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Language punjabi essay

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layout quotes essay How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for language essay each of the types of writing you'll meet on and casual your course but this particular guide is probably the language punjabi essay most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry?

P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an essay is never going to be an easy task, even for the best writers. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and thesis origins, likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. Language Punjabi Essay! just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an analysis essay, English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. Essay! It's just not like that. In an English essay there is research no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'.

That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on language punjabi essay 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and out of africa on human origins, well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an overview of punjabi your response to acceptance, the essay question. This is essay a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an i want essay, essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the punjabi essay essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by analysis essay point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of language punjabi essay some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the delinquency author used to punjabi essay, create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the and casual essay author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted!

More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and punjabi essay, well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the to read a good essay text, more if a poem, and language punjabi essay, one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . Exemplification Essay! It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of language punjabi violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of acceptance graduate Mercutio and Tybalt and an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is essay sometimes called a thesis statement . Essay Acceptance School! The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to show that it is language a view that is well - considered, based on the text and study for design and manage the database, reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. Language Punjabi! There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in exemplification analysis, opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to language essay, read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview?

This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is essay acceptance graduate school that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and punjabi, far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to case study the database, show your stated view is language sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. Delinquency! This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on language the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of out of thesis any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to essay, want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the papers essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question.

This is the bulk of the essay. Punjabi! It is a series of out of thesis on human paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and delinquency, directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of what you have found. It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to essay, support the and casual analysis essay essay's points.

Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the essay text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the divorce papers writer's methods , e.g. through the language essay creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to case study for design, create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. Language! 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. Case For Design And Manage The Database! ' MARK GRABBING TIP No.

1! Begin all of your paragraphs in language punjabi essay, such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on track and avoid the to read a good plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is language punjabi called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the divorce papers theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to language punjabi essay, say and do in Act One of the play.

The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the divorce theme of language punjabi ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an essay school, effective essay but with luck, the language above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into exemplification analysis, your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations.

The first is from the opening of language essay John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and case study the database, this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves.

MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and punjabi, time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of acceptance graduate school understanding of the text on which the punjabi essay is based. This is to take the and casual analysis road signpos ted 'Failure'. Language! But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well. Africa On Human Origins! You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand.

Also, talk the essay text over delinquency, with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from language punjabi this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on acceptance graduate the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and punjabi essay, language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an graduate, English essay and language, this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to research divorce, choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for punjabi example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of for design place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and essay, as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the acceptance graduate school way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY.

The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to punjabi essay, argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at exemplification analysis, different levels ; it is punjabi essay your interpretation of the delinquency text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. Language Punjabi! FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to case for design the database, support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to punjabi essay, help with this or write the out of thesis origins aspects/quotations down separately.

Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of essay view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of divorce papers your argument - your main idea or point of punjabi view. Stated clearly at case and manage, the opening to punjabi, your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the divorce major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and language, how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the papers essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the language essay detail of three key aspects of the delinquency essay: the punjabi essay essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the i want to read author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and language, is a hallmark of the best essays.

TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into case for design the database, your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Language Punjabi! Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the i want to read essay author's uses of the English language and literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in punjabi essay, other words allow the text to introduce the context. TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to delinquency, your essay.

4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and language punjabi, provide support from the text for this. In the delinquency essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of language essay quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of school view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by language leading the reader towards an out of africa on human, overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to essay, show how different parts and aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on for design the database the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for punjabi essay each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of exemplification analysis P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from language essay a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an event.

It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the to read essay effect the punjabi essay language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from i want to read essay beginning to language punjabi essay, end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY.

The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and exemplification analysis, logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the language main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the divorce preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is language a very common mistake:

In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the papers first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is punjabi essay set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for i want a good essay the audience of language punjabi what could and should be - fairness and dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the exemplification analysis pure love of Romeo and language, Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and delinquency, style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE.

This is so very often ignored despite the language essay fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the out of thesis way the writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of language punjabi form by the database writing in sentences and language, paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of analysis essay form, as is the use of punjabi underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and graduate, very creative with the use of form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on.

A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is language created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and and casual essay, stage action. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of language comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning.

It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from exemplification and casual essay their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the language punjabi darkness also acts to delinquency, suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the language essay darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of essay acceptance graduate school evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on punjabi words - is out of africa thesis on human origins another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is language punjabi intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for out of africa on human origins writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of language language.

But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the case and manage the database most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of language essay meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is acceptance because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in language essay, unpicking the various levels of papers meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the language punjabi original sound of i want essay voice and facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. Essay! To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for delinquency that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to language punjabi, detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is out of africa thesis origins taking towards their subject matter. An example of punjabi irony occurs in delinquency, an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the language boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of out of africa thesis origins value, his pocket watch, in order to punjabi essay, buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of africa on human her long hair cut off to sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. Punjabi! a chain for his watch. Structure is the out of africa origins way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is language punjabi essay important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. And Casual Analysis! 'The way the punjabi author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the out of on human origins way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive!

Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to language punjabi essay, you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to out of africa thesis on human origins, compare and contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about language essay more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on research papers to the second - still using the language punjabi essay techniques outlined above; but when you go on research divorce to write about the second text, you must compare and punjabi essay, contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in essay school, which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point.

This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.

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Treating a College Admissions Essay Like a First Date. This week, The Choice is in the room, panning for tips, at the annual College Board Conference. High school counselors and admissions officers are always reaching for language essay analogies to convey to and manage the database students (and parents) the purpose of a college admissions essay. But it was a revelation to me, at least, when Chad Hemmelgarn, an English teacher at Bexley High School in Columbus, Ohio, put it this way: “It’s kind of like a first date. You’re telling us the language punjabi, stuff that makes you special.” Mr.

Hemmelgarn was speaking this afternoon as part of a panel on the junior-year experience at “Forum 2009 New York,” the annual convention of the College Board in New York City. Over the next two and case for design and manage, a half days, hundreds of counselors and admissions officers will attend dozens of sessions on all aspects of the high school and college-admissions experience. In a series of posts on The Choice, several Times colleagues and I will attempt to pass on tips and perspectives from language punjabi essay those meetings that we think will be useful to applicants and parents, as well as counselors and admissions officers. For example, at the panel on the junior year, Mr. I Want To Read Essay! Hemmelgarn and Stephanie Krosnosky, a college counselor at Bexley, suggested that juniors begin their college quest with several seemingly simple steps. These included using a single sheet of paper to collect the dates of language punjabi essay all the standardized tests they intended to take, which they would then post on the family refrigerator so that “mom and dad” would make sure they didn’t oversleep that day. But it was on the subject of the college essay that I thought the essay graduate, two gave particularly strong guidance. For example, Mr. Hemmelgarn requires his juniors to write 25 sample college essays — using actual questions from the University of language essay Chicago and essay school, Ohio State, among others — in punjabi 25 weeks, at home. Africa Thesis Origins! His mantra? “Practice makes better.” Mr.

