible to thoughtful essay work modestly with these sources while also recognizing their limits – to turn to this archive for something other than an account of praxis that can stand apart from the light great gatsby essay, representation that harbors it. If these representations do not offer direct transcripts of the social practices they claim to chronicle, their formal failures register the pressure of obeah’s powers, the ways in which genres such as natural history and romantic and gothic fictions were pushed to their epistemological limits as colonial authors tried to render social formations they only dimly understood. Essay. 35 35. Here we think of Christopher Iannini’s insistence that genre forms have an epistemology.
See Iannini, Fatal Revolutions, 23–25. Essays. View all notes Likewise, the fact remains that the source materials that remain for contemporary scholars also served as loci at which European, Caribbean, and thoughtful essay American audiences came into relation with obeah and powers like it. As they read about obeah in medical treatises, newspaper articles, and chapbooks, or saw it travestied in pantomimes or cartoons, audiences throughout the Atlantic found their bodies assembled together with obeah’s unfamiliar powers, through the conduit of the medium that brought obeah to them. Holding a newspaper or a chapbook in their hands, or joining the audience of one of the writing language, pantomimes that told of slave revolutions fueled by essay, obeah rituals, readers and of ethics with relation to HRM viewers opened themselves, if only for a moment, to experiencing obeah as part of the material world in which they read and that they shared with others. 36 36. Here we’re interested in thoughtful essay the way in which obeah works like the empowered assemblages Jane Bennett describes – crucially, ones that may enlist their members without their consent. See Bennett, 21–22. Explain Concept Of Ethics Work With Relation To HRM. We are aware, as well, that there are as many possible relations with texts (and pantomimes) as one can imagine uses; for thoughtful essay, one important account of the many misuses to which Britons put their books, see Leah Price, How to Do Things with Books . On this world-sharing, see Jaudon, “Obeah’s Sensations.” View all notes Obeah may have been something they rejected or accepted, something to which they turned for practical knowledge of West Indies life or simply for gothic amusement, but in each of these cases coming to know it meant enacting the habits and postures and essay writing language behaviors that fit newspapers and pantomimes into their worlds. If these sources can never give us obeah practices in pure, unadulterated form – obeah in its own right, in its intimate connection to the historical actors who used it, revised it, and believed in thoughtful it – what they may offer us is a portrait of dissertation proposal how those practices and beliefs registered within the Atlantic World, of the entanglements and affiliations that grew up around them.
We can find in thoughtful these sources, in other words, the outlines of the assemblages they sought to generate – the felt texture of the common world into which they imagined readers, colonial authorities, and obeah practices and practitioners. The Rocking Horse By D. 37 37. Our thinking on this point has been spurred by the scholarly turn toward the new materialisms and actor-network theory, especially as it has figured in work by essay, Jane Bennett and work with relation to HRM Bruno Latour. This second form of assemblage generated by the errand to write about obeah shares with Bennett’s assemblages the sense that its members might not be willingly enlisted (for instance, her suggestion that the thoughtful, agency of an horse by d h lawrence, assemblage might arise from essay “the collaboration, cooperation, or interactive interference of gcse english media essays many bodies and forces”; see Vibrant Matter , 21), as it also follows Latour’s insistence that sociality consists in thoughtful essay an ever-changing network of associations (see, for instance, Reassembling the Social ). Essay The Rocking Horse Winner By D. View all notes. We would suggest, then, that the assemblages that grew up around and through these colonial accounts might themselves offer one way to learn more about thoughtful, obeah and powers like it. Here we think that literary and literary-historical scholarship of the kind this special issue presents has something distinctive to gcse english offer interdisciplinary-minded scholars who are interested in thoughtful essay these questions. 38 38. Literary scholars who have written extensively about essay horse by d, obeah include Srinivas Aravamudan, Elizabeth Maddock Dillon, Alan Richardson, Candace Ward, Tim Watson, and both of the editors of this special issue, among others. View all notes Our turn in this direction is motivated, at least in thoughtful essay part, by the by now well-recognized asymmetries between historians’ and literary scholars’ treatment of each other's’ work.
Eric Slauter has argued that the differences between literary scholars and historians – and, in recent years, the willingness of literary scholars to cite historians compared to the general paucity of citations from historians to literary scholars, a differential he terms the “trade gap” – depend at media, least in part on thoughtful essay a differing approach to source materials (they historicize different things). Yet Elizabeth Maddock Dillon insists that what’s really at english, play here is “a large area of noncoincidence between the aims and desires of literary studies and historical studies,” one that focuses literary scholars’ attention on “an essential aspect of the community generated by thoughtful essay, the advent of an Atlantic World: namely a set of essays friends signifying practices (and erasures) that shaped the world we inhabit today.” 39 39. Dillon, “Atlantic Practices,” 185. View all notes Dillon’s insistence on the primary concern of literary scholars with aesthetics – in thoughtful particular, with “the analysis of form and genre” – registers her insistence on two twinned principles: that the political realm in which we come to live together is green symbolism great gatsby strongly shaped by thoughtful, signifying practices, and that literary scholars are particularly well positioned to explain these practices’ power and significance. Dissertation Proposal. 40 40. Dillon, “Atlantic Practices,” 185. View all notes For Dillon, as for many other literary scholars, the structures and patterns that guide representation matter because they shape the terms on which people sensed and perceived the world they shared in common, the sites at which they could become social beings. Thoughtful. As Cindy Weinstein and Chris Looby put it: “ aesthetic [becomes] a usable term precisely because its history involves the discipline of a careful attention to dissertation proposal surfaces and appearances, to the sensible textures of things, and its history also preserves the conviction that social and political life always has a sensory and thoughtful essay perceptual dimension.” 41 41. Weinstein and Looby, “Introduction,” 8. View all notes. Writing. We are interested, then, in the ways in which these archives record how colonial writers sought to make obeah sensible – to weave it into the Atlantic World readers and practitioners shared. Essay. Take again, for instance, one of the most widely circulated late-eighteenth-century accounts of obeah and its powers, Benjamin Moseley’s description of obeah in his 1799 Treatise on Sugar . Essay In Marathi Language. 42 42.
In addition to thoughtful essay its appearance in the Jamaican newspaper The Royal Gazette and in multiple iterations of longer works published in London, excerpts of Moseley’s discussion of obeah appeared in newspapers in Boston ( Boston Gazette , 26 March 1801), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania ( The Gleaner , 21 January 1814), New York City ( New-York Courier , 9 October 1816), Albany, New York ( The Albany Advertiser , 12 October 1816), Washington, D.C. ( Washington City Weekly Gazette , 19 October 1816), and Newport, Rhode Island ( Rhode-Island Republican , 30 October 1816), sometimes as reprints from The Royal Gazette . See Carey and essays Paton, “Histories of Three-Fingered Jack” and Jaudon, “Obeah’s Sensations,” 737 n. 21. View all notes As we discuss above, Moseley’s account offers a classic representation of obeah-as-assemblage, listing the ostensibly natural objects that an obeah might contain and making visible the thoughtful, ways in which obeah’s powers confound empiricist modes of observation. Great Gatsby. Moseley’s text also , and thoughtful essay paradoxically, opens up the possibility that we can see how colonial authors sought to orient their readerships to the phenomenon they were describing – the way that the tenuous project of making obeah knowable, with all its limits, also sought to teach audiences how to understand how obeah figured into dissertation, the world in which they lived. Thoughtful. Here is the full passage in which Moseley’s list of an obeah’s contents appears: OBI, for the purposes of bewitching people, or consuming them by lingering illness, is made of proposal grave dirt, hair, teeth of sharks, and other creatures, blood, feathers, egg-shells, images in wax, the hearts of birds, and some potent roots, weeds, and bushes, of which Europeans are at thoughtful essay, this time ignorant; but which were known, for the same purposes, to the ancients. Certain mixtures of these ingredients are burnt; or buried very deep in the ground; or hung up a chimney; or laid under the threshold of the english media essays, door of the party, to suffer; with incantation songs, or curses, performed at midnight, regarding the thoughtful essay, aspects of the moon … A negro, who thinks himself bewitched by OBI, will apply to symbolism gatsby an Obi-man, or Obi-woman, for cure. […] I saw the OBI of the famous negro robber, Three fingered JACK, the terror of Jamaica in 1780 and thoughtful 1781. The Rocking Horse. […] His OBI consisted of the essay, end of a goat’s horn, filled with a compound of grave dirt, ashes, the blood of a black cat, and friends human fat; all mixed into a kind of paste. A black cat’s foot, a dried toad, a pig’s tail, a slip of parchment of kid’s skin, with characters marked in blood on thoughtful it, were also in his Obian bag. 43 43. Moseley, Treatise , 171–173. View all notes. Media. In moments such as these we see not what obeah was in its own right, but rather the web of relations to which colonial authors thought it belonged. Turning an eye toward these texts’ aesthetic properties shows how they seek to invest their audiences in what is, at its heart, an orienting project: one in which the powers that these texts struggle and sometimes fail to trace back to the natural world are still brought into their readers’ everyday lives in some form.
When he lists the raw ingredients that compose an obeah, Moseley asks his readers to see the single objects he has extracted from it – a slip of thoughtful parchment, an eggshell, a feather – as individual representatives of larger categories of green essay familiar objects. As he makes the obeah’s disaggregated components available to sense perception, Moseley renders obeah, in some senses, ordinary – part of the background of objects one encounters in one’s everyday life. Yet mixed into thoughtful essay, these moments of gcse media recognition are a set of descriptions that cannot be directly verified through the senses: one has no way to thoughtful essay know that what Moseley describes as “the blood of a black cat” came from a cat that was not brown or gray, or that it came from a cat at all. These are the moments at which, as we’ve noted above, the text veers toward the romantic and especially gothic modes that Tim Watson discusses. And they are the moments in which obeah’s recognizability as a part of the material world metropolitans and gcse media essays colonials shared relied both on the familiarity of material objects and thoughtful essay the legibility of particular genres and tropes: the mythical powers of grave dirt, the horse winner, magical efficacy of a black cat. Reading obeah, in other words, meant knowing it as a part of thoughtful other stories, as something that could be recognized in the fictions and narratives that circulated in one’s culture.
As they cross-pollinated obeah with the gcse media, gothic, in particular, these texts aligned it with a cluster of possibly-real, possibly-imaginary dangers, horrors, and essay thrills that, when they appear in fictive texts, become at explain of ethics with, once part of how the world might be and thoughtful something that might be imaginary, unreal. In other words, they teach readers to adopt an concept work with relation to HRM, attitude of provisionality, to perceive obeah as something of interest that may or may not be real. Essay. At first glance, this provisionality might appear to be something obvious, something secular moderns can take for essay writing in marathi, granted. Yet here we do well to remember that the forms of recognition and orientation Moseley’s text chronicles had to be brought into being. And this, we think, is part of what a distinctively literary take on obeah may offer scholars interested in the legacy of these and other powers – a better understanding of the social formation and thoughtful embodied orientations that grew up, tenuously and imperfectly, to try to integrate them into the Atlantic World. Proposal. If we agree with Palmie that “the ‘other powers’ wielded by the subaltern other do not easily yield to thoughtful ‘objective knowledge,’ unless the essay, observer herself … agrees to come under its influence,” then one way we might begin to apprehend those powers is thoughtful essay within the essays friends, web of influences, literary and otherwise, that shaped those who would have encountered them in the past.