Hemmelgarn then reviews with each student the four or five essays that he or she believes might best be developed into their actual college essays in language punjabi essay their senior year. For readers of The Choice who are juniors (or their parents), I see no reason why the same exercise couldn’t be repeated by acceptance graduate any junior on one’s own — with a counselor or favorite teacher then enlisted as a sounding board. Mr. Hemmelgarn said he divides the essay questions into several categories, including “Why you?” and “Why us?” As an essay, example of “Why you?” — or why might a particular college want you — he referred to an actual prompt on out of origins the Common Application that directs an language punjabi essay, applicant to “evaluate a significant experience, achievement, risk you have taken or ethical dilemma you have faced and its impact on you.” Part of the delinquency, advice he gives his students, he said, is that they not write a hackneyed paragraph about a family trip “that changed my life.” Unless, of course, it did. One counselor in the audience immediately raised her hand to language essay say that one of her high school students was in the process of writing just such an essay — about learning Flamenco in Spain — that promised to a good essay be unique and memorable.

The boy’s theme (and yes, it was a boy)? “When am I ever going to do that again?” Mr. Hemmelgarn said he approved — because the essay sounded like it would meet another of his criteria: “What can you write that’s going to set you apart from everyone else?” As an example of the question of “Why us?” Mr. Hemmelgarn pointed to language punjabi the following question from an case, actual application: “Why are you considering The Ohio State University?” In counseling his students on how to approach their answer, Mr. Punjabi Essay! Hemmelgarn said he tells them that colleges “want to hear a little about themselves.” And that, he said, usually requires some research. One other tip from Mr. Hemmelgarn: When an applicant is asked a question like, “Indicate a person who has had a significant influence on you,” as appears on the Common Application, what the college is really seeking is something about you (as in how you are similar to the person, or different.)

“The college is exemplification not accepting grandpa,” Mr. Hemmelgarn said. Language Punjabi! “They want to case study for design the database know what qualities of punjabi essay grandpa do you have.” Do readers of case study The Choice have similar advice to pass along? Please use the comment box below to let us know. Comments are no longer being accepted.

My advice to all is to be yourself. Let your writing reflect who you are and language punjabi essay, how you approach problems in your life. Write that, and the college that recognizes individuality (something I highly prize) will come calling with financial aid. I don’t care what the colleges are looking for, YOU know what YOU are looking for, and delinquency, you know what type of punjabi essay person you are. If the i want a good, college wants you for you, they’ll admit you. My younger brother is a high school junior, and he has Asperger’s. While my parents are focusing on helping him find schools that will accommodate his condition, I want to punjabi essay encourage him to make his applications to those schools as good as they can be. I anticipate that he will find the the database, college essay especially difficult, since he’s never been good at “selling himself” in the way that colleges ask you to.

Does anyone know of resources to language punjabi essay help students on the autistic spectrum navigate the research divorce, college admissions process? 25 admissions essays over punjabi, the course of essay acceptance graduate 25 weeks is ridiculous overkill. As those of you who read my recent article (http://www.satsuccesssecrets.com/5-lies-about-sat-prep/) know, I’m not a big fan of the College Board. However, this is some really good information about how to make the most of your college admissions essay. By the time you write your essay, there are only 3 parts of your college application that you have control over: your senior mid term exams, your last chance at language punjabi, the SAT, and your college essay. Study And Manage! Everything else is already in the books. I’ve been working with kid applying to college for a long time, and I strongly recommend taking this advice to heart and really putting your mind to answering the questions, “Why you?” and essay, “Why us?”. It can really make a difference. Yeah, I agree. That is completely ridiculous.

Nice idea–but if your kid was like my kid, he was already doing homework on out of on human most Saturday nights. So were the other highly competitive kids in his class. Language! (Believe me, this was not my idea–he was just incredibly driven. Acceptance Graduate! And he did get into the top college he wanted, so I guess it was worthwhile–at least he thinks so!). Yes, it’s good to write a good college essay, but not if it comes at the expense of the grades that are going to get you into that great college you want to language punjabi go to! My daughter has written eight different essays so far for scholarships and applications, and she is only half-way through the process. Out Of Thesis On Human Origins! I wish she had generated more ideas when she was a junior. A possible resource is essay Realizing the College Dream with Asperger Syndrome by Anne Palmer and/or Succeeding in school Colleg with Asperger Syndrome by John Harpur, Maria Lawlor and Michael Fitzgerald. My wife and I had suggested a topic to our daughter but her essay came out language punjabi forced. A few days later, she surprised us us with an essay on another topic that was literate and flowed naturally. This took place over research divorce, the summer when the pressure was much less. She is seeking admission to schools where she has a good chance of being accepted, anyway, based on language her high school record and interests.

The world does not start with Yale and africa on human, end with Harvard. Her essay is language essay clearly in the ballpark and it is done. Let’s not hype these kids into more stress than they already have. Aim for appropriate and well-written and avoid the hackneyed. (Bravo to Nicola for out of thesis on human Comment No. 1.) As aparent who just completed the college application with my daughter, I have two peices of advice. One, have students start drafting their essays during the summer before senior year. Language Essay! It is a time where they have little pressure. Second and most important, have someone other than a parent review the essay, essay. No matter how hard we try, parents are jaded when it comes to their kids.

Have someone who does not know your child review the essays. The feedback can be valuable. I agree with Sam (#3). And I’m also a writer and writing teacher (as well as a college counselor). Sure, students should be honing their essay writing (and reading) skills, but it seems myopic to repeat this exercise that many times, especially since students would also be well served by working on critical writing and reading, as well as the personal essay. For those applying to Harvard or Yale: the essay is the language punjabi essay, first date, the interview is the second date and the third date is when your parents make a huge donation to the school. I’m so glad I went to college 40 years ago. I’m also glad I went to and casual analysis college a while ago (only 10 years ago), but I never felt the language punjabi, pressure these kids feel. I love your tips here.

Such good advice. Papers! One of our student bloggers over at myUsearch wrote a great article about the college essay she wrote to get into Yale. Language Essay! Hope this helps: http://myusearchblog.com/the-college-essay-you-in-500-words-or-less. Also, beware the over-edited-overworked-by-five-critics essay result where the fresh original voice of the and casual analysis, 17-18 year old applicant has been lost. Language Punjabi! As a parent, I make it a point to go back to the very first draft quite often, and ask (out loud) “what was catchy about this essay idea to being with?” and “is it still there in this current draft?”.

This also means that one should not actually write anything for case study for design the database the applicant (you know who you are, parents!) — not only is it unethical, it also puts the idea in language punjabi essay your voice, not theirs. Discussing ideas around the dining table (on cell phone, more realistically?), is delinquency fair and punjabi, good I think, much as they would do with a teacher in school. I remember writing my college essays. My high school class started with 269 members. Delinquency! We graduated 180. Only about half went to punjabi essay college. I remember seeking advice from out of on human a guidance counselor about punjabi essay liberal arts colleges, and he told me not to get my hopes up because I likely wouldn’t get a good enough scholarship to research attend. I ended up getting nearly full rides to everywhere I applied, and a full ride to language essay school that I did attend. I Want To Read A Good! I never showed my guidance counselor my essays, because if he was so stupid as to suggest that I would not get scholarships as an Appalachian student from a poor school district with an ACT composite of 32 who had qualified for one of the national forensic competitions 3 out of 4 years, then he was probably too stupid to offer valid critique. I suppose that what I’m saying is language punjabi that I’m jealous of high school students who come from a world where their parents and research divorce, teachers are supportive of their college application efforts.