45 45. Palmie, “Other Powers,” 325. View all notes To do so may be to recognize, as the contributors to thoughtful this special issue do, that our knowledge of obeah’s past may be a particularly entangled history – one in in marathi language which praxis and representation can never stand fully apart. We thank the editors of thoughtful essay Atlantic Studies for fostering and supporting this special issue, as well as Kelly Bezio, Tim Cassedy, Gabriel Cervantes, Nora Gilbert, Melissa Gniadek, Lucia Hodgson, Giffen Maupin, Dahlia Porter, Debapriya Sarkar, and Daniel Walden for their feedback on this introduction. English Media. No potential conflict of essay interest was reported by the author. Toni Wall Jaudon is an assistant professor of English at Northwestern University. Gcse Media Essays. Her essays have appeared in American Literature and American Literary History . Currently, she is at work on a study of the essay, liveliness of religious objects in gcse the nineteenth-century Americas. Kelly Wisecup is an assistant professor of English at Northwestern University. Thoughtful Essay. She is the of ethics of self work relation to HRM, author of Medical Encounters: Knowledge and Identity in Early American Literatures (University of Massachusetts Press, 2013) and the editor of thoughtful essay “Good News from New England” by Edward Winslow: A Scholarly Edition (University of green symbolism Massachusetts Press, 2014). 1. On the essay, disciplines, see the tv show, essays in Siskin and Warner, This is Enlightenment and thoughtful Lenoir, “Discipline of Nature.” 2. See, for a few examples, Rivett, Science of the Soul ; Delbourgo, Most Amazing Scene ; Watson, Angelical Conjunction ; Erben, Harmony of the Spirits . 3. See Sweet, Domingos Alvares . For a compelling introduction to current scholarly work on these intersections, see “Religion and Medicine in American Literature,” a recent special issue of Literature and Medicine coedited by of ethics of self work with, Kelly Bezio and Ashley Reed. 4. Thoughtful Essay. See Stoler, Along the Archival Grain , especially 50, as well as Epstein, Scandal of Colonial Rule and Joseph, Reading the East India Company . 5. For early studies of obeah, see Williams, Psychic Phenomena ; Bastide, African Civilizations ; and Patterson, Sociology of Slavery.
These scholars, to essays varying degrees, read colonial texts as capable of thoughtful revealing accurate information about African belief and knowledge that could be fruitfully juxtaposed against green symbolism essay, European epistemological categories, from “religion,” to “witchcraft,” to essay “Africa.” They also emphasized the essential Africanity of obeah; for gcse essays, example, after interviewing practicing obeah men, Williams concluded that obeah was African witchcraft that had been imported into the West Indies. Handler’s and Bilby’s co-written work usefully complicated such positivist approaches by showing that the term “obeah” and its definitions as witchcraft were colonial constructions, with some material correspondents in Africans’ practices. Thoughtful Essay. See Handler and Bilby, “On the Early Use” and “Obeah.” Their studies established the foundation for scholarship of the past decade or so, which has developed Handler’s and Bilby’s methodological skepticism of gcse english media colonial texts to examine the ways in which colonial accounts of thoughtful obeah served larger social, aesthetic, and legal aims. See, for example, Aravamudan, “Introduction”; and Richardson, “Romantic Voodoo”; Watson, Caribbean Culture; Paton, “Witchcraft, Law, Poison”; the essays in light great Paton and Forde, Obeah and Other Powers ; and Browne, “‘Bad Business’ of Obeah.” 6. Essay. Stewart, Three Eyes , 42. 7. Stewart, Three Eyes , 103–104. 8. Green Light Great Gatsby Essay. Handler and Bilby, “On the Early Use,” 87. 9. See Paton, “Witchcraft, Poison, Law.” 10. Daston, “Marvelous Facts,” 107. Essay. 11.
See Daston, “Marvelous Facts,” 107. 12. See Brown, Reaper’s Garden , and Wisecup, “Knowing Obeah.” 13. Long, History of Jamaica , 416. 14. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , IV.384–386. 15. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , IV.387–392. 16. For an important reading of obeah’s combinatory powers, see Dillon, “Obi, Assemblage, Enchantment.” 17.
Hughes, Natural History , 15. 18. Tv Show. Edwards, History, Civil and essay Commercial , 87. 19. Moseley, Treatise on Sugar , 171. 20. Essays Friends. Hughes, Natural History , 15. Essay. 21. See Mack, “Horace Walpole.” 22. Moseley, Treatise on Sugar , 171.
23. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , IV.392. 24. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 143–144. 25. Essay In Marathi. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 144. 26. See Earle, Obi , 72.
The Broadview edition omits some of thoughtful essay Earle's original footnotes; scholars interested in these should consult the 1800 London edition (published by essays friends, Earle and Hemet) or the 1804 Worcester edition (published by Isaiah Thomas). 27. Thoughtful Essay. Watson, Caribbean Culture , 6. 28. Palmie, “Other Powers,” 317. 29. Discussions of essays friends obeah could be found in colonial histories, medical treatises, governmental documents, and missionary writings, many of which circulated in excerpted forms in newspapers, novels, and chapbooks and served as the basis for fictional and thoughtful essay theatrical works about obeah in dissertation proposal the colonies. Many of these discussions figured within larger accounts of the escaped slave turned bandit Jack Mansong; for a detailed survey of the many iterations of thoughtful essay Jack’s story, see Paton, “The Afterlives of Three-Fingered Jack.” Srinivas Aravamudan’s introduction to William Earle’s Obi (Broadview Press, 2008) also offers an dissertation proposal, extensive overview of literary accounts of obeah. Diana Paton’s online archive Obeah Histories (www.obeahhistories.org) also offers an essential introduction to thoughtful obeah’s textual record, past and present. Green Great Essay. 30.
While obeah’s colonial chroniclers often used discussions of obeah to advance stridently negative ideas about enslaved Africans, we would also note that some natural historians also treated enslaved Africans’ knowledge of herbal and medicinal preparations – which were often classed with obeah – with respect and even deference. Colonial dismissals of obeah took multiple and thoughtful essay varied forms in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, from knowing dismissal of enslaved Africans’ supposed credulity, to panicked fear of a well-camouflaged poison, to open respect for what Susan Scott Parrish describes as “the slave fully initiated into the secrets of explain concept of self work to HRM nature,” persons who could skillfully negotiate the essay, West Indies’ natural and sometimes supernatural worlds. See Parrish, American Curiosity , 262. 31. Palmie, “Other Powers,” 326. 32. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 326. 33. Grainger, The Sugar-Cane , 333. 34.
Quoted in Aljoe, Dillon, Doyle, and Hopwood, “Obeah and the Early Caribbean Digital Archive,” in this special issue. 35. Here we think of Christopher Iannini’s insistence that genre forms have an epistemology. See Iannini, Fatal Revolutions, 23–25. 36. Here we’re interested in the way in which obeah works like the empowered assemblages Jane Bennett describes – crucially, ones that may enlist their members without their consent. See Bennett, 21–22. We are aware, as well, that there are as many possible relations with texts (and pantomimes) as one can imagine uses; for one important account of the many misuses to which Britons put their books, see Leah Price, How to Do Things with Books . On this world-sharing, see Jaudon, “Obeah’s Sensations.” 37. Our thinking on friends this point has been spurred by the scholarly turn toward the new materialisms and actor-network theory, especially as it has figured in work by Jane Bennett and Bruno Latour.
This second form of assemblage generated by the errand to write about obeah shares with Bennett’s assemblages the sense that its members might not be willingly enlisted (for instance, her suggestion that the agency of an assemblage might arise from “the collaboration, cooperation, or interactive interference of many bodies and forces”; see Vibrant Matter , 21), as it also follows Latour’s insistence that sociality consists in an ever-changing network of associations (see, for thoughtful, instance, Reassembling the Social ). 38. Literary scholars who have written extensively about obeah include Srinivas Aravamudan, Elizabeth Maddock Dillon, Alan Richardson, Candace Ward, Tim Watson, and both of the editors of this special issue, among others. English. 39. Dillon, “Atlantic Practices,” 185. 40. Dillon, “Atlantic Practices,” 185. 41. Weinstein and Looby, “Introduction,” 8. 42. In addition to its appearance in the Jamaican newspaper The Royal Gazette and in multiple iterations of longer works published in thoughtful essay London, excerpts of Moseley’s discussion of obeah appeared in newspapers in Boston ( Boston Gazette , 26 March 1801), Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania ( The Gleaner , 21 January 1814), New York City ( New-York Courier , 9 October 1816), Albany, New York ( The Albany Advertiser , 12 October 1816), Washington, D.C. Green Light Gatsby. ( Washington City Weekly Gazette , 19 October 1816), and Newport, Rhode Island ( Rhode-Island Republican , 30 October 1816), sometimes as reprints from The Royal Gazette . See Carey and Paton, “Histories of thoughtful essay Three-Fingered Jack” and Jaudon, “Obeah’s Sensations,” 737 n. 21. 43. Moseley, Treatise , 171–173.
44. Writing about the minkisi used among the BaKongo, Wyatt MacGaffey underscores how ritually empowered African objects garnered their force from deliberate processes of assemblage. See “African Objects,” especially 126, and “Fetishism Revisited,” 173. Essays. For an account of the cross-pollination between Kongo minkisi and thoughtful essay conjuring practices among Atlantic Africans in the Georgia and South Carolina Lowcountry, see Young, “ Minkisi ”. Note also, however, the concerns Stephan Palmie raises about english media essays, attempts to divine the African origins of the diverse and historically specific practices that evolved among enslaved Africans in the Americas (see, especially, the introduction to essay Africas of the Americas ). What is clear from Moseley’s account is how deeply invested he was in disassembly as a way of working against essay horse h lawrence, the power that the obeah seemed to bear. 45.
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New Year Resolution Essays and Research Papers. New resolution for thoughtful essay year 2011 A new moment, new day, new month and . new year ; everything is looking fresh and rejuvenate to essays friends, me as a new sun shining after one whole year . The year 2010 is over thoughtful and now we are moving forward in 2011 with lots of new opportunities for essay the rocking horse h lawrence everyone. There were a lot of essay, good and proposal defense bad memories of last year , but I will grab good memories and essay move onward with this current year . Most of people have new tasks and ideas for new year and I also have some new resolution for this. Exercise , Eye , Health 1085 Words | 3 Pages. 1.For many people around the world, January is an opportunity to make a fresh start with the new year , but some might not know . over gcse english media essays the last 4000 years , New Year has not always been celebrated on thoughtful the 1st of January. The celebration of the new year on January 1st is a new phenomenon. The earliest recording of a new year celebration is believed to essays tv show, have been in Mesopotamia, about 2000 B.C and thoughtful was celebrated around the time of the vernal equinox, in mid-March. A variety of proposal, other dates tied to the. Black-eyed pea , Fireworks , Meaning of life 1845 Words | 3 Pages.
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? New Year’s Eve Celebration Marking the essays tv show last day of the year , New Year’s Eve is one of the essay largest celebrations . Writing Language! around the world. It is a holiday to welcome a brand new year with your friends and families, a time to distress and unwind your mind. Since New Year’s Eve is just around the corner, it is never too early to start planning for the 2014 New Year Countdown. Thoughtful! There are endless choices and essays if you are unsure of what to do on New Year’s Eve, here are some ideas to thoughtful essay, get you going. The biggest. Countdown , Esplanade Bridge , Fireworks 842 Words | 3 Pages. ? New Year’s Eve: a comparison between China and Brazil.
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Chinese New Year event is that it is a big event in my home country. It represents the concept with relation history and culture from essay thousand . Of Ethics Work With! year ago in China. In this report, it covers certain dimensions: the background, rise in the event industry, event as a role in the society, positive and negative aspects and thoughtful the conclusion. Background The Chinese New Year festival, also named as the Lunar New Year festival, is based on the Lunar calendar. It starts with the english essays New Moon on the first day of the New Year and ends. Chinatown , Chinese New Year , Fireworks 1351 Words | 4 Pages. Vietnamese New Year Traditions New Year in Vietnam is not only a holiday but also the essay biggest event . of the year . It is tradition of thousand years of history. In Vietnamese, New Year means Nam Moi or Tet Nguyen Dan, which also means “the very first morning”. Nevertheless, people commonly call it Tet as its short form. As traditionally, the dissertation proposal holiday lasts three days, starting from January first on lunar calendar.
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Chinese astrology , Chinese calendar , Chinese New Year 1994 Words | 6 Pages. Embracing Change by Linda Finstad My name is Linda Finstad, and I am a middle aged English woman. Every year for as long as I can . remember I made the same To Do List of thoughtful, New Years Resolutions that would make me slimmer, fitter, even a nicer person. Every year for media essays as long as I can remember I had to re-make those very same resolutions come the first of January. Then, on my 45th birthday, I had a light bulb moment.
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This also is the opportunity for students like me to meet old friends after one year abroad, to embrace of lovers after a long year of waiting. I was born in Vietnam and lived there about 26 years , so I never forget Vietnamese New Year over thoughtful essay there. Light Symbolism Gatsby Essay! When I see the last. Chinese New Year , Family , Fireworks 953 Words | 3 Pages. New Year Eve in Different Countries. Julia Deegan Ngan Do Eva Fraga November 15, 2012 Compare and Contrast New Year Eve in Different Countries . Wouldn't it be fun to travel around the world and celebrate the New Year all year long?
All over the world, people celebrate the New Year ; This is one of the essay oldest of all holidays. Most New Year celebrations focus on family and friends, food and gcse essays traditions, but not all of the celebrations take place on thoughtful the same day or in gcse english media, the same way! Because people in different. Chinese New Year , Christmas tree , Fireworks 458 Words | 3 Pages. Lunar New Year (Tet) in essay, Vietnam Vietnamese Lunar New Year , commonly known by Vietnamese as T?t . Essay! Nguyen Dan or Tet, is the most important and popular holiday and also festival in Vietnam. Do you know: Vietnam Lunar New Year 2012 will fall on thoughtful essay January 23rd. Dissertation Proposal Defense! 2012 is the essay year of Dragon About Tet Vietnamese Lunar New Year , commonly known by gcse english essays, Vietnamese as T?t Nguyen Dan or Tet, is the most important and popular holiday and thoughtful also festival in of ethics of self work with, Vietnam. Similar to essay, Lunar New Year in South.
Chinese New Year , Ho Chi Minh , Ho Chi Minh City 626 Words | 3 Pages. are: The Chinese New Year and The Chinese Moon Festival. They are also the most important and economic holiday for the Surinamese . Chinese and also worldwide for the Chinese people. These holidays are not nationally in Suriname as yet. This is not only celebrated by the Chinese but also celebrated by the non-Chinese people. These Chinese holidays are to bring family members together for feasting and share happiness.
They come together to enjoy their food on both Chinese New Year and The Chinese Moon. Chinese calendar , Chinese New Year , Culture of China 988 Words | 3 Pages. TripsWhy usCommunityContact us Home China Tours City Tours Create My Trip Ideas Yangtze Cruises China Guide Home China Guide Chinese Culture . Chinese New Year Food Chinese New Year Food Chinese New Year Food Chinese New Year Foods are very important to essay horse by d, Chinese people. Thoughtful Essay! All family members come together to eat at this time. Chinese New Year foods are not only explain of ethics work with relation to HRM, delicious but it is thoughtful traditional to eat certain foods over this festival. Chinese Dumplings, Fish, Spring Rolls, Nian Gao are usually seen. China , Chinese calendar , Chinese cuisine 1374 Words | 6 Pages. Preparations for the New Year begin a couple of symbolism, weeks before the essay big day. This is a fun time full of anticipation and joy as we . get ready for the thrill and excitement of the celebrations.
According to the traditions, this is the defense time to clean the house, prepare food for the feast and make banners and decorations special for the New Year . A clean house to thoughtful essay, welcome the New Year Before the New Year comes, it is one of the Chinese New Year customs to green light gatsby, clean the house from essay top to bottom to get rid off. Chinese calendar , Chinese New Year , Luck 887 Words | 3 Pages. Tien Ong Tao: Vietnamese Lunar New Year. Lunar New Year Lunar New Year is one of the biggest festival in Vietnam traditional festivals . for thousands of generations, the time transition between the old year and new year . Before the english New Year over 2 weeks, all family has prepared for the New Year . They often cleaned and decorated their homes, buy flowers, food shopping. In addition, all non-essential items or bringing bad luck were being discarded immediatly. Ti?n Ong Tao is considered the first day of the Lunar New Year . Ong Tao. Chinese New Year , Flower , Fruit 716 Words | 3 Pages.
Chinese New Year . http://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/study-break/video-zone/lunar- new - year -celebrations-begin-china 1. How many people celebrate ? 2. Essay! Why is the Lion dance danced? 3. How do Chinese people celebrate the festival? 4. Essay The Rocking Horse Winner H Lawrence! What animal is going to be a symbol of this year ? 5. According to the Chinese horoscope what kind of children are born this year ? Summarize the information about thoughtful, . Find the information about: 2. When is celebrated . Chinese New Year , Halloween , Halloween costume 995 Words | 3 Pages. I am very exciting to tell you about the Chinese New Year Concert that held on Feb 2, 2013 in San Francisco Symphony Hall. This . is a program concert that conducted by language, Mei-Ann Chen. I picked this concert because the program contains traditional Chinese Lion Dance, Spring Festival melody with children’s dance, Geoge Gao’s erhu solo, The Butterfly Lovers. Tyzen Hsiao’s The Angel from Formosa and thoughtful my favorite music piece with singing Ali Mountain Evergreen. Geoge Gao’s erhu solo, The Butterfly. Brass instrument , Chinese New Year , Erhu 1060 Words | 3 Pages. Chinese New Year - Spring Festival Chinese New Year (Chinese: ??, ??, Chunjie; ????, ????, Nongli . Xinnian; or ??, ??, Guonian), also known as the Lunar New Year or the Spring Festival is the most important of the traditional Chinese holidays.
It consists of a period of celebrations, starting on essay the rocking winner by d New Year's Day, celebrated on the first day of the first month of the Chinese calendar, i.e. the day of the essay second new moon after the day on which the winter solstice occurs, unless there is an intercalary. Chinese calendar , Chinese New Year , Fireworks 1888 Words | 5 Pages. Understanding Chinese New Year Traditions. Chinese New Year is the most important of the tv show friends traditional Chinese holidays. In China, it is also known as the Spring Festival, . the literal translation of the modern Chinese name. Chinese New Year celebrations traditionally ran from Chinese New Year's Day itself, the first day of the essay first month of the explain of ethics of self work relation to HRM Chinese calendar, to the Lantern Festival on thoughtful essay the 15th day of the first month, making the festival the writing in marathi longest in essay, the Chinese calendar. Because the Chinese calendar is light symbolism gatsby lunisolar, the Chinese New Year is thoughtful essay often. China , Chinese astrology , Chinese calendar 1207 Words | 4 Pages. Chinese New Year: Family Traditions.
Marco Soegimin Professor Danielsen English March 23, 2011 My Family Tradition During Chinese New Year Chinese are rich in the rocking winner, . culture. They have a lot of superstitious beliefs and new year traditions. Chinese New Year is a huge event for all Chinese people including my family. The festival begins on the first day of the first month in the traditional Chinese calendar and thoughtful ends with the Lantern Festival which is on explain of ethics of self work to HRM the fifteenth day. The entire attention of the thoughtful essay household was fixed on the celebration. China , Chinese calendar , Chinese New Year 1041 Words | 3 Pages. Chinese New Year? Is it Real or Fake?
Chinese New Year ? Is it Real or Fake? This year’s Chinese New Year is dissertation proposal going to thoughtful essay, be on: 2013 . Tv Show! | 2013-02-10 | Snake (2013-02-10—2014-01-31) | | | | Chinese New Year is the most important of the thoughtful essay traditional Chinese holidays. In China, it is also known as the Spring Festival, the literal translation of the modern Chinese name. Chinese New Year celebrations traditionally ran from Chinese New Year's Day itself, the first day of the first month of the in marathi language Chinese calendar, to the Lantern. Chinese astrology , Chinese calendar , Chinese culture 1760 Words | 5 Pages. over, new challenges, new experiences, and new opportunities brought excitement to my life. I love starting a . new year . I have plans, goals and dreams I’d like to accomplish, big challenges ahead of me. Thoughtful! Looking back over the past year , I realize there are some goals and dreams I’d like to do differently. Starting over great were a challenge for me to start a new year at school: new books, new textbooks, sometimes new teachers and new subjects.
And then there were all the New Year’s resolutions : this. George Martin , Interpersonal relationship , Life 1313 Words | 3 Pages. Paragraph Practice Homework Assignment: A Special Holiday Memory. Paragraph Practice Homework Assignment “A Special Holiday Memory” Think about all of the holidays that you celebrate with your family and essay friends. . Essay Horse By D H Lawrence! No matter what holidays you celebrate throughout the thoughtful year , you probably have many special memories of certain holidays. Choose ONE holiday you celebrate and ONE special memory from that holiday for this assignment. For this assignment, you will write at least TWO paragraphs. In your first paragraph, describe the holiday about which you. Fireworks , New Year , New Year's Day 1401 Words | 6 Pages.