Instead, coming from a poor rural school district, I got teachers who accused me of plagiarism when I showed them my writing and guidance counselors who told me I’d never get into Bryn Mawr. Essay! I’m wondering which is more common for American high school students. Sam, 25 admissions essays over the course of exemplification and casual analysis 25 weeks is so not ridiculous overkill. It’s a lot like a real job, innit? An intro to the world of work, you might say. My daughter began her college essay, “All my life there have been bugs.” She had fun with it. She is now a junior at Swarthmore College. Wow – my essay was nothing like that. I think it was about a favorite book I read, and why I liked it. Geez, like a first date? I’m not marrying my college.

And really, I can write an essay (or a cover letter) gushing about essay U of Fill-in-the-blank, or XYZ, Inc. Research Papers! but I’m just gonna copy and paste five other names into that space, and everyone knows it. This whole process is becoming too overwhelming and too emotionally charged. I took the punjabi, SAT once, sent my scores and transcript, got two teachers to write recommendations, wrote my essay (ONE essay was written ONCE), and study and manage, sent my app in. End of language essay story. The best advice my daughter received was to exemplification and casual analysis essay have confidence in essay her essay and not worry about WHAT SHE SHOULD do! A first date?? Are you kidding? Robert Frost once said that people who don’t understand comparisons aren’t safe to research divorce cross the street. I’d say that people who pick up a silly comparison and essay, consider it seriously are in even more danger.

How absolutely ridiculous to have junior write that many college essays. When it’s time for kids to write the college essay, it’s time for kids to consider the research divorce, topics. The summer before senior year is the time to start thinking–at the very earliest. On another note, you might want to essay investigate the merit of this practice at Bexley by asking the students who were subjected to that regimen of college essay writing. Delinquency! You might be surprised at their answers. 25 essays over 25 weeks is “like a real job”?

Try a second job. If you’re talking about punjabi a job, how about the job of being a high school student? — that’s what I wish students were focused on, instead of the fetishized industry of college admissions. In a way, I like that idea, but I’m not convinced that 5 essays over 5 weeks won’t accomplish a good chunk of the same idea. 25 over 25 weeks extends from the and manage, spring of punjabi junior year, when kids should really be focused on i want to read a good their schoolwork, into the beginning of language senior year, when kids should be focused on the most college-like tasks they’ll have to to read a good take on during high school (assuming, that is, that their school is giving them enough of a challenge). I’m also a teacher of writing, but mainly I’m a teacher of teenagers. I’m sickened when I hear such overwhelming tasks and pressures put on language punjabi essay students who are busy with being students and kids. As suggested by #1, 5, 17, 18, and 19, you will end up in a college that is suitable for you, and you will be fine. As a high school drop-out, I had no school counselors advising me about my college essays; I was oblivious re: need to tell a story that set me apart from my peers. etc. etc. etc.I applied to only one university, a US News #038; World Report top 20. I got in, and graduated in May ’09.

My first semester, I audaciously asked an admissions officer, why me, and not someone more worthy, she stated that my essays were forthright and free of the usual highly edited and coached quote unquote drivel. My advice re: writing good admissions essays: do not under any circumstances show your parents, or any present or former teachers your essays until after you get accepted, be humble, don’t show off. (Sorry: didn’t make my disagreement clear enough [#21]. The teacher who did 25 in 25 weeks did it during the school year, for his English course. My concern was with people trying to replicate that without it being a teacher assignment — in and manage other words, on top of the language essay, existing schoolwork. I quibble with the effort required even within a class, and study for design and manage, wonder what else those students were working on during those 25 weeks, but I respect the punjabi, teacher’s inclination to have his class write extensively and reflectively.)

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Thanks #128578; Sorry about that. All links are now updated. Thanks for the share!! Thanks for sharing awesome looking templates for Portfolio And Resume, unfortunately when i am going to download these templates are broken link. can you please fix. PH CV PSD Portfolio Template.

Thanks for punjabi essay, reporting! All broken links have been fixed.

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Introduction to Musical Theatre Essay. The concept of musical theatre combines the drama and plot of a stage play with a musical component; the extent of essay, this musical collaboration has changed over the years, from operas to orchestras to full-fledged plays. For Design And Manage The Database! From its humble beginnings to language, its current status as Broadway spectacle, the art form has carried a great influence in the world of performance. In this essay, a detailed history of case study and manage the database, musical theatre, from punjabi essay, its infancy to essay school, now, will be explored. Musical theatre has had a long, storied history; the style dates all the way back to ancient Greek theatre, back in the 5th century BCE. In that time, Greek comedies and tragedies almost always had a musical component; songs and language punjabi, dance were common to the plays of Aeschylus and Sophocles, who acted as composers and choreographers to their own works. In Rome in the 3rd century BCE, Plautus wrote comedies that also had orchestrations and choreographed dances to their songs.

Roman theatre also innovated the research divorce, process of dancing, creating crude tap shoes called sabilla , which were chips of metal attached to the shoes of performers to make their steps easier to hear and essay, notice in the large theatres they played in. The Middle Ages saw theatre take a much more mobile, nomadic route to performance; with traveling minstrels moving from town to delinquency, town and village to village, performing songs and small routines. Small troupes of performers would do the same, offering slapstick-filled, delightful plays they would offer to those who would watch them. The 12th and 13th centuries saw the punjabi, musical theatre advent of religious dramas, like The Play of Daniel and The Play of Herod ; these dramatic works would have church chants interspersed within them, offering that musical component. This would evolve into the mystery play, which told a story of the Bible in a musical manner. The mobility of performing troupes would also be made more efficient through the advent of pageant wagons. These were mobile stages the troupe would bring with them to provide added production value to their plays; they would settle down, perform their show, and pack up. These shows often consisted of poetic forms, prose dialogue, and musical numbers. In the Renaissance, musical theatre took a giant leap forward with the origins, development of commedia dell’arte, a type of musical theatre where well-known stories were improvised by actors using the essay, art of clown to create broad humor throughout. Music became a large part of delinquency, Jacobean and Elizabethan plays; lutes, organs, pipes and language essay, more would play during these performances in order to enhance a scene.

Often, if a play was a tragedy or a heavier historical, it would be interrupted with short plays filled with music to add levity. Acceptance Graduate! This is where the jig was created; jiggs were broad, farcical afterpieces that followed these heavier works. In the Tudor period, court masques were created, where the first inklings of modern musical theatre were created. In these masques, elaborate set designs were combined with elegant and detailed costuming, as well as performances that combined singing, dancing and acting to music. The purpose of these masques were often to language punjabi, flatter a royal patron or nobility that was in the audience at the time.

The masques were popular types of theatre created by playwrights such as Ben Jonson and William Shakespeare. Soon, just the musical components of masques would be made into operas altogether; acting as sung plays that would be the first templates of musical theatre. The famous French playwright Moliere created farces that would have musical components to them (song and dance numbers interspersed within the work). These developments led to the creation of English opera; some of the more famous playwrights were Thomas Shadwell, John Blow, Henry Purcell, and more. By 1685, however, English opera started to lose its luster. In the 1700s, musical theatre in England developed into two distinct varieties: ballad operas and comic operas. A Good Essay! The Beggar’s Opera by John Gay is the quintessential example of the ballad opera; it offered new lyrics spoofing the punjabi, popular songs of the research papers, time, the language punjabi, olde English equivalent of a jukebox musical. Delinquency! Comic opera, on the other hand, carried a romantic plot set to original music; The Bohemian Girl by Michael Balfe is a fine example of a comic opera. Language! In the meantime, lighter, more fleeting forms of thesis origins, opera were being created, like Comedie en vaudeville and opera comique, which led to the notions of punjabi, burlesque, melodramas, vaudevilla, and the notion of the music hall. Since many London theatres only got a license as a music hall, plays had to have music in them; therefore, musical theatre became a more popular part of theatrical life in i want to read a good England, and this led to language essay, the popularization of melodramas and burlettas. In Colonial America, the first real presence of essay graduate, theatre to be found did not happen until 1752, when a theatre was formed in language punjabi Williamsburg, Virginia by William Hallam, which performed classic English plays.

Soon after, however, they moved to The Beggar’s Opera and other ballad operas and farces in New York. This theatrical presence slowly morphed into what would become Broadway in the 1920s and 1930s. These early plays were the first to be widely recorded and essay, toured, with hundreds of performances in a single run for many musical plays. The further evolution of musical theatre came with the language, development of the operette, which was created in 1850 by the French composer Herve. Research! These were light musical comedies that would often provide broad satire and wit to the stage, combined with bright melodies and high energy. These would be the model for punjabi all musical theatre that would come after it. After Jacques Offenbach and out of africa thesis on human, Johann Strauss II would develop the style further, it would become popularized in the works of Gilbert and Sullivan, Irving Berlin and Rodgers and Hammerstein. The music hall and punjabi, musical burlesques would comprise the majority of musical theatre in study and manage the database 19th century England. The Black Crook proved to be the very first play that would fit the modern conception of the musical – this combined dance and original music which would supplement the straightforward story being told. In 1866, this play premiered in New York and became a staggering success.

Other musical comedies came out around this year, and the late 19th century saw comedic musical theatre that spoke to language punjabi essay, the common man, adding legitimacy to the theatrical proceedings. The stories were no longer broad, royal farce; they were meant to be more legitimate, with complex plotting and research divorce, significant characters. By landing more reputable singers like Vivienne Segal, Fay Templeton and more, they offered significant credentials to language punjabi essay, those who put on these plays. Once the modern musical was developed, there were other changes to school, theatrical procedure that allowed for language punjabi essay longer runs. With street lights and electricity, it was safer to come out at night; therefore, night shows became the norm, adding a larger number of delinquency, performances for each show. With the money that came from the added revenue these extra shows afforded them, production value of Broadway and West End shows increased substantially. Language Punjabi Essay! Gilbert and Sullivan began producing large comic opera shows that would become extremely popular around this time; shows like HMS Pinafore and The Mikado , as well as The Pirates of Penzance , were family friendly and very accessible, leading to worldwide success. Due to their unparalleled success, the standards for theatrical popularity changed dramatically. Gilbert and Sullivan also pioneered several conventions of the modern musical as well; in their shows, the dialogue and to read a good, the lyrics were combined to make the story more understandable and language punjabi, sensible, even with the africa on human, integration of music into the performance. P.G.

Wodehouse, Ira Gershwin, Irving Berlin, Andrew Lloyd Weber and more would take this particular style of comic opera and develop it further. The Savoy operas in the 1880s began to enjoy considerable success in America as well. Unlike the tawdry sensibilities of previous musicals, these shows were thought to be family friendly and respectable, something that was harder to look down upon. Before these developments, musical theatre was often thought to be for language perverts, a much seedier audience; now, theatre was for everyone, especially musical theatre. Broadway saw its fair share of musicals in the 1890s as well; attempting to i want a good, ape Gilbert and Sullivan, many copycat productions took place, like El Capitan by John Philip Sousa. Ragtime became more popular as a freeform style of theatre, a different, more fast-paced and modern variety of language punjabi essay, vaudeville. Musical comedies continued throughout the early 20th century, through Tin Pan Alley-composed songs. In Broadway, the runs were shorter than in the West End (never reaching thousands of performances like some Gilbert and Sullivan shows), but often would have longer tours with the original cast. In the “Gay Nineties” (the subjectively wonderful 1890s in England, as they were known), musicals were becoming more popular on the London Stage. George Edwardes took over the Gaiety Theatre, seeking to change it from the acceptance graduate, bawdy burlesque show that it was and providing a straightforward, light musical alternative to the heavy, absurdist and politically charged Savoy operas that were the flavor at the time. He decided to language essay, try doing family friendly, breezy, lighthearted comic romances, combined with style and spectacle.

While there were burlesque elements to them, there were also comic opera traditions sprinkled throughout, and the replacement of low-class burlesque dancers with respectable dancers and singers. Delinquency! These types of language punjabi essay, plays were such a success, they would determine the next thirty years of musical theatre in London. Many of these plays, like The Shop Girl and A Runaway Girl , followed the tropes of romances where the out of thesis origins, poor maiden falls in language punjabi love with royalty, and faces many obstacles before finally winning him. These set the essay acceptance school, tone for musical comedies that would sweep across the face of musical theatre in both England and America, as many other theatres would copy these shows with increasing complexity, including Sidney Jones’ The Geisha and San Toy . During this time, the operetta had been essentially removed from the English stage due to the prevalence of essay, Edwardian musical comedies, but it made a comeback in the early 20th century with the operetta The Merry Widow, which premiered in 1907 in London and exemplification analysis, Broadway. This success led to punjabi, the direct competition of musicals and operettas for the next few years, with new and old operettas being brought out on the stages of both American and to read a good, England. New operettas that premiered at this time included the works of language punjabi essay, Victor Herbert ( Babes in Toyland, The Red Mill, The Fortune Teller ), and modern musical plays that were a bit more intimate. In an case for design and manage the database attempt to cash in on the still-popular Gilbert and Sullivan-style musical, P.G. Widehouse, Jerome Kern and essay, Guy Bolton all came out with “Princess Theatre shows,” which offered light entertainment while remaining continuous with its songs and plot, offering a complete, detailed and complex story throughout. Unlike the broader comedies of the time, and which had come before, situational comedies had a much greater influence, and delinquency, the characters were more realistic. The songs were actually used to develop the language essay, characters or move the plot along; this was a breakthrough in essay the plotting and development of musical theatre.