Holidays: Christmas Music and People. following phrase: “It’s the most __________ time of the year .” When they hear this phrase, many minds think directly to the ever popular . Christmas song “It’s the Most Wonderful Time of the Year ”. Is it really though? Is Christmas the “Most Wonderful Time” for every family. ” Many families have begun focusing on materialistic aspects of holidays that pop culture has only just begun associating with various holidays such as Thanksgiving, Halloween, New Year’s, Easter, and of course, the concept of ethics work to HRM winter holidays. All Saints , Black Friday , Christmas 2001 Words | 5 Pages. of the year . Thoughtful Essay! January February March April May June July August September October November December Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 2014 January (Listeni/?d??nju????ri/ jan-ew-air-ee) is the light essay first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and one of seven months with the length of 31 days. The first day of the thoughtful essay month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on proposal defense average, the coldest month of the year within. Calendar year , Calendars , Gregorian calendar 766 Words | 3 Pages. In harmony with the rebirth of nature, the Iranian New Year Celebration, or NORUZ (norooz), always begins on the first day of . Essay! spring. norooz ceremonies are symbolic representations of two ancient concepts - the End and the Rebirth; or Good and Evil. A few weeks before the New Year , Iranians clean and rearrange their homes. Essays Tv Show! They make new clothes, bake pastries and germinate seeds as sign of renewal.
The ceremonial cloth is thoughtful set up in each household. Friends! hagi firooz, is someone who disguises themselves. Iran , Iranian calendar , Iranian peoples 1911 Words | 6 Pages. holidays such as, Thanksgiving and Christmas, Hispanics celebrate Cinco de Mayo, and for thoughtful essay Vietnamese people, there is a very important holiday which is the . Vietnamese New Year . There was an anecdote that thousands of dissertation defense, years ago in thoughtful, a small village of Vietnam, there was a monster who came one winter’s eve and destroyed the village. The following year , the monster returned and again destroyed the village. Before it could happened a third time, the villagers worked out a plan to scare the great gatsby essay monster away. Throughout.
Chance , Luck , New Year 1431 Words | 6 Pages. The symbols that revealed the deterioration of thoughtful essay, Nora and Torvald’s marriage. marriage. This can be seen with the use of New Years Day, the Tarantella costume and the Doll House that is their home together, . being used throughout Ibsen’s A Doll’s House. Proposal! New Years Day is initially anticipated in thoughtful essay, the Helmer household, Torvald will begin his “secure, respectable position” at essay writing the bank (Ibsen, page 2). With it the moral and financial stature that Torvald craves. Thoughtful! Nora will soon be a truly carefree woman without debt. Concept Of Self Work With Relation! With Torvald’s new job, she will be able to achieve her definition. A Doll's House , Dolls , Henrik Ibsen 1551 Words | 4 Pages. Navruz (also called Noruz, Nowruz, Nowrooz, and Nawruz), the spring New Year holiday, has been celebrated for at least 2,500 . years , and perhaps for essay as long as 5,000 years . Originating in Persia and long associated with the ancient Zoroastrian religion, its name means new day in media, Farsi because for ancient Persians it marked the first day of the New Year . On this day, Persian kings would have worn a crown with images of the essay annual solar cycle on their heads, participated in in marathi language, the divine mass in thoughtful essay, the.
Central Asia , China , Equinox 975 Words | 3 Pages. Every year in February my culture celebrates a New Year such as the friends Vietnamese New . Year . The Chinese New Year , and the Vietnamese New Year are identical to each other. In the thoughtful essay Chinese, and Vietnamese New Year relatives, friends, and families get together, and give out defense, money. My family got used to not celebrating our cultural New Year . Every time the New Year would come around, no one would mention it. The Chinese New Year slowly became like any other day. Hong's family would throw a huge New Year's. Chinese language , English language , Family 993 Words | 3 Pages. RUSSIA - CULTURE - EDUCATION 1. Essay! Russian children begin school when they are 6 years old. Elementary school consists of the first 4 grades, . middle school consists of 5 grades and high school is 2 grades. Essay Writing In Marathi! It is only required that children attend the thoughtful first 9 grades.
After that a child can go to work or do work/study. Proposal! If a child wants to go to the University, however, he or she must complete all 11 grades. There are approximately 25-30 students in each class. All students learn at least one foreign. Christmas , Christmas tree , Ded Moroz 2052 Words | 5 Pages. 19 November 20 Rosh Hashanah Rosh Hashanah is about giving peace, forgiveness, and hope; it is the Jewish New Year . Essay! . The book Night, Rosh Hashanah is the rocking horse winner by d h lawrence a cursed year . It is between “life and death”. It’s referred to one of the high holy days. It is the last year of the others.
The word “last” had an odd ring to it. They always asked what if it is the last day of the essay year . Rosh Hashanah is a very important holiday, It is where everyone comes together to pour out there sins, and defense ask for. Bible , Elul , God 1203 Words | 6 Pages. A year has been passed since the essay beach incident took place. But it's still fresh in my mind as if it happened yesterday only. Writing In Marathi Language! I can recall what . Thoughtful! I had felt at that time, the writing in marathi language adrenaline rush and the screaming. It was that day I had learnt a valuable lesson and this lesson was not only learnt by me but also by my cousins who were there when this incident took place. New years eve was just a day away and all of us, my cousins and I, had made great plans of essay, partying out all night and having a blast. Big Ben , English-language films , Fireworks 1115 Words | 3 Pages. of the best times ever? For me it would have to be New Years Eve.
New Years Eve 2010 happened to explain of ethics of self work relation, . be one of the best nights I've ever had because of the people I was with, the food we ate and thoughtful the music we listened to. Concept Of Ethics Of Self Work With! To begin with, as we all got dressed and gathered our things to head out the door all I could think about was who I was going to see at the party. Their was going to be family attending that I hadn't seen in thoughtful essay, years . I was so happy to defense, reunite with them that I was. Big Ben , Countdown , Family 705 Words | 4 Pages. I Am In Winter Holiday And Outside Is Snowing. cherry sauce and different types of salads.
For dessert she made apple pie with lots of cinnamon, chocolate and vanilla ice cream and thoughtful also, sweet . Essay Writing In Marathi Language! cheesecakes. Me and my brother are waiting for Santa Clause, who is coming with many presents this year . Christmas is expected very much by children because they like singing carols and receive presents. Meanwhile, on Christmas Eve, my father brought home, a tall and fabulous Christmas tree and almost suddenly, the essay fresh scent of green. Christmas , Christmas carol , Christmas tree 772 Words | 2 Pages. and get the same joys.
Although last year had been a bit harsh on me, but I learnt a lot from it. I learnt how to struggle and stick to what is . right, more than that I learnt how to step into the sophisticated corpoate world and swim with the big fishes and more over winner h lawrence how to tackle situations and take responsibility of a job designation properly. I lost most of my friends during this process and getting over it was not easy, but life moves on. I made a few new friends but I guess they were more of. 2007 singles , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles , Leisure 981 Words | 3 Pages. traditions. Holidays and celebrations also vary between the thoughtful essay two countries. Even Christmas and other Christian holidays, although celebrated by both . countries, have some key differences. Great Essay! New Year * New Year's Eve and New Year's Day are celebrated by both Great Britain and the U.S. on December 31 and essay January 1 every year . According to ProjectBritain.com, it wasn't until 2000 that fireworks were used in Great Britain to essay horse by d, celebrate the holiday, although this tradition has been long-established in the U.
Christmas , Christmas carol , Christmas Eve 943 Words | 3 Pages. Ethnography Project: Cambodian Culture. cross-legged to avoid offence. In temples men should wear long pants, so no hairy legs are poking out, and women should avoid any clothing that exposes the . Thoughtful! shoulders. Chhamn Tmey (Khmer New Years ) Khmer New Years is a holiday that celebrates the New Year . The holiday lasts for three days beginning on New Year's Day, which usually falls on light gatsby essay April 13 or 14th, which is the end of the harvesting season, when farmers enjoy the thoughtful essay fruits of their labor before the rainy season begins. Khmers living abroad. Cambodia , Cambodian clothing , Culture of Cambodia 1056 Words | 3 Pages. January, or the Feast of the Santo Nino de Cebu on the third Sunday of January.
The official observance by the Church in tv show, the Philippines is from the . Thoughtful! beginning of the Simbang Gabi on friends 16 December until the thoughtful essay Feast of the Epiphany on green symbolism great essay the first Sunday of the thoughtful essay year . The various ethnic groups in the Philippines each observe different Christmas traditions, and the following are generally common. Christmas parties In urban areas like Metro Manila, many offices organise Christmas parties. These are usually. Christmas , Christmas carol , Christmas Eve 2066 Words | 5 Pages. On December 31, 2008, in Benin precisely in essay by d h lawrence, West Africa, my friends Erick, John, and I decided to go out, as we were welcoming the New . Year . Erick and John were my best friends in High school, and we were together almost all the time. Erick was tall, short hair with a moustache, whereas John was short and had a long beard. Thoughtful Essay! New Year’s Eve was always fun, but that year , things went unexpectedly wrong, and everyone was shocked. Essay By D! Early in the morning, while I was waking up, I could hear my.
ARIA Charts , Automobile , New Year 1041 Words | 3 Pages. in the era of globalization, smartphones have become one of the most popular technology devices of our lives and thoughtful essay have changed the essay writing language way we communicate. . However, after watching a YouTube video called “I Forgot My Phone”, Nick Bilton, an editor for the New York Times, states that “life is just better led when it is lived rather than viewed [on smartphones].” I agree with Bilton that when we put away our phones and try to live in the present for essay a while, we will feel more connected to the world. Essay Writing In Marathi Language! Moreover. Fireworks , IPhone , Mobile phone 985 Words | 3 Pages. Frequently Asked Questions about Vietnamese Culture: Vietnamese Lunar New Year. Frequently asked questions about Vietnamese culture: Vietnamese Lunar New Year . Ha N?i: Th? Gi?i Publishers, 2003. 116 pp. . Culture is the aspect I’m especially interested in. And I find it amazing to read a cultural book in bilingual. Thoughtful Essay! It helps me to improve not only my knowledge, but also my new English vocabularies. Proposal! Recently I have been impressed greatly by “Frequently asked questions about Vietnamese culture: Vietnamese Lunar New Year ” - a book written by a cultural scholar H?u Ng?c and thoughtful an American. Chinese New Year , Overseas Vietnamese 1912 Words | 5 Pages.
Make New Year Resolutions . should just start doing those things now. Everyone is just using New . Year resolutions as a way to writing in marathi, procrastinate, also knowing the pledge they made will probably. Premium • New Years Resolution New Year’s Resolution As the thoughtful essay sun was slipping below the distant horizon, I awoke a few hours before the light symbolism great gatsby essay calendar would change to 2008. The cool, crisp evening air. Premium • New Year Resolution The end. This is one of the major causes of higher failure rate with New Year's. Chinese New Year , Fireworks , New Year 701 Words | 3 Pages.
The Persian New Year , also known as “Norouz” is the first day of spring and the beginning of the Iranian year . . “Norouz”, means new day. Thoughtful Essay! Norouz is celebrated by some communities on March 21st and by others on the first day of the light start of spring which may occur on March 20th, 21st, or 22nd. The Persian New Year has been celebrated for at least three thousand years and is deeply rooted in the traditions of the Zoroastrian religion. Essay! In Iran, preparations for the New Year’s celebration begin in tv show friends, the last. Iran , Iranian culture , New Year 879 Words | 3 Pages. VIETNAMESE NEW YEAR FESTIVAL Vietnamese New Year or Tet is a very special festival in Vietnam . because it marks the arrival of spring and essay the beginning of another year . Green Symbolism Great Gatsby Essay! On that day, people will gather together to celebrate Tet, to thoughtful essay, worship their ancestors, to writing in marathi, give wishes to each other, to essay, give lucky money to children, etc.
Before Tet, people go to shopping so the market is always crowded. They buy some new clothes, shoes, food, fruits or decorations for their house. The atmosphere is noisy with. Banh chung , Banh tet , Chinese New Year 1017 Words | 3 Pages. TET NGUYEN DAN (LUNAR NEW YEAR ) According to essay horse by d, Vietnamese zodiac, this year is the year of the Cock. . Thoughtful! Of course, there are certain meanings and gcse beliefs associated with the cock character that most Asian people would believe. People born in the Cock year are deep thinkers, capable, and talented.
They like to thoughtful, be busy, are devoted beyond their capabilities, and are deeply disappointed if they fail. Of Self Work With Relation To HRM! Every country has big holidays and thoughtful they are being celebrated differently from one country to another. Dissertation! In. Cambodia , Chinese New Year , New Year 1462 Words | 4 Pages. ? Viet Nam celebrates a lot of holidays in a year . In my opinion, Vietnamese Lunar New Year , also called Tet Nguyen . Dan, is the thoughtful most important and joyful holiday. It is celebrated on the first day of the first month in Lunar Calendar. Tet’s celebration is the longest holiday that has usually lasted for six days.
Tet Nguyen Dan is an occasion for Vietnamese people to express their respect and remembrance for their ancestor as well as welcoming the New Year with their beloved family members. On December. Banh chung , Chance , Chinese New Year 1185 Words | 2 Pages. Hemisphere that was influenced by China for many years . Therefore, the dissertation proposal defense Chinese New Year and Tet, the Vietnamese . New Year have many similarities. Tet is the abbreviation of Tet Nguyen Dan which means the first morning of the first day of the thoughtful essay new period. Tet marks the beginning of a new year on essay language the lunar calendar, and the beginning of Spring. Vietnamese are constantly aware of the essay phases of the moon. All events are planned by the lunar calendar.
The New Year begins on the first night of the first moon after. Banh chung , Chinese New Year , Fireworks 1041 Words | 3 Pages. The Trend Of Making Resolutions Is As Old As The Burning Of The. of making resolutions is as old as the burning of the effigy of the old man. The tradition laid stress on forgetting the old and media essays ushering in . the new year with new beginning and aspirations. The beginning of every new year is known to be the most popular time for change and determination. The reason is acutely because most of us make or at least think of a few goals to attempt for thoughtful the year . Essay Winner By D! Overall, the goals, or resolutions , are made to better oneself in one form or the thoughtful essay other. Resolutions are made. 1995 albums , American films , New Year 338 Words | 2 Pages. History and Traditions of the essay the rocking horse by d h lawrence Persian New Year. Persian New Year There are holidays in thoughtful, many cultures that have historical roots (not religious).
No Rooz, is a example of a . holiday with historical origins. Gcse Media Essays! What is No Rooz ? Iranian new year as known No Rooz is very unique for essay several characteristics. Tv Show! It is thoughtful very unique because of its history, time, traditions, and decorations. First of all, I consider the tv show history of the Persian New Year .The history of the Persian New Year has special importance for Iranian people. No Rooz, in thoughtful, word, means New Day with. Iran , Iranian culture , Iranian peoples 842 Words | 3 Pages. this multi-racial country of ours. Gcse Essays! Each community has its own beliefs. It would be impossible to discuss all of the thoughtful beliefs of essays, Chinese; therefore I will just . Thoughtful Essay! touch on some of them. I still remember a few years ago, some of horse by d, my friends and I went to a holiday in Bukit Bendera.
One of thoughtful, friend decided to take some snapshots. So we all were dressed up and ready to be ?shot'. We had our individual photographs taken first, and then we decided to have group photographs. Chance , Chinese New Year , Ghost Festival 2754 Words | 7 Pages.
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This is a very interesting, thoughtful essay – ChristyWrites – Medium
Here is your sample essay on school. School is thoughtful essay, a special environment, where certain qualities of life and certain types of activities and occupations arc provided with the object of child's development. School is a mini society, where all types of faith, creeds, religions, secular values etc. are developed and school plays an important role in a democratic social set up. Students of today are the citizen of tomorrow. It is tv show friends, said that such in a societal system schools arc the backbone of the society. Thoughtful! We can say school is a mini society. School is a special environment, where certain qualities of life and writing, certain types of essay activities and occupations arc provided with the object of child's development.
School is a mini society, where all types of faith, creeds, religions, secular values etc. are developed and school plays an important role in a democratic social set up. Tv Show! Students of today are the citizen of tomorrow. It is said that such in a societal system schools arc the backbone of the society. We can say school is a mini society. Education is a word of Latin Educatum-mean to thoughtful essay educate. Some say Education is taken from Latin word EDUCARE'- means to raise. Education is a process in which and by which the knowledge-, character and behaviour of the young people arc shaped and moulded. Education must enable mankind through its cultural activities to enter more and more fully into the spiritual realm and also to enlarge the boundaries of human values.
It is the culture which each generation purposely gives to green symbolism great essay those who are to be its successors. Essay! Education or teaching should be in mother- tongue. It makes the student to understand the the rocking horse winner by d h lawrence, subject well. Today most of the public/private schools keep the foreign language-English as the medium of teaching or education and with the growing demand of thoughtful essay English these schools are flooded by the opportunist. Essays Tv Show Friends! It means that the students are unable to thoughtful grasp the basic meaning of the subject and the gap between teacher and taught always widens.
Even three language formula does not assist in this regard. The Western civilization makes the educationist more materialistic and the problem is not being dealt with seriously. However, a coordination and compromise among the language is desirable. The relation in between educational institutions and other institutions widens the scope of knowledge. In a democratic type set up of a society needs a balance. All the institutions and all the organisations arc the essay the rocking horse winner by d, source of knowledge and thoughtful essay, inspiration in the sphere of knowledge and further increase the scope of a better education and development. Both academic and technical institutions are the two sides of a coin and can be treated as the base of the education. Schools are the first organisation, where a child comes in contact with other children under the language, guidance of the trained teachers.
As such the school/primary school or Pathshala is a mini part of the wider social structure, where all types of individuals, religions, and customs are treated equally. Thoughtful Essay! It can be said that the Pathshala is a inner part of society and its structure further provides an opportunity to learn about the society. Schools are better known as formal institutions, where the education is imparted in a systematic way and all the steps are correlated. It is for a definite period in schools, colleges and universities etc. The aim of education, rules for teaching, curriculum, etc. are fixed. The whole system of education is well planned. Everything is under rules and regulations. It cannot be imparted without school. A community is winner by d, a solid group with some degree of 'we feeling and living in a given area. Community is a cluster of proper living within a narrow territorial radius which shows a common way of life.
Schools are mini society and the success depends on the relations with society. Commonly school is that school which develops the characteristics of community in the students and prepares them for thoughtful, the progress of the community. Schools are nearer to the community. Tv Show Friends! As such the thoughtful essay, schools which are nearer to other schools, they both form the shape of a community. They learn from each- oilier and help in forming a social survey club. They solve the problems of the schools and help in maintaining the environment free of writing in marathi pollution. They may arrange social service weeks to solve the problem of neighbours like roads, sanitation and other co-related programs.
School in the societal system means the society, an essay ability to behave in the society according to social expectations and social norms. Tv Show Friends! Human being possesses unique characteristics which separate him from the animals. There behaviour is social, society is as essential as food to them. They believe in the maintenance of social relationship and try to adjust with others, but it does not mean that child is essay, born with such social behaviour; social quality likes other aspects of growth and green, development. He develops the necessary characteristics in him. Thoughtful Essay! The development of essays such quality which brings desirable change in his social behaviour is referred to as social development or social action of the child. Everyone possesses individual quality of socialization. Thoughtful Essay! According to friends social approval he adjusts in the society. By social growth and development we mean increasing ability going along with one and thoughtful, others. Social development means the process of learning to confirm traditions and customs of society which are brought by the inter-communication and cooperation.
Social development means attaining of maturity in social relationship. Social development for a child gives that much satisfaction which he gets after taking his meals. It is very important factor that affects the green great essay, social development of child as whatever the child sees learns from his parents he also does those things if a child sees that his family members always fighting and abusing each-other. He will also do same with his friends and society. Emotional behaviour of the child affects the social development of the child. Child who is obstinate and angry natured he could not adjust in his groups. We can say that social development and emotional development goes together. Emotional development of the child gives him training for perfection in future. Emotionally maladjusted personality possesses poor social quality. Thoughtful! So it is very important for a child.
A sick child and an underdeveloped child lack in social development, influences the behaviour of the explain of self relation, child. A healthy child: with normal physical development develops se confidence and self-respect. He is able to mix up w people and have proper relationship with the people qualities of leadership gives positive approach towards life at small- age quality of leadership him opportunities to learn. Child is motivated and adjusts with others. If he is internally developed, of leadership helps the child to thoughtful essay develop more and most. When small children play together in a group them opportunity to learn social qualities feeling cooperation, sympathy, team-work brings see confidence in a child. They learn coordination in working against his wishes in order to adjust to situation. Slowly he tries to come in front among group discussions.
Status of a parent or family background of parents effect the development of a child what is status of with relation to HRM a child in their home. How much importance they give? In which society are they? Which type of the people they all these affects social development of the essay, child, depends how much child is motivated? As much as child is motivated he can do his work confidently and ca concretes more. They take interest in work. His taking positive attitude towards life when a person becomes important person in a society and personality develop in important way.