With the advent of the language punjabi essay, Princess Theatre musicals, these lighter shows proved they could integrate song and story just as well as Gilbert and divorce, Sullivan could. The theatre experienced a boom in business with the start of World War I; given the language, devastation of the battlefield and the front, audiences flocked to the stages in order to get some escapism. Irene , a play by out of Harry Tiernet and Joseph McCarthy, premiered in 1919 to widespread popularity, holding the punjabi essay, Broadway record for longest run (670 performances) for a long time. While those were impressive by American standards, they held nothing to the British capacity for holding a musical run; Chu Chow Chow ran for over two thousands performances. Revues started to essay, become popular, as they incorporated light, multi-act performances that offered variety. As the 20th century chugged along, American musical theatre began to take dominance in both popularity and quality. Punjabi! The Theatrical Syndicate, led by Charles Frohman, spearheaded the development of shows like the Princess Theatre shows and many other Tin Pan Alley-inspired musicals.

Jazz and ragtime became a much more popular component of analysis essay, modern musicals at the time, and punjabi, the Gershwin brothers, as well as Irving Berlin and others, started to i want a good essay, get shows produced. This shift in language American musical theatre’s popularity was due to the changes in society that were happening at the time; the school, increase in vernacular and punjabi essay, naturalism that was desired by audiences of the modern era led to a slow death of the essay graduate, broad, the theatrical and the operatic. Shows and musicals were more direct with their plot, their characters and their intentions, and tradition gave way to innovation. The Roaring Twenties saw the advent of the motion picture, and its rise in language essay popularity; this proved to be a challenge for theatres. To Read A Good! Even though they were silent at punjabi first, and so could not offer the audio component of theatre, the creation of talking films like The Jazz Singer meant that it offered a real threat to delinquency, live theatre. Musicals in that era started to bring in bigger stars and greater spectacle, offering loudness and music hall sensibilities in lieu of essay, complex plotting and character development. Despite the delinquency, fact that there was not a whole lot tying these glorified revues together, they proved extremely popular and light entertainment. Theatre writers began to transition into popular music, as most of the music people were listening to at the time was what they heard in these reviews and vaudeville shows.

Production values increased substantially during this time, making the musical more expensive to produce than ever. The concept of standards became popular in language essay the 1920s; the lighthearted shows were never that memorable ( Sally, Oh, Kay! ), but their songs would stick in the public’s mind. As a result, they would be covered by a variety of popular music artists, like Cole Porter, Marilyn Miller, Fred Astaire. Operettas also came back into the limelight for a time, and out of thesis, Noel Coward and other composers started to language, enjoy newfound popularity. Acceptance School! Show Boat in 1927 proved to be one of the most complex mixes of score and book that there had been to date; even the language punjabi essay, Princess Theatre musicals lacked this level of sophistication. There existed dramatic themes that were told with every component of the show, from the movement to the setting. I Want! This integration of production value with narrative complexity that rivaled anything that had come before. While this was popular, events like the Great Depression led to people going back to punjabi essay, lighter entertainment. When the Great Depression hit, it left people with little money to entertain themselves with; this mean substantially reduced ticket sales. It was also cheaper to go to the ‘talkies’ than see a show, making it even more challenging for theatres to find an audience. Vaudeville was eliminated by musical films, as they agreed to exemplification, be filmed for one-off shows that effectively killed future live performances of their work.

There were still Show Boat -like shows that were great hits for those who could afford the language punjabi essay, ticket price; Of Thee I Sing was the first musical that was given the Pulitzer Prize. Anything Goes cemented singers like Ethel Merman, who would become the queen of musical theatre due to her loud, booming voice. The first Broadway show to star a black person (Ethel Waters), was 1933’s As Thousands Cheer . Porgy and Bess proved to be a very popular musical, created by George Gershwin and released in case 1935. Essay! Modern musicals like Knickerbocker Holiday by Kurt Weill provided satire of FDR and detailed the case study and manage the database, history of New York City. With these more complex works, there were still lighter hits on Broadway, like I’d Rather Be Right and The Dancing Years . Language Essay! Cole Porter came into i want to read essay, popularity with Anything Goes and DuBarry Was a Lady . All of these contributions led to the overall success and survival of musical theatre, which was a miracle in a time when economic destitution was the worst this country has ever experienced.

The evolution of musical theatre at this time allowed for fast-paced music, staging, choreography and more naturalistic dialogue, a far cry from the overt theatricality and melodrama of previous eras. Musical theatre in language punjabi the 1940s would hit a new zenith with Rodgers and Hammerstein’s musical Oklahoma! Continuing the i want to read essay, Show Boat tradition of having complex plotting and serious storytelling amongst musical numbers, the show offered dream ballets and integrated the music more cohesively into the story, rather than providing dance as an excuse for men to see barely-dressed women. Agnes de Mille was the choreographer for this show, and it revolutionized the format of musical theatre by providing a decided lack of tawdriness and an earnest desire for essay storytelling that was not present at this level before. In the opening number, there were no showgirls, but instead the actual play began with “Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin'”. This earnestness and quality of production gave the show rave reviews and unexpected popularity. It got the Pulitzer Prize, and the musical achieved new narrative heights. It turned into the first Broadway show to be considered a “blockbuster,” and was even adapted into film. In the canon of musical theatre, it was the i want, first extremely successful Broadway musical, and it holds a beloved place as a milestone of theatrical history.

The success of the play sent Rodgers and Hammerstein into incredible popularity, coming out language essay, with a string of further hits, like South Pacific, The King I and The Sound of Music. In all of their shows, dark themes were presented in a way heretofore unseen in research papers musical theatre; Oklahoma’s villain was a murderer, and Carousel tackled the language punjabi, theme of domestic abuse. Due to their vast creativity, everyone else wanted to emulate them, which meant a string of i want to read a good, successive musicals in that vein; this led to punjabi essay, the Golden Age of American musical theatre. The war itself was brought to the theatre, with many war-themed shows becoming popular; On the Town showcased a shore leave between soldiers and essay school, their women, bringing wartime uncertainty and pathos to the big stage. Annie Get Your Gun, Finian’s Rainbow, Kiss Me, Kate and other such plays were modeled after the Oklahoma! trend of having complex plots with integrated music within, enhancing the overall quality of the musical theatre canon. In the 1950s, shows like Guys and Dolls, Paint your Wagon, My Fair Lady and more continued the tradition of complex characters within musicals; records continued to be shattered, with My Fair Lady running a record 2,717 performances.

Each of these popular musicals would have film adaptations made of them as well, bringing in a newfound collaboration between Broadway and essay, Hollywood. Research! Stars like Julie Andrews and Judy Garland dominated musicals at this time. Language Punjabi! Off-Broadway musicals also came to prominence, with shows like The Threepenny Opera and The Fantasticks proving that a show does not have to be part of the Broadway system to on human origins, be critically and financially successful. The orchestras were smaller, and the scale was toned down, but they could still work. Punjabi! West Side Story adapted Romeo and Juliet into a modern New York City setting, and brought home significant box office returns and myriad Tonys. This cemented Stephen Sondheim’s reputation as a master composer for musicals. The 1960s saw even greater popularity and experimentation on i want to read a good essay, the part of musicals. More blockbusters, such as Fiddler on the Roof, Hello Dolly!, Funny Girl and Man of La Mancha would be created, and punjabi, some of the overt sexuality of the burlesque would come back with the popularity of Cabaret . The rock musical would then usurp these musical styles by the end of the 1960s.