This is socialization. It means nature of a person with other person or when we adjust: according to customs and traditions. In other words can say where a person tries to coordinate with persons in a successful manner. That can be socially mature in nature. Socialization is the; of human welfare in which everyone learns how control his feelings and how to by d develop himself as balanced person. Socialization is that process in which a person does his activities according to customs, traditions and thoughtful essay, tries to adjust according to the society. Socialization that process through which a person enters in social field and becomes a member of society through which he learns values and explain of ethics work to HRM, characteristics of that society School is thoughtful essay, a dynamic integrated complex which consist of regulating pattern of inter-relation and interdependent to achieve objects in a proper way. It is a group or it i a system which helps to achieve purpose of future lift is taught. It is organisms of interaction where teacher and students are interdependent upon each-other ant are to interpret the existing social system. In school students learn discipline and basics of life. School is a system in which child gets knowledge of the bigger world and develop accordingly.
School having spectacular environment in which special abilities and special type of teaching is given school is an institution where how to become civilized person and where guidance in organized way and cooperative way is given. School helps in developing aptitude in life and essay writing in marathi language, how to become stable in his life, how to thoughtful essay perform a take out best in of ethics a person. It is a most important agency for a child. In socialization not only family but other agencies also help in developing social traits. Family is the essay, first school of the explain concept of self work, child. Child takes birth in family and grows in family and thoughtful essay, also breathes his last in family. Family is the more important agency of socialization. Essay By D H Lawrence! Child learns to adopt or adjust in his own family members. This quality of adoption comes from his own people around him. Family teaches attitudes and should change his behaviour.
According to his explanation child is an accepted member of a family. He is motivated in the family. Family is named as the most important and primary agency for child development. Parents- child relationship in a home highly influences the relationship in the home. Thoughtful! Size of the family behaviour of the light symbolism gatsby, family, influences experiences of an thoughtful individual's social behaviour and attitude of a child reflects the treatment he receives in his home.
Child may be introvert or may be less aggressive lie may not behave according to social expectations, but parental influence in the foundation of child's progress. His life is based upon family background and treatment of the family members. Preserve Articles is home of thousands of symbolism great gatsby articles published and preserved by users like you. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies, notes, reviews, advises and allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Before preserving your articles on this site, please read the following pages:
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essay tenacity The Academic Essay. The academic essay is merely a specific writing genre#150;as is the love letter, newspaper editorial, or pop-fiction. As a genre, it functions within a set of norms, rules, and conventions. The purpose of this discussion is to make clear to you what those rules and norms are, and how to use them to essay, express your argument clearly. The purpose of the academic essay is to persuade by reasoned discourse. Scholars use the essay amongst themselves to advance ideas. Essay The Rocking By D H Lawrence! Its value as an instructional tool is to essay, assist students in dissertation defense developing their critical thinking skills. As you recall, critical thinking is defined as: the ability to read theory accurately, appropriate it meaningfully, apply it independently, generate results based on that application, analyze the results, and form a clear argument based on thoughtful essay, those results that can be defended with a specific line of reasoning.
A good academic essay engenders this process and clearly demonstrates that the process has been performed successfully. With this in mind let's examine how to write an academic essay. Do you frequently find yourself struggling with the introduction to your essays? Do you not know how to begin the essay? Do you find yourself searching for a generalizing statement that will get things going, and trying to find a delicate balance between BS'ing and essay in marathi language, saying something meaningful? If so, that's because you are not following the thoughtful, norms for the introduction to the academic essay. Following this norm actually makes introductions a piece of cake and gets you right into the body of the essay. Here is the norm: The purpose of the introduction is two-fold: 1. To introduce the theoretical framework that will guide your analysis. 2. Horse Winner! To introduce the essay, thesis statement that will organize your paper.
Following this norm allows you to cut to the chase. No more generalizing statements of philosophical speculation that you venture forth hoping that it won't get shot down. You know, crap like Hemingway was perhaps one of the most visionary authors of concept of ethics work relation to HRM his time. Thoughtful Essay! or The Western is perhaps the most uniquely American of all the horse h lawrence, genres. Rather, if the purpose of the essay is to demonstrate that you have appropriated a theory and applied it independently to produce results, then the thoughtful essay, function of the introduction becomes more focused: to dissertation proposal defense, introduce the theory#150;or theoretical framework#150;that you have decided to use. Hence you will find that many essays begin with such statements as In his book. Or, In her essay. IMPORTANT NOTE: One of the main reasons that the norm of the Introduction developed this way is because of an important rule of the Academic Essay: Avoid making statements that you cannot prove.
The problem with the thoughtful essay, generalizing/philosophical/BS'ing statements like Hemingway. and The Western. is that they cannot be proven through reasoned discourse. Moreover, to even try and do so would require voluminous amounts of discourse for something that is not even your thesis: what you actually ARE setting out to prove. As a result, the genre of the Academic Essay has evolved into tv show the above norm. It still meets an introduction's purpose of orienting the reader, it just does so in a very specific manner. Having accomplished that, the expectation for an essay is that you will introduce a thesis statement that is thoughtful essay, directly related to that theoretical framework (or its application). As a result, a major convention of the academic essay is that: The introduction ends with the thesis statement. Having stated a thesis, you are expected to then go and prove it through the body of the essay. That said, it is important to discuss what's at stake in making a thesis statement. There are four basic logical forms for a thesis statement: #149; A banal thesis statement.
#149; A simple thesis statement. #149; A complex thesis statement. #149; An impossible thesis statement. Let's discuss each of these quickly before moving on. A banal thesis statement is a statement that does not really say anything#150;it is in defense fact meaningless because it is essay, either so overly general or so evident as to not be of significance. Here's an green symbolism great gatsby, example from literature. Thoughtful Essay! A frequent argument students will make is This author used symbolism to make his point. The statement, however, is meaningless precisely because it is not of significance: every author writing literature uses symbolism of one kind or another, either using language metaphorically or metonymically.
Thus, to attempt to single out or make a distinction of dissertation proposal defense a piece for using symbolism is to not say anything that even needs proving to begin with. A simple thesis statement is not quite what it may sound like. Essay! A simple thesis statement means that only one main point or argument is defense, going to be proved. The term simple argument can thus be misleading because the argument itself can and frequently is very theoretically sophisticated. Essay! What makes them simple is that in terms of their logical structure, they only take on one line of proof, and hence, their organization of proof will be simple. One has to be careful, however, because sometimes one main argument may require SEVERAL supporting arguments. The example here would be the argument that Star Wars belongs within the media essays, Western Genre. Here the writer has only one thing to prove, but in order to do so will have to establish the elements that comprise the Western Genre and demonstrate how the film embodies them--not a small task. Simple thesis statements are eminently preferable in thoughtful essay terms of green great writing an essay for a course. It allows you to focus on your points and your proofs rather than getting lost in the organization of your arguments. A complex thesis statement means that the essay, thesis has more than one point to writing, prove.
In this respect, the essay will have to organize more than one line of reasoning in so far that more than one thing has to be proven. Complex theses are not necessarily more theoretically sophisticated than simple thesis statements, they are only essay more difficult to organize clearly. Symbolism Essay! In this respect, they are not worth what they entail and should be avoided. Thoughtful Essay! An example of a complex thesis statement would be something like: Faulkner's novels critique the ideologies of green symbolism patriarchy and thoughtful essay, racism. This would be an appropriate analysis for the work of green great gatsby Faulkner, but I'm not sure it would be worth it. To begin with, it is not clear what the writer has to gain in terms of proving BOTH of essay these aspects of the english media, work rather than just the one. Instead, with this complex thesis, there are going to thoughtful essay, be long sections of the essay where half of essay writing language what needs to be proved will be left suspended while the other half gets discussed. In addition, the thesis picks the work of Faulkner which necessitates discussing every book, rather than just one. Thoughtful! Thus it is that an with to HRM, important convention of the academic essay is that: A complex thesis statement can usually be restructured into a more theoretically sophisticated (if not interesting) simple thesis statement. Making an Argument. As stated earlier, the academic essay is an exercise in reasoned persuasion.
In this respect, the thesis statement is an important organizational structure insofar as it establishes how the thoughtful, rest of the essay will be organized. Classical logic maintains that there are 3 basic kinds of persuasive statements: statements of fact, statements of value (or evaluation), and statements of policy (or action, which argue what we should do). Unless otherwise specified, the first of these, the statement of fact, is the form that the thesis statement for explain of self work relation, an academic essay should take#150;the obvious exception being when you write evaluative criticism (which you will NEVER do in my course). Statements of fact can themselves be grouped into two basic forms: arguments of classification, and essay, arguments of operation or function. It is possible to make other distinctions, like for english media, example, arguments of relationship (how to things relate to each other) but these distinctions can be readily subsumed into these two basic groups. Arguments of classification are when you establish some sort of criteria, and then argue that something meets or fails to meet that criteria. The earlier example that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre is an example of an essay, argument of classification.
Having established what comprises the Western Genre, the writer will then go on to prove how Star Wars embodies, contains, or possesses those elements. The writer will, in other words, prove that Star Wars meets that criteria. Arguments of operation or function argues in terms of what something does, or how it functions. The earlier argument that Faulkner's work critiques the dissertation proposal, ideology of thoughtful essay patriarchy is an example of horse by d function. This statement argues that Faulkner's work DOES something: it criticizes the ideology of thoughtful patriarchy. Note that unlike the argument of classification, the essay, writer of this essay SEEMS to have to do more to prove their thesis. They will not only have to define what the ideology of patriarchy is#150;and thus establish criteria#150;they will also have to thoughtful essay, demonstrate that Faulkner's work DOES something with that criteria.
The question of HOW leads to a discussion of the body of the essay. The Body of the writing in marathi, Essay. From a conceptual standpoint, the function of the body of the essay is to prove the thesis statement laid out in the introduction. Easy enough. This section discusses how the writer accomplishes that proof.
In the discussion of types of argument, I made the point that the writer will have to establish criteria that can be used to prove their argument. The body of the essay is the location where the writer accomplishes that. An introduction is precisely that: It INTRODUCES the theoretical framework and the thesis statement. It does not DESCRIBE or DISCUSS these two things. This is a fairly common mistake that beginning essay writers make. They fear that they have not said enough in thoughtful the intro and as a result, go on to discuss aspects of their theory or elaborate on a thesis. The problem with doing so is that it screws up your organization. Tv Show! What comes next is no longer clear to the reader. If you keep it clear to yourself that the purpose of the introduction to your essay is to thoughtful, only INTRODUCE your theoretical framework, and your thesis statement, then the function of the body of your essay will also become evident to the reader. They will expect you to establish criteria so that you can prove your thesis.
As a result, another important norm of the academic essay is: A primary function of the body of the essay is to establish the essay in marathi, criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven. Thus it is that having argued that Star Wars is a Western, the body of the thoughtful, paper is essay winner by d h lawrence, going to have to first establish the essay, elements that comprise the Western#150;it will have to green symbolism, establish the criteria by which the thoughtful, thesis can be proven. To argue that Faulkner's work criticizes thee ideology of patriarchy is going to require that the writer establish what the ideology of patriarchy is. Establishing the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven leads to the next logical step: demonstrating how the object under investigation meets those criteria. Clearly it is not enough for the Faulkner essayist to just define what the ideology of patriarchy is. Their thesis is that Faulkner's work criticizes that ideology. As a result, they will have to point to friends, specific things within the text and argue that they relate to those criteria IN A SPECIFIC WAY#150;in this case through a process of criticism. Thoughtful! This process of relating the object of investigation back to the established criteria is another fundamental component of the body of the friends, essay.
Without it, the proof is not complete. As silly as that sounds, I kid you not that the most frequent mistake of beginning essay writers is a failure to relate their analysis back to the criteria they have established. Thus it is that another important norm for the academic essay is: Relate the analysis back to the terms and concepts of the established criteria. The Star Wars example brings up another fundamental logical task to this process. From the beginning you have probably thought the Star Wars thesis to not be very feasible. Thoughtful! The film is not set in the West, and it occurs in the future. The question becomes, however, whether these are ESSENTIAL criteria to the Western, and essays tv show, if not, what is? In terms of proving that thesis statement, the writer is going to have to clearly establish what the elements of the Western Genre are, and essay, then relate aspects of the essay, film back to ALL of those criteria.
Herein lies the essay, essential importance of completeness to that process. If the Star Wars writer establishes the friends, criteria but can only point to the gun-fighting that occurs in the film, then their essay will fail to thoughtful essay, persuade. Their essay will fail to persuade precisely because it inadequately addresses the scope of the criteria. Thus it is that another important norm for this process is: Fully address the established criteria. It is very important to note that fully addressing the scope of the criteria does NOT mean that the object under discussion has to fully meet ALL the criteria. To stick with the Star Wars example, the writer can not IGNORE the issue of setting and even remotely hope to persuade the tv show friends, audience.
In some way, the writer is going to have to address the fact that both time and place are out thoughtful, of the gcse media, bounds of the Western. This is the point precisely. The author will have to ADDRESS that point#150;those criteria#150;not necessarily MEET those criteria. In this respect, the writer is going to have make a supporting argument about how these criteria relate to each other in terms of comprising the genre (or in a logical sense the whole). The important point is that all criteria are addressed adequately. Failure to address any of the established criteria creates a gap in logic. Subsequently, the reasoning process (and its ability to persuade) fails.
Fully relating the object of the thesis to the established criteria fulfills the logical requirements necessary to persuade reasonably and allows the writer to draw conclusions. Thoughtful Essay! Before that process is discussed, however, it is necessary to examine an important component of this relating back process. The Role of Description. Relating the object of investigation or the object of the thesis back to the established criteria is necessarily going to involve description. Description is frequently an unclear and thorny issue for writers of the academic essay#150;especially in terms of gcse essays scope (how much is enough?). The purpose of description, however, clarifies the issue of scope. Thoughtful! The purpose of description to is to make clear, or establish WHAT in the object of investigation (the film, the scene, the shot) relates to the criteria being used. It therefore becomes important for the writer to use description in such a manner as to establish the basis of the relationship between the object and the criteria.
Furthermore, the writer should LIMIT description to essays, accomplishing only this task. Added description is essay, not only superfluous, but distracts from trying to explain concept of self with relation to HRM, prove your argument. As a result, another important norm for the body of the academic essay is: Subordinate description to essay, the purpose of the rocking winner by d analysis. As stated above the process of fully relating the essay, object of the thesis to the established criteria has the tv show friends, effect of fulfilling the thoughtful essay, logical requirements. It is THAT task which ultimately persuades, not the conclusion itself. It is for this reason that, in some respects, the conclusion does not seem to have a FUNDAMENTAL role in english media the process of reasoned persuasion.
That in itself probably accounts for how many dopey tips exist for essay, what to do with a conclusion, like: repeat the thesis statement (like people have forgotten it despite the fact that you've been working to prove it the entire time) or some other such thing. What to do with a conclusion if the work of proof is already done? The most effective thing to do with a conclusion is to first signal that the work is coming to close, and then close off the discussion itself by stating something definitive about the work. Like the introduction, then, the conclusion has a dual role: to signal the transition to closure, and to defense, close the discussion with a definitive statement. The work of the conclusion should reference the thesis, without necessarily repeating the thesis (or the steps by essay, which it was proven) It should then say something definitive that signals closure by pointing to the implications of what you've discussed, by green light essay, amplifying what you've discussed, or by contextualizing what you've discussed. In each case, you are striving to close discussion by being definitive, and thoughtful, you are taking caution not to violate rule #1 of the academic essay: avoid statements that you cannot prove. To stay with the running examples, the conclusion to the Faulkner paper could look something like this: . it therefore serves as an example of how literary texts structure their criticisms of dominant ideologies. (pointing to dissertation proposal, the implications of proving your argument).
Thus, far from being a portrait of thoughtful its time Faulkner's work demonstrates that literary works actively engage ideologies. (amplifying your argument) Rather than a story centered exclusively on war, Hemingway's novel instead participates in the reinforcement of dominant ideologies with American culture. (Contextualizing the essay writing in marathi, argument) Note that the similarity here is how definitive these statements are. They draw upon the work that has been done, but say something different and essay, final that is logically based upon what has been discussed. There are, of course, variations on the genre of the academic essay--some rather large difference exist, for example, between the social sciences and the humanites. This discussion is based on the humanties approach. Other variations can result from the idiosyncracies of essays tv show friends specific instructors. To the degree that what is thoughtful, written here sounds heavy handed and essay the rocking, inflexible, I caution instead that such tone is thoughtful, trying to reflect the manner in which your own analysis and writing will need to sound precise and rigorous#150;the standards by which the academic essay is evaluated. The precision and rigor with which these norms and conventions are applied should function only to demand that your own analysis and reason engender these standards.
They are thus meant to elevate your thinking, not control it. The principles by which the academic essay structures itself is designed to be a discipline that frees your thinking, not subjugate it. Within its conventions is unlimited creative potential whose only demand, ultimately, is essay h lawrence, that you say something meaningful that others can be persuaded of via your logic. What I have attempted to do here is make the norms and conventions of the genre explicit so that you can refine your skills working within it. Mastering this genre has the benefit of developing your skill to analyze situations using explicit criteria, and be able to make decisions based on that analysis.
More than a few people have found that possession of thoughtful essay such a skill is invaluable in explain of self with life and professional endeavors.
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Free Essays on Army Military Missing Movement Article 86 Article 87. “Any person subject to this chapter who through neglect or design misses the movement of a ship, aircraft, or unit with which he is required in the course of essay duty to move shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.” Elements. (1) That the accused was required in the course of duty to move with. ? Punctuality in a military environment is crucial as it enables tasks to be completed, and allows leaders to conduct accountability, PCCs and PCIs for by d h lawrence particular operations. Also, depending on the severity or how often a soldier conducts the offense, being late can lead to UCMJ action. This essay will. ? Missing Appointments According to Sondra Brown, Tripler Army Medical Center Public Affairs, rate of No Shows for military treatment facility appointments are at an average of thoughtful essay 5.78% and have reached as high as 9.01%. Those kinds of numbers are a very shocking wake up from an explain concept of ethics to HRM otherwise peaceful appointment. A military member has violated Article 87 if he/she is thoughtful essay ordered to be on a ship or an aircraft, or deploy with a unit on a certain date and time, and english essays then fails to show up.
It doesn't matter if the thoughtful member failed to show up through intention or because of horse winner by d h lawrence neglect, but it is required that the member knew. Uniform Code of Military Justice and United States Code. Essay Over the importance of thoughtful essay following instructions One repurcution to not following orders is a ucmj which according to essays the U.S. Thoughtful! military is any one of these things which is why at essay language all times you want to follow instructions down to essay the tee. Courts-martial  Courts-martial are conducted under. U.S. Army Board Study Guide Version 5.2 – 13 Dec, 2006 Prepared by ArmyStudyGuide.com Soldiers helping Soldiers since 1999 Check for updates at: http://www.ArmyStudyGuide.com ArmyStudyGuide.com Portable U.S. Army Board Study Guide Version 5.2 Dec 13, 2006 U.S. Army Board Study Guide Table. of the German states in 1871 into the German Empire, which was dominated by Prussia. After the German Revolution of 1918–1919 and the subsequent military surrender in horse by d, World War I, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentaryWeimar Republic in 1918, with some of its territory partitioned in the Treaty. Effects of missing a Medical appointment No-shows are a problem for both doctors and patients.
When a patient misses a doctor/nurse appointment, a follow-up or specialist appointment they are not receiving the thoughtful essay care recommended by their doctor/nurse. This could result in the patient becoming more. ARMY SONG Unit History General Orders NCO Support Channel and Chain of Command Warrior Tasks Drill and Ceremony Army Physical Readiness Training Military Custom and Courtesy Army Programs . going to do. Green Light Great Essay! Accountability is the cornerstone of integrity, which is the thoughtful result of consistent honesty and responsibility in your actions. In the military , it is absolutely imperative that you do what you say you’re going to do and that you agree to be held accountable for those orders that are directed. The Military Dictatorship in Argentina. The military dictatorship in essay, Argentina: March 24th, 1976 – December 10th, 1983 The military dictatorship in Argentina was the result of political, social and economic turmoil.
It refers to the state-sponsored violence against Argentine citizenry from roughly 1976 to 1983 carried out primarily by. MILITARY BEARING Military bearing is to thoughtful conduct you with dignity and is such a manner to reflect credit upon the armed services. Military bearing exists when this individual is proud of their military service. Gcse Media Essays! When you exhibit military bearing you are showing lower enlisted soldiers. Accountability in the Army Essay 7. play.
Army Regulation 600-20 IAW Discipline. Why is thoughtful essay discipline so important? Because to be accounted for is a part of disciplinary actions, and explain of self a part of being a professional and a soldier is by living the army values none more overpowering then the other. So yes Discipline along with the other Army Values. _____pts 2.____Extra Credit___________ (1) _____pts Total _______pts/ 24 94-100% A 90-93% A- 87 -89% B+ 83- 86 % B 80-82% B- 77-79% C+ 73-76% C 70-72% C- 67-69% D+ 60-66% D 0-59% F Grade_____________ . United States Army , military bearing is the root in which every service member practices in order to essay carry out good discipline and ethics throughout ones military careers. The Eleven General Orders of defense a Sentry, The Articles of the UCMJ, as well as our own Sailors Creed illustrates how a military service member. Effectiveness of the Articles of thoughtful Confederation. Blake APUSH- 5th Articles of symbolism great Confederation’s Effectiveness Although the Articles of Confederation, from 1781-1789, had a higher purpose of attempting to create a stabilized government, while limiting its power, the overall effectiveness of thoughtful essay this plan is not up to the standards as needed by the.
ticle 91 of FM 27-10 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice covers insubordinate conduct toward warrant officer, NCO, or PO. Dissertation Proposal Defense! (2) Disobeying a warrant, noncommissioned, or petty officer. (a) That the accused was a warrant officer or enlisted member; (b) That the thoughtful accused received a certain lawful. of the national government; the genocide was supported and coordinated by the national government as well as by local military and civil officials and mass media. Alongside the military , primary responsibility for symbolism essay the killings themselves rests with two Hutu militias that had been organized for this purpose. Integrity and thoughtful Responsibility: Two Serious Things to Have in the Army. Integrity and responsibility are to be considered two very serious things to defense have in the army . Thoughtful Essay! While integrity is one of the seven army values, responsibility is also looked on heavily being in the army . Integrity is gcse english essays defined as to be honest or truthful. I failed to have integrity while not being honest.
much to describe all of the above as moral relativists, Nussbaum is clear Nguy?n Chanh Thi (23 February 1923 – 23 June 2007) was an officer in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN). Essay! He is best known for being involved in frequent coups in english essays, the 1960s and wielding substantial influence as a key member. If a soldier is late for thoughtful a formation he is in violation of Article 86 of the UCMJ, Failure to Report to Appointed Place of Duty. The supervisor must then counsel his soldier and attempt to correct this behavior. The supervisor has a lot of latitude to green light symbolism great gatsby essay decide how to essay punish this soldier. He can make the. Importance of not being late.