Stephen Sondheim and essay acceptance, Jerry Herman would significantly shape the pattern of musicals in this decade and the next, through the darker themes that he would explore in works like Sweeney Todd and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum . Language Punjabi! These plays were bloody, cynical, and gritty, eschewing the sunny dispositions of earlier musicals to case study for design and manage the database, make plays about singing surprisingly dark and punjabi, brooding. Into the Woods and Assassins explored these themes further, showcasing a sophistication in lyrics and music that belied the overall exclusiveness of some of the plays’ themes. Soldheim tried a number of new things during this time, including reverse-engineering shows and delinquency, breaking the language, fourth wall to the audience, all things that made musical theatre challenging and intriguing again. With the start of the musical Hair , rock music would be incorporated into musicals. Also, the Vietnam War was brought up as a theme, something which would prove controversial and also indicative of musical theatre’s propensity to challenge societal attitudes at the time. Racial tolerance was found in many Golden Age musicals, which were then resurfaced ( The King I, South Pacific , and more).

Racial integration finally occurred in the end of the i want a good essay, 1960s; homosexuality was first openly explored as a theme in language Hair , and then moved onto other shows. In the 1970s, with the advent of the rock musical, The Rocky Horror Show, Jesus Christ Superstar, Godspell and more started to bring in this rapidly popular style of music to the theatrical realm, bringing with it an added edge that was never before seen onstage. Some of these plays, like the Who musical Tommy , tended to work more towards concepts of opera than they did musicals, with little spoken dialogue and i want essay, most of the story and character conveyed through song. African-Americans got their own musical representation onstage, portraying the language, black experience through The Wiz, Dreamgirls and more. As the Broadway canon expanded, more and delinquency, more variation occurred, with musicals of every genre coming into prominence. A Chorus Line proved to be a giant among contemporary musicals; released in 1975, the essay, play, which was about an audition for a musical, broke narrative conventions in a fascinating way, also providing with it amazing music and spectacle, busting box office records and case and manage the database, reaching incredible critical acclaim.

This led to more plays along that same style, such as Chicago, Pippin, Nine, Evita and more. These were risque, tawdry yet liberating pieces, bringing sensuality to the stage without it being classless or inaccessible. In the language, 1980s and 1990s, pop music began to invade musicals to a larger degree, and larger production values brought incredible spectacle to these productions, like falling chandeliers in The Phantom of the Opera . Novel and literary adaptations were beginning to be the norm, and European influences were more and research, more prevalent. Andrew Lloyd Webber became an language punjabi essay incredible mega-hit musical creator with Cats and research divorce, Evita , The Phantom of the language, Opera and more. A greater emphasis on essay, adaptations has been put forth as the 1990s rolled along; corporations began to get into the Broadway game, with the Disney Company allying with Broadway to adapt their musical films to language punjabi essay, the stage; Julie Taymor’s production of The Lion King stands out case and manage, among that canon. With the language punjabi essay, greater opportunities available for for design and manage the database smaller playwrights to create small-scale musicals, musical theatre split into larger, spectacle-based musicals of language punjabi essay, Broadway, and the quirkier, smaller musicals of off-Broadway. Little Shop of Horrors , Bat Boy: The Musical , and others provided smaller scale but interesting stories that eschewed overly elaborate set pieces for small sets of characters and developed storylines. Incredible innovations would come from shows such as these, and a new niche audience was created for them. In order to attract younger audiences, Rent was released on essay, Broadway and the West End, a dramatic tale of New York bohemia, rock music, and AIDS. The incredible success of the musicals invigorated the theatre scene with a much younger demographic, leading to the advent of punjabi, interesting, new and unusual shows. Urinetown and Avenue Q brought modern, crude but wacky humor to smaller stages, Spring Awakening and other shows doing the same.

While Broadway continued to play it safe with their familiar shows, the rise of adaptations began to surface. Wicked , The Producers, Spamalot, Hairspray and acceptance, others indicate a modern, ongoing trend of language essay, taking an established property and making it into and casual analysis essay, a musical. The point of this is to offer something familiar, which audiences already know from established material and have a fondness for, and offer a musical component to it. The jukebox musical, exemplified by Mamma Mia! and others, continues this trend of offering familiar songs framed around a new story.

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Etre et neant, autrui et mauvaise foi seductionnelle. [Cet article est la suite de Sartre et Badoo: mauvaise foi, seduction et virtuel. Punjabi. Introduction et precede Badoo, Ophelie et moi. Out Of Thesis On Human Origins. ] Pour saisir pleinement l’essence de la mauvaise foi , il faut s’en approcher reellement, c’est-a-dire ne pas se contenter de seulement l’expliciter (cf. Language Punjabi. II), mais aussi de la replacer dans le monde conceptuel dans lequel elle fut creee, c’est-a-dire revenir brievement sur l’etre et le neant (1943) et les principaux questionnements et objectifs que Sartre s’etait fixe lorsqu’il a publie cet ouvrage exceptionnel en 1943 (cf.I). Delinquency. Pour ceux qui voudraient plus de details a ce sujet, je les renvoie a l’annexe Sartre = 3H + 1K. A/- Un ouvrage aux fonds et aux formes multiples. L’etre et le neant. Essay. Essai d’ontologie phenomenologique est un livre imposant de presque 700 pages.

Son architecture est philosophique, reposant sur une introduction, 4 grandes parties elles-memes subdivisees en 3 chapitres generalement et sur une conclusion. Divorce Papers. Son contenu est relatif a l’ontologie (discours, reflexion sur l’etre) et est base sur des descriptions phenomenologiques teintees de psychologie et de psychanalyse freudiennes, illustrees par des exemples litteraires, des personnages de roman (ceux de Gide, de Dostoievski) et des personnages conceptuels (le garcon de cafe, le salaud), pour reprendre une expression chere a Deleuze. Language. Dans ce livre, Sartre commence par s’interroger sur la nature de l’etre, puis en vient a s’interroger sur la nature de l’etre qui questionne cet etre meme, a savoir l’homme, qui se revele comme etant le seul etre capable d’introduire de la negation, du rien, du neant dans le monde. I Want To Read A Good Essay. Quelle est la nature veritable de l’etre, de l’etre de l’homme, et de ce neant? Comment l’homme introduit du neant en son etre-meme, au sein de l’etre d’autrui, et au sein de l’etre du monde? Voila les principales questions auxquelles le penseur francais s’efforca de repondre dans une triple perspective, dialectique, phenomenologique et ontologique, teinte d’existentialisme, en elaborant un certain nombre de concepts.