In the following paper I will be discussing what series of writing language actions brought me to write this paper, the army regulations surrounding said actions, the possible effects these actions might have on the accomplishment of the mission, the possible affects on your career, and. MILITARY BEARING, DISCIPLINE AND RESPECT The United States Army is structured on several values and principles that it upholds, among these are military bearing, discipline and respect. These principles represents what the organization strongly believes in essay, and governs the most basic customs and courtesies. John. “The Evolution of Army Style in the Modern West, 800-2000,” The International History Review 18, no. Essays! 3 (1996): 505-545. John Lynn in thoughtful, his article “The Evolution of Army Styles in great essay, the Modern West” gives an alternative view to conceptualizing the evolution of the armies in the west. Lynn argues. Military marriage The lifestyle of a service member in our armed forces is a very unique lifestyle. This military lifestyle puts pressure on spouses and children that can never truly be measured. The military lifestyle is a lifestyle that is always full of change. These changes include the change.
Pakistan provided an opportunity for the promulgation of martial law on 7 October 1958, which banned all political activities. In 1962, Ayub Khan, the military dictator, in his efforts at civilianising the thoughtful regime, allowed the revival of political parties. Ayub caused a split in essay, the Muslim League to float. better leaders for paramedic practice, those who receive leadership education or those who possess personal leadership traits. Methods: Peer reviewed articles from a broad range of Charles Sturt University data bases including, CINAHL Plus, Health business elite, EBSCOhost (Health), MEDLINE and Science Direct. Article 86 and Article 91 under UCMJ I am doing an thoughtful essay on article 86 and 91 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Article 86 —Absence without leave and Article 91—Insubordinate conduct toward warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer I will start out with article 91 section. The Articles of Confederation contain a preamble, thirteen articles , a conclusion, and a signatory section. The preamble declares that the states agree to certain articles of Confederation and perpetual Union. What follows here summarizes the purpose and content of each of the thirteen articles . Defense! . United States Army , military bearing is the root in which every service member practices in order to carry out good discipline and ethics throughout ones military careers. The Three General Orders of thoughtful essay a Soldier, The articles of UCMJ, as well as our own Sailors Creed illustrates how a military service member.
the motor pool at the rocking horse by d h lawrence zero six hundred the twenty fifth of september two thousand and eight. I was late and there for voilated Article ninety two of the uniform code of military justice, disobeying a lawful order. I was told by thoughtful staff seargent Raven, on the night of september twenty fourth two thousand. Wear of the Military Uniform and Responsibilities of NCO's This regulation prescribes the authorization for wear, composition, and classification of concept of ethics of self work relation uniforms, and the occasions for wearing all personal (clothing bag issue), optional, and commonly worn organizational Army uniforms. is a combination of my personal experiences, definitions, and examples of how responsibility and essay accountability are important to surviving in today’s Army . Responsibility is increased when soldiers have a single, clear set of explain concept relation to HRM rules that apply to a specific event. When the guidelines are unclear, or when. ? Article 86 of the Uniform Code Of Military Justice covers Point and Place of Duty.
That means from PT formation to COB that is essay where you will be. What a lot of Soldiers do not understand that includes appointments made by them or someone else. We have appointment times, SP times, formation times and. | Missing You Every Day: Children Coping with Deployed ParentsYour NameColumbia College- Your Place | | | | | Red Cross (2012) Abstract Learning how to explain of ethics of self relation to HRM cope with deployment is difficult for essay most families, but when it comes to essay writing in marathi children, the situation has the potential to become. Articles of Confederation: Revolutionary War. the Revolutionary war, America had become an independent country.
Of course, they needed a national government to keep things in order. Thoughtful Essay! So then, the Articles of Confederation was created as the the rocking horse h lawrence first attempt of a national government.In a confederation, the states, maintain their sovereignty, but they join. United States Army (USA) is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military , and is one of thoughtful seven U.S. uniformed services. The modern army has its roots in symbolism great essay, the Continental Army which was. 877.
ARTICLE 77. PRINCIPALS Any person punishable under this chapter who-- (1) commits an offense punishable by this chapter, or aids, abets, counsels, commands, or procures its commission or (2) causes an thoughtful act to be done which if directly performed by him would be punishable by this. I've been in the military for 3 years now and I have a few months left to go until I get out and dissertation proposal enter the civilian world again. I've had my ups and downs within the past 3years in my military career. I would probably say more bad than good though. but from every bad situation I guess you can say a. Uniform Code of Military Justice and Time. ?The Importance of being on time in the Army Every duty day you are required to essay be at a certain place at concept of ethics work with to HRM a certain time and in the correct uniform, more than once. Being late is unacceptable. Although there are plenty of excuses why you are unable to make it to the place required, none of them are.
The Doctrine 2015 Army Study Guide Mission Command Center of essay Excellence, Doctrine 2015 http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/MCCOE/Doctrine2015Tables.asp Doctrine 2015 is in marathi transforming the essay Army's doctrinal base to deliver doctrine - clear, concise, current and accessible - to the point of need. This process. In military terminology, desertion is the abandonment of a duty or post without permission and tv show is done with the intention of not returning. In contrast, Unauthorized Absence or Absence Without Leave refers to thoughtful essay a temporary absence. Desertion versus Absence Without Leave In the United States Army. Lester W Reed Academic Research Jim Judd Abstract This paper explores three online articles that concerning the Fort Hood Shoot and SGT Hassan sentenced to dissertation death for killing fellow Soldiers. These articles substantiate that Soldiers who are radicalized to Islamist extremist’s beliefs are a danger. Corrective Essay: Military Bearing and Respect. According to Field Manual 6-22, “ Military Bearing is defined as having or projecting a commanding presence and a professional image of authority”. The United States Army is essay structured on several values and great essay principles that it upholds, among these are military bearing, discipline and thoughtful respect.
Leaders. Honesty and Integrity in the Military. Let me tell you something about what is non-existent in essay in marathi language, the military : honesty and integrity. In all of my experiences being enlisted, (only being three years) every single time I was being honest or I tried practicing my integrity, in situations that required it, I had gotten screwed over! Whether. Terrorism Authority : NACTA) is an internal counterterrorism intelligence agency and the tactical special weapons law enforcement force which uses military -style light weapons and specialized tactics in high-risk operations that fall outside of the capabilities of regular and essay uniformed police. The. that claimed responsibility for theSeptember 11 attacks on the United States, along with numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets. He was a Saudi Arabian, a member of the defense wealthy bin Laden family, and an ethnic Yemeni Kindite. Bin Laden was born to the family. In the military there are set standards, most of which are pretty simply accomplished. Thoughtful Essay! All soldiers are expected to meet these standards on a daily basis, as being in the Army is essay a 24 hours a day, 7 days week job.
One of these standards that holds great importance is accountability, as well as being. ?First Sino-Japanese War From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article may be unbalanced towards certain viewpoints. Essay! Please improve the article by adding information on neglected viewpoints, or discuss the issue on the talk page. (March 2009) First Sino–Japanese War Japanese troops during. Accountability and Army Values Accountability is essential to the army to keep up and concept with maintain where personnel are and if everything is ok with them. Thoughtful! The U.S. army values states that’s soldiers that are accountable for their actions. Being accountable means being dependable and arriving to work and. legitimate use of violence by civilians against an invader in dissertation, an occupied country. Other definitions would label as terrorist groups only the thoughtful resistance movements that oppose an invader with violent acts that undiscriminately kill or harm civilians and the rocking horse by d h lawrence non-combatants, thus making a distinction between lawful.
Article 92 is perhaps the most important article in the entire Uniform Code of Military Justice. It lays down the ground law, which is the absolute line that may not be crossed. Everything else in the UCMJ is an explanation of the various forms that disobeying an order can take. Without the support given. being sure of the effects of the thoughtful essay new medication on essay the rocking horse by d top of all of my personal issues. I had already requested and essay was given the chance to get out of the army with a General under Honorable conditions.
I realize that I have been taking time away from arguably the two best lower enlisted workers in essay horse winner h lawrence, the shop. | | The British Army is the land warfare branch of the British Armed Forces of the United Kingdom. Thoughtful! It came into being with the winner unification of the Kingdom of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of essay Great Britain in 1707. The new British Army incorporated Regiments that had already existed in England. our lives to respect those around us and light symbolism great gatsby essay we will be respected. This is certainly true not only in essay, everyday life but within our military as well. Respect is part of the Army Values that define us as soldiers and english media how we should act as professionals fighting for the rights and privileges of our country.
many disagreements on how the nation should be governed. Something more regular and permanant was clearly needed. The government established by the Articles hadn't been a complete failure. Essay! However during the 1780's the states faced many problems. These problems caused a threat to the nation's survival. How Chewing Gum Violates the friends Seven Army Values. Smith was seen chewing gum by thoughtful essay SFC Sherill while a block of instruction was being put out by SSG Barnett.
It seems to be a reoccurring problem in both military and civilian places where training is explain of ethics work relation being conducted. Essay! At the beginning of the cycle, PFC Smith and his class had already been briefed about the rules. The Future Impact of Samuel Huntington's Clash of Civilizations Theory on My Military Service. Civilizations Theory on My Military Service Introduction Increased Deployments Increased Conflict Mitigation Increased Troop Levels Post Conflict Focus on Humanitarian Operations Trending Towards Humanitarian Operations Development of Civil Affairs as a Military Branch Focus on Post. Homosexuals in the Military Prejudice and ignorance are two of the most prominent ills of essay the rocking winner by d h lawrence our society today. Thoughtful! The way gay soldiers are treated today is no exception.
Many have been forced to resign due to their sexual orientation, which has little or nothing to horse h lawrence do with their ability as soldiers.