Trois d’entre eux ont retenu mon attention en particulier. a) L’en-soi est le mode d’etre de l’etre. Language Punjabi Essay. L’etre est ce qui en-soi, c’est-a-dire qui se contente d’etre, qui ne remet guere en question son etre, qui est plein de soi, qui est dans un etat de plenitude, comme par exemple cette chaise sur laquelle je suis assis et cet ordinateur depuis lequel je tape cet article. Africa Thesis Origins. Quant au pour-soi , il renvoie a une facette particuliere de la conscience humaine, celle qui ne se contente pas d’etre (comme l’objet), ou d’etre juste consciente (comme l’animal), mais est egalement consciente d’etre consciente, contrairement a l’en-soi qui l’entoure, consciente qu’elle peut se creer des projets ou actualiser des potentiels qui vont la transcender (la desengluer de la pate des choses), la redefinir dans son etre. Punjabi. On pourrait dire que l’en-soi c’est le stable, le pour-soi l’instable, et que l’homme s’avere etre les deux a la fois…Qu’est-ce a dire exactement?

L’en-soi/pour-soi est le mode d’etre de cet etre pour qui il en va en son etre meme de son autre, c’est-a-dire l’homme . Divorce. En d’autres termes, l’en-soi/pour-soi qualifie l’homme qui n’est pas ce qu’il est, et est ce qu’il n’est pas , pour reprendre deux definitions sartriennes celebres de l’etre et le neant . Language Punjabi Essay. L’en-soi/pour-soi est ce qui caracterise precisement le drame perpetuel de l’homme tant qu’il existe: celui-ci aimerait etre comme cette chaise ou cet ordinateur dont il se sert tous les jours, etre tout simplement, ne pas questionner son etre, mais il ne peut pas, il a a etre autre, a se confronter a ce qui est autre (ex: sa famille, ses amis, son patron, le monde en general) a partir du moment ou il a choisi de vivre et de perdurer au sein de cette realite. Delinquency. Je vous montrerai cependant cheres lectrices et chers lecteurs que l’homme selon Sartre fuit precisement son pour-soi pour essayer de se faire en-soi , a travers la conduite de mauvaise foi (cf.II)… L’homme n’est pas ce qu’il est, et est ce qu’il n’est pas . Language Punjabi. Ce type d’assertion implique negation, mais une negation particuliere, un processus de negation particulier je dirais meme, que Sartre appelle neantisation . b) La neantisation est un processus specifique a la conscience humaine. And Manage. C’est cette derniere qui introduit du neant au sein de l’etre meme, cette mince pellicule de rien entre elle-meme et son autre, qu’il soit objet, humain, monde, etc. Punjabi Essay. La neantisation se retrouve a travers toutes les operations de la conscience humaine, perception, reflexion, imagination, etc. To Read A Good Essay. Elle implique d’abord que je me neantise d’abord, puis que je neantise le monde qui m’entoure. Punjabi Essay. Prenons l’exemple fictif suivant. Delinquency. Je suis dans mon lit en train de feuilleter une bande dessinee qui m’ennuie doucement et commence a me faire comater quand soudain mon smartphone sonne, me ramenant tout d’un coup a cette realite qui est la mienne. Essay. Surpris, me demandant quelle peut bien etre la nature du message que je viens de recevoir, je pose de cote ma B.D. Acceptance Graduate School. et me tourne vers mon smartphone. Language Punjabi. Il n’y a plus que lui desormais qui interesse ma conscience, qui va neantiser l’etre, le reel proche du smartphone, c’est-a-dire que ma conscience va faire desengluer, detacher la forme smartphone du fond qui le borde (table de nuit, lampe, reveil qui entoure le smartphone). Out Of Africa Thesis Origins. Une fois le smartphone saisi, je constate qu’il s’agit d’une notification Badoo , indiquant qu’une superbe jeune femme a aime mon profil et qu’elle souhaite me rencontrer cet apres-midi meme, alors que j’avais prevu d’aller jouer au foot avec des potes, ou d’aller voir le dernier film a la mode au cinema.

Ne sachant que faire tout d’abord, la tout de suite, je vais me mettre a reflechir, a faire defiler ces differentes possibilites dans ma tete une fois de plus mais en pesant les avantages et les inconvenients qui pourraient resulter de l’actualisation de chaque potentiel. Language Essay. Je decide finalement de voir cette belle jeune femme inconnue, je vais donc pour se faire neantiser une fois, en l’occurrence non plus un objet mais des possibles, nier ceux qui ne m’interessent pas et me focaliser sur celui que j’aimerais realiser. Ajoutons a cela que la conscience realise un processus de neantisation qui s’exprime la plupart du temps a travers un mode irreflechi, reposant sur un cogito prereflexif . c) Le mode irreflechi de la conscience, ou ce que Sartre appelle precisement conscience non thetique de (soi) signifie que la conscience se determine par un cogito prereflexif , par un je simplement conscient de ce qu’il vit, mais qui ne reflechit pas, au sens de chercher a questionner, conceptualiser, tenter de connaitre son soi. Graduate School. En d’autres termes, c’est notre je , notre cogito quotidien et spontane que Sartre designe la par ce terme, celui que nous sommes la plupart du temps, qui, neanmoins, passe en mode reflexif parfois. II/- Qu’est-ce que la mauvaise foi sartrienne? Le concept de mauvaise foi est explique, comme precise precedemment, au chapitre II du meme, dans la partie I, le probleme du neant , chapitre d’une vingtaine de pages lui-meme subdivise en 3 parties: mauvaise foi et mensonge , les conduites de mauvaise foi , la foi de la mauvaise foi . Language Essay. Plus qu’un concept, c’est une attitude existentielle que l’on rencontre tres souvent chez l’humain, et en qui revele meme sa specificite. Essay Graduate. Pour illustrer une telle attitude, Sartre choisit plusieurs exemples: un garcon de cafe, un homosexuel, et une femme seduite dans un cafe par un homme qu’elle connait depuis peu.

Comme vous l’aurez deja compris, j’insisterais par la suite sur l’exemple feminin (B), mon but principal etant d’utiliser la philosophie de ce cher Jean-Paul afin de mieux saisir ce que peut signifier le phenomene de seduction a notre epoque. Language Punjabi. Mais d’abord, une petite explication generale de concept s’impose ici une fois de plus (A). La mauvaise foi illustre parfaitement l’attitude du pour-soi vis-a-vis de lui-meme et vis-a-vis des autres pour-soi qui constituent son monde specifique (A), entre d’autres termes l’attitude de l’homme vis-a-vis de lui-meme et de ses semblables: lorsque l’homme est de mauvaise foi, cela signifie qu’il oublie son pour-soi pour l’en-soi pour etre-en-soi, pour etre a la facon de cette chaise ou de cette table, c’est-a-dire un etre chosifie. And Manage The Database. Une telle attitude peut survenir de deux facons suivantes: – (a) On decide de se chosifier soi-meme, ce qui implique d’oublier momentanement et volontairement notre liberte (capacite de secreter du neant a partir de l’etre, dans le monde), comprise au sens de creer et de se choisir des possibles, notre pour-soi , pour se faire en-soi . Language. On joue a etre un tel ou une telle, delimite(e) et determine(e) en-soi, fige dans un certain nombre de caracteristiques precises qui nous ont ete octroyees par l’autre, par la famille, par les groupes et la societe en general avec lesquels on out of thesis, vit et que l’on a que trop bien integrees a notre etre: je suis un ancien etudiant de Sciences Po passionne de philosophie qui depense beaucoup de son temps et de son energie a ecrire sur ce blog et rien d’autre, vous etes un jeune seducteur ou une jeune seductrice avec un revenu moyen, un manque de reconnaissance sociale certain qui a provoque une grande carence affective et qui vous pousse a essayer de draguer des petites poulettes ou des beaux gosses sur Badoo et rien d’autre, etc.

Ce genre de situation est qualifiee par Sartre de masochiste. – (b) On decide d’etre chosifie(e) par autrui, qui ne peut nous percevoir et nous comprendre que partiellement, qui nous reduit d’un regard a n’etre que cela ou cela, un objet donc, qu’il pourra surement par la suite utiliser, manipuler, aliener et assujettir a ses propres desirs. Language Essay. Ce genre de situation est qualifiee, cette fois-ci, de sadique par le philosophe francais. En d’autres termes, l’intersubjectivite consciente humaine, pour Sartre, est prise la plupart du temps entre ces deux poles, l’un masochiste, l’autre sadique. Etre de mauvaise foi , c’est donc oublier que l’on n’est pas ce que l’on est, et que l’on est ce que l’on est pas. I Want To Read A Good Essay. C’est vouloir etre a tout pris, ressentir la plenitude de l’etre, oublier que la racine de l’etre humain, c’est d’etre un etre en manque, soit un etre desirant. Essay. En cela, Sartre rapproche et definit la mauvaise foi comme etant synonyme de sincerite , ce qui peut nous paraitre paradoxal et surprenant a premiere vue. Papers. Que se passe-t-il quand on language punjabi, veut etre sincere, ou que l’on exige que l’autre soit sincere? De dire la verite, c’est-a-dire d’enoncer un certain nombre de choses vraies, definies, delimitees, valables, certaines, stables, sur soi-meme ou sur autrui: excuse-moi, je dois te dire que je suis comme ceci ou cela , excuse-moi, tu as raison, je suis comme cela sont des mots, des phrases sinceres , que l’on rencontre souvent dans un dialogue egalement sincere , mais qui restent neanmoins de mauvaise foi puisqu’on exige de l’autre qu’il se reduise a un certain nombre de caracteristiques et d’adjectifs precis, reduisant par la sa complexite et niant sa liberte, sa capacite a etre autre que ce qu’il est la, tout de suite. L’attitude de mauvaise foi , comme vous pouvez l’imaginez, et comme vous l’avez deja peut-etre vecue, pratiquee ou subie vous-memes cheres lectrices et chers lecteurs, peut se rencontrer et se decliner a travers pas mal de niveaux: scolaire, professionnel, religieux, etc. Graduate School. Mais aussi et surtout a travers la seduction entre deux consciences.

B/- La mauvaise foi seductionnelle. Parfois il s’avere inutile de vouloir reformuler ou reexpliquer a notre facon ce qu’a voulu exprime ou pense telle ecrivaine ou tel philosophe, car les mots parlent d’eux-memes, ont ete trop magnifiquement et rigoureusement choisis pour etre reformules, paraphrases, etc. Language Punjabi Essay. En l’occurrence, je prefere citer ici directement les pages 89 et 90 de l’etre et le neant (1943), parce qu’elles revelent ici particulierement tout le genie de Sartre, ecrivain habile ayant ete capable d’exprimer ses idees a la fois de facon litteraire et de facon philosophique. I Want A Good. J’espere aussi que de telles pages vous pousseront a lire un peu Sartre: Voici, par exemple, une femme qui s’est rendue a un premier rendez-vous. Punjabi Essay. Elle sait fort bien les intentions que l’homme qui lui parle nourrit a son egard. Study For Design And Manage. Elle sait aussi qu’il lui faudra prendre tot ou tard une decision. Language Essay. Mais elle n’en veut pas sentir l’urgence: elle s’attache seulement a ce qu’offre de respectueux et de discret l’attitude de son partenaire.

Elle ne saisit pas cette conduite comme une tentative pour realiser ce qu’on nomme les premieres approches , c’est-a-dire qu’elle ne veut pas voir les possibilites de developpement temporel que presente cette conduite: elle borne ce comportement a ce qu’il est dans le present, elle ne veut pas lire dans les phrases qu’on lui adresse autre chose que leur sens explicite; si on essay, lui dit: je vous admire tant , elle desarme cette phrase de son arriere-fond sexuel, elle attache aux discours et a la conduite de son interlocuteur des significations immediates qu’elle envisage comme des qualites objectives. Punjabi Essay. L’homme qui lui parle lui semble sincere et respectueux comme la table est ronde ou carree, comme la tenture murale est bleue ou grise. Thesis. Et les qualites ainsi attachees a la personne qu’elle ecoute se sont ainsi figees dans une permanence chosiste qui n’est autre que la projection dans l’ecoulement temporel de leur strict present. Language Essay. C’est qu’elle n’est pas au fait de ce qu’elle souhaite: elle est profondement sensible au desir qu’elle inspire, mais le desir cru et nu l’humilierait et lui ferait horreur. Research Divorce. Pourtant, elle ne trouverait aucun charme a du respect qui ne serait uniquement que du respect.

Il faut, pour la satisfaire, un sentiment qui s’adresse tout entier a sa personne , c’est-a-dire a sa liberte pleniere, et qui soit une reconnaissance de sa liberte. Language Punjabi Essay. Mais il faut, en meme temps, que ce sentiment tout entier soit desir, c’est-a-dire qu’il s’adresse a son corps en tant qu’objet. I Want. Cette fois donc, elle refuse de saisir le desir pour ce qu’il est, elle ne lui donne meme pas de nom, elle ne le reconnait que dans la mesure ou il se transcende vers l’admiration, l’estime, le respect et ou il s’absorbe tout entier dans les formes plus elevees qu’il produit, au point de n’y figurer plus que comme une sorte de chaleur ou de densite. Language Essay. Mais voici qu’on lui prend la main. I Want. Cet acte de son interlocuteur risque de changer la situation en appelant une decision immediate: abandonner cette main, c’est consentir soi-meme au flirt, c’est s’engager.

La retirer, c’est rompre cette harmonie trouble et instable qui fait le charme de l’heure. Language Punjabi Essay. Il s’agit de reculer le plus loin possible l’instant de la decision. Exemplification And Casual Analysis. On sait ce qui se produit alors: la jeune femme abandonne sa main, mais ne s’apercoit pas qu’elle l’abandonne. Punjabi. Elle ne s’en apercoit pas parce qu’il se trouve par hasard qu’elle est, a ce moment, tout esprit. Exemplification And Casual. Elle entraine son interlocuteur jusqu’aux regions les plus elevees de la speculation sentimentale, elle parle de la vie, de sa vie, elle se montre sous un aspect essentiel: une personne, une conscience.

Et pendant ce temps, le divorce du corps et de l’ame est accompli; la main repose inerte entre les mains chaudes de son partenaire: ni consentante, ni resistante – une chose. Punjabi Essay